Directions (1-15): For each of the words below, a contextual usage is provided. Pick the word/phrase from the alternatives that is most the appropriate substitute in the given context and mark its number as your answer.
Q1.Marginalize: Rohingya refugees are being treated as marginalized people.
Sol. Marginalize-treat (a person, group, or concept) as insignificant or peripheral.
Q2. Suasion: Advertisements in magazines have a strong suasion for readers using vibrant photographs and strong wording.
Sol. Suasion- Suasion (noun): (persuasion as opposed to force or compulsion.)
Synonyms: cajolery, enticement, exhortation, wheedling,
Antonyms: discouragement, dissuasion.
Q3. Stigmatize: There is a stigma attached to AIDS that makes most people afraid of those who have the disease.
Sol. Stigmatize- Stigmatize (verb): Describe or regard as worthy of disgrace or great disapproval.
Synonyms: Defame, Discredit, Condemn, Denounce
Antonyms: Exalt, Praise, Extol, Glorify, Revere, Aggrandize
Q4. Laudable: Even though Gerald finished the marathon in last place, the fact he actually finished the race was a laudable accomplishment.
Sol. Laudable-Laudable (adjective): (of an action, idea, or aim) deserving praise and commendation.
Synonyms: Appreciable, Admirable, Commendable, Praiseworthy
Antonyms: Disrespected, Unworthy, Blamable.
Q5. Poise : Despite the chaos around her, the flight attendant remained poised and calm as she directed the passengers through the emergency exits
Sol. Poise-Poise (verb): Be ready and prepared to do something.
Synonyms: Position Oneself, Ready Oneself, Prepare Oneself, Brace Oneself, Get Into Position, Gear Oneself Up
Antonyms: Be Discouraged, Be Reluctant
Q6. Dismantle: Opposition accuses the government of trying to dismantle the country’s economy by demonetization.
Sol. Dismantle-Dismantle (verb): (to gradually cause (something) to come to an end /To destroy (something) in an orderly way)
Synonyms: Demolish, Destroy, Wreck, Decimate
Antonyms: Build, Construct, Create, Repair, Restore
Q7. Proscribe: The policies of the school district proscribe accessing social media websites on school computers.
Sol. Proscribe- Proscribe (verb): (forbid, especially by law.)
Synonyms: forbid, prohibit, ban, bar, rule out, embargo, interdict, outlaw.
Antonyms: allow, permit.
Q8. Subjugation: In order to be a dictator, you must first subjugate your people by any means necessary.
Sol. Subjugation-Subjugation (noun): (the action of bringing someone or something under domination or control.)
Synonyms: serfdom, servility, helotry.
Antonyms: freedom, independence.
Q9. Abet: During the press conference, the president vowed severe consequences for any person or group who chose to abet the terrorists.
Sol. Abet- Abet (verb): (encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, in particular to commit a crime.)
Synonyms: Provoke, Collaborate, Connive, Collude.
Antonyms: Halt, Discourage, Dissuade, Oppose.
Q10. Pretext : Under pretext of being a police officer, the gang member gained entry into the rival gang leader’s apartment.
Sol. Pretext (noun): (A reason given in justification of a course of action that is not the real reason.)
Synonyms: Alibi, False Excuse, Ostensible Reason, Alleged Reason, Supposed Grounds
Q11. Yearn : Because my husband has been stationed overseas for a year, I yearn for him to come home.
Sol. Yearn (verb): (Have an intense feeling of longing for something)
Synonyms: Crave, Desire, Want, Want Badly, Wish, Have/Feel A Longing, Covet.
Antonyms: Hate, Despise, Dislike.
Q12. Surfeit: The aid workers were not prepared for the surfeit of calls that came in after the hurricane.
Sol. Surfeit (noun): (An excessive amount of something.)
Synonyms: Excess, Surplus, Abundance, Oversupply, Superabundance, Superfluity, Glut.
Antonyms: Lack, Want, Need, Scarcity.
Q13. Jeopardize: Since I do not want to jeopardize my employment, I always complete my daily goals.
Sol. Jeopardize (verb): (Put (someone or something) into a situation in which there is a danger of loss, harm, or failure.)
Synonyms: Threaten, Endanger, Imperil, Menace, Put At Risk, Put In Danger\
Q14. Seminal :Steve Jobs’ inventions were seminal in the world of technology.
Sol. Seminal (adjective): (Strongly influencing later developments.)
Synonyms: Influential, Formative, Important, Primary.
Q15. Benediction : The signal was then given to us, and we all knelt to receive the benediction of Monseigneur.
Sol. Benediction (noun): (The advantage conferred by blessing; a mercy or benefit; an utterance of good wishes)
Synonyms: Invocation, Blessing, Beatitude