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Cloze Test & Reading Comprehension Quiz

Direction : In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has Capital Alphabets. Against each Alphabet, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

People are as much attuned to fairness as they are to individual selfish interest. Therefore, any institution regulating human behaviour will have to (___A___) that the compromises between individual self-interest, collective interest, and fairness are all within tolerable limits. These tradeoffs are as (___B___) for larger institutions, including the largest of them all, i.e. the state as they are for the Smallest ones like the family. (___C___) as parents should not repeatedly favour One child over another, the state cannot repeatedly favour one community or class over another. The (___D___) of fairness is ingrained in our psyches. ,Since human beings often grab what they can, we need institutions, to ensure fair (___E___). Of the institutions the state is the most important, since it is (___F___) to ensure that basic human needs are ensured with minimal standards of fairness. A state (___G___) of or uninterested in ensuring equity In security, education, food, health and shelter is a state whose legitimacy will be questioned. Further, the legitimacy of the state is dependent on its being as close to a neutral umpire as possible. When the state (___H___) partisan, its legitimacy can be questioned. When the state sheds the umpires clothes and becomes one of the players, the rules of fair play are so badly (___I___) that we can only call such an event intolerable (___J___).

 

Q1. A

(a)demand

(b)ensure

(c)consider

(d)regulate

 

Q2. B

(a)important

(b)Juvenile

(c)Insignificant

(d)supreme

 

Q3. C

(a)Presently

(b)Same

(c)So

(d)Just

 

Q4. D

(a)opinion

(b)judgement

(c)end

(d)drama

 

Q5. E

(a)people

(b)dissipations

(c)outcomes

(d)affects

 

Q6. F

(a)stimulated

(b)calculated

(c)considered

(d)hastened

 

Q7. G

(a)qualified

(b)riddled

(c)powerful

(d)incapable

 

Q8. H

(a)appears

(b)allow

(c)become

(d)recommends

 

Q9. I

(a)twist

(b)stopped

(c)mended

(d)broken

 

Q10. J

(a)truth

(b)fairness

(c)injustice

(d)murder

 

DIRECTIONS : YOU HAVE ONE BRIEF PASSAGE WITH LIVE QUESTIONS. READ THE PASSAGE CAREFULLY AND CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER TO EACH QUESTION OUT OF THE FOUR ALTERNATIVES.

Time Was when people looked heavenward and prayed “Ye Gods give us rain keep drought away.” Today there are those who pray. “Give us rain keep El Nino away.” El Nino and its atmospheric equivalent called the Southern Oscillation are together referred to as ENSO and are household words today. Meteorologists recognize it as often being responsible for natural disaster worldwide. But this wisdom dawned only after countries suffered first from the lack of knowledge and then from the lack of coordination between policy making and the advances in scientific knowledge. Put simply El Nino is a weather event restricted to certain tropical shores especially the Peruvian coast. The event has diametrically opposite impacts on the land and sea. The Peruvian shore is a desert. But every few years an unusually warm ocean current – El Nino – warms up the normally cold surface-waters off the Peruvian coast causing very heavy rains in the early half of the year And then miraculously the desert is matted green. Crops like cotton coconuts and banana grow on the otherwise stubbornly barren land. These are the Peruvians anon de abundencia or years of abundance. The current had come to be termed El Nino or the Christ Child because it usually appears as an enhancement if a mildly warm current that normally occurs here around every Christmas. But this boon on land is accompanied by oceanic disasters. Normally the waters off the South American coast are among the most productive in the world because of a constant upwelling of nutrient rich cold waters from the ocean depths. During an El Nino however waters are stirred up only from near the surface. The nutrient-crunch pushes down primary production disrupting the food chain. Many marine species including anchoveta (anchovies) temporarily disappear. This is just one damning effect of El Nino. Over the years its full impact has been studied and what the Peruvians once regarded as manna is now seen as a major threat.

