# Chapter World History 2

Part 1. Major Civilizations
1. Which was the first civilization in history of the world to have a system of selecting public official on the basic of education and Competitive examination.

(a) Arabs
(b) Chinese Civilization
(c) Iranian Civilization
(d) Egyptian Civilization
Ans: (b)

2. Match the following
List I (Name of the Civilization) List II (Modern Area)
A. Mesopotamian Civilization 1. Iraq
B. Egyptian Civilization 2. Nile Valley
C. Chinese Civilization 3. China
Codes A B C A B C
(a) 1 2 3 (b) 1 3 2
(c) 2 1 3 (d) 3 2 1
Ans: (a)

3. Which of the following statements are correct about the ancient Chinese civilization?
1.
They knew the couses of edipes and could accurately Predict them.
2.
In Mathematics the chines used the decimal system.
3.
The Chinese numerical system was multiplication i.e, to write 300 they would write the characters of 100 and 3.
4.
Long before the Europeans, the Chinese has more or Less accurately Calculated the value of pie ().
(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1, 2 and 4
(c) 2, 3 and 4 (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Ans: (b)

4. Which of the following statements is/are true about the Egyption civilization?
1.
The Egyptians could calculate the are at a triangle or a rectangle.
2.
They developed a decimal system of numeration
3.
The crowing achievement of the Egyptian was the solar calendars.
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 1 and 3
(c) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 2 and 3
Ans: (c)

5. System of counting adopted by the people of Mesopotamia is known as.
(a) Sexagesimal system
(b) Pythagoras system
(c) Quinguennial system
(d) Decimal system
Ans: (a)

6. Which of the following civilization was watered by two rivers ‘Tigris’ and ‘Eupherates’?
(a) Chinese civilization
(b) Egyption civilization
(c) Mesopotamian civilization
(d) Harrappan civilization
Ans: (c)

7. ‘Sphinx’ is associated with which of the following civilization?
(a) Egyptian civilization
(b) Roman civilization
(c) Sumerian civilization
(d) Chinese civilization
Ans: (a)

8. A system of writing evalved by sumerians is known as.
(a) Pictograms (b) Cuneiform
(c) Hieroglyphic
(d) None of these
Ans: (b)

9. Which of the following was the most important ‘God’ of ancient Egyptians?
(a) jackal (b) the Moon
(c) the sun (d) cow
Ans: (c)

10. Which of the following civilization is associated with ‘Achaemenid Empiri’?
(a) Arab Civilization
(b) Chinese Civilization
(c) Egyption Civilization
(d) Iranian Civilization
Ans: (d)

11. What happened in Western Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire was similar to what occured in
(a) China after the fall of the Han
(b) Japan after the end of the Tokugawa Ghogunate
(c) The Holy land after the unsuccessful crusades ended
(d) The Andes when the Spanish ousted the Inca.
Ans: (a)

12. Which of the following is associated with ‘Twelve Tables’?
(a) Roman Civilization
(b) Greek Civilization
(c) Arab Civilization
(d) Iranian Civilization
Ans: (a)

13. A characteristic that the Shang Chinese shared with Egyptian Civilization was the
(a) Principle of the Mandate of Heaven
(b) Lack of a Social Hierarchy
(c) Development of a writing System
(d) Ancestor Worship
Ans: (c)

14. The Mandate of Heaven governed the relationship between the ruler and the ruled in
(a) China (b) Japan
(c) France (d) Rome
Ans: (a)

15. To regulate the social life of their empire, the Romans depended on
(a) its world religion
(b) its strictly enforced caste system
(c) its code of laws
(d) its highly efficient bureaucracy
Ans: (c)

Part 2. Renaissance
16. The lessons of the late Han China and the Late Roman empires are that the decline of a civilization, whether temporary or permanent

(a) is not simply the result of attack by outside invaders.
(b) follows inevitably from centralised unrepresentative government.
(c) result from undue dependence on Slavery
(d) results from a lack of Religious conviction
Ans: (a)

17. Which statement describes a direct effect of the Renaissance on Western Europe?
(a) The philosophy of humanism brought about a decrease in the power of the Roman Catholic Church
(b) Art began to reflect an increased emphasis on religious themes
(c) Nationalistic movements among the minority ethnic groups in the region declined
(d) The feudal system was developed to provide stability in a decentralised political structure
Ans: (a)

18. A major impact of ancient Greece and Rome on Western civilisation was that
(a) Greek sculpture and Roman architecture were much admired and copied in Western Europe.
(b) Greece and Rome transmitted Islamic philosophy to the areas they conquered.
(c) they achieved a classless society which was later copied in Western Europe.
(d) Greek and Latin are still widely spoken in universities throughout the West.
Ans: (b)

19. In the Renaissance period, which factor was emphasised by the philosophy of humanism?
(a) Superiority of medieval thought
(b) Devotion to religion
(c) Value of the individual
(d) Obedience to government officials
Ans: (c)

20. Which statement best describes a change that occurred during both the Renaissance and the Enlightenment?
(a) Feudalism became the dominant political system
(b) The use of reason and logic were discouraged
(c) Technology and science were considered unimportant
(d) A new questioning spirit and attitude emerged
Ans: (d)

21. Which factor helped most to bring about the Protestant Reformation?
(a) The Catholic clergy had lost faith in their religion
(b) Islam was attracting many converts in Western Europe
(c) Kings and Princes in Northern Europe resented the power of the Catholic Church
(d) The exploration of the Americas led to the introduction of new religious ideas
Ans: (c)

22. Which statement concerning the Renaissance in Europe is based on opinion rather than on fact?
(a) Literature began to appear in languages other than Latin
(b) The art of the Northern Renaissance was superior to that of the Italian Renaissance
(c) Art reflected the ideas of humanism and individualism
(d) Art produced during the Renaissance had religious as well as secular themes.
Ans: (b)

