Child Development and Pedagogy Questions Set

Q1. Meher was born fifteen years after her parents marriage. Her mother has been very protective of her from the beginning. A rich businessman, her father has never denied any of her demands. Even when she is asking for things that are unreasonable, her parents do not say no to her. When she plays with the friends, she insists on making the rules and often throws a tantrum if she loses to her friends. Her friends tolerate her because her parents give them a lot of gifts. This is an example of:
(a) Co-parenting
(b) Remote control parenting
(c) Neglectful parenting
(d) Indulgent Parenting
Ans: (d)

Q2. In a norm referenced test, a student’s score is interpreted, by comparing it:
(a) With his average score in the previous years
(b) With the performance of other student on the same test.
(c) With the performance of other students in a different class.
(d) With a pre decided criteria that serves as the norm
Ans: (b)

Q3. In this stage children are asked to assume responsibility for their behaviours and possessions. For the first time they encounter widening of their social world. The stage in Erikson’s psychosocial theory is:
(a) Autonomy vs shame and doubt
(b) Initiative vs guilt
(c) Industry vs inferiority
(d) Trust vs mistrust (Exam: 2016)
Ans: (b)

Q4. The process of rapid innate learning within a limited critical period of time that produces attachment to the first moving object seen is called as imprinting. This concept was given by:
(a) Lorenz (b) Bronfenbrenner
(c) Bandura (d) Vygotsky
Ans: (a)

Q5. Brain/head develop coordination earlier than arms and legs: head is larger relative to rest of body, are examples of which trend of growth:
(a) Cephalocaudal trend
(b) Proximodistal trend
(c) Longitudinal trend
(d) Egocentricism
Ans: (a)

Q6. The tendency to focus on one aspect of a situation and neglect other important features is known as-
(a) Conservation (b) Centration
(c) Reversibility (d) Egocentricism
Ans: (b)

Q7. ”A child can think logically about objects and events” This is the characteristic given by Piagetian stage of-
(a) Sensory Motor
(b) Pre Operational
(c) Concrete Operational
(d) Formal Operation
Ans: (c)

Q8. The central ideas in constructivist view of learning are
(i) Learners are active in constructing their own knowledge (ii) Social interactions are important in knowledge construction process (iii) Self efficiency is a key element important in learning and teaching (iv) Individual’s epistemological beliefs impact their approach to learning
(a) (i) & (iv) (b) (i) & (ii)
(c) (ii) & (iii) (d) (i), (ii) & (iv)
Ans: (b)

Q9. When a child is able to sort blocks on the basis of two characteristics: colour and length, he is demonstrating
(a) Accommodation (b) Adaptation
(c) Organization (d) Decentering
Ans: (d)

Q10. An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is to
(a) Make teachers responsible for special education program results
(b) Facilitate integration of children with special needs in regular classroom
(c) Provide an appropriate program (especially tailored) for each child with special need
(d) Limit the range of services that would be provided for children with special needs
Ans: (c)

Q11. A student who constantly fidgets, has trouble waiting for a turn and does not pay close attention to class activity is more likely to belong to which of the following categories?
(a) An emotionally disturbed child
(b) ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
(c) ASD (Attention Spectrum Disorder)
(d) Dyspraxia
Ans: (b)

Q12. Which of the following describes tracking within the classroom?
(a) Grouping low ability and high ability students together for social development
(b) Developing and assessing individualized educational programs for each student
(c) Provision of special programs for students of a single class at different ability levels
(d) Placing students with different educational needs into a common class
Ans: (c)

Q13. Which of the following would enhance students sense of competence and self worth?
(i) Helping students achieve success on challenging tasks (ii) Maximizing competitions and other situations in which students might judge themselves unfavorably in comparison with peers (iii) Providing students an accurate appraisal of what they can and cannot accomplish (iv) Providing students concrete mechanisms through which they can track their progress over time
(a) (i) and (iii) (b) (iii) and (iv)
(c) (i), (ii) and (iii) (d) (i), (iii) and (iv)
Ans: (d)

