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Cloze Test & Reading Comprehension Quiz

Direction : In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has Capital Alphabets. Against each Alphabet, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

One big (___A___) between the investments in fossil fuels and those in wind power, solar cells, and geothermal energy is that the latter will supply energy in (___B___). These wells will never run dry. If the money spent on oil in one year were (___C___) in wind turbines, the electricity generated would be enough to (___D___) one fifth of the world’s needs. Investments In infrastructure for the new energy economy, which would eventually have to be made when fossil fuels reserves (___E___) will obviously be huge. These include the transmission lines that (___F___) wind farms with electricity consumers, and the pipelines that link hydrogen supply sources with end-users. To a substantial degree, the infrastructure for the (___G___) energy sources the transmission lines for electricity from coal and the pipelines for natural gas can be used in the new energy economy as well. The local pipeline distribution network in various cities for natural gas can easily be (___H___) to hydrogen distribution system. For developing countries, the new energy sources (___I___) to reduce dependence on imported oil, freeing up capital for investment in domestic energy sources. (___J___) very few countries have their own oil fields, most have wind and solar energy. In terms of economic expansion and job generation, these new energy technologies are a godsend.


Q1. A






Q2. B






Q3. C






Q4. D






Q5. E






Q6. F






Q7. G






Q8. H






Q9. I






Q10. J



(c)Owing to




Authors William Strauss and Neil Howe are known for their theories about cycles of generations in American history. They refer to each cycle of four generations as a constellation and they posit that each constellational era corresponds to “recurring types of historical events” and moods. They state that adjacent generations do not live similar lives and that each generation ages as a singular cohort as time moves forward. According to Strauss and Howe each generation is comprised of people who possess (1) common age (2) common beliefs and (3) perceived membership in the same generation. A generation is approximately 22 years in length. Since a lifetime may reach 80-90 years members of 4 generations are alive at one time. The four generational archetypes identified by Strauss are Idealist Reactive Civic and Adaptive. Idealists aye “increasingly indulged youths after a secular crisis ” who cultivate principle rather than pragmatism in midlife and emerge as “visionary elders.” Reactive grow up “under protected and criticized youths during a spiritual awakening ” mature into risk taking adults mellow into “pragmatic midlife leaders during a secular Crisis ” and become reclusive elders. Civics grow up “increasingly protected youths after a spiritual awakening ” become “a heroic and achieving cadre of young adults ” build institutions as midlife’s and “emerge as busy midlife’s attacked by the next spiritual awakening.” Adaptive grow up as “overprotected and suffocated youths during a secular crisis ” become “risk-averse conformist rising adults ” mature Into “indecisive arbitrator leaders during a spiritual awakening ” and become sensitive elders.


Q11. What Is the assumption made by Strauss and Howe?

(a)Alternate generations live similar lives.

(b)Four generations co-exist at one and the same time.

(c)The cycles of generations share some common features and moods.

(d)Each constellational era corresponds to recurring types of historical events and moods.


Q12. What is the dissimilarity between adjacent generations ?

(a)Adjacent generations do not live similar lives.

(b)Each generation focuses on its specific traits.

(c)Adjacent generations are not influenced by each other.

(d)Adjacent generations are not in touch with each other.


Q13.  According to the passage which of the following statements can be inferred ?

(a)Idealists are one generation younger than the Reactive.

(b)Adaptive are elders when Civics are mid-life’s.

(c)When Reactive are adults Civics are youths.

(d)Reactive are one generation younger than the Civics.


Q14.  According to the passage what happens to the Civic generation as its members enter midlife ?

(a)It is attacked by Idealists who tire coming of age.

(b)It is attacked by Idealists who are visionary elders.

(c)It is attacked by Adaptive who are rising adults.

(d)It is attacked by Adaptive who are youths.


Q15.  Pragmatic most closely means

(a)behaving in a reckless way.

(b)acting in a practical way.

(c)acting on the basis of principle.

(d)behaving in a reclusive way.



An old shepherd was playing on a flute on the marshlands outside Rome. He played so sweetly that a lovely fairy came and listened to him.“Will you marry me and play to me in my castle ?” she said.“Yes yes lovely lady !” said the shepherd. The fairy put a ring on his finger. At once he became a handsome young man dressed in princely robes.”But must first go to Rome and bid farewell to my friends” he said. The fairy gave him a golden coach with twelve white horses. As he rode in State to Rome he met the young Queen of Italy who invited him to her palace. The shepherd saw that he had won the Queen s heart. He resolved to many her and become the King of Italy and let the fairy go. So when he and the Queen were alone together he knelt down and took her hand saying “Many me dearest and I will help you to govern Italy-“But as soon as he spoke he turned into an old and rugged shepherd.“What is this horrible beggar doing here ?” cried the Queen. “Whip him out of the palace.”


Q16. The fairy wanted to marry the shepherd because

(a) he was very handsome.

(b)he had saved her life.

(c)he could play sweetly on his flute.

(d)the shepherd loved her.


Q17. When the fairy put a ring on his finger the shepherd


(b)changed into a handsome youth.

(c)married her.

(d)turned into a statue.


Q18. The shepherd went to Rome in a






Q19. When the shepherd reached Rome he

(a)planned to marry the Queen of Italy

(b)met his friends there.

(c)sought his parents permission to many the fairy.

(d)met the King of Italy.


Q20. The Queen ordered the shepherd to be whipped out of the palace because he

(a)refused to many her.

(b)turned old and ugly.

(c)tried to steal her jewels.

(d)revealed his plan to marry the fairy.


            1 d       2 b       3 d       4 b       5 a       6 c       7 a       8 d       9 b       10 d     11 d     12 a     13 c     14b      15 b             16 c     17 b     18 d     19 a     20 b

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