Q1. The meaning of development is
(a) Progressive series of changes
(b) Progressive series of changes as a result of motivation
(c) Progressive series of changes as a result of motivation and experience
(d) Series of changes as a result of maturation and experience
Q2. Which of the following statements is not correct about development?
(a) Each phase of the development has hazards
(b) Development is not added by stimulation
(c) Development is affected by cultural changes
(d) Each, phase of the development has characteristic behavior.
Q3. Which of the following development tasks is not appropriate to the late childhood?
(a) Learning physical skills necessary for ordinary games
(b) Achieving a masculine or feminine social role
(c) Achieving personal independence
(d) Learning to get along with age-mates
Q4. Training in advance of normal maturation is generally
(a) Highly beneficial with respect to performance of the common skills
(b) Harmful from an overall point of view
(c) Beneficial from a long range point of view
(d) Beneficial or harmful depending on the method used in training
Q5. Five year old Raju is watching a storm from his window. A huge bolt of lightning is followed by a tremendous thunderclap and Raju jumps at the noise. This happens several more times. There is a brief lull and another lightning bolt. Raju jumps in response to bolt. Jumping of Raju is an example of learning theory of (Exam : 2011)
(a) Classical conditioning
(b) Operant conditioning
(c) Trial and Error
(d) None of these.
Q6. Which of the following is an example of positive punishment?
(a) Ridicule by friends
(b) Loss of time with friends
(c) Cease nagging
(d) All of these
Q7. Which of the following statements is not appropriate to motivation as a process?
(a) It causes a person to move towards a goal
(b) It satisfies the person’s biological needs
(c) It helps in achieving a psychological ambition
(d) It keeps away from an unpleasant situation.
Q8. The temporary change in behaviour due to continuous exposure to stimuli is called
(a) Habituation (b) Learning
(c) Temporary learning (d) Motivation
Q9. The teachers should not use which of the following ways to change the attitudes of students?
(a) Coercive persuasion
(b) Repetition of idea or assertion
(c) Endorsement by an admired person
(d) Association of the message with a good feeling
Q10. Which of the following statements regarding achievement motive is true?
(a) Achievement motive is necessary for survival
(b) If the satisfaction of personal potentialities is emphasized, the achievement motive may be classified as a growth motive
(c) If the stress is on competition among people, the achievement motive can be considered a social motive
(d) All of these
Q11. During 6 to 10 years children start taking interest in
(a) Religion (b) Human body
(c) Sex (d) School
Q12. Which theory believes that human mind is like an iceberg mostly hidden and has three levels of consciousness?
(a) Trait theory
(b) Type theory
(c) Psychoanalytical theory
(d) Behaviorist theory
Q13. Some people say that whenever anger draws upon children, they go to play. Until they feet better which of the defense mechanisms is represented by this behariour?
(a) Projection (b) Displacement
(c) Reaction formation (d) Sublimation
Q14. Adjustment means accommodating oneself to various circumstances in order to satisfy
(a) Others (b) Motives
(c) Goals (d) Needs
Q15. Which of the following behaviours is not a manifestation of emotional disturbance?
(a) Delinquency (b) Bullying nature
(c) Truancy (d) Autism
Q16. A provision for education for the children with disabilities can be done through
(a) Inclusive education (b) Mainstreaming
(c) Integration (d) None of these
Q17. Which of the following is not a characteristic of mental retardation?
(a) I.Q. between 25 to 70
(b) Learning in a slow pace and unable to do the activities of daily routine
(c) Poor adaptation with the environment
(d) Poor interpersonal relations
Q18. Which of the following is more important for keeping the good mental health of students?
(a) Provision for curricular activities
(b) Freedom of expression
(c) Variety of interests
(d) Teacher’s role and school environment
Q19. ‘Child belonging to weaker section’ means
(a) A child belonging to such parents whose annual income is low
(b) A child belonging to such parents who come under the disadvantaged group
(c) A child belonging to such parents who come under the category of below poverty line
(d) A child belonging to such parents whose annual income is lower than the minimum limit specified by the appropriate government
Q20. The Right to Education Act, 2009 specifies that if the number of children admitted for first class to fifth class is above two hundred then the pupil-teacher ratio required is
(a) Thirty (b) Forty
(c) Forty-five (d) Fifty
Q21. Which of the following statements is incorrect about action research?
(a) It is conducted by teachers and educational professionals
(b) It is conducted to solve a specific problem
(c) It is conducted to provide information for decision making at a broader level
(d) It is conducted to focus on the solutions of day to day problems at local level
Q22. Which of the following statements is not true about teaching?
(a) Teaching is modifiable
(b) Teaching is formal and informal
(c) Teaching is a science as well as art
(d) Teaching is instruction.
Q23. The National Curriculum Framework, 2005 under the heading ‘quality dimension’ gives more importance to
(a) Physical resources
(b) Qualified and Motivated teachers
(c) Experiences designed for the child in terms of knowledge
(d) Experiences designed for the child and curriculum reform
Q24. The National Curriculum Framework, 2005 suggests which of the following examination reforms?
(a) Class X examination optional
(b) State level exams to be conducted at different stages of school education
(c) Competitive entrance examinations optional
(d) All of these
Q25. Reducing stress and enhancing success in examination necessitates
(a) A shift towards shorter examination
(b) Examination to be conducted at different stages of school education
(c) Annual and half yearly exams
(d) Setting up of different agencies for conducting entrance exams.
Q26. The purpose of evaluation is
(a) To label children as slow learner and gifted children
(b) To identify children who need remediation
(c) To diagnose learning difficulties and problem areas
(d) To provide feedback on the extent is which we have been successful in imparting education for a productive life.
Q27. For primary school children, which of the following is better?
(a) Video simulation
(d) All of these
Q28. Which of the following statements is not true about development?
(a) Development is the product of interaction
(b) Development follows an orderly sequence
(c) Development is individualized process
(d) Development proceeds from specific to general
Q29. Children’s thinking is grounded in concrete experiences and concepts rather than abstractions. It is the stage from :
(a) 7 to 12 years (b) 12 to adulthood
(c) 2 to 7 years (d) birth to 2 years
Q30. Human development is the product of joint contribution of both :
(a) parents and teachers
(b) Sociological and cultural
(c) heredity and environment
(d) none of these