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Cloze Test & Reading Comprehension Quiz

Direction : In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has Capital Alphabets. Against each Alphabet, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The economics of owning and running a Ration Shop, the familiar name for the outlets in our Public Distribution System (PDS), are such that under normal business terms, the shop owner could never make a profit. Yet, (___A ___) The government announces that new permits for ration shops will be given out, there is frenzy in the market to grab one of these (___B___) ? The answer is obvious the business is not for the honest and if one knows the (___C___), there is a fortune to be made. What are these tricks of the trade? Getting fake names into the user list is the most obvious option the State seems to be (___D___) a losing battle Against this practice, judging by the endless efforts to weed out bogus registrations. The next is to get the right customers on the list, not just more customers. These are people who are registered but who do not have any interest in (___E___) on their entitlements. In a system where caste and income certificates are for sale, it is not (___F___) to produce these documents for mutual benefit. Receipts are duly made in their names, and the, rations thus drawn are (___G___) off into the open market. The sale price of an item like rice makes clear the (___H___) economics it costs ? , 8 in a ration shop while in the latter it is ?30 or above. There are also customers who would rather exchange their entitlements for hard cash at the , beginning of the month. As the degradation progresses, the shop keeper, in (___I___) with the official machinery, manages to withhold effectively the entitlements from even the genuine beneficiaries, and diverts them to the open market. The targeted group is usually not in a position to (___J___) itself to get its due.


Q1. A




(d)as soon


Q2. B






Q3. C






Q4. D






Q5. E






Q6. F






Q7. G






Q8. H






Q9. I






Q10. J







In 1760 a man named Tiphaigne de la Roche made a bizarre prediction. In an imaginary story called Giphantie mirror images of scenes from nature could be captured permanently on a canvas covered with a sticky material. After the material dried in darkness the image would remain on the canvas forever. At the time the idea was unheard of. It was not until the following century that the concept of photography was born starting with some experiments by Nicephore Niepce. Nicephore Niepce who was a French inventor was interested in lithography which is a printmaking technique. He was experimenting with lithography when he found a way of copying etchings onto glass and pewter plates using a chemical that changes when it is exposed to light. He learned to burn images onto the plates and then print the images on paper. He shared his findings with Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre who improved the process and announced It to the French Academy of Sciences in The Daguerreotype the photography method named after Daguerre met with great success. It was so successful in fact that French newspapers said the French public had an illness called Daguerreot-ypomania Daguerreotypes were inexpensive and were suitable for portraiture. People called the Daguerreotype a “mirror with a memory”. Some portrait artists went out of business when Daguerreotypes came into vogue. Others became Daguerreotypists now known as photographers.


Q11. The term bizarre most commonly means  






Q12. When was the concept of photography born ?

(a)When an imaginary story called Giphantie was born.

(b)When mirror images of scenes were captured on a canvas.

(c)When Roche made a prediction.

(d)When Nicephore conducted some experiments


Q13. What does lithography deal with?

(a)A print making technique.

(b)Copying of etchings.

(c)Usage of chemicals to make etchings.

(d)Usage of light in printing.


Q14. What was the contribution of Daguerre ?

(a)He improvised upon the work of Roche.

(b)He introduced the method of photography.

(c)He started the print making technique.

(d)He could print images on canvas.


Q15. Why did the portrait artists go out of business ?

(a)Because types were not expensive at all.

(b)Because etchings had become popular.

(c)Because the photography method did not involve much money and was suitable for making portraits.

(d)Because they demanded a lot of money which people found burdensome.



Jazz had its beginnings in song. Its roots lie deep in the tradition of Negro folk singing that once flourished throughout the rural Southland of the United States before the Civil War. The Negro in those days owned only a few crude musical instruments which he made for himself from boxes barrels and brooms. His voice was his principal means of musical expression. Songs of work and play trouble and hope rose on rich and rhythmic voices everywhere in the South – from peddlers crying their wares to the countryside from work gangs on the rail roads from families gathered at the days s end to sing away their weariness in their unpainted cottages overlooking the cotton fields from the wayside churches singing with the sounds of Sabbath praise. These were the voices which the early Negro musicians imitated and transferred to their horns when they taught themselves to play the discarded band instruments that come into hands at the close of the Civil War in the eighteen-sixties. As played by their proud Negro owners the instruments became extensions of the human voice -“singing horns” which opened the way to Jazz. For this reason there has always been a strong singing quality to Jazz.


Q16. Where do the roots of Jazz lie ?

(a)In the songs sung in the urban Southland of the United States.

(b)In the songs sung on railroad gangs.

(c)In church hymns.

(d)In Negro folk singing.


Q17. The Negro owned musical instruments.

(a)only a few



(d)the main


Q18. Where and when did Negro folk singing flourish ?

(a)In the urban Southland of the United Slates after the Civil War.

(b)In the United States at the end of the Civil War.

(c)In the Southland during the Civil War.

(d)In the rural Southland of the United States before the Civil War.


Q19. Who sang the folksongs ?

(a)The religious groups.

(b)Voices from everywhere in the South.

(c)The early Jazz musicians.

(d)The Negro musicians.


Q20.  Where were the folk songs sung ?


(b)In the churches only

(c)On the railroads in the cotton fields and in the churches

(d)Everywhere in the urban Southland


            1 a       2 d       3 d       4 b       5 a       6 c       7 d       8 c       9 b       10 c     11 b     12 d     13 a     14b      15 c             16 d     17 a     18 d     19 b     20 c

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