23. ‘‘Unless I am convinced by Scripture and plain reason my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything, and to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise.” Martin Luther, Diet of Worms (1517) When Martin Luther said “my conscience is captive to the Word of God,” he was referring to his belief in
(a) the supremacy of the Bible over Church policies
(b) imprisoning those who disagreed with Church teachings
(c) maintaining the unity of the Church
(d) the need for nepotism
Ans: (a)

24. “Christians should be taught that he who gives to a poor man or lends to a needy man does better than if he used the money to buy an indulgence.” Which major movement in European history started with the idea expressed in this statement?
(a) Commercial Revolution
(b) Industrial Revolution
(c) Renaissance
(d) Protestant Reformation
Ans: (c)

25. Which period in Medieval Western Europe is known as ‘Dark Ages’?
(a) Early Middle Ages
(b) Late Middle Ages
(c) Mid Middle Ages
(d) Entire Middle Ages
Ans: (a)

26. Where did the ‘Renaissance’ First begin?
(a) Greece (b) Britain
(c) Italy (d) France
Ans: (c)

27. Which is a characteristic of a feudal society?
(a) Rapid social change
(b) High literacy rate
(c) Industrial-based economy
(d) Rigid class structure
Ans: (d)

28. Consider the following statements which is/are true?
1.
Hierachy Feudalism was a sociopolitical which started in 8th century AD in Europe in 14th Country AD.
2.
Crusades were the series of Military Campaign origanised under the bamer of cross so as to recover the holy place of Palestine from Muslim occupation.
(a) 1 and 2 (b) Only 2
(c) Only 1 (d) None of these
Ans: (a)

29. The European Renaissance of the fifteenth country is noted for great advances in
(a) Medicine
(b) Art and Architecture
(c) Engineering (d) Mathematics
Ans: (b)

30. During the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, one similarity in the work of many scientists and philosophers was that they
(a) relied heavily on the ideas of medieval thinkers
(b) favored an absolute monarchy as a way of improving economic conditions
(c) received support from the Catholic Church
(d) examined natural laws governing the universe
Ans: (d)

31. Which of the following was the main feature of European Renaissance?
(a) Domination of the church and religion.
(b) It brought back the classic ideals in literature painting and architecture.
(c) Spread of Christianity outside Europe
(d) Position
Ans: (b)

32. Which Renaissance scientist explained how planet moved around the sun was?
(a) Kepler (b) Rebelais
(c) Francis Bacott (d) Guttenberg
Ans: (a)

33. How did Saint Boniface help of shape the German Church?
(a) Writing the epic ‘Beowulf’
(b) Writing ‘The Rule of Saint Benedict’
(c) Preaching against the importance of monasteries
(d) Preaching against the divorce, incest and polygamy
Ans: (d)

34. The Last Supper, a famous renaissance painting was a master piece of
(a) Leonardo da Vinci
(b) Michelangelo
(c) Raphael (d) Titian
Ans: (a)

35. The Renaissance movement is described as the ending of
(a) Pre Historic era (b) Ancient era
(c) Medieval era (d) Modern era
Ans: (c)

Part 3. Major Ideologies
36. European Renaissance started from which country?

(a) England (b) French
(c) Italy (d) Greece
Ans: (c)

37. Which factor most limited the development of African nationalism?
(a) European support of an educational system based on local traditions and language
(b) The prior experience of Africans with economic self-sufficiency
(c) Political boundaries imposed by Europeans that had little relationship to African tribal boundaries
(d) The European practice of making decisions based on local customs
Ans: (c)

38. Which city is known as the birth place of the Renaissance?
(a) Florence (b) Venice
(c) Rome (d) Italy
Ans: (a)

39. ‘‘A country is not merely a geographic territory. A country is also the idea given birth by the geographic territory. A country is a sense of love that unites, as one, all the sons and daughters of that geographic territory…” -World History : A Story of Progress. This quotation supports the idea of
(a) totalitarian rule
(b) absolute monarchy
(c) mercantilism
(d) nationalism
Ans: (d)

40. ‘‘All things were under its domain its power was such that no one could hope to escape its scrutiny.” Which European institution during the Middle Ages is best described by this statement?
(a) The Guild (b) Knighthood
(c) The Church (d) The Nation-State
Ans: (c)

41. According to Karl Marx, history is the record of the
(a) granting of more political liberties to all people
(b) struggle between classes in society
(c) wars and conflicts between national leaders
(d) increasing prosperity brought about by industrialisation
Ans: (b)

42. Which quotation best reflects a feeling of nationalism?
(a) “An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth”
(b) “A person’s greatest social obligation is loyalty to the family”
(c) “For God, King, and Country”
(d) “Opposition to evil is as much a duty as is cooperation with good”
Ans: (c)

43. Take up the White Man’s burden— Send forth the best breed Go bind your sons to exile to serve your captives’ need; To wait, in heavy harness. On fluttered folk and wild— Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child. –Rudyard Kipling, “The White Man’s Burden” The phrase ‘White Man’s burden’ in this excerpt refers to the
(a) negative attitude of Europeans toward peoples of the non-Western world
(b) advantages Europeans would gain by colonizing Africa, Asia, and Latin America
(c) positive role of the Roman Catholic Church in Africa and Asia
(d) challenges non-Europeans faced when trading with the Europeans
Ans: (a)

44. A main idea of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles’ Communist Manifesto is that the proletariat
(a) would need foreign help to achieve its revolutionary ends
(b) had to cooperate with the capitalists to gain economic rewards
(c) should allow the capitalists to control the means of production
(d) must unite to overthrow the capitalist class
Ans: (d)

45. During the Cold War Era, many Asian and African nations followed a policy of nonalignment because they
(a) had the same goals and needs as the Soviet Union
(b) needed the natural resources of Western European nations
(c) wished to receive aid from the Soviet Union and the United States
(d) were afraid of losing their vote In the United Nations
Ans: (c)