 

Q11. Meteorologists took time to understand El Nino because

(a)it was neither a disaster nor a boon for the people living in desert areas.

(b)they recognized it as an atmospheric equivalent and hence called it’southern Oscillation.

(c)they suffered from lack of knowledge about El Nino as they were not scientifically advanced.

(d)All of the above

 

Q12. El Nino in a layman language is

(a)a natural disaster.

(b)Southern Oscillation.

(c)a weather event.

(d)None of the above.

 

Q13. What are the two types of landscapes that are effected by El Nino ?

(a)Coastal areas and sea.

(b)Tropical shores and land.

(c)Deserts and oceans.

(d)All of the above.

 

Q14. Which word in Para 3 is the antonym for – Fertile ?

(a)matted.

(b)abundance.

(c)barren.

(d)None of the above.

 

Q15. What according to the author is a positive effect of El Nino ?

(a)It causes changes in atmosphere.

(b)It results in vegetation on barren lands.

(c)It comes around Christmas.

(d)it is regarded as manna.

 

DIRECTIONS : YOU HAVE ONE BRIEF PASSAGE WITH LIVE QUESTIONS. READ THE PASSAGE CAREFULLY AND CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER TO EACH QUESTION OUT OF THE FOUR ALTERNATIVES.

Time Was when people looked heavenward and prayed “Ye Gods give us rain keep drought away.” Today there are those who pray. “Give us rain keep El Nino away.” El Nino and its atmospheric equivalent called the Southern Oscillation are together referred to as ENSO and are household words today. Meteorologists recognize it as often being responsible for natural disaster worldwide. But this wisdom dawned only after countries suffered first from the lack of knowledge and then from the lack of coordination between policy making and the advances in scientific knowledge. Put simply El Nino is a weather event restricted to certain tropical shores especially the Peruvian coast. The event has diametrically opposite impacts on the land and sea. The Peruvian shore is a desert. But every few years an unusually warm ocean current – El Nino – warms up the normally cold surface-waters off the Peruvian coast causing very heavy rains in the early half of the year And then miraculously the desert is matted green. Crops like cotton coconuts and banana grow on the otherwise stubbornly barren land. These are the Peruvians anon de abundencia or years of abundance. The current had come to be termed El Nino or the Christ Child because it usually appears as an enhancement if a mildly warm current that normally occurs here around every Christmas. But this boon on land is accompanied by oceanic disasters. Normally the waters off the South American coast are among the most productive in the world because of a constant upwelling of nutrient rich cold waters from the ocean depths. During an El Nino however waters are stirred up only from near the surface. The nutrient-crunch pushes down primary production disrupting the food chain. Many marine species including anchoveta (anchovies) temporarily disappear. This is just one damning effect of El Nino. Over the years its full impact has been studied and what the Peruvians once regarded as manna is now seen as a major threat.

 

Q16. How can we say that El Nino proves to be a boon for South American Coast ?

(a)It causes an up swelling of rich nutrients making it the most productive in the world.

(b)It causes the destruction of many marine species such as anchoveta.

(c)It warms up normally cold surface waters off causing heavy rains.

(d)It enhances warm currents around every Christmas.

 

Q17. The years of abundance is when

(a)El Nino occurs during Christmas.

(b)the deserts are matted green.

(c)marine species is destroyed.

(d)None of the above

 

Q18. The phrase  damning effect means

(a)negative effects.

(b)destructive effects.

(c)full effects.

(d)disrupting effects.

 

Q19. People today pray to God to keep

(a)rains and droughts away.

(b)drought away.

(c)El Nino away.

(d)El Nino and droughts away.

 

Q20. The word which means – equal in value power and meaning is

(a)unusual.

(b)current.

(c)equivalent.

(d)appear.

ANSWERS :

            1 b       2 a       3 d       4 b       5 c       6 c       7 d       8 d       9 d       10 c     11 c     12 c     13 d     14d      15 b             16 a     17 a     18 b     19 d     20

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