Child Development and Pedagogy Questions Set

Q1. ___________is the period of time between birth and age two during which an infant’s knowledge of the world is limited to his or her sensory perceptions and motor activities.
(a) The Sensorimotor Stage
(b) The Preoperational Stage
(c) The Concrete Operational Stage
(d) The Formal Operational Stage
Ans: (a)

Q2. The transition between childhood and adulthood, a stressful period of life characterised by discernible physical, mental, emotional, social and behavioural changes is known as :
(a) Student life (b) Adulthood
(c) Adolescence (d) Youth (Exam Date : 14.08.2019)
Ans: (c)

Q3. Who proposed the socio-cultural theory of learning?
(a) Erik Erikson (b) Albert Bandura
(c) Lev Vygotsky (d) Jean Piaget
Ans: (c)

Q4. Socially, adolescence consists in shifts from dependency to_____________.
(a) Autonomy (b) Slavery
(c) Subservience (d) Indifference
Ans: (a)

Q5. _____________ suggested that parents, caregivers, peers and the culture at large were responsible for developing higher order functions.
(a) Erik Erikson (b) Albert Bandura
(c) Lev Vygotsky (d) Jean Piaget
Ans: (c)

Q6. The Government of India, in the National Youth Policy, defines adolescents as _________ ______years.
(a) 10 to 24 (b) 13 to 19
(c) 13 to 23 (d) 12 to 16
Ans: (b)

Q7. __________are those that occur automatically and reflexively, such as pulling your hand back from a hot stove or jerking your leg when the doctor taps of your knee.
(a) Operant behaviours
(b) Respondent behviours
(c) Imitations
(d) Observations
Ans: (b)

Q8. Asking a student to run around the school playground for coming late to school is an example of___________ .
(a) negative punishment
(b) positive punishment
(c) negative reinforcement
(d) positive reinforcement
Ans: (b)

Q9. __________is based on the assumption that all learning occurs through interactions with the environment.
(a) Behaviorism (b) Constructivism
(c) Cognitivism (d) Humanism
Ans: (a)

Q10. Unexpected academic under-achievement, or achievement which is maintained only by unusually high levels of effort and support given a student’s age, schooling, and level of intelligence are called :
(a) Neural discomfort (b) Subject failure
(c) Systemic failure (d) Learning disabilities
Ans: (d)

Q11. A disorder which is usually characterized by a significant discrepancy between higher verbal skills and weaker motor, visual-spatial and social skills :
(a) Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
(b) Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities
(c) Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD)
(d) Language Processing Disorder
Ans: (b)

Q12. According to Bandura’s research, which one is NOT a factor that increases the likelihood that a behaviour will be imitated?
(a) When you have been rewarded for imitating the behaviour in the past
(b) When we lack confidence in our own knowledge or abilities
(c) People who admire us or who are subordinate to us in social status
(d) When the situation is confusing, ambiguous, or unfamiliar
Ans: (c)

Q13. A child watches his mother folding the laundry. He later picks up some clothing and imitates folding the clothes. This is an example of ______.
(a) discovery learning
(b) intuitive learning
(c) observational learning
(d) classical conditioning
Ans: (c)

Q14. Who proposed the theory of Trial and Error Learning?
(a) Alfred Bandura (b) Jean Piaget
(c) B.F. Skinner (d) E.L. Thorndike
Ans: (d)

Q15. ________indicates that in any situation of learning, people are actively engaged in making sense of the situation – the frame, objects, relationship – drawing on their history of similar situations and on available cultural resources.
(a) Learning as construction
(b) Learning as meaning making
(c) Rote learning
(d) Formative assessment
Ans: (b)

Q16. According to which approach “the role of the learner is conceived as one of building and transforming knowledge”?
(a) Humanist (b) Cognitivist
(c) Behaviorist (d) Constructivist
Ans: (d)

Q17. Who popularized the project method of teaching?
(a) William Kilpatrick (b) John Dewey
(c) Dillenbourg (d) De Vries and Slavi
Ans: (a)

Q18. __________is a list of planned learning experiences offered to the students under the direction of the school.
(a) Learning objective (b) Learning outcome
(c) Curriculum (d) Syllabus
Ans: (c)

Q19. An________is designed to determine a student’s potential for success in a certain area to help them determine which types of career they might be best suited for.
(a) achievement test (b) aptitude test
(c) intelligence test (d) auditory test
Ans: (b)

Q20. In which one of these approaches, students receive information transmitted from teachers or other sources of information and memorise them?
(a) Teacher-centred approach
(b) Learner-centred approach
(c) Subject-centred approach
(d) Learning-centred approach
Ans: (a)

Q21. In which one of these approaches, students learn through experiences and reflection on learning tasks make meaning and construct knowledge, thereby gaining conceptual clarity?
(a) Teacher-centred approach
(b) Learner-centred approach
(c) Subject-centred approach
(d) Learning-centred approach
Ans: (b)

Q22. ____________is a democratic method involving student participation to consider various facts about the topic under consideration, which stimulates students’ thinking process to analyse and present their ideas and facts clearly and fluently.
(a) Demonstration (b) Group Discussion
(c) Seminar (d) Lecture
Ans: (b)

Q23. ___________is a student-centred method of teaching involving spontaneous acting of roles in the context of clearly defined social situations (s) by two or more persons for subsequent discussions by the whole class.
(a) Symposium (b) Seminar
(c) Role Play (d) Group Discussion
Ans: (c)

Q24. In a/an _________curriculum, learner is placed in the natural setting of the community.
(a) competence-based curriculum
(b) experience-based curriculum
(c) subject-oriented curriculum
(d) learner-centred curriculum
Ans: (b)

Q25. When a teacher constantly makes decisions about teaching materials and methods, based on a number of factors which include the subject matter to be covered, the needs of the students and the overall goals to be achieved, the teacher performs a role as a/an :
(a) Motivator (b) Instructional Expert
(c) Facilitator (d) Manager
Ans: (b)

Q26. __________mode of learning is activity based, where the learner learns as a result of action process.
(a) Enactive (b) Iconic
(c) Symbolic (d) Interactive
Ans: (a)

Q27. Which among these is a trait of adolescence?
(a) acquisition of fine motor skills
(b) improvement of hand-eye coordination
(c) rapid physical growth
(d) attainment of new motor skills
Ans: (c)

Q28. The hallmark of which stage is the ‘search for identity’?
(a) Adolescence (b) Infancy
(c) Pre-adolescence (d) Pre-school childhood
Ans: (a)

Q29. Which one of these change does NOT occur during adolescence?
(a) Change in body shape
(b) Increase in height
(c) Voice change
(d) Growth of motor skills
Ans: (d)

Q30. The changes which occur at adolescence are controlled by:
(a) Hormones (b) Culture
(c) Environment (d) Heredity
Ans: (a)

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