Child Development and Pedagogy Questions Set

Q1. Language, religion, custom, tradition etc. form a part of which one of the following?
(a) Social environment
(b) Natural environment
(c) Nature
(d) Heredity
Ans: (a)

Q2. Why should the teacher have the knowledge of heredity and environment of his/her students?
(a) So that the teacher knows the achievement potentials of the student
(b) So that the teacher knows the spending abilities of the student
(c) So that the teacher knows the varying needs and abilities of the children
(d) So that the teacher can decide whether he will be suitably compensated by the child’s parents (Exam Date : 16.08.2019)
Ans: (c)

Q3. Who among the following was the first psychologist to make a systematic study of cognitive development?
(a) Sigmund Freud (b) Erik Erikson
(c) Jean Piaget (d) B. F. Skinner
Ans: (c)

Q4. Which one of the following helps the teacher provide better learning environment in the school?
(a) Knowledge of parents’ income
(b) Knowledge of students’ heredity and environment
(c) Description of each student’s height and weight
(d) Knowledge of where each student lives and the number of rooms in his/her house
Ans: (b)

Q5. To Piaget, cognitive development was progressive reorganization of –––––– as a result of biological maturation and environmental experience.
(a) Innate abilities
(b) Cognitive skills
(c) Mental processes
(d) Socially processes
Ans: (c)

Q6. Which one of the following is NOT a stage of Cognitive Development as proposed by Piaget?
(a) Sensory motor
(b) Preoperational
(c) Concrete operational
(d) Informal social
Ans: (d)

Q7. –––––– ensures that pedagogical approaches meet the educational needs of each learner including learners with different paces and the learners with special educational needs group.
(a) Affirmative action
(b) Social learning
(c) Inclusive education
(d) Discovery learning
Ans: (c)

Q8. –––––– is the memorization of information based on repetition.
(a) Meaningful learning
(b) Rote learning
(c) Social learning
(d) Imitative learning
Ans: (b)

Q9. According to the National Curriculum Framework 2005, which of these is the characteristics of inclusive education?
(a) Make provisions – not restrictions adjust to the needs of the child
(b) Use a white board wherever possible
(c) Use audio-visual media in all schools
(d) Make mid-day meals in school campus
Ans: (a)

Q10. Robert Kegan developed a theoretical framework that posited –––– level of meaningmaking.
(a) Two (b) Three
(c) Four (d) Five
Ans: (d)

Q11. Inclusive education is committed to –––––– physical, social and attitudinal barriers.
(a) Enhancing (b) Multiplying
(c) Reducing (d) Ignoring
Ans: (c)

Q12. Which one of these schools of thought is associated with the concept “learning as meaning-making”?
(a) Constructivist (b) Cognitivist
(c) Behaviourist (d) Gestaltist
Ans: (a)

Q13. Which of the following can a teacher use to address the learning needs of her visually impaired students?
(a) Hearing aids
(b) Braille equipments
(c) Visual boards
(d) Assisted reading
Ans: (b)

Q14. Physical inclusion includes which one of the following?
(a) Infrastructure and resources
(b) Social groups
(c) Cultural groups
(d) Racial groups
Ans: (a)

Q15. According to whom “every function in the function in the child’s cultural development appears twice first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level, first, between people (interpsychological) and then inside the child (intrapsychological)”?
(a) Lev Vygotsky
(b) David Premack
(c) Josef Perner and Heniz Wimmer
(d) E.L. Thorndike
Ans: (a)

Q16. ––––– holds that people try to determine why people do what they do, that is, interpret causes to an event or behaviour.
(a) Classical conditioning
(b) Attribution theory
(c) Experiential learning
(d) Operant Conditioning
Ans: (b)

Q17. Who classified domains of human leaning into three parts – cognitive, affective and psychomotor as educational objectives?
(a) Benjamin S. Bloom
(b) David R. Krathwohl
(c) Lorin W. Anderson
(d) Norman L. Webb
Ans: (a)

Q18. In which learning process are learners actively involved in the teaching-learning process?
(a) Process-centered approach
(b) Content-centered approach
(c) Learner-centered approach
(d) Teacher-centered approach
Ans: (c)

Q19. –––––––––––– is defined as a systematic process of collecting, analyzing and interpreting information to determine to extent to which pupils are achieving instructional objective.
(a) Education
(b) Evaluation
(c) Faciliation
(d) Curriculum designing
Ans: (b)

Q20. The process of systematically gathering information as part of an evaluation is known as:
(a) Assessment (b) Assignment
(c) Verification (d) Education
Ans: (a)

Q21. The purpose of ––––– is necessarily to improve the teaching process by being able to review the objective that has been identified for different stage of learning?
(a) Analysis
(b) Assessment
(c) Extended learning
(d) Discovery learning
Ans: (b)

Q22. Bruner’s ––––––– stage, involves the encoding and storage to information where a direct manipulation of objects occurs without any internal representation of the objects.
(a) Discovery (b) Symbolic
(c) Enactive (d) Iconic
Ans: (c)

Q23. Who among the following viewed learning as the process of “meaning making”?
(a) Jean Piaget
(b) Erik Erikson
(c) Jerome Bruner
(d) Lev Vygotsky
Ans: (d)

Q24. The ––––––– curriculum assumes that knowledge is transmitted directly from those who have it to those who don’t.
(a) subject-centred
(b) teacher-centred
(c) discovery-learning
(d) learner-centred
Ans: (a)

Q25. Learning objectives of which one of these are observable can provide learning evidence and can be recognized?
(a) Content-centered approach
(b) Subject-centered approach
(c) Learner-centered approach
(d) Teacher-centered approach
Ans: (c)

Q26. ––––––– refers to “the steps taken to reduce the degrees of freedom in carrying out some task so that the child can concentrate on the difficult skill she is in the process of acquiring”.
(a) Discovering
(b) Symbolic coding
(c) Structuring
(d) Scaffolding
Ans: (d)

Q27. Adolescence is marked by development of the faculty of ________________.
(a) abstract thinking
(b) visual imagination
(c) motor development
(d) hand-eye coordination
Ans: (a)

Q28. Based on individual differences, Jung classified people into________groups.
(a) four (b) three
(c) seven (d) six
Ans: (b)

Q29. According to ____________child development occurs in a series of stages focused on different pleasure areas of the body.
(a) Albert Bandura (b) Sigmund Freud
(c) Erik Erikson (d) Jean Piaget
Ans: (b)

Q30. _____________is the period between age 12 to adulthood when people develop the ability to think about abstract concepts.
(a) The Sensorimotor Stage
(b) The Preoperational Stage
(c) The Concrete Operational Stage
(d) The Formal Operational Stage
Ans: (d)

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