Child Development and Pedagogy Questions Set

Q1. The fact that ‘fish cannot fly and owls cannot learn to swim’ is an indication of :
(a) Lack of adequate reinforcement
(b) Their lack of experience
(c) The laziness of these creatures
(d) The effects of biological limits on learning
Ans: (d)

Q2. The concept of ‘Shaping’ has been given by :
(a) Thorndike (b) Pavlov
(c) Skinner (d) None of these
Ans: (c)

Q3. According to Sheldon which of the following is not the type of personality ?
(a) Endomorphy (b) Mesomorphy
(c) Ectomorphy (d) Esthomorphy
Ans: (d)

Q4. Which of the following is not the Psychoanalytic method of personality measurement ?
(a) Free association (b) Interview
(c) Word association (d) Dream analysis
Ans: (b)

Q5. The tendency of a pre-operational child to focus on one aspect of a situation, neglecting other aspects has been termed by Piaget as :
(a) Conservation (b) Centration
(c) Seriation (d) Adaptation
Ans: (b)

Q6. Which of the following is a method to teach Autistic children ?
(a) PECS (b) Braille
(c) Taylor Frame (d) None of these (Exam: 2020)
Ans: (a)

Q7. Which of the following may act as a primary reinforcer ?
(a) Praising (b) A biscuit
(c) Saying very good (d) None of these
Ans: (b)

Q8. Dysgraphia is a type of :
(a) Locomotor disability (b) Visual impairment
(c) Mental retardation (d) Learning disability
Ans: (d)

Q9. Who among the following first gave the theory of Moral Development ?
(a) Piaget (b) Kohlberg
(c) Gilligan (d) No option is correct
Ans: (a)

Q10. The ability of class grouping develops during :
(a) Sensory motor stage
(b) Preoperational stage
(c) Concrete operational stage
(d) Formal operational stage
Ans: (c)

Q11. A child says, “Mumma today the Sun is sad”. It indicates which of the following limitation of preoperational thought ?
(a) Egocentrism (b) Animism
(c) Idealism (d) Naturalism
Ans: (b)

Q12. According to the Cognitive Development Theory of Piaget, in which of the following process children either modify or form a new schema based on new experience ?
(a) Assimilation (b) Accommodation
(c) Internalization (d) Conditioning
Ans: (b)

Q13. According to Vygotsky, the upper limit of tasks that a learner can successfully perform with the assistance of a more competent individual is termed as :
(a) Level of Potential Development
(b) Actual Development Level
(c) Zone of proximal Development
(d) All option are correct
Ans: (a)

Q14. Which term refers to extra cues designed to increase the chances of a student’s providing the correct answer to a question ?
(a) Brainstorming (b) Prompt
(c) Suggestions (d) None of these
Ans: (b)

Q15. Modeling is based on :
(a) Classical conditioning theory
(b) Operant conditioning theory
(c) Social cognitive theory
(d) Trial and error theory
Ans: (c)

Q16. Albert Bandura is known for his theory of :
(a) Social learning
(b) Psycho sexual development
(c) Emotional development
(d) Moral development
Ans: (a)

Q17. Autism was first described by :
(a) Kanner (b) Down
(c) Skinner (d) Sigmund Freud
Ans: (a)

Q18. Which of the following is not a component of Observational Learning ?
(a) Attention (b) Retention
(c) Production (d) Preparation
Ans: (d)

Q19. According to the Bornfenbrenner’s Bioecological model, the parents, siblings of the child are example of :
(a) Micro system (b) Exo system
(c) Macro system (d) Chrono system
Ans: (a)

Q20. Which of the following is not the stage of Brunner’s Cognitive Development Theory ?
(a) Acrylic stage (b) Enactive stage
(c) Iconic stage (d) Symbolic stage
Ans: (a)

Q21. According to Mayer and Salovey, which of the following processes is not an aspect of emotional intelligence ?
(a) Understanding (b) Perception
(c) Management (d) Construction
Ans: (d)

Q22. Kohler’s research with Sultan supports which theoretical view of learning ?
(a) Insight learning (b) Latent learning
(c) Place learning (d) Modeling
Ans: (a)

Q23. ‘Out of sight out of mind’, best describes :
(a) Early sensory motor stage
(b) Early preoperational stage
(c) Early adolescence
(d) Adolescence
Ans: (a)

Q24. The study of which of the following lies at the intersection of psychology and pedagogy ?
(a) Positive psychology
(b) Industrial psychology
(c) Organizational psychology
(d) Educational psychology
Ans: (d)

Q25. The concept of ‘Scaffolding’ has been given by :
(a) Thorndike (b) Pavlov
(c) Vygotsky (d) Skinner
Ans: (c)

Q26. ‘The attraction of a girl child towards her father’ was termed by Freud as :
(a) Electra complex (b) Oedipus complex
(c) Moral conflict (d) Oral complex
Ans: (a)

Q27. Who believed that infant’s brain is like a ‘Tabula Rasa’ ?
(a) John Locke (b) Darwin
(c) Spinoza (d) Watson
Ans: (a)

Q28. Out of following is not correct principle in context to growth and development?
(a) Foot to head
(b) From near to distant
(c) Head to foot
(d) Interaction of heredity and environment
Ans: (a)

Q29. Out of following which tool is not seems to be appropriate for formative assessment?
(a) Quizzes
(b) Group discussion
(c) Criterion referenced test
(d) Conversation
Ans: (c)

Q30. Due to which development at the age of 4 to 5 years male child shows affectionate behavior towards his mother and opposite to his father?
(a) Pituitary gland (b) Thyroid gland
(c) Electra complex (d) Oedipus complex
Ans: (d)

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