Child Development and Pedagogy Questions Set

Q1. Which of the following statements is correct about the relationship of learning and maturation?
(a) Where human development is due to maturation alone, individual would be reduced to a minimum.
(b) With the limitation of heredity potential, children can develop beyond a certain limit.
(c) With increased effort children can learn even when they are not developmentally ready to learn.
(d) Children’s innate capacities must be encouraged to develop without consideration of time.
Ans: (a)

Q2. One of the principles of development is that happiness varies at different periods in the development pattern. According to this principle (Exam : 2012)
(a) the first year of life is usually the happiest period
(b) the puberty is the happiest period of life and the first year is also the happiest period of life
(c) the puberty is the most unhappy period of life
(d) the first year of life is the happiest and the puberty is the most unhappy period of life.
Ans: (d)

Q3. Which of the following contributes most in the learning and development of children?
(a) Family, Peer group and Television
(b) Family, Peer group and Teacher
(c) Family, Play and Computer
(d) Family, Play and Tourism
Ans: (b)

Q4. To which of the following statements should a teacher agree?
(a) Intrinsic motivation occurs when learners to something to earn external satisfying results.
(b) Extrinsic motivation occurs when learners to something to earn external rewards.
(c) External rewards lead to permanent behaviour change.
(d) External rewards lead to intrinsic motivation.
Ans: (b)

Q5. A teacher give a blank outline map that shows the location of river, mountains, valley and plains etc. He asks students to figure out where the major cities, railways and highways connecting the major cities might be located. Students are not permitted to consult books or other maps. Here the teacher’s approach is
(a) Discovery approach
(b) Concept map
(c) Problem solving approach
(d) Enquiry approach.
Ans: (a)

Q6. Which of the following is not an example of Bandura’s observational learning?
(a) Students learning of dissection of earthworm
(b) Enthusiasm about cricket
(c) Disdain for the study o social study
(d) Packing the school bag on ringing of school bell.
Ans: (d)

Q7. Rajesh misses a month of school because of his illness. When he returns to school, he does not know how to do his long division assignments. After a number of frustrating experiences in which he fails long division problems, he feels anxious whenever he encounters division task. As per the classical conditioning theory emotional unconditioned stimulus (UCS) is
(a) Anxiety about failure
(b) Failure / Frustration
(c) Long division problem
(d) Anxiety about long division problems
Ans: (b)

Q8. Which type of learning mainly influences personality of the child?
(a) Trial and Error leaning
(b) Imitation learning
(c) Insightful learning
(d) Instructional learning
Ans: (b)

Q9. Which of the following statements about individual differences is true?
(a) If the intelligence level of the students is same, still the level of achievement will be different.
(b) All the children do not have some similarities.
(c) The curve showing individual differences is tilted to one direction or pole.
(d) Individual differences are due to heredity.
Ans: (a)

Q10. The following is an example of
(a) Diagram (b) Model
(c) Concept (d) Graph
Ans: (c)

Q11. Which of the following is not a projective technique?
(a) Play technique
(b) Word association test
(c) Picture association test
(d) Case study.
Ans: (d)

Q12. Which of the following do not help in understanding the ethnic individual differences?
(a) Value system
(b) Verbal and non-verbal communication
(c) Different learning arrangements & processes
(d) Intelligence
Ans: (d)

Q13. Personality is the dynamic organisation within the individual of those psycho-physical systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment. This definition of personality is given by
(a) Murray (b) J. B. Watson
(c) G. W. Allport (d) Skinner
Ans: (c)

Q14. The intelligence of children is generally tested by
(a) Non-verbal group intelligence tests
(b) Verbal group intelligence tests
(c) Non-verbal individual intelligence tests
(d) Verbal individual intelligence tests.
Ans: (a)

Q15. Which of the following indicates the misuse of intelligence tests?
(a) Use in assessment for promotion
(b) I.Q. labels tagged to children are used by teachers as an excuse for inefficiency
(c) Use in classifying children
(d) Use for improving learning process.
Ans: (b)

