Chapter 30. Motivation and Learning Motivation

1. The process of starting and regularizing the work is –
(a) Motivation (b) Sensation
(c) learning (d) articulation
Ans: (a)

2. A temporary change in behavior due to continuous stimulation is called
(a) habituation (b) learning
(c) Temporary learning (d) Motivation
Ans: (d)

3. An internal force that encourages and forces a behavioral response and provides specific direction to that response.
(a) motivation (b) perseverance
(c) momentum (d) commitment
Ans: (a)

4. ………. Motives address the need to reach stages of gratification of feelings and to achieve personal goals.
(a) effective (b) affective
(c) Protection-oriented (d) Security-oriented
Ans: (b)

5. Rajesh is completely struggling to solve the math problem. His internal force which compels him to solve that problem completely is known as, ……………… .
(a) Motivational (b) Personality Characteristic
(c) momentum (d) observation
Ans: (a)

6. ” ———– is the art of generating interest in the student. ”
(a) teaching (b) empathy
(c) vision (d) motivation
Ans: (d)

7. The process of starting and regularizing the work is –
(a) Motivation (b) Sensation
(c) learning (d) articulation
Ans: (a)

8. Motivation is a ……… situation–
(a) psychological (b) physical
(c) natural (d) fragmented
Ans: (a)

9. Which of the following statements defines motivation well?
(a) The internal state of a person that stimulates behavior, directs and maintains.
(b) A state of emotional strength to respond to a difficult situation.
(c) Ability to demonstrate discipline
(d) Ability to do a task quickly and efficiently
Ans: (a)

10. Which of the following is an example of external motivation?
(a) “I learn a lot when I do my homework.”
(b) “By doing homework, I understand my concepts well.”
(c) “I complete my homework because teachers give us marks for every assignment.”
(d) “I like to do my homework because it is very enjoyable.”
Ans: (c)

11. What kind of motivation is the award?
(a) positive and direct (b) positive and indirect
(c) negative and direct (d) negative and indirect
Ans: (a)

12. Which of the following is a social motivator?
(a) Atmagarava (b) Love
(c) hunger (d) thirst
Ans: (a)

13. What are the common wants and desires of man?
(a) motivator (b) necessity
(c) internod (d) none of these
Ans: (c)

14. What is the last step in Maslow’s hierarchy called?
(a) Respect needed
(b) need for protection
(c) physical need
(d) Self-realization
Ans: (d)

15. When students decide to do an activity repeatedly (as in planning and conducting an experiment) that is not directly related to that activity (such as a ‘star’ or a desire to get a prize) Getting a ‘badge’) What are the chances that arise in such a situation?
(a) to gain pleasure from learning to understand
(b) to engage in that activity even without award
(c) Setting objectives for self-mastery rather than working to make others happy
(d) Development of materialistic attitude towards learning
Ans: (d)

16. Who among the following people is giving internal inspiration to their child / children?
(a) Father Robert gives chocolates to the children of his class who behave well
(b) On getting promotion to the next class, Nand Kumar gives story books to his son.
(c) Girijosh Kumar feast on his son’s birthday
(d) Rakesh Kumar praises his son for getting the highest marks in science subjects
Ans: (d)

17. Motivation is classified
(a) Natural and artificial
(b) Less important and more important
(c) born and acquired
(d) Motivation and temptation
Ans: (*)

18. The word ………. is also often used for motivation .
(a) momentum (b) necessity
(c) emotion (d) articulation
Ans: (b)

19. What kind of motivator is a person’s ‘desire to earn name and appreciation in life’?
(a) Internal Motivator (b) External Motivator
(c) somatic motivator (d) psychological motivator
Ans: (a)

20. A teacher must agree which of the following statements?
(a) Internal motivation occurs when the learner works to experience external satisfactory results.
(b) External motivation occurs when the learner works to get external award.
(c) External rewards lead to permanent behavior change.
(d) External rewards provide internal motivation.
Ans: (b)

21. Which one of the following statements is correct regarding achievement motivator?
(a) Achievement motive is necessary for survival
(b) If satisfaction of personal abilities is important, then achievement motivator can be called development motivator
(c) If there is emphasis on competition among individuals, then achievement motivator can be called social motivator.
(d) All of them.
Ans: (d)

22. Will be included in external motivation
I. Appreciation and Accusation II. Competition III. Awards and Penalties IV. Knowledge of the result. among these
(a) I and III (b) I, II and III
(c) Only II (d) All of these.
Ans: (d)

23. Which of the following statements is not appropriate in the context of ‘motivation is a process’?
(a) It leads the person towards the goal.
(b) It satisfies the physical needs of the person.
(c) It helps in achieving psychological aspiration.
(d) It keeps the person from unpleasant situation.
Ans: (d)

24. Which one of the following is an effective way to inspire a curious student?
(a) by punishment (b) by praise
(c) By criticism (d) None of these
Ans: (b)

25. ‘Hunger’ and ‘Thirst’ are
(a) personal motivator (b) inborn parent
(c) Social motivator (d) Earned motivator
Ans: (b)

26