46. ‘‘Yesterday, your ambassador petitioned my ministers regarding your trade with China…our Celestial Empire possesses all things in great abundance and lacks no product within its own borders. There is, therefore, no need to import any product manufactured by outside, barbarians in exchange for our own goods.” Emperor Ch’ien Lung of China to King George III of Britain, 1793 In the view of the Emperor, which foreign policy action was in the best interest of China in 1793?
(a) maintaining economic isolation
(c) increasing international interdependence
(d) developing into a colonial power
Ans: (a)

47. During the 1980’s in the Soviet Union, a major element of the economic policy of Perestroika was
(a) increased collectivization of farms
(b) more reliance on local and regional decision making
(c) the expanded use of national Five-Year plans
(d) an emphasis on the redistribution of wealth
Ans: (b)

48. ‘‘We believe in non-aggression and non-interference by one country in the affairs of another and the growth of tolerance between them and the capacity for peaceful co-existence. We, therefore, endeavour to maintain friendly relations with all countries, even though we may disagree with them in their policies.” —Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India This statement describes the foreign policy known as
(a) imperialism (b) mercantilism
(c) isolationism (d) non-alignment
Ans: (d)

49. Fascism in Europe during the1920s and 1930s is best described as a
(a) demonstration of laissez-faire capitalism that promoted free enterprise
(b) form of totalitarianism that glorified the state above the individual
(c) type of economic system that stressed a classless society
(d) set of humanist ideas that emphasized the dignity and worth of the individual
Ans: (b)

50. The withdrawal of France from Indo-China, the involvement of the Soviet Union in Cuba, and the United States support of the Contras in Nicaragua illustrate that nations
(b) tend to base foreign policy decisions on what they believe to be their self-interests
(c) no longer use warfare as a means to resolve international conflict
(d) tend to refer foreign policy conflicts to the United Nations
Ans: (b)

51. In the People’s Republic of China, which factor best reflects Marxism?
(a) Communal work teams on farms
(b) Ownership of small farms by individuals
(c) Small family-owned businesses in villages
(d) Foreign influence on the economy
Ans: (a)

52. What was one reason the Nazi programmes and policies of the early 1930s appealed to many people in Germany?
(a) The people were frustrated with their current economic and political situation
(b) Germany had been denied membership in the United Nations
(c) A coup d’etat had forced communism on the German people
(d) The German people feared that the French of the British would soon gain control of the Polish corridor
Ans: (a)

53. The main purpose of the Organization of American States (OAS) is to
(a) integrate the economies of Latin American nations
(b) encourage United States military involvement in the region
(c) destroy the power of Colombian drug lords
(d) provide a way to resolve regional problems peacefully
Ans: (d)

54. In the Republic of South Africa, the slogans ‘Freedom in Our Lifetime’ and ‘New South Africa’ changed from promises to reality after
(a) Frederik W de Klerk took over the radical white police force
(b) Untied Nations troops occupied the Transvaal
(c) Nelson Mandela was elected President
(d) the majority of white South Africans returned to Europe
Ans: (c)

55. Which of the following statements relating to the Non-alignment movement is/are not correct?
1.
Non-alignment came to symbolize the struggle of India and other newly independent nations to retain and strengthen their independence from colonialism and imperialism.
2.
Non-alignment advanced the process of democratization of international relations.
3.
Military alliances formed a major part of Non-alignment.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
(a) 1 and 2 (b) Both 2 and 3
(c) Only 3 (d) Only 1
Ans: (a)

56. Which one among the following sums up Marx’s view about history?
(a) History is a record of the wars between various people
(b) History is a succession of struggle between the oppressor and the oppressed classes
(c) History is a faithful record of the past events
(d) None of the above
Ans: (b)

57. Which of the following American Colonies did not attend the first Continental Congress held in philadelphia?
(a) Rhode Island (b) Connectiant
(c) Georgia (d) Maryland
Ans: (c)

58. During the mid-1930s, which characteristic was common to Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, and Communist Russia?
(a) Government ownership of the means of production and distribution
(b) One-party system that denied basic human rights
(c) Encouragement of individual freedom of expression in the arts
(d) Emphasis on consumer goods rather than on weapons
Ans: (b)

59. ‘‘A wind has been blowing from the West; now it will begin to blow from the East.’’ — Mao Zedong, 1949. Which idea was Mao Zedong expressing in this quotation?
(a) The monsoons will soon shift and bring destruction to the mainland of Asia
(b) Chinese culture will no longer influence the people of Asia
(c) European power will decline as a new centre of power emerges in Asia
(d) The Asian people have much to learn from the Western Europeans
Ans: (c)

60. ‘‘We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” The ideas expressed in the quotation are based primarily on the writings of
(a) Niccolo Machiavelli
(b) Charles Darwin
(c) Charle Magne (d) John Locke
Ans: (d)

61. ‘‘If we are to remain free, if we are to enjoy the full benefits of Africa’s enormous wealth, we must unite to plan for the full exploitation of our human and material resources in the interest of all our people’’ -Kwame Nkrumah (1950) This quotation best expresses the major goal of
(a) Colonialism (b) Pan-Africanism
(c) Imperialism (d) Urbanization
Ans: (b)

62. ‘‘From Stetin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an Iron Curtain has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient States of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia, all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I might call the Soviet Sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence, but to very high, and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow.” —Winston Churchill What is the main idea of this quotation?
(a) The Soviet Union has expanded its influence throughout Eastern Europe
(b) The Soviet Union has helped the nations of Eastern Europe improve their standard of living
(c) The democratic nations of Western Europe have stopped the expansion of Soviet influence in the world
(d) The Soviet Union will support communist revolutions in Southeast Asia
Ans: (a)

63. The international body which was formed in Europe (in 1889) to coordinate the efforts of socialists all over Europe was called
(a) Social Democratic Party
(b) Commune
(c) Second International
(d) Labour Party
Ans: (c)

64. The theory of scientific socialism is largely based on the teachings of
(a) Karl Marx (b) Lenin
(c) Stalin (d) Mao Tse-tung
Ans: (a)

65. The Greeks used the word Polis to refer are
(a) concept of excessive pride
(b) city-state
(c) notion of loyalty to the Central Government
(d) pursuit of truth
Ans: (b)