Q16. Which of the following is not a characteristic of backward children?
(a) The educational attainment falls below the level of their natural abilities.
(b) They are unable to keep pace with the normal school work.
(c) Fall far behind other children of his age.
(d) Posses low intelligence.
Ans: (d)

Q17. Which of the following is a direct method of adjustment?
(a) Projection (b) Repression
(c) Regression (d) Substitution of Goals.
Ans: (d)

Q18. Separate classes and enrichment programmes can be used for the education of
(a) gifted children
(b) low achiever children
(c) gifted and low-achiever children
(d) none of these.
Ans: (a)

Q19. Match the following and select of correct answer in the table: List-I List-II
L. Fantasy can be classified as a defence mechanism
. Dental
M. Defence mechanism protects individual form
. Escape
N. Sublimation can be classified as a defence mechanism
. Substitution
O. compensation can be classified as a defence mechanism
. Anxiety Codes: L M N O
(a) 1 4 4 3
(b) 3 1 4 3
(c) 2 4 3 3
(d) 3 2 3 1
Ans: (c)

Q20. Students with academic difficulties face difficulty of
(a) malfunction of the ear or associated nerves
(b) abnormalities in spoken language
(c) reduced mental alertness
(d) deficit in practical and social intelligence
Ans: (b)

Q21. Which of the following is a processing deficiency in students with learning disabilities?
(a) Remembering information involving numbers, poor sense of time and direction
(b) Frequent hyperactive behaviour
(c) Little muscle control
(d) Reduced mental alertness
Ans: (a)

Q22. The purpose of formative evaluation is to
(a) Monitor progress and plan remedial instruction
(b) Know the understanding of students
(c) Know that teacher’s objectives are fulfilled
(d) Assign grades
Ans: (a)

Q23. Which of the following steps of research makes research and action research?
(a) Formulation of hypotheses
(b) Action programme and final evaluation
(c) Generalization
(d) Rigid research design
Ans: (b)

Q24. Which of the following problems is not suitable for action research?
(a) Improving handwriting of 5th class students in Hindi
(b) Study of the effect of using written praise on 7th Grade students’ behaviour as compared to verbal praise
(c) Efficacy of computer aided instruction over traditional method.
(d) Use of Atlas and Globe in the learning of Geography
Ans: (c)

Q25. Which of the following is not addressed in the Right of children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009?
(a) Providing training facility for teachers
(b) Ensuring admission to children of migrants
(c) Deciding the academic calendar
(d) Education after fourteen years
Ans: (d)

Q26. In the National Curriculum Framework, 2005, the activities suggested celebration of cultural and religious diversity of India, programme to promote an attitude of respect and responsibility towards women and compile documentaries and feature films and screen them that promote the values of justice and peace are for
(a) Education for Peace
(b) Education of Values
(c) Education for citizenship
(d) None of these
Ans: (a)

Q27. Match the following and select the right answer from the table give below: List-I List-II
L. Organising the experience of the seed germination process
. Observing
M. A role play 2. Questioning
N. Dialogue on genderdifferentiated practice in the family
. Participating
O. Processing and packaging different kinds of products in dairy farm
. Reflecting Codes: L M N O
(a) 1 3 4 1
(b) 2 3 2 1
(c) 3 1 3 3
(d) 4 2 2 2
Ans: (a)

Q28. ‘Toy age’ refers to
(a) Early childhood (b) Late childhood
(c) Babyhood (d) all of these
Ans: (a)

Q29. Which of the following is not a characteristic of early childhood?
(a) Pre-gang age (b) Imitative age
(c) Questioning age (d) Play age
Ans: (d)

Q30. In late childhood period children understand the conversion of which physical entity(ies)?
(a) Mass
(b) Mass and number
(c) Number
(d) Mass, number and area.
Ans: (d)

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