Child Development and Pedagogy Questions Set

Q1. Which out of the following theories views that ”behaviour could be shaped through successive approximation and reinforcement of responses is more nearly approaching towards desired behaviour
(a) Social Learning
(b) Instrumental Conditioning
(c) Classical Conditioning
(d) Operant Conditioning
Ans: (d)

Q2. Trait theories are related to which of the following aspect?
(a) Intelligence
(b) Growth and Development
(c) Personality
(d) Creativity (Exam: 2018)
Ans: (c)

Q3. Kindergarten (K.G) system of education means ‘garden of small kids’, who gave the concept out of the following persons?
(a) John Dewey (b) Friedrich Froebel
(c) Plato (d) Herbert Spencer
Ans: (b)

Q4. The stage Pre-operational in Piaget Theory is called pre-operational because
(a) The children are pre-determined.
(b) The children have not yet mastered the ability to perform mental operation
(c) The children are pre-planning
(d) All of the above
Ans: (b)

Q5. Who has described human behaviour and development as a process of responding to reward and punishment in the environment?
(a) Jean Piaget (b) Johan Watson
(c) B.F. Skinner (d) None of the above
Ans: (c)

Q6. Which state is NOT true about Inclusion?
(a) Welcoming Diversity
(b) Children in school who may feel excluded
(c) Benefiting all learners, not only targeting the excluded
(d) Meeting the needs of children with disability only
Ans: (d)

Q7. Which of the following age-group the children’s ability to pronounce the letter w, b, t, f, g, n perfectly grows?
(a) 12–18 Months (b) 24–36 Months
(c) 18–24 Months (d) 3–5 Months
Ans: (d)

Q8. The most appropriate meaning of learning, according to Gates, is
(a) Inculcation of knowledge
(b) Modification of behaviour by experience and training
(c) Personal adjustment
(d) Acquisition of skill
Ans: (b)

Q9. The education that child receives in family is
(a) Formal (b) Informal
(c) Non-Formal (d) Semi-Formal
Ans: (b)

Q10. What will be the IQ of a 20 year old boy whose mental age is 15 years?
(a) 64 (b) 75
(c) 80 (d) 100
Ans: (b)

Q11. ‘Scaffolding’ according to Social Constructivist Theory refers to
(a) Simulation Teaching
(b) Recapitulation of previous learning
(c) Giving support in learning by adults
(d) Ascertaining the cause of mistakes done by the students
Ans: (c)

Q12. The period of sensory motor adaptation, according to Piaget is
(a) 1–3 year (b) 0–2 year
(c) 3–5 year (d) 4–6 year
Ans: (b)

Q13. The rules for effective teaching made from experiences of teachers and thinkers are called
(a) Method of teaching
(b) Maxims of teaching
(c) Techniques of teaching
(d) Teaching strategies
Ans: (b)

Q14. Primary school children will learn effectively in an atmosphere
(a) Where their emotional needs are met and they fell that they are valued
(b) Where the teacher is authoritative and clearly dictates what should be done
(c) Where the focus and stress are only on mastering primarily cognitive skill of reading, writing and mathematics
(d) Where the teacher leads all the learning and expects students to play a passive role
Ans: (a)

Q15. An 8 years old girl shows exceptional sporting ability. Both of her parents are sportspersons and send her for coaching every day and train her on the weekends. Her capabilities are most likely to be the result to an interaction between
(a) Heredity and environment
(b) Discipline and contrition
(c) Growth and development
(d) Health and training
Ans: (a)

Q16. Which of the following are the secondary agents of socialization?
(a) Family and neighborhood
(b) School and neighborhood
(c) School and immediate family member
(d) Family and relatives
Ans: (b)

Q17. According to Lev Vygotsky, the primary cause of cognitive development
(a) Equilibration
(b) Social interaction
(c) Adjustment of mental schema
(d) Stimulus-Response pairing
Ans: (b)

Q18. In a progressive classroom set-up, the teacher facilitates learning by providing an environment that
(a) Promotes discovery
(b) Is restrictive
(c) Discourages
(d) Encourages repetition
Ans: (a)

Q19. A 5 year old boy talks to himself while trying to fold a T-shirt. Which of the following statements is correct in the context of the behaviour displayed by the boy?
(a) Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky would explain this as egocentric nature of child thoughts
(b) Jean Piaget would explain this as egocentric speech, while Lev Vygotsky would explain this as the child’s attempt to regulate his actions through private speech.
(c) Jean Piaget would explain this as social interaction, while Lev Vygotsky would explain this as exploration.
(d) Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky would explain this as the child’s attempt to imitate his father.
Ans: (b)

Q20. At lower classes, play way method of teaching is base on
(a) Theory of physical education programmes
(b) Principles of methods of teaching
(c) Psychological principles of development and growth
(d) Sociological principles of teaching
Ans: (c)

Q21. A boy of IV grade with ‘visual-deficiency should be
(a) Excluded to do a lower level of work
(b) Helped with his routine work by parents and friends
(c) Treated normally in the classroom and provides support through audio CD’s
(d) Gives special treatment in the classroom
Ans: (c)

Q22. The ‘Insight theory of Learning’ was first proposed by
(a) Wolfgang kohler
(b) B.F. Skinner
(c) Jerome Bruner
(d) Jean Piaget
Ans: (a)

Q23. ‘Development is never ending process’. This idea is associated with
(a) Principle of interrelation
(b) Principle of continuity
(c) Principle of integration
(d) Principle of interaction
Ans: (b)

Q24. Which of the following will foster creativity among learner?
(a) Teaching the students the practical value of good education
(b) Providing opportunities to question and nurture the innate talents of every learner.
(c) Emphasizing achievement goals from the beginning of school life.
(d) Coaching students for good marks in the examination
Ans: (b)

Q25. Which of the following is a characteristic of gifted learner?
(a) He gets feel aggressive and frustrated
(b) He can feel under stimulated and bored if the class activities are not challenging enough
(c) He is highly temperamental
(d) He engages in ritualistic behaviour like hand flapping rocking etc.
Ans: (b)

Q26. Dyslexia is associated with
(a) Mental disorder
(b) Mathematical disorder
(c) Reading disorder
(d) Behavioural disorder
Ans: (c)

Q27. Robin who does not talk much at home, talks a lot at school, it shows that
(a) The school provides opportunities to children to talk a lot
(b) Teachers demand that children should talk a lot at school
(c) She does not like her home at all
(d) Her thoughts get acknowledged at school
Ans: (d)

Q28. The thinking process involved in producing an idea or concept that is new, original and useful, is termed as
(a) Creativity (b) Innovation
(c) Intelligence (d) Synectics
Ans: (a)

Q29. According to NCF 2005, the role of teacher has been that of a
(a) Authority (b) Dictatorial
(c) Permissive (d) Facilitator
Ans: (d)

Q30. “Having a diverse classroom with varied social, children form economic and cultural background enriches the learning experiences of all students” this statement is
(a) Incorrect, because it can confuse the children and they may feel lost.
(b) Correct, because children learn many skills from their peers.
(c) Correct, because it makes the classroom more hierarchical.
(d) Incorrect because it leads to unnecessary competition.
Ans: (b)

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