Q14. In which of the following situation is ‘learned helplessness’ evident?
(a) A student is motivated to avoid failure
(b) A student has come to believe that he or she cannot control or improve their own learning
(c) A student tries again after failing to achieve the goal the first time
(d) A student has learned to achieve goals by exerting effort
Ans: (b)

Q15. In order to remember a telephone number, she has just looked up, Mamta repeats the number to herself several times before dialing. This is an example of
(a) Chunking (b) Visualization
(c) Elaboration (d) Rehearsal
Ans: (d)

Q16. The zone of proximal development (ZPD) is the area between the child’s current development levels and the level of development that the child could achieve
(a) Through self effort
(b) With the use of reference materials
(c) Through collective monologue
(d) Through adult guidance or in collaboration with more capable peers
Ans: (d)

Q17. A teacher wants one of her students to complete her entire homework assignment. She begins topiaries her for each part of the home work assignment that she completes. The teacher is practicing the procedure called
(a) Prompting
(b) Cueing
(c) Intermittent reinforcement
(d) Shaping
Ans: (d)

Q18. When teaching, a teacher discovers that a students tends to relate her learning to what she already knows. According to piaget’s theory, the process used by her is
(a) Accommodation
(b) Assimilation
(c) Seriation
(d) Reversibility
Ans: (b)

Q19. The information processing approach to learning is unique as it
(a) Direct a teacher to structure the classroom environment in a certain way to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of learning.
(b) Makes students aware to how they learn and how they can use those processes involved in learning classroom performance
(c) Establishes that the processes involved in learning are consistent across all learners
(d) Emphasizes that propel learn best by creating their own understanding of reality
Ans: (b)

Q20. According to skinnner’s theory of operant conditioning
(a) Thoughts, motives and emotions have an important place in the scientific study of learning
(b) A specific stimulus initiates a particular response
(c) The voluntary responses of animals and human are strengthened when they are reinforced
(d) The consequences of behaviour are relatively unimportant
Ans: (c)

Q21. A teacher in her class tells students: ”First, do what I want you to do and then you may do what you want to do”. The situation demonstrates the use of which of the following?
(a) Premack Principle
(b) Shaping
(c) Positive Practice
(d) Differential Reinforcement
Ans: (a)

Q22. The use of verbal prompts or structuring as a support by a teacher (or another student) to help students bridge the gap between their current abilities and the intended goal is called.
(a) Guided inquiry
(b) Scaffolding
(c) Assisted leering
(d) Instructed learning
Ans: (b)

Q23. Carol Gilligan claims that men and women score at different levels on Kohlberg’s moral dilemmas because:
(a) Males operate on the basis of a morality of justice and females do not
(b) Males are more concerned with the needs of others
(c) Females reason about hypothetical moral issues
(d) Males are less morally mature
Ans: (a)

Q24. Which one of the following is NOT a form of intelligence, according to Gardner?
(a) Spatial
(b) Bodily kinesthetic
(c) Interpersonal
(d) The visual – auditory dimension
Ans: (d)

Q25. Ria understand that a tall glass has same amount of cold drink as the short glass. She is demonstrating an understanding of ……………
(a) Assimilation
(b) Accommodation
(c) Conservation
(d) Animism
Ans: (c)

Q26. Concept of ”genetic epistemology” was proposed by:
(a) Brunner (b) Ausubel
(c) Piaget (d) Vygotsky
Ans: (c)

Q27. The two factor theory of intellingence was proposed by:
(a) Spearman (b) Wechsler
(c) Piaget (d) Binet
Ans: (a)

Q28. ”Law of exercise” is the contribution of which school of psychology?
(a) Behaviorism (b) Constructivism
(c) Gestalt school (d) Psychoanalysis
Ans: (a)

Q29. It is said that a teacher should be resourceful. This means
(a) He should have enough money and property so that he may not have to give tuition
(b) He should have good contacts with higher authorities so that he may not be harmed
(c) He should have adequate knowledge to be able to solve the problems of students
(d) He should have a good reputation among students so that authorities are not able to take any punitive measure against him
Ans: (c)

Q30. Which amendment of the constitution made education free and compulsory for children between 6-14 years of age
(a) 95th amendment (b) 94th amendment
(c) 93rd amendment (d) 73rd amendment
Ans: (c)

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