Q1. Arrange the following kinds of play in the sequence of their occurrence in the development of a child.
(i) Make-believe play (ii) Constructive play (iii) Functional play (iv) Games with rules
(a) (iii) – (ii) – (i) – (iv) (b) (iii) – (i) – (ii) – (iv)
(c) (i) – (ii) – (iv) – (iii) (d) (i) – (iii) – (ii) – (iv)
Q2. The increased stereotyping of attitudes, behavior and movement toward a more traditional gender identity is called as:
(a) Prejudice (b) Indoctrination
(c) Gender intensification(d) Role playing
Q3. Gender is a:
(a) Social construct
(b) Emotional construct
(c) Psychological construct
(d) Physiological construct (Exam: August, 2014)
Q4. Which of the following statements is appropriate?
(a) Emotions do not affect learning at all
(b) Learning may be both enhanced or inhibited by emotions
(c) Learning is better when learners are emotional
(d) Learners forget quicker when they are emotional
Q5. Which is not a type of learning disability?
(a) Dyscalculia (b) Aphasia
(c) Dyslexia (d) Dyspraxia
Q6. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs excludes which of the following?
(a) Cognition (b) Physiological
(c) Safety (d) Belongingness
Q7. The trial and error theory of learning was propounded by:
(a) Skinner (b) Pavlov
(c) Thorndike (d) Bandura
Q8. Which of the following is NOT a recommended teaching strategy for students with speech and communication disorders?
(a) Listen patiently
(b) Encourage regular communication
(c) Ask for clarification if the message is unclear
(d) Help them by finishing their sentences
Q9. Self-report measures that ask peers to evaluate on another’s likeability is called as:
(b) Case study
(c) Psychometric techniques
(d) Sociometric techniques
Q10. A child performed hardly while playing tennis and now she is making excuses like ‘the court was not properly prepared’. This is an example of:
(a) Rationalization (b) Internal attribution
(c) External attribution (d) Sublimation
Q11. Who proposed ethics of care as an alternative to Kohlberg’s theory of moral development?
(a) Gilligan (b) Rogers
(c) Maslow (d) Nel Noddings
Q12. Which of the following the principle that the frequency of a response increases because an aversive (unpleasant) stimulus is removed?
(c) Positive reinforcement
(d) Negative reinforcement
Q13. The weakest link in establishing an effective and efficient educational system for children with special needs is:
(a) Policy formulation
(b) Teacher training programmes
(c) Absence of related research
(d) Lack of parental support
Q14. Who among the following viewed child as tabula rasa?
(a) Locke (b) Rousseau
(c) Darwin (d) Stanley Hall
Q15. Concept of ‘genetic epistemology’ is associated with
(a) Bruner (b) Ausubel
(c) Piaget (d) Vygotsky
Q16. According to piagetian theory, cognitive development is influenced by all of the following EXCEPT:
(a) Perception (b) Reasoning
(c) Verbal facilities (d) Language
Q17. According to Piaget, cognitive development in human beings takes place through four stages. Identify the correct order of these stages.
(a) Sensorimotor, concrete operational, formal operational, preoperational
(b) Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational
(c) Sensorimotor, formal operational, preoperational, concrete operational
(d) Formal operational, concrete operational, Sensorimotor, preoperational
Q18. Inclusive education is:
(a) Bringing all students together in one classroom and community
(b) An effort to expose diverse learners to teaching strategies that reach them as individual learners
(c) Providing individualized supports and services to all students
(d) All of the above
Q19. A child who says it is wrong to steal because she might get caught would be in Kohlberg’s ……… stage:
(a) Punishment and obedience orientation
(b) ”good boy” or ”good girl” morality
(c) Authority and social order maintaining
(d) Individualism and Exchange
Q20. ………… is a common characteristic of autism:
(a) Lack of attention
(b) Poor language skills
(c) Impaired social cognition
(d) Poor eating habits
Q21. In which of the following schools of psychology the understanding of learning was based on John Locke’s ideas?
(a) Psychoanalysis (b) Behaviorism
(c) Humanism (d) Cognitivism
Q22. IEP stands for:
(a) Individually Educated Pupil
(b) Individualized Education Program
(c) Interim Evaluation Plan
(d) Independent Education Proposal
Q23. The model about the interaction among behavior, person and environment, which Bandura developed is known as:
(a) Ecological Model
(b) Congruence Model
(c) Circular Model
(d) Reciprocal Determinism Model
Q24. Who conducted the famous experiment about learning through conditioning on Little Albert?
(a) Pavlov (b) Skinner
(c) Watson (d) Thorndike
Q25. Who proposed the concept of primary mental abilities?
(a) Thurstone (b) Spearman
(c) Gardner (d) Guilford
Q26. According to social constructivism, cognitive development:
(a) Is determined by the genes
(b) Is essentially related to one’s culture
(c) Has no influence of language and tools of a culture
(d) Is universal and follows a common trend
Q27. In which of the following age-periods do human beings experience a heightened emotional and physiological response:
(a) Infancy (b) Adolescence
(c) Middle childhood (d) Adulthood
Q28. ………………is the proponent of constructivist framework.
(a) Bandura (b) Brunner
(c) Piage (d) Jung
Q29. While solving a problem if an individual reaches the solution all of a sudden, we say that he has learnt by
(a) Trial and error (b) Insight
(c) Imitation (d) Observation
Q30. Which of the following is most highlighted by the National curriculum framework position paper on examination reforms?
(a) Open book exams
(b) Emphasis on test performance
(c) Flexible sitting arrangement while testing
(d) Continuous assessment