Child Development and Pedagogy Questions Set

Q1. Vygotsky perceived cognitive development as:
(a) A sequence of learning stimulus-response associations
(b) Genetically predetermined
(c) Subject to mutations during the course of their development
(d) A collaborative process where children learn through social and cultural experiences
Ans: (d)

Q2. The difference between the actual development level and the potential developmental level of the child is known as the zone of:
(a) Optimal development
(b) Proximal development
(c) Cognitive development
(d) Trivial development
Ans: (b)

Q3. A teacher designs a cooperative learning task where she asks her students to take up a group project. To ensure effectiveness of this exercise, the teacher must ensure that:
(a) The group formed by her is homogenous
(b) Group member is given the same task
(c) Each group member is accountable to each other
(d) The group does not contain low ability members (Exam: 2013)
Ans: (c)

Q4. According to the behaviourists language development in children:
(a) Takes place during a critical period
(b) Is a function of inborn language acquisition device
(c) Takes place through imitation
(d) Happens through interaction between predispositions
Ans: (c)

Q5. According to the theory of constructivism:
(a) Children are born with a prior knowledge
(b) Child is a tabula rasa
(c) Children develop knowledge as they interact with the world
(d) Children will not be able to benefit from teaching activities
Ans: (c)

Q6. Which of the following is an example of specific learning disability?
(a) Mental retardation
(b) Dyslexia
(c) ADHD
(d) Autistic Spectrum Disorder
Ans: (b)

Q7. According to Information processing theory, external information moved from:
(a) Long term memory to short term memory
(b) Sensory memory to short term memory
(c) Long term memory to sensory memory
(d) Short term memory to sensory memory
Ans: (b)

Q8. Developmental psychologists believe that human development progresses:
(a) Sequentially
(b) Unpredictably
(c) With little individual variation
(d) Quantitatively
Ans: (a)

Q9. A teacher can make problem – solving fun for students by doing all of the following except:
(a) Given time for free play
(b) Providing endless opportunities for creative thinking
(c) Expecting perfection from the students while they are trying to do things by themselves
(d) providing open ended material
Ans: (c)

Q10. For a healthy peer group relationship, a teacher should
(a) Encourage the group members to meet each other and the teacher freely
(b) Maintain healthy climate and cordial relationship among peers
(c) Clarify misunderstanding immediately
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

Q11. The debate among psychologists regarding the relative contributions of environment and heredity to the development process pertains to:
(a) The critical period
(b) The nature nurture controversy
(c) The stage controversy
(d) Behaviourism
Ans: (b)

Q12. According to multiple intelligence theory the ability to classify and recognize all varieties of animals, minerals and plants, is called:
(a) Linguistic intelligence
(b) Spatial intelligence
(c) Logico-mathematical intelligence
(d) Naturalist intelligence
Ans: (d)

Q13. A student in a computer class observed how the extra work a classmate does is fun. Student in turn does the extra work and enjoys. This is an example of:
(a) Imitated behaviour
(b) Reinforcement
(c) Classical conditioning
(d) Shaping
Ans: (a)

Q14. Which of the following characteristics best describe a child in the pre operational stage of cognitive development?
(a) The child’s knowledge of the world is limited to their sensory perceptions and motor activities
(b) The child is egocentric and cannot take on another person’s perspective
(c) The child is fairly good at using inductive logic
(d) The child can utilize abstract thought when solving problems and planning for the future
Ans: (b)

Q15. A piece of chocolate falls from child’s hand and the mother sees it but child usually will not. According to Kohlberg, the child is at which stage of moral development?
(a) Pre conventional level
(b) Conventional level
(c) Post conventional level
(d) None of these
Ans: (b)

Q16. Among the following who is not a behaviourist?
(a) Thorndike
(b) Tolman
(c) Skinner
(d) Freud
Ans: (d)

Q17. Which approach is useful in learning by problem solving?
(a) Cognitive approach
(b) Humanistic approach
(c) Behaviouristic approach
(d) All of the above
Ans: (a)

Q18. Feature of formative assessment is
(a) It provides feedback to the students and the teachers
(b) It incorporates varied learning styles to decide how and what to teach
(c) It provides platform for the active involvement of the kids in their own learning
(d) It is the most traditional way of evaluating the students work
Ans: (d)

Q19. The psychologist who studied individual differences were :
(a) Catell (b) Wundt
(c) Francis Galton (d) Binet
Ans: (c)

Q20. Concept of primary and secondary memory was given by:
(a) Waught and Norman
(b) Sternberg
(c) Attkins and shiffrin
(d) Vygotsky
Ans: (d)

Q21. The child is a product of:
(a) Environment
(b) Nurture
(c) Interaction of nature and nurture
(d) Genetics
Ans: (c)

Q22. Animism means the following
(a) Acting like animal
(b) Eating with animal
(c) Feeling that inanimate objects have life like qualities
(d) Not able to understand other person’s feelings
Ans: (c)

Q23. National policy of Education (1986) includes:
(a) Ensuring equalization of educational opportunity for disabled
(b) Monitoring training of rehab professionals
(c) Giving free clothes and food to street children
(d) Providing free books to the disabled
Ans: (a)

Q24. The discriminating factor between learning disability and mental retardation is:
(a) Intelligence Quotient
(b) Slow in responding in the class
(c) None of the above
(d) Both (a) and (b)
Ans: (a)

28. IEDC stands for:
(a) International Educational Development Committee
(b) Indian Education for Disabled Children
(c) Integrated Education of Developed child
(d) Integrated Education for the Disabled Children
Ans: (d)

Q26. Persons with Disability act came into the position in the year:
(a) 2009
(b) 1986
(c) 1995
(d) 1994
Ans: (c)

Q27. Which of these are not the signs of reading problems:
(a) Sight word reading difficulty
(b) Poor letter sound associations
(c) Unable to tell the gist of the paragraph
(d) Slow and monotonous reading
Ans: (c)

Q28. Who said that cognition is in the centre of emotions and moves towards it :
(a) Sketcher & Singer (b) Common & Beard
(c) Enkman (d) James & Laurge
Ans: (a)

Q29. What among the following alternatives not used to recognize the special needs children ?
(a) Social status of parents
(b) Anecdote reports
(c) Interview of parents
(d) Pattern of behaviour
Ans: (a)

Q30. Which among the following is not similar to proofs of intelligence and heredity effects?
(a) Adoption study of other language
(b) Similar study
(c) Forwarded study
(d) Clinical study
Ans: (d)

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