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Cloze Test & Reading Comprehension Quiz

Direction : In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has Capital Alphabets. Against each Alphabet, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Mankind has seen rapid (___A___) in the last 150 years because Of the mass manufacturing techniques (___B___) in western nations and later taken to new levels of efficiency by Japan. Mass production and production for the masses became the bases of new business strategies. Large scale consumption by all with the social benefit of (___C___) poverty became the dominant economic strategy. The advent of electricity and its large-scale application to lighting, heating and operating machines added a fresh dimension to manufacturing. By the 1950s came (___D___) in electronics and transistor devices to be followed by innovations in microelectronics, computers and various forms of sensors all of which (___E___) altered the manufacturing scene. It is now no longer necessary to make prototypes In a factory or a laboratory to study a new product. Many new products can be (___F___) on computers and their behaviour simulated on them. By choosing an optimum design through such simulations, computer programmes can directly (___G___) the manufacturing processes. These processes are generally called Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Computer Assisted Manufacturing (CAM). These capabilities are leading to newer forms of (___H___) by customers. Each customer can be offered several special options. Customized product design or (___I___) manufacturing are other popular techniques currently in (___J___) in many developed countries.

 

Q1. A

(a)havoc

(b)transformation

(c)destruction

(d)violence

 

Q2. B

(a)discarded

(b)resorted

(c)indulged

(d)perfected

 

Q3. C

(a)removing

(b)nurturing

(c)appeasing

(d)cajoling

 

Q4. D

(a)additions

(b)gadgets

(c)modifications

(d)variety

 

Q5. E

(a)immediately

(b)precisely

(c)irreversibly

(d)indefinitely

 

Q6. F

(a)designed

(b)produced

(c)manufactured

(d)sold

 

Q7. G

(a)inspire

(b)cultivate

(c)visualise

(d)Curtail

 

Q8. H

(a)uses

(b)demands

(c)advertisements

(d)consumption

 

Q9. I

(a)visible

(b)secure

(c)fundamental

(d)flexible

 

Q10. J

(a)view

(b)wings

(c)vogue

(d)isolation

 

DIRECTIONS : YOU HAVE ONE BRIEF PASSAGE WITH LIVE QUESTIONS. READ THE PASSAGE CAREFULLY AND CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER TO EACH QUESTION OUT OF THE FOUR ALTERNATIVES.

Among the natural resources which can be called upon in national plan for development possibly the most important is human labour without productive labour force including effective leadership and intelligent middle management no amount of foreign assistance or natural wealth can ensure successful development and modernisation. One essential factor is usually overlooked or ignored. The forgotten factor Is the role of women. Development will be handicapped as long as women remain second-class citizens uneducated without any voice in family or community decisions without legal or economic status married when they are still practically children and thenceforth producing one baby after another often only to see half of them die before they are of school age. We can enhance development by improving woman power by giving women opportunity to develop themselves.

 

Q11. The most Important natural resource for national development is

(a)human labour.

(b)effective leadership.

(c)intelligent middle management. .

(d)foreign assistance.

 

Q12. Human power means

(a)only men.

(b)only women.

(c)people including children.    

(d)both men and women.

 

Q13. The ignored and overlooked for factor in the development of the nation is

(a)role of women.

(b)role of middle management.

(c)role of child labour.

(d)4) role of foreign assistance.

 

Q14. Women have hardly

(a)(1 ) any voice in family or community decisions.

(b)any economic or legal status.

(c)any voice in family or community decision or legal or economic status

(d)any voice to decide about themselves.

 

Q15. Woman power is

(a)an essential power in the development of the nation.

(b)an essential power in child production.

(c)an essential power in marriages.

(d)an essential power in the death of children.

 

DIRECTIONS : YOU HAVE ONE BRIEF PASSAGE WITH LIVE QUESTIONS. READ THE PASSAGE CAREFULLY AND CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER TO EACH QUESTION OUT OF THE FOUR ALTERNATIVES.

The public sector banks are witnessing in India a period of transition and are at crossroads where they without giving up social responsibility should also remain healthy. They need to undertake risky experiments yet perform It innovatively in a way it does not fail. They should make forays into new areas which are rarely tread by them and lose no emerging opportunities. It’should be understood that absence of any bad advance is no sign of efficient banking system. It only indicates immense conservatism. However this is no guarantee for profit. There should be a balance between liquidity and risk. Past sins should be forgotten. Novel and pragmatic techniques . should be adopted without which banks would be In danger.

 

Q16. What according to the author are the public sector banks witnessing ?

(a)A period of profit

(b)A period of change

(c)A period of certainty

(d)A loss-making period

 

Q17. In addition to being socially responsible what does the author want the banks to be ?

(a)Customer friendly

(b)Able to attract foreign investors

(c)Financially healthy

(d)Senseless risk-takers

 

Q18. How can the banks take risks without risking a failure ?

(a)By being innovative.

(b)By soliciting the help of the government.

(c)By being financially healthy.

(d)By being conservative.

 

Q19. What does the absence of any bad advance indicate ?

(a)A penchant for risks

(b)Immense conservatism

(c)Financial independence

(d)A deep-seated social commitment

 

Q20. What would happen if novel and pragmatic techniques are ignored ?

(a)Will put the banks in danger.

(b)Will undermine the banks social commitment.

(c)Will reveal the untapped talent.

(d)Will result in inefficient portfolio management.

ANSWERS :

            1 b       2 d       3 a       4 c       5 b       6 a       7 d       8 d       9 d       10 c     11 a     12 d     13 a     14 c     15 a             16 b     17 c     18 a     19 b     20 b

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