Q1. The process of an individual’s capacities quantitatively should be termed as :
(a) Development (b) Growth
(c) Equilibrium (d) Maturation
Q2. For the proper development of a child at adolescent stage, parents and teachers can do the following : (which one ?)
(a) Rendering proper gender education
(b) Providing suitable environment
(c) Arranging guidance and counseling services (if required)
(d) All of the above
Q3. Which of the following is not related to Action Research ?
(a) Action research helps in theory building
(b) It enables us to solve practical problem
(c) Focus on problem than are of immediate concern
(d) Offers formation feedback such that aims and methodology are open to variation.
Q4. A teacher is going to apply the principles of Thorndike’s theory in the classroom. What he/she should not apply from the following ?
(a) Children should be made ready or motivated properly for learning a task.
(b) Children should be oriented to a discovery approach towards learning new things (Exam : 2017)
(c) Sufficient practice or drill work should be carried out
(d) Teacher should try to make use of rewards as properly as possible.
Q5. ………… is the inability to distinguish between one’s own perspective and other’s perspective in early childhood.
(a) Centricism (b) Ego centricism
(c) Animism (d) None of the above
Q6. “When someone fails repeatedly to overcome weaknesses and achieve some mastery or simply places excessive emphasis on some particular inferiority.” Who illustrated the above statement as ‘inferiority complex’ ?
(a) Cal Gustav Jung (b) Sigmund Freud
(c) Karen Horney (d) Alfred Adler
Q7. The highly efficient form of learning approach, on which Bandura and Walters focused is :
(a) Reward and Punishment
(b) Observational Learning or Imitation
(d) None of the above
Q8. As per Right to Education Act, which of the following is not a role of teacher ?
(a) Complete entire curriculum within the specified time
(b) Teacher shall engage himself or herself in private tuition.
(c) Maintain regularity and punctuality in attending school
(d) Assess the learning ability of each child and accordingly supplement additional instructions
Q9. According to Freud’s recommended personality structure, which of the following would satisfy its fundamental urges immediately and reflexively as they arose, without regard to rules, the reality of life or morals of any kind ?
(a) Super ego
(b) Both ego and Super ego
Q10. In which of the following technique, the child earn objects, which they can exchange for desirable items, services or privileges ?
(a) Token economy (b) Shaping
(c) Extinction (d) Covert Sensitization
Q11. Students encountered many conflicting situations during their adjustment process. For example a student wants to admit his mistake in front of the teacher but at the same time he is afraid of being punished by the teacher. It is best explained by :
(a) Approach-approach conflicting situation.
(b) Avoidance-avoidance conflicting situation.
(c) Approach-avoidance conflicting situation
(d) None of the above
Q12. A 5 year old child has a general lack of responsiveness to others, serious deficiency in communication and unusual repetitive behaviour. Such characteristics are the sign of :
(a) Hearing impairment
(b) Scholastic backwardness
(c) Infantile autism
(d) Learning disability
Q13. A behaviour pattern involving self-starvation that often arises in adolescence and especially prevalent among girls is known as :
(a) Anorexia nervosa
(b) Delirium tremens
(d) Down syndrome
Q14. Which of the following term refers to farsightedness ?
(a) Optic atrophy (b) Astigmatism
(c) Hyperopia (d) Refraction
Q15. Insightful theory of learning is given by :
(a) Thorndike (b) Gardener
(c) Kohler (d) Hull and Tollman
Q16. Which of the following body regulate the training policies and programmes in the field of rehabilitation of persons with disabilities in India ?
(a) National Council of Teacher Education
(b) National University of Educational Planning and Administration
(c) National Council of Education Research and Training
(d) Rehabilitation Council of India
Q17. “At a particular stage children begin to use primitive reasoning and want to know the answer of all sorts of questions.” Piaget called this “intuitive”. As per Piaget, which of the following stage, he means ?
(a) Concrete operation (b) Pre-operation
(c) Formal operation (d) None of the above
Q18. Most of the children speak first meaningful word at the age of :
(a) 3 months (b) 6 months
(c) 35-40 months (d) 10-13 months
Q19. Who is the father of “Theory of Multiple Intelligence” ?
(a) Vygotsky (b) Brunner
(c) Alfred Binet (d) Gardner
Q20. Who has given more stress on the Philosophy of Social Constructivism ?
(a) Vygotsky (b) Piaget
(c) Dewey (d) Kohlberg
Q21. Which of the following is not an example of assistive technology for visual impairment ?
(a) Large print book
(b) Magnifying computer book
(c) Speech synthesizer
(d) Supplement to text book
Q22. Hearing loss is measured in terms of :
(a) Hertz (b) Decibels
(c) Watt (d) Pound
Q23. Which of the following is an example of fine motor skills ?
(a) Climbing (b) Hopping
(c) Running (d) Writing
Q24. Meaning of Schema is :
(a) Chunking Mechanism
(b) Learning Techniques
(c) Organized packets of information stored in long term memory
(d) Defence mechanism of body
Q25. Information processing theories are known to break intelligence down into various basic skills that people employ to take in information, process it and then use it to reason and solve problems. Who is best known for propounding such theory ?
(a) Jerome Brumer (b) Jean Piaget
(c) J.P. Guilford (d) Robert Sternberg
Q26. Select the ‘educable’ group base on different level of IQ.
(a) 70 to 90 (b) 30 to 50
(c) 50 to 70 (d) Below 50
Ans: (a &)
Q27. The unit of heredity is :
(a) Chromosome (b) Fertilized egg
(c) Gene (d) Zygote
Q28. results from the differences in the structure and function of the brain.
(a) Tension (b) Backwardness
(c) Dyslexia (d) None of these
Q29. An individual whose mental quotient is , is normally spoken of as mentally retarded.
(a) Below 70 (b) Above 70
(c) Between 80-100 (d) None of these
Q30. children have ability to absorb abstract concept.
(a) Backward (b) Gifted
(c) Mentally retarded (d) None of these