66. The phrase ‘Pater Families’ refers to
(a) the patriarchal nature of the Roman family.
(b) the prolonged period of peace and stability beginning with the reign of Augustus
(c) the concept of Jesus of Nazareth’s relationship to his God.
(d) the position of Jupiter as the king of the Roman Gods.
Ans: (a)

67. Who pioneered Christian monasticism?
(a) Anthony the Great
(b) Pachomuis the Great
(c) Athanasuis of Alexandria
(d) Basil of Caesarea
Ans: (b)

68. “Shape clay into a vessel; it is the space within that makes it useful … Therefore benefit comes from what is there, usefulness from what is not there”. Which religion or belief system is most closely associated with this quote?
(a) Confucianism
(b) Daoism
(c) Legalism
(d) Mercantilism
Ans: (b)

69. Who said that ‘Man is a politial animal’?
(a) Aristole (b) Karl Marx
(c) Lenin
(d) Plato
Ans: (a)

70. Whose model is based on the mandate of Heaven?
(a) Ban Gu
(b) Li Hing
(c) Qin Shi Huang
(d) Sima Qian
Ans: (d)

Part 4. Major Revolutions
71. Which of the following was invented by China?

(a) Kite (b) Water Clock
(c) Umbrella (d) All of these
Ans: (d)

72. Match the following.
List I List II
A. Hargreaves 1. Invented a machine which speed up spinning
B. Crompton 2. Combined the Advantage of the earlier invented machines
C. Arkwright 3. Adopted the speed up spinning machine for running with water
Codes A B C A B C
(a) 1 2 3 (b) 2 1 3
(c) 2 3 1 (d) 3 2 1
Ans: (a)

73. ‘‘The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains…Workers of the world, unite ” This statement was made in response to conditions resulting from the
(a) Protestant Reformation
(b) Counter Reformation
(c) Commercial Revolution
(d) Industrial Revolution
Ans: (d)

74. Arrange the following inventions in the field of cotton Industry in chronological order (starting with the earliest)
1.
James Hargreaves’s Spinning Jenny
2.
John Kay’s Flying Shuttle
3.
Samuel Crompton’s Mule
4.
Richard Arkwright’sWater Frame
Codes
(a) 1, 3, 4, 2 (b) 2, 1, 4, 3
(c) 4, 1, 3, 2 (d) 2, 4, 1, 3
Ans: (b)

75. Which statement is a valid generalization about the immediate results of the French Revolution of 1789?
(a) the Roman Catholic Church increased its power and wealth
(b) The revolution achieved its goal of establishing peace, democracy and justice for all
(c) The revolution had little impact outside France
(d) The French middle class gained more power
Ans: (d)

76. One important result of the French Revolution was that
(a) France enjoyed a lengthy period of peace and prosperity
(b) the church was restored to its former role and power in the French Government
(c) political power shifted to the bourgeoisie
(d) France lost its spirit of nationalism
Ans: (c)

77. The French people supported Napoleon Bonaparte because they hoped he would
(a) adopt the ideas of the Protestant Reformation
(b) restore Louis XVI to power
(c) provide stability for the nation
(d) end British control of France
Ans: (c)

78. ‘‘Congress of Vienna Restores Monarchy to France” “Czar Nicholas I Limits Freedom of the Russian Press” “Reform Movements Crushed in Hungary, Italy, and the German States”. These headlines could be described as
(a) reactions to the French Revolution
(b) movements to unify all of Western Europe
(c) efforts to improve the conditions of factory workers
(d) attempts to promote trade between European Nations
Ans: (a)

79. In which region of the world did the American Revolution and the French Revolution have the greatest influence during the 1980s?
(a) Southeast Asia
(b) Latin America
(c) South Asia
(d) Sub-Saharan Africa
Ans: (b)

80. Simon Bolivar and Miguel Hidalgo, leaders of Latin American Independence Movements, were inspired by successful revolutions in
(a) the United States and France
(b) the Soviet Union and China
(c) Cuba and Costa Rica
(d) Egypt and Kenya
Ans: (a)

81. In Japan, the Meiji Restoration resulted in the
(a) division of the nation between the European powers
(b) modernisation of the nation’s industry
(c) abolition of the position of emperor
(d) government being controlled by the samurai
Ans: (b)

82. Europeans sought new markets for their goods. Many Europeans migrated to the cities in search of jobs. European middle class gained political power. What was the major cause of these changes in Europe?
(a) Industrial Revolution
(b) Rise of feudalism
(c) Congress of Vienna
(d) French Revolution
Ans: (a)

83. The Sepoy Mutiny in India, the Boxer Rebellion in China, and the Islamic Revolution in Iran were similar in that they
(a) restored power to the hereditary monarchies
(b) attempted to reject the traditional cultures in these countries
(c) resisted foreign influence in these countries
(d) reestablished the power of religious leaders
Ans: (c)

84. The modernization of Japan during the Meiji Restoration resulted in
(b) the rise of Japan as an imperialistic nation
(c) an alliance between China, Korea, Russia, and Japan
(d) a strengthening of Japan’s isolationist policies
Ans: (b)

85. The political reorganization of Russia after the Communist Revolution of 1917 resulted in
(a) the establishment of a two-party political system
(b) increased political power for ethnic minorities
(c) a limited monarchy with the czar as a figurehead
(d) a federation of socialist republics
Ans: (d)

86. A major cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was the
(a) defeat of Germany in the Russian campaign
(b) marriage of Czar Nicholas II to a German Princess
(c) existence of sharp economic differences between social classes
(d) appeal of Marxism to the Russian nobility
Ans: (c)

87. An immediate result of the Cultural Revolution in China was that it
(a) helped to establish democracy in urban centers in China
(b) led to economic cooperation with Japan and South Korea
(c) disrupted China’s economic and educational systems
(d) strengthened political ties with the United States
Ans: (c)

