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CLAT Legal Aptitude Questions

Q1. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
The state shall not make any law, which takes away or abridges the rights conferred by Part III (Fundamental Rights) and any law made in contravention of this clause shall, to the extent of the contravention, be void.
Reason (R):
The fundamental rights are the rights reserved by the people and for this reason they are eternal and sacrosanct.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q2. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
Directive Principles of State Policy contained in Part IV shall not be enforceable by any court, but the principles there in laid down are nevertheless fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.
Reason (R):
Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Rights are both complementary to each other but in case of any controversy fundamental rights will prevail.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q3. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institute.
Reason (R):
Institutions established by the minorities are not entitled to government aid and government is not under an obligation to give aid.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q4. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
The right to move the Supreme Court under Article 32 of the Constitution by appropriate proceedings for the enforcement of the fundamental right.
Reason (R):
Supreme Court of India has been appointed as a the guardian of the Constitution.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q5. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
If the budget presented to the Rajya Sabha in not passed in the stipulated period, the budget proposals are not aff ected.
Reason (R):
The Lok Sabha is more powerful, in financial matters, than the Rajya Sabha.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q6. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
In the Event of violation of any legal right (tort) the aggrieved party is entitled to recover unliquidated damages.
Reason (R):
The object of awarding damages to the aggrieved party is to put him in the same position in which he would have been if the wrong would not have been committed. Damages are therefore, assessed on that basis.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually rue but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q7. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
During inflation, there is increase in money supply and rise in price level.
Reason (R):
The rise in prices is due to shortage in supply of essential consumer goods.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q8. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
X, because of unsound state of mind and not knowing the nature of the act, attacks Y, who in self defense and in order to ward off the attack, hits him thereby injuring him. Y has not committed an off ence.
Reason (R):
Y had a right of private defense against X under Section 98 of the Indian Penal Code.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q9. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
X and Y independently entertained the idea to kill Z. Accordingly; each of them separately inflicted wounds on Z who died as a consequence. X and Y are liable for murder under Section 341 IPC.
Reason (R):
When a criminal act is done by several persons in furtherance of common intention of all, each of such persons is liable as if the whole act was done by him alone.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q10. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
A person claims compensation for his non-gratuitous act.
Reason (R):
A person who enjoys benefit from lawful, non-gratuitous act of another must compensate him even though there is no contract.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but P is true.

Q11. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
Freedom of Speech is the most important civil liberty of people in a democratic polity.
Reason (R):
State can regulate free speech in the interest of public order.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q12. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
Austin’s concept of law is known as imperative theory.
Reason (R):
Austin emphasized on the commanding character of law.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q13. Directions: Each of the next nine questions consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.
Assertion (A):
The essence of joint liability under section 149 of the IPC is that the criminal act must have been done with a view to fulfill the common object of an unlawful assembly.
Reason (R):
Any sudden and provocative act done by a member of an unlawful assembly would render the other members of that assembly liable.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q14.
The following are enshrined in the Preamble of the Constitution of India.
I.
Equality of status and of opportunity.
II.
Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship.
III.
Justice-social, economic and political. IV. Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual. V. Unity and integrity of the nation. Which of the following is the correct order in which they appear in the preamble?
(a) V-I-II-IV-III
(b) III-II-I-IV-V
(c) III-I-II-V-IV
(d) I-II-IV-III-V

Q15.
Which one of the following statements is correct? Right to free and compulsory education for all Children of the age of 6 to 14 years is
(a) a fundamental right enforceable in law.
(b) a fundamental duty.
(c) a directive principle of state policy.
(d) a fundamental right which, however; can be enforced only if the state makes an enabling legislation.
 
1. (c) 2. (a) 3. (a) 4. (a) 5. (d) 6. (a) 7. (a) 8. (a) 9. (a) 10. (c) 11. (a) 12. (a) 13. (c) 14. (b) 15. (d)

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