Child Development and Pedagogy Questions Set

Q1. Arrange the following kinds of play in the sequence of their occurrence in the development of a child.
(i) Make-believe play (ii) Constructive play (iii) Functional play (iv) Games with rules
(a) (iii) – (ii) – (i) – (iv) (b) (iii) – (i) – (ii) – (iv)
(c) (i) – (ii) – (iv) – (iii) (d) (i) – (iii) – (ii) – (iv)
Ans: (a)

Q2. The increased stereotyping of attitudes, behavior and movement toward a more traditional gender identity is called as:
(a) Prejudice (b) Indoctrination
(c) Gender intensification(d) Role playing
Ans: (c)

Q3. Gender is a:
(a) Social construct
(b) Emotional construct
(c) Psychological construct
(d) Physiological construct (Exam: August, 2014)
Ans: (a)

Q4. Which of the following statements is appropriate?
(a) Emotions do not affect learning at all
(b) Learning may be both enhanced or inhibited by emotions
(c) Learning is better when learners are emotional
(d) Learners forget quicker when they are emotional
Ans: (b)

Q5. Which is not a type of learning disability?
(a) Dyscalculia (b) Aphasia
(c) Dyslexia (d) Dyspraxia
Ans: (d)

Q6. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs excludes which of the following?
(a) Cognition (b) Physiological
(c) Safety (d) Belongingness
Ans: (a)

Q7. The trial and error theory of learning was propounded by:
(a) Skinner (b) Pavlov
(c) Thorndike (d) Bandura
Ans: (c)

Q8. Which of the following is NOT a recommended teaching strategy for students with speech and communication disorders?
(a) Listen patiently
(b) Encourage regular communication
(c) Ask for clarification if the message is unclear
(d) Help them by finishing their sentences
Ans: (d)

Q9. Self-report measures that ask peers to evaluate on another’s likeability is called as:
(a) Self-assessment
(b) Case study
(c) Psychometric techniques
(d) Sociometric techniques
Ans: (d)

Q10. A child performed hardly while playing tennis and now she is making excuses like ‘the court was not properly prepared’. This is an example of:
(a) Rationalization (b) Internal attribution
(c) External attribution (d) Sublimation
Ans: (c)

Q11. Who proposed ethics of care as an alternative to Kohlberg’s theory of moral development?
(a) Gilligan (b) Rogers
(c) Maslow (d) Nel Noddings
Ans: (a)

Q12. Which of the following the principle that the frequency of a response increases because an aversive (unpleasant) stimulus is removed?
(a) Conditioning
(b) Punishment
(c) Positive reinforcement
(d) Negative reinforcement
Ans: (d)

Q13. The weakest link in establishing an effective and efficient educational system for children with special needs is:
(a) Policy formulation
(b) Teacher training programmes
(c) Absence of related research
(d) Lack of parental support
Ans: (b)

Q14. Who among the following viewed child as tabula rasa?
(a) Locke (b) Rousseau
(c) Darwin (d) Stanley Hall
Ans: (a)

Q15. Concept of ‘genetic epistemology’ is associated with
(a) Bruner (b) Ausubel
(c) Piaget (d) Vygotsky
Ans: (c)

Q16. According to piagetian theory, cognitive development is influenced by all of the following EXCEPT:
(a) Perception (b) Reasoning
(c) Verbal facilities (d) Language
Ans: (d)

Q17. According to Piaget, cognitive development in human beings takes place through four stages. Identify the correct order of these stages.
(a) Sensorimotor, concrete operational, formal operational, preoperational
(b) Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational
(c) Sensorimotor, formal operational, preoperational, concrete operational
(d) Formal operational, concrete operational, Sensorimotor, preoperational
Ans: (b)

Q18. Inclusive education is:
(a) Bringing all students together in one classroom and community
(b) An effort to expose diverse learners to teaching strategies that reach them as individual learners
(c) Providing individualized supports and services to all students
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

Q19. A child who says it is wrong to steal because she might get caught would be in Kohlberg’s ……… stage:
(a) Punishment and obedience orientation
(b) ”good boy” or ”good girl” morality
(c) Authority and social order maintaining
(d) Individualism and Exchange
Ans: (a)

Q20. ………… is a common characteristic of autism:
(a) Lack of attention
(b) Poor language skills
(c) Impaired social cognition
(d) Poor eating habits
Ans: (c)

Q21. In which of the following schools of psychology the understanding of learning was based on John Locke’s ideas?
(a) Psychoanalysis (b) Behaviorism
(c) Humanism (d) Cognitivism
Ans: (b)

Q22. IEP stands for:
(a) Individually Educated Pupil
(b) Individualized Education Program
(c) Interim Evaluation Plan
(d) Independent Education Proposal
Ans: (b)

Q23. The model about the interaction among behavior, person and environment, which Bandura developed is known as:
(a) Ecological Model
(b) Congruence Model
(c) Circular Model
(d) Reciprocal Determinism Model
Ans: (d)

Q24. Who conducted the famous experiment about learning through conditioning on Little Albert?
(a) Pavlov (b) Skinner
(c) Watson (d) Thorndike
Ans: (c)

Q25. Who proposed the concept of primary mental abilities?
(a) Thurstone (b) Spearman
(c) Gardner (d) Guilford
Ans: (a)

Q26. According to social constructivism, cognitive development:
(a) Is determined by the genes
(b) Is essentially related to one’s culture
(c) Has no influence of language and tools of a culture
(d) Is universal and follows a common trend
Ans: (b)

Q27. In which of the following age-periods do human beings experience a heightened emotional and physiological response:
(a) Infancy (b) Adolescence
(c) Middle childhood (d) Adulthood
Ans: (b)

Q28. ………………is the proponent of constructivist framework.
(a) Bandura (b) Brunner
(c) Piage (d) Jung
Ans: (c)

Q29. While solving a problem if an individual reaches the solution all of a sudden, we say that he has learnt by
(a) Trial and error (b) Insight
(c) Imitation (d) Observation
Ans: (b)

Q30. Which of the following is most highlighted by the National curriculum framework position paper on examination reforms?
(a) Open book exams
(b) Emphasis on test performance
(c) Flexible sitting arrangement while testing
(d) Continuous assessment
Ans: (d)

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