88. The Great Leap Forward in China and the five-year plans in the Soviet Union were attempts to increase
(a) private capital investment
(b) religious tolerance
(c) individual ownership of land
(d) industrial productivity
Ans: (d)

89. During the 1980s, the Chinese government adopted policies designed to
(a) increase industrial productivity
(b) re-establish Confucian traditions and values
(c) gain colonies throughout East Asia
(d) maintain its isolation from world events
Ans: (a)

90. The main reason the Chinese Communists gained control of mainland China in 1949 was that
(a) they were supported by many warlords and upper class Chinese
(b) the United States had supported the Chinese Communist Party during World War II
(c) the dynamic leadership of Mao Zedong had the support of the peasant class
(d) they had superior financial resources and were supported by Japan
Ans: (c)

91. In Mexico and India, the Green Revolution has been successful because it has
(a) promoted democratic reform
(b) increased agricultural productivity
(c) introduced western culture and values
(d) established economic equality among the people
Ans: (b)

92. Rebellion in the Congo during the 1960s Civil war in Nigeria from 1967 to 1970 Fighting in the Sudan in the 1980s Massacres in Rwanda in the 1990s Which factor was the main reason for these conflicts?
(a) Poor food distribution systems
(b) Communist interference
(c) Demands for land reform
(d) Ethnic rivalries
Ans: (d)

93. The Tiananmen Square massacre in China was a reaction to
(a) Deng Xiaoping’s plan to revive the Cultural Revolution
(b) student demands for greater individual rights and freedom of expression
(c) China’s decision to seek Western investors
(d) Great Britain’s decision to return Hong Kong to China
Ans: (b)

94. The Bolshevik Revolution started in Russia during the reign of
(a) Czar Alexander I
(b) Czar Alexander II
(c) Czar Alexander III
(d) Czar Nicholas II
Ans: (d)

95. Which of the following statements regarding the American Revolution is/are correct?
1.
The American Revolution was a conflict between British settlers and native Americans.
2.
The Americans refused to pay taxes imposed by the British Parliament in which the Americans had no representation. Select the correct using the codes given below
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Ans: (c)

96. Which of the following statements about industrial revolution in Europe is not correct?
(a) Britain was the first country to experience the industrial revolution
(b) England was fortunate as coal and iron resources were plentifully available, as were other minerals—lead, copper and tin that were used in factory
(c) From the 1780, the iron industry symbolised the British industrial revolution
(d) In England the movement of goods between markets was helped by a good network of rivers and an indented wastline
Ans: (c)

97. In which country did the first Marxist revolution took place?
(a) Germany
(b) Italy
(c) Great Britain
(d) Russia
Ans: (d)

98. With which one of the following is the Tennis Court Oath associated?
(a) English Revolution
(b) American Revolution
(c) French Revolution
(d) Russian Revolution
Ans: (c)

99. Assertion (A) The Americans refused to pay taxes imposed by the British Parliament during the AmericanWar of Independence.
Reason (R) The Americans has no representation in the British Parliament.
Codes
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but, R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true
Ans: (a)

100. Which one of the following statements related to the Boston Tea Party of 16th December, 1773 during the American War of Independence is correct?
(a) The revolutionaries stealthily entered into the ships and threw all the chests of tea into the water
(b) The revolutionaries hosted a Tea Party in the honour of Charles Townshend, the British Chancellor of the Exchequer in order to place their grievances before him
(c) It marked a celebration when Lord North, the successor of Townshend, repealed some of the duties imposed by Townshend
(d) It was a protest against the Quebec Act
Ans: (a)

101. The slogan ‘Liberty, Equality, Fraternity’ was actually given by the
(a) Russian Revolution
(b) French Revolution
(c) American War of Independence
(d) Industrial Revolution
Ans: (b)

102. The stamp act congress consisting of delegates from mine of thirteen colonies met in 1765 at
(a) Philadelphia (b) New York city
(c) Boston (d) Providence
Ans: (b)

103. The Russian revolutionaries derived their ideology from the doctrines of
(a) Lenin and Stalin
(b) Marx and Lenin
(c) Marx and Engels
(d) Lenin and Engels
Ans: (b)

104. In which country did the Industrial Revolution begin in the year 1750?
(a) France (b) Italy
(c) Germany (d) England
Ans: (d)

105. French Revolution was started in the year?
(a) 1786 (b) 1787
(c) 1788 (d) 1789
Ans: (d)

106. A major influence on the development of Western Europe was
(b) the movement of the Mongols
(c) the pressure put on Germanic people by the movements of the Huns
(d) the spread of Islam into Spain by the Moors
Ans: (d)

107. Who was the Emperor of Russia during Russia revolution?
(a) Nicholas I (b) Nicholas II
(c) Alexander I (d) Alexander II
Ans: (b)

Part 5. Major Wars and Treaties
(a) World War I
108. Young Italy movement lead by two revolutionaries. One was ‘Mazzini’ and other was

(a) Garibaldi (b) Victor
(c) Emmanuel (d) Louis
Ans: (a)

109. A major cause of World War I was
(a) a decline in the policy of imperialism
(b) the existence of opposing alliances
(c) an increase in acts of aggression by England
(d) the spread of communism throughout Europe
Ans: (b)

110. Who among the following commanded the American force during American War of Indepence?
(a) Thomas Jefferson
(b) George Washington
(c) Hamilton
(d) Theodore Roosevelt
Ans: (b)

111. The major impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany was that the treaty led to
(a) an era of peace and international goodwill in Germany
(b) a stable Germany that was both democratic and strong
(c) an increase in Germany’s desire to regain its power and prestige
(d) a leadership position for Germany in the League of Nations
Ans: (c)

112. Why was the Balkan region referred to as the ‘Powder Keg of Europe’ prior to World War I?
(a) The aggression of the Ottoman Empire was disrupting the balance of power.
(b) Yugoslavia was invading its neighbouring countries.
(c) Nationalistic and imperialistic rivalries were increasing.
(d) The area was the leading supplier of military equipment to the rest of the world.
Ans: (c)

