Child Development and Pedagogy Questions Set

Q1. Interest refers to–
(a) An individual’s preference for engaging in one or more specific activities related to others.
(b) Relatively enduring characteristics of a person that make her or him distinct from others.
(c) An individual’s underlying potential for acquiring skills.
(d) The global capacity to understand the world, think rationality and use the available resources effectively when faced with challenges.
Ans: (a)

Q2. Which of the following methods involves seeking information from a person on a one-toone basis?
(a) Case study (b) Self-report
(c) Interview (d) Observation
Ans: (c)

Q3. Which of the following statements is not correct about development?
(a) Development is lifelong, i.e., it takes place across all age groups starting from conception to old age.
(b) Development is influenced by historical conditions.
(c) Development is uni-dimensional.
(d) Development is highly plastic.
Ans: (c)

Q4. Development of symbolic thought and establishment of object permanence is visible in which of the following stages of cognitive development according to Piaget?
(a) Sensori motor (b) Preoperational
(c) Concrete operational (d) Formal operational
Ans: (b)

Q5. The stage of life that begins at the onset of puberty, when sexual maturity of the ability to reproduce is attained is commonly known as–
(a) Childhood (b) Infancy
(c) Adulthood (d) Adolescence
Ans: (d)

Q6. Which of the following statements is correct about adolescence?
(a) Imaginary audience is adolescents’ belief that others are as preoccupied with them as they are about themselves.
(b) Adolescents’ sense of uniqueness makes them think that no one understands them or their feelings.
(c) Personal fables are often part of adolescent diaries.
(d) All of the above.
Ans: (d)

Q7. Anorexia nervosa is a–
(a) sleeping disorder
(b) mental disorder
(c) eating disorder
(d) physical disorder
Ans: (c)

Q8. The process of adjusting to bright light after exposure to dim light is called–
(a) Regeneration (b) Light adaptation
(c) Dark adaptation (d) Saturation
Ans: (b)

Q9. Which of the following statements is correct about learning?
(a) Learning is any relatively permanent change in behaviour
(b) Learning always involves some kind of experience
(c) Learning is an inferred process and a different from performance.
(d) All of the above.
Ans: (d)

Q10. Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of formal assessment?
(a) Varies from case to case
(b) Objective
(c) Standardized
(d) Organised
Ans: (b)

Q11. The two-factor theory of intelligence was proposed by–
(a) Howard Gardner (b) Robert Sternberg
(c) Charles Spearman (d) Lev Vyogotsky
Ans: (c)

Q12. Response, organization and characterization are included in which domain of educational objectives?
(a) Cognitive domain
(b) Affective domain
(c) Psychomotor domain
(d) None of these
Ans: (b)

Q13. Which of the following is not a technique of motivation?
(a) Reward and Punishment
(b) Praise and reproof
(c) Novelty
(d) Recall
Ans: (d)

Q14. Factor influencing emotional development in children is–
(a) Health and Physical development
(b) Family atmosphere and relationship
(c) Neighbourhood, community and society
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

Q15. Type R-conditioning is known as–
(a) Classical conditioning
(b) Operant conditioning
(c) Connectionism
(d) Experiential Learning
Ans: (b)

Q16. Self-actualization needs are related to–
(a) Theory of insightful learning
(b) Field Theory
(c) Information Processing Theory
(d) Maslow’s Humanistic Theory of learning
Ans: (d)

Q17. Sensory memory is also known as–
(a) Immediate Memory
(b) Short-Term Memory
(c) Long-Term Memory
(d) None of these
Ans: (a)

Q18. Which of the statements are true about creativity and intelligence?
(i) The relationship between creativity and intelligence is positive (ii) Intelligence does not ensure creativity (iii) Creativity tests involve divergent thinking whereas intelligence tests involve convergent thinking
(a) (i) and (ii) (b) (i) and (iii)
(c) (ii) and (iii) (d) (i), (ii) and (iii)
Ans: (d)

Q19. The level of consciousness which is considered as the reservoir of instinctive or animal drives is–
(a) Unconscious (b) Preconscious
(c) Conscious (d) None of these
Ans: (a)

Q20. The kind of defence mechanism in which anxiety provoking behaviours or thoughts are totally dismissed by the unconscious is–
(a) Denial (b) Repression
(c) Projection (d) Rationalisation
Ans: (b)

Q21. Who talked about identity crisis ……. theory of personality?
(a) Alfred Adler
(b) Sigmund Freud
(c) Erik Erikson
(d) None of these
Ans: (c)

Q22. ‘Self’ refers to–
(a) those attributes of a person that make her/him different from others.
(b) those aspects of a person that link her/him to a social or cultural group or are derived from it.
(c) the totally of an individual’s conscious experiences, ideas, thoughts and feelings with regard to herself or himself.
(d) None of these
Ans: (c)

Q23. Which of the following is a characteristic of personality?
(a) It has both physical and psychological components.
(b) Its expression in terms of behaviour is fairly unique in a given individual
(c) Its main features do not easily change with time.
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

Q24. The pioneer of ‘trait approach of personality’ is–
(a) Raymond Cattell
(b) Gordon Allport
(c) H.J. Eysenck
(d) Sigmund Freud
Ans: (b)

Q25. The theory of observational learning was given by–
(a) Pavlov (b) Skinner
(c) Bandura (d) None of these
Ans: (c)

Q26. A girl child is working very hard for her examination. Her behaviour is an indicator of her–
(a) Sharp cognitive abilities
(b) High achievement motivation
(c) Very Busy schedule
(d) Desire to impress her parents
Ans: (b)

Q27. “Rewards play a significant role in learning”, is the main characteristic of which of the following approaches of learning?
(a) Behaviouristic
(b) Cognitive
(c) Humanistic
(d) Scientific
Ans: (a)

Q28. ‘Negative Reinforcement’ means–
(a) Not presenting any stimulus
(b) Presenting an unpleasant stimulus
(c) Punishment
(d) Terminating an unpleasant stimulus
Ans: (d)

Q29. Programmed Learning is based on–
(a) Field theory
(b) Operant conditioning
(c) Gestalt learning theory
(d) Classical conditioning
Ans: (b)

Q30. A mathematics teacher discusses some problems in the classroom and then asks the students to work out some problems given in the book. Students are practicing the law of–
(a) Contiguity
(b) Reinforcement
(c) Readiness
(d) Exercise
Ans: (d)

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