Child Development and Pedagogy Questions Set

Q1. Identical Twins have
(a) Developed out of two ova
(b) No identical heredity
(c) Common heredity
(d) Usually no resemblance to each other
Ans: (c)

Q2. Masculinity and femininity are typically linked to
(a) Sexism (b) Sex
(c) Gender (d) Patriarchy
Ans: (c)

Q3. It’s the part of the scientific method that uses the data to help explain the results of the experiment. What is it called
(a) Conclusion (b) Purpose
(c) Hypothesis (d) Observation
Ans: (a)

Q4. Judgment should come through a systematic analysis and evaluation. This is known as–
(a) Critical thinking
(b) Insightful thinking
(c) Emotional thinking
(d) Divergent thinking
Ans: (a)

Q5. The average attention span of a high school student is:
(a) 32-40min (b) 25-30min
(c) 10-12min (d) 15-20min
Ans: (c)

Q6. When is the best time to reinforce behavior
(a) Long before the behavior occurs
(b) Long after the behavior occurs
(c) Shortly after the behavior occurs
(d) Shortly before the behavior occurs
Ans: (c)

Q7. When a pleasant stimulus is added to increase the incidence of a behavior, it is known as:
(a) Positive punishment
(b) Positive reinforcement
(c) Negative punishment
(d) Negative reinforcement
Ans: (b)

Q8. Unless the typist, in order to learn typing prepares himself to start, he would not make much progress in a lethargic and unprepared manner. Who proposed this learning theory which believes in the ‘Law of Readiness’?
(a) Jean Piaget (b) Edward Thorndike
(c) Wolfgang Kohler (d) Ian Pavlov
Ans: (b)

Q9. One way to involve all students in the class, so that no one fells left out is by:
(a) Punishing the non-performing students
(b) Changing the seating arrangements
(c) Ignore the uninvolved students
(d) Send the uninvolved students out of the class
Ans: (b)

Q10. During a guidance service the help that a client receives is for:
(a) Giving solutions
(b) Making decisions on behalf of the client
(c) Impose opinions
(d) Focus on setting goals and problem solving
Ans: (d)

Q11. During development, a major prerequisite for learning is:
(a) Maturation (b) Encouragement
(c) Guidance (d) Financial help
Ans: (a)

Q12. Over protectiveness of parents leads to –– in the child.
(a) Confidence (b) Dependence
(c) Ego strength (d) Level of aspiration
Ans: (b)

Q13. Which of the following is a characteristic of the project method?
(a) A voluntary undertaking
(b) Carried in its natural setting
(c) Problematic act
(d) Used for all round development of child’s personality
Ans: (d)

Q14. Which one of the following is a principle of counselling
(a) Diagnosis of external appearances
(b) Acceptance and understanding of individuals
(c) Flexibility of program according to community needs
(d) Extending help to all individuals
Ans: (b)

Q15. Which is the second stage of psychosocial development according to Erik Erikson?
(a) Initiative vs. guilt
(b) Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
(c) Industry vs. inferiority
(d) Generativity vs. stagnation
Ans: (b)

Q16. The premise that an individual’s behavior and affect are largely determined by his or her attitudes and assumptions about the world underlies:
(a) Cognitive-behavior therapy
(b) Psychoanalytic psychotherapy
(c) Milieu therapy
(d) Modeling
Ans: (a)

Q17. In which stage of development does the child motor and physical skills necessary for playing different indoor and outdoor games?
(a) Later childhood (6 to 12 years)
(b) Infancy (up to 2 years)
(c) Adolescence (from 12 to 18 years)
(d) Early childhood (3 to 5 years)
Ans: (a)

Q18. What must be encouraged in the second stage of psychosocial development according to Erikson?
(a) Relationships
(b) Support
(c) Proximal development
(d) Exploration
Ans: (d)

Q19. What theory focuses on the role of operant conditioning in language acquisition
(a) Natives theory
(b) Nature theory
(c) Cognitive theory
(d) Behaviourist theory
Ans: (d)

Q20. What career would be ideal for a child with high spatial intelligence?
(a) Architecture
(b) Musical composition
(c) Politics
(d) Writing
Ans: (a)

Q21. Interest as well as –– is a must to achieve desired success in a task.
(a) Attitude (b) Hard work
(c) Aptitude (d) Intelligence
Ans: (c)

Q22. Who is the father of psychoanalysis?
(a) Carl Jung
(b) Erik Erikson
(c) Jacques Lacan
(d) Sigmund Freud
Ans: (d)

Q23. The Two-factor theory is introduced by
(a) Lev Vygotsky
(b) Abraham Maslow
(c) Jean William Fritz Piaget
(d) Frederick Herzberg
Ans: (d)

Q24. The two factors which were identified the Twofactor theory are
(a) Chemical and social
(b) Motivation and hygiene
(c) Physical and economical
(d) Biological and environmental
Ans: (b)

Q25. Louis L. Thurstone did not focus on which of the following abilities
(a) Associative Memory
(b) Verbal comprehension
(c) Psychomotor Ability
(d) Numerical Ability
Ans: (c)

Q26. Problem in spelling and reading are faced by a child affected by
(a) Dysgraphia (b) Aphasia
(c) Dyslexia (d) Dyspraxia
Ans: (c)

Q27. What is the term used to denote the long-term increase in IQ over the past few decades
(a) They Flynn effect
(b) The generation gap
(c) The IQ effect
(d) The Wechsler effect
Ans: (a)

Q28. Pedagogy means to ––
(a) Educate the child
(b) Lead the child
(c) Guide the child
(d) Understand the child
Ans: (d)

Q29. The method that enables a student to solve problem, carry out a task, or achieve a goal through a gradual shedding of outside assistance is called:
(a) Scaffolding
(b) Active learning
(c) Root memorization
(d) Drilling
Ans: (a)

Q30. Babies learn to differentiate between day and night by the age of––
(a) Six months
(b) Three months
(c) One year
(d) Nine months
Ans: (b)

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