113. Who among the following was not a member of the ‘Big Four’ in the Congress Kienna (1815)?
(a) Great Britain (b) Russia
(c) Austria (d) France
Ans: (d)

114. Which statement best describes a relationship between World War I and the Bolshevik Revolution?
(a) World War I created conditions in Russia that helped trigger a revolution
(b) World War I postponed the revolution in Russia by restoring confidence in the Czar
(c) Opposing Russian forces cooperated to fight the foreign invaders
(d) World War I gave the Czar’s army the needed experience to suppress the revolution
Ans: (a)

115. The Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871) was ended with the signed of
(a) Treaty of Versailles
(b) Treaty of Paris
(c) Treaty of Munich (d) Treaty of Vienna
Ans: (a)

116. Which Nari field Marshal is known as the Desert fox?
(a) Viktor Bracle (b) Erwin Rommal
(c) Hans Frank
(d) Hermann Goning
Ans: (b)

117. National Socialist German ‘Workers’ Party was also known as
(a) Nazi Party (b) The Left
(c) National Fascist Party
(d) None of these
Ans: (a)

(b) World War II
118. Who led Prussia in the unification of Germany?

(a) Moltke (b) Wilhelm II
(c) Otto von Bismarck
(d) Friedrich Ebert
Ans: (c)

119. World War II is often considered to be a turning point in history because
(a) the League of nations demonstrated that an international organization could maintain world peace
(b) the war brought an end to dictatorships as a formof government
(c) European domination of the world began to weaken as nationalism in colonies increased
(d) religious and ethnic differences were no longer a source of conflict between nations
Ans: (c)

120. What was the name of the secret police party of Nazi in Germany?
(a) Gest Apo (b) NKVD
(c) OVRA (d) Palace Guard
Ans: (a)

121. World War II began when Germany invaded
(a) Russia
(b) Austria
(c) France
(d) Poland
Ans: (d)

122. The last country of axis power to surrender during the end of world War II was
(a) Germany (b) Japan
(c) Italy (d) France
Ans: (b)

123. Germany Italy and Japan were called
(a) The Resistance Movement
(b) The Axis Power
(c) The Allies
(d) The Big Three
Ans: (b)

(c) Other Major Wars
124. The Manhattan project

(a) developed the atomic bomb
(b) created new radar for American submarines
(c) planned to over throw Hitler
(d) gave America new economic strength
Ans: (a)

125. When was the ‘Battle of Marathon’ occured?
Ans: (c)

126. When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbour, the
(a) American had planes waiting for them
(b) American dropped an atomic bomb over Hiroshima
(c) American President was killed
(d) Americans were completely surprised
Ans: (d)

127. An analysis of the Russo-Japanese War and the BoerWar shows that one reason nations go to war is to
(a) assist oppressed people
(c) satisfy imperialist goals
(d) honour provisions of a treaty
Ans: (c)

128. Which statement best characterizes the period of apartheid in South Africa?
(a) The majority of the population had the right to votehe policy of detente evolved from th
(b) The Boers attempted to conquer Nigeria
(c) Many racist ideas of the ruling minority were adopted into laws
(d) French was declared the official language of the nation
Ans: (c)

129. The conflict between Israel and the Arab nations since 1948 was often considered part of the Cold War primarily because
(a) tis conflict
(b) communist governments were established in many Arab nations
(c) the leadership of Joseph Stalin strongly influenced the policies of Saddam Hussein
(d) the United States supported Israel and the Soviet Union supported several Arab nations
Ans: (d)

130. During the Cold War Era (1945-1990), the United States and the Soviet Union were reluctant to become involved in direct military conflict mainly because of
(a) the peacekeeping role of the United Nations
(b) pressure from nonaligned nations
(c) the potential for global nuclear destruction
(d) increased tensions in the Middle East
Ans: (c)

131. Which situation resulted from the Russo-Japanese War of 1905?
(a) Japan lost its status as a world power
(b) The Japanese Emperor encouraged reforms in Russia
(c) Dissident groups challenged the power of the Russian Czar
(d) Russia gained control of China and Japan
Ans: (c)

132. From the perspective of the North Vietnamese, the war in Vietnam in the 1960s was a battle between
(a) fascism and liberalism
(b) nationalism and imperialism
(c) republicanism and totalitarianism
(d) theocracy and monarchy
Ans: (b)

133. The war between India and Pakistan in Kashmir in 1965, the sending of Indian troops to Sri Lanka in 1987, and the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi in 1991 all demonstrate that in South Asia
(a) the Shino religion is a significant force
(b) United Nations peace-keeping forces are ineffective
(c) regional and ethnic rivalries remain strong
(d) nations are vulnerable to a communist takeover
Ans: (c)

134. With which nation are Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge and genocide associated?
(a) Korea (b) Japan
(c) Myanmar (Burma)
(d) Cambodia (Kampuchea)
Ans: (d)

135. When did the Hundred years war end?
(a) 1327 (b) 1377
(c) 1376 (d) 1453
Ans: (d)

136. Battle of Waterloo was fought in the year
(a) 1800 (b) 1805
(c) 1807 (d) 1815
Ans: (d)

137. Who was the President of America during American Civil War?
(a) Abraham Lincoln
(b) Andrew Jackson
(c) George Washington
Ans: (a)

(d) Major Treaties
138. The Peloponnesian war was fought between which cities?

