Q1. The fact that ‘fish cannot fly and owls cannot learn to swim’ is an indication of :
(a) Lack of adequate reinforcement
(b) Their lack of experience
(c) The laziness of these creatures
(d) The effects of biological limits on learning
Q2. The concept of ‘Shaping’ has been given by :
(a) Thorndike (b) Pavlov
(c) Skinner (d) None of these
Q3. According to Sheldon which of the following is not the type of personality ?
(a) Endomorphy (b) Mesomorphy
(c) Ectomorphy (d) Esthomorphy
Q4. Which of the following is not the Psychoanalytic method of personality measurement ?
(a) Free association (b) Interview
(c) Word association (d) Dream analysis
Q5. The tendency of a pre-operational child to focus on one aspect of a situation, neglecting other aspects has been termed by Piaget as :
(a) Conservation (b) Centration
(c) Seriation (d) Adaptation
Q6. Which of the following is a method to teach Autistic children ?
(a) PECS (b) Braille
(c) Taylor Frame (d) None of these (Exam: 2020)
Q7. Which of the following may act as a primary reinforcer ?
(a) Praising (b) A biscuit
(c) Saying very good (d) None of these
Q8. Dysgraphia is a type of :
(a) Locomotor disability (b) Visual impairment
(c) Mental retardation (d) Learning disability
Q9. Who among the following first gave the theory of Moral Development ?
(a) Piaget (b) Kohlberg
(c) Gilligan (d) No option is correct
Q10. The ability of class grouping develops during :
(a) Sensory motor stage
(b) Preoperational stage
(c) Concrete operational stage
(d) Formal operational stage
Q11. A child says, “Mumma today the Sun is sad”. It indicates which of the following limitation of preoperational thought ?
(a) Egocentrism (b) Animism
(c) Idealism (d) Naturalism
Q12. According to the Cognitive Development Theory of Piaget, in which of the following process children either modify or form a new schema based on new experience ?
(a) Assimilation (b) Accommodation
(c) Internalization (d) Conditioning
Q13. According to Vygotsky, the upper limit of tasks that a learner can successfully perform with the assistance of a more competent individual is termed as :
(a) Level of Potential Development
(b) Actual Development Level
(c) Zone of proximal Development
(d) All option are correct
Q14. Which term refers to extra cues designed to increase the chances of a student’s providing the correct answer to a question ?
(a) Brainstorming (b) Prompt
(c) Suggestions (d) None of these
Q15. Modeling is based on :
(a) Classical conditioning theory
(b) Operant conditioning theory
(c) Social cognitive theory
(d) Trial and error theory
Q16. Albert Bandura is known for his theory of :
(a) Social learning
(b) Psycho sexual development
(c) Emotional development
(d) Moral development
Q17. Autism was first described by :
(a) Kanner (b) Down
(c) Skinner (d) Sigmund Freud
Q18. Which of the following is not a component of Observational Learning ?
(a) Attention (b) Retention
(c) Production (d) Preparation
Q19. According to the Bornfenbrenner’s Bioecological model, the parents, siblings of the child are example of :
(a) Micro system (b) Exo system
(c) Macro system (d) Chrono system
Q20. Which of the following is not the stage of Brunner’s Cognitive Development Theory ?
(a) Acrylic stage (b) Enactive stage
(c) Iconic stage (d) Symbolic stage
Q21. According to Mayer and Salovey, which of the following processes is not an aspect of emotional intelligence ?
(a) Understanding (b) Perception
(c) Management (d) Construction
Q22. Kohler’s research with Sultan supports which theoretical view of learning ?
(a) Insight learning (b) Latent learning
(c) Place learning (d) Modeling
Q23. ‘Out of sight out of mind’, best describes :
(a) Early sensory motor stage
(b) Early preoperational stage
(c) Early adolescence
Q24. The study of which of the following lies at the intersection of psychology and pedagogy ?
(a) Positive psychology
(b) Industrial psychology
(c) Organizational psychology
(d) Educational psychology
Q25. The concept of ‘Scaffolding’ has been given by :
(a) Thorndike (b) Pavlov
(c) Vygotsky (d) Skinner
Q26. ‘The attraction of a girl child towards her father’ was termed by Freud as :
(a) Electra complex (b) Oedipus complex
(c) Moral conflict (d) Oral complex
Q27. Who believed that infant’s brain is like a ‘Tabula Rasa’ ?
(a) John Locke (b) Darwin
(c) Spinoza (d) Watson
Q28. Out of following is not correct principle in context to growth and development?
(a) Foot to head
(b) From near to distant
(c) Head to foot
(d) Interaction of heredity and environment
Q29. Out of following which tool is not seems to be appropriate for formative assessment?
(b) Group discussion
(c) Criterion referenced test
Q30. Due to which development at the age of 4 to 5 years male child shows affectionate behavior towards his mother and opposite to his father?
(a) Pituitary gland (b) Thyroid gland
(c) Electra complex (d) Oedipus complex