Child Development and Pedagogy Questions Set

Q1. ”A backward child is one who in mid-school career is unable to do the work for the class next below that which is normal for his age.” Who gave this definition of the backward child?
(a) Thorndike (b) Cyrill Burt
(c) Burton (d) T.K.A. Menon
Ans: (b)

Q2. Culture’s expectation of male and female behaviour are called
(a) Gender roles (b) Gender types
(c) Gender identities (d) Gender constancies
Ans: (a)

Q3. Piaget advocated the need for tailoring the education of a child according to the level of the functioning of his cognitive structure. This is called (Exam: 2015)
(a) Self-learning
(b) Classification and grouping of education
(c) Pupil-centered education
(d) Stimulation for learning
Ans: (c)

Q4. Morons have an IQ level of
(a) 51 to 70 (b) Below 51
(c) 70 to 100 (d) Above 100
Ans: (a)

Q5. The Insight Theory of learning has been given by:
(a) Pavlov (b) Watson
(c) Skinner (d) Kohler
Ans: (d)

Q6. In the trial and error theory of learning the ”law of effect” is also known as
(a) Law of motion
(b) Law of pleasure and pain
(c) Law of readiness
(d) Law of chance
Ans: (b)

Q7. When a problem is seen as having only one answer, with all lines of thinking Leading to that answer, the thinking is known as ………… thinking.
(a) Convergent (b) Creative
(c) Divergent (d) Mental set
Ans: (a)

Q8. The people with whom a person identifies most strongly are called
(a) In – group (b) Out – group
(c) Referent group (d) ‘Them’ group
Ans: (a)

Q9. Constructivism as a theory emphasizes?
(a) The role of the teacher in learning
(b) Memorizing information and testing through recall
(c) The role of imitation in acquiring knowledge
(d) None of the above
Ans: (d)

Q10. It is an accepted view that females can be better teachers especially at the primary school level. The reason is:
(a) They can better deal with stressful situations
(b) They are ready to work on a lower salary
(c) They are in a greater need to earn for their livelihood
(d) They are more apt to perform multiple roles and are also flexible
Ans: (d)

Q11. If a child writes 16 as 61 and gets confused between b and d, this is a case of
(a) Visual impairment
(b) Mental Impairment
(c) Learning disability
(d) Mental retardation
Ans: (c)

Q12. Who among the following psychologists explained intelligence in terms of ‘primary mental abilities’?
(a) Thorndike (b) Spearmen
(c) Guildford (d) Thurstone
Ans: (d)

Q13. ”Development means a series of progressive changes that occur in orderly and predictable pattern as a result of maturation and experience.” This is stated by:
(a) Stevenson (b) Hurlock
(c) Piaget (d) Crow and Crow
Ans: (b)

Q14. The most important challenge for a teacher is:
(a) To understand the individual psychological needs of students
(b) To maintain good discipline in the class
(c) To make teaching – learning process enjoyable
(d) To assign students good home assignments and check them properly
Ans: (a)

Q15. A child comforts another child who is crying by offering his toy. The behavior of the child who tries to comfort the other child represents
(a) Social development
(b) Social – emotional development
(c) Emotional development
(d) Cognitive development
Ans: (b)

Q16. According to Piaget, the number of stages of a child’s cognitive development are:
(a) 3 stages (b) 4 stages
(c) 5 stages (d) 6 stages
Ans: (b)

Q17. Vygotsky proposed that child development is:
(a) A product of formal education
(b) Due to the genetic components of a culture
(c) A product of social interaction
(d) A product of assimilation and accommodation
Ans: (c)

Q18. Cephalo-Caudal trend implies
(a) Muscular control (b) Co-ordination
(c) Progress (d) Both (a) & (b)
Ans: (d)

Q19. ”Socialization or social development is the process whereby a biological individual is converted into a human person.” Who said this?
(a) Hurlock (b) Jean piaget
(c) Garret (d) Sorenson
Ans: (c)

Q20. Meaning ILFE is:
(a) Integrated learning friendly environment
(b) Inclusive learning friendly environment
(c) Integrated learning friendly education
(d) Inclusive learning friendly education
Ans: (b)

Q21. ”The school may be regarded as the social invention to serve society for the specialized teaching of the young.” This has been stated by
(a) Ottaway (b) John Dewey
(c) Kohlberg (d) Freeman
Ans: (a)

Q22. A child studying hard for the sake of getting a scholarship is an example of
(a) Intrinsic motivation
(b) Extrinsic motivation
(c) Positive motivation
(d) None of the above
Ans: (b)

Q23. A teacher’s effectiveness in teaching can be judged when it
(a) Brings good results
(b) Raises the IQ of learners
(c) Stimulates the learner’s thinking
(d) None of above
Ans: (c)

Q24. Which of the following is not measured by an intelligence test?
(a) Ability to learn
(b) Ability to apply one’s knowledge to new problems
(c) Ability to think divergently
(d) Ability to perceive relationship
Ans: (c)

Q25. Kohlberg’s stages of moral development are related to
(a) Erikson’s psycho-social stages
(b) Sullivan’s interpersonal stages
(c) Piaget’s moral development stages
(d) Freud’s psychosexual stages
Ans: (c)

Q26. What is the best way to deal with the misbehavior of Kindergarten/Nursery school children?
(a) Punish the child for major acts of misbehavior
(b) Ignore the transgressions
(c) Give suitable punishment for all kinds of misbehavior
(d) Channelize the child’s energies into positive directions
Ans: (d)

Q27. Students can improve their comprehension of written material if they use a strategy called SQ4R, which stands for:
(a) Study, query, read, review, revise and recite
(b) Survey, question, read, recite, write and review
(c) Study, question, read, revise, review, recite
(d) Survey, query, read, review, recite and revise
Ans: (b)

Q28. Which of the following name combinations contains two Gestalt psychologists?
(a) Koffka, Wundt, Watson, Kohler
(b) Wertheimer, Watson, James, Cohen
(c) Kohler, Cohen, Wundt, Kelman
(d) Watson, Kelman, Koffka, Wundt
Ans: (a)

Q29. The term ‘ intra -individual differences’ means
(a) Differences among various traits in a given individual
(b) Differences in a given trait between two or more individuals
(c) Differences in a given trait in a given individual associated with the passage of time
(d) Differences in a given trait in a given individual associated with errors of measurement
Ans: (a)

Q30. Ultimately, the effectiveness of a school programme as it affects a child depends upon
(a) The effectiveness of checking and supervision
(b) Cooperation and participation of the community
(c) Competence of the teacher
(d) Suitability of the curriculum
Ans: (c)

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