(a) Athens and Macedonia
(b) Carthage and Athens
(c) Sparta and Carthage
(d) Sparta and Athens
Ans: (d)

139. The harsh conditions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles after World War I helped lay the foundation for the
(a) rise of fascism in Germany
(b) uprisings during the French Revolution
(c) division of Korea along the 38th parallel
(d) Bolshevik Revolution in Russia
Ans: (a)

140. Which war was formally ended with the Treaty of Portsmouth?
(a) World War I
(b) World War II
(c) Russo-Japanese War
(d) China Japan War
Ans: (c)

141. Which of the following specialised agencies of the UN were created after the first world war?
(a) ILO (b) WHO
(c) FAO (d) UNESCO
Ans: (a)

142. Blockade of Berlin Operation of the Berlin Airlift Organization of the Warsaw Pact Construction of the Berlin Wall These events of the Cold War are examples of
(a) efforts to prevent military conflict between the superpowers
(b) situations that increased tensions between communist and democratic nations in Europe
(c) attempts to weaken the Soviet Union’s control of its Eastern European allies
(d) policies of peaceful coexistence and detente
Ans: (b)

143. Peace-keeping missions are operating in more than a dozen of the world’s many trouble spots. The authority to intervene and use force, if necessary, is found in several articles in the Charter. Which organization is referred to in these statements?
(a) United Nations
(b) Organisation of American States (OAS)
(c) European Union (European Community)
(d) International Court of Justice
Ans: (a)

144. A major purpose of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), the Organisation of American States (OAS), and the European Union (EU) is to
(a) encourage political and economic cooperation between member nations
(b) end colonialism in member nations
(c) control overpopulation in member nations
(d) provide military assistance to member nations
Ans: (a)

145. North Atlantic Alliance is another name of
(a) WHO
(b) NATO
(c) SAARC
(d) WTO
Ans: (b)

146. The major reason the Mexican Government strongly supported the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was that this agreement would
(a) raise tariffs on United States products entering Mexico
(b) reduce Mexico’s economic dependence on Europe
(c) promote investment and economic growth in Mexico
(d) stimulate trade between Asia and Latin America
Ans: (c)

147. Which organ of UN has ceased to be operational
(a) Trusteeship council
(b) Secretariat
(c) International count of Justice
(d) Economic and social council
Ans: (a)

Part 6. Authors and Books
148. The Fourteen points and the Atlantic charter were

(a) statements of post-war goals for establishing world peace.
(b) plans of victorious nation to provide conquered territories.
(c) military strategies for defeating enemy nations .
(d) agreement between nations to eliminate further development of weapons.
Ans: (a)

149. Which of the following books was written by Machiavelli?
(a) Gargantues (b) The Prince
(c) Don Quixote (d) Pantagruel
Ans: (b)

150. Some efforts have been made to transform the status of individual from the object to the subject of international
law. The first effort towards this was made after the
(a) Treaty of Westphalia
(b) Treaty of Versailles
(c) First World War
(d) Second World War
Ans: (d)

151. Who authored the ‘Declaration of Independence (USA)’?
(a) George Washington
(b) Benjamin Franklin
(c) Thomas Jefferson
(d) Calvin Coolidge
Ans: (c)

152. Who among the following was the author of ‘Common Sense’ the revolutionary pamphlet of the American Revolution?
(a) Thomas Paine
(b) Thomas Jefferson
(c) George Washington
Ans: (a)

153. Who among the following coined the slogan “From each according to his capacity to each according to his work”?
(a) Robert Owen
(b) Charles Fourier
(c) Noel Babeuf
(d) Sain Simon
Ans: (d)

154. Match the following
List I (Renaissance Writers) List II (Works)
A. Dante 1. Pantagrual
B. Machiavali 2. Don Quixote
C. Rebelais 3. The Prince
D. Cerventas 4. Divine Comedy
Codes A B C D A B C D
(a) 2 3 1 4 (b) 3 4 2 1
(c) 4 1 2 3 (d) 4 3 1 2
Ans: (d)

155. The book ‘Social Contract’ was written by?
(a) Diderote (b) Voltaire
(c) Artistotle (d) Rousseau
Ans: (d)

156. Who wrote the book ‘The Wealth of National’?
(c) Carl Mane (d) Malthus
Ans: (b)

157. When was the first printed book brought out?
Ans: (a)

158. Who was the Author of the ‘Republic’ a famous classic?
(a) Herodotus (b) Alexander
(c) Plato (d) Aristolle
Ans: (c)

159. Who recognised property in modern societies as ‘necessary evil’?
(a) Plato (b) Voltaire
(c) Rousseau (d) Montesguieu
Ans: (b)

160. Who was the inspires and sponsor of the first English translation of the Bible?
(a) John Huss (b) Martin Luther
(c) Wycliffe (d) Tyndale
Ans: (c)

161. Who wrote the book ‘Utopia’?
(a) Erasonus (b) Machiavelli
(c) Thomas More (d) Cervantes
Ans: (c)

162. Which of the following is correctly matched?
Books Authors
(a) On the Nature of Things Lucretius
(b) Meditation Marcus Aurelius
(c) Aeneid Virgil
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

163. Who was the Author of ‘The History of the World-Conquerer’?
(a) Annemavie Schiemmiel
(b) Clifford Edmurd
(c) John Ramstedt
(d) John Andrew Boyle
Ans: (d)

164. The first newspaper in the world was started by
(a) Japan (b) China
(c) USA (d) India
Ans: (b)

165. Who wrote ‘Summa Theologica’?
(a) Albertus Magnus
(b) Aristotle
(c) Augustine of Hippo
(d) Thomas Aquinas
Ans: (d)

Part 7. Famous Personalities
166. The Author of the ‘New Deal’ was

(a) President Franklin Relano Roosevelt.
(b) President Theodore Roosevelt
(c) President John Kennedy
(d) President Woodrow Wilson
Ans: (a)

167. Sun Yat-sen’s “Three Principles of the People” (1911) and the demonstrations in Tiananmen Square (1989) were similar in that they both demanded that the Chinese government
(a) achieve global interdependence
(b) restore dynastic rule
(c) introduce democratic reforms
(d) end foreign influences in China
Ans: (c)

168. Who is the Author of ‘From the Funding of the City’?
(a) Cicero (b) Livy
(c) Polybuis (d) Sallust
Ans: (b)

169. Who among the following was associated with Cleopatra (beauty queen of Egypt)
(a) Julieus Caesar
(b) Lapidus
(c) Mark Antony
(d) Octavian
Ans: (b)

170. Which of the following is not correctly matched?
(a) Father of History- Herodutus
(b) Lives of Illustriousmen – Plutarch
(c) Prometheus Bound – Aeschylus
(d) Odyssey – Confucious
Ans: (d)

171. Who began the construction of a wall in ancient China to keep out invaders from the north known as the Great wall of China?
(a) Chu Ruler
(b) Chi Ruler
(c) Chin Ruler
(d) Chou Ruler
Ans: (c)

172. Who is known as the father of modern Medicine?
(a) Eucid (b) Hippocrates
(c) Erastoshenes (d) Pythagoras
Ans: (b)

173. The first emperor of France was
(a) Napoleon
(b) Martel
(c) Louis XIV
(d) Charlemagne
Ans: (a)

174. Who was among the famous Roman poets?
(a) Tacitus
(c) Virgil
(d) Marcus
Ans: (c)

175. The ruler who stated “I am the State” was
(a) Louis XIV
(b) Frederick the Great
(c) Napoleon
(d) Catherine the Great
Ans: (a)

176. The provisional goverment of 1917 in Russia was headed by
(a) Alexander Karensky
(b) Lenin
(c) Prince Lvov
(d) Joseph Stalin
Ans: (b)

177. Who was the last emperor of Rome?
(a) Nero
(b) Ceasen
(c) Romulus Augustulus
(d) Julius
Ans: (c)

178. Which of the following lived after the other three?
(a) Confucius (b) Jesus Christ
(c) Gautama, Buddha
(d) Aristotle
Ans: (b)

179. Who is considered as the master of Greek Comedy?
(a) Aeshylus (b) So Phocles
(c) Aristophanes (d) Philip
Ans: (c)

180. Who is known as man of Blood and Iron?
(a) Napoleon (b) Bismarck
(c) Ho Chi Minh
(d) Sin Watten Scott
Ans: (b)

Part 8. Miscellaneous
181. A primary purpose for building the Suez Canal was to

(a) encourage Jewish settlement in the nearby Palestine
(b) increase trade between the Middle East, Europe and Asia
(c) reduce the time needed for travel between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea
(d) allow Indian merchants to reach the east coast of Africa
Ans: (b)

182. Which mountain’s volcano buried archaeological site Pompeii as in 79 AD?
(a) Mount Pelee (b) Mount Tambora
(c) Mount Etna
(d) Mount Vesuvius
Ans: (d)

183. Which of the following is most true of eighteenth century European Society?
(a) a majority of the population moved into the relatively new middle class
(b) the rate of population growth fell off sharply
(c) the couse of woman suffrage gained great momentum in western Europe
(d) the majority of people continued to live in Countryside and work as peasants
Ans: (b)

184. During the 18th and 19th centuries, increased contact between European and the continents of Africa, Asia, and South America resulted in
(a) closer cultural cooperation between Europe and these continents
(b) the exploitation of the labour and resources of these continents
(c) a return to the political and economic systems of feudal Europe
(d) preservation of the rights of the indigenous peoples
Ans: (b)

185. Which of the following years is Considered as the first year of the Muslim Calendar?
Ans: (b)

186. What were the basic features of the ‘Eothic architecture’ which had dominated the architecture of Cathedrals and chuachs from the 12th and 13th Centures?
(a) Buttresses
(b) Sharply pointed archer
(c) Rib-vaults
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

187. ‘‘East Africa is changing. When my children go with us to visit my parents they feel out of place. They see bare floor, the different food, and they cannot understand it as we can. They will never scorn their origins, but it is just no longer their way of life. They have something better to look forward to.” Which facet of African life is described in this quotation?
(a) Political problems of developing nations
(b) Ethnic conflicts
(c) Conflict between tradition and modernization
(d) Prejudice against elderly family members
Ans: (d)

188. Which has been a characteristic of many Southeast Asian countries since World War II?
(a) Internal struggles for power that lead to political instability
(b) Isolation from the influence of the superpowers
(c) Democratic governments based on the principles of the French Revolution
(d) Fundamentalist Islamic Governments supported by Iran
Ans: (a)

189. Since World War II, what action have many Latin American nations taken to improve their economies?
(b) Encouraging citizens to emigrate to tnations
(d) Encouraging industrial development
Ans: (d)

190. Which is one major reason the Holocaust is considered a unique event in modern European history?
(a) Jews of Europe have seldom been victims of persecution
(b) Civilians rarely were killed during air raids on Great Britain
(c) Adolf Hitler concealed his anti-Jewish feelings until he came to power
(d) The genocide was planned in great detail and required the cooperation of many people
Ans: (d)

191. Since the creation of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), member nations have joined together to
(a) determine the supply of oil on the world market
(b) establish a policy of independence in trade
(c) maintain a low price of oil per barrel
(d) isolate themselves from the rest of the world
Ans: (a)

192. Which political trend exists in present-day Latin America?
(a) Most countries are becoming military juntas
(b) Communism is spreading throughout the region
(c) Democracy is replacing dictatorship
(d) Religious leaders are making government policy
Ans: (c)

193. Which of the following is true of both the Roman Empire and Han empire?
(a) Both empires were heavily dependent on slave labor.
(b) Both empires were characterised by long periods of effective centralised government.
(c) In both empires extensive maritime trade was important.
(d) Both empire were ruled by wealthy merchant cities.
Ans: (b)

194. Which fact about China has been the cause of the other three?
(a) the economy of China has trouble providing for all the needs of the people
(b) the Chinese Government has set limits on the, children families may have
(c) Chinese cities have a severe shortage of housing
(d) China’s population exceeds one billion
Ans: (d)

195. Where was the Ottonian dynasty established?
(a) Germany (b) Denmark
(c) Iceland (d) Scandinavia
Ans: (a)

196. Where can the finest examples of medieval architecture be seen?
(a) Cathedrals
(b) Castles
(c) Homes of towns people
(d) Universities
Ans: (a)

197. Who is the father of Athenian democracy?
(a) Cleisthenes (B) Draco
(c) Hippias
(d) Preisistratos
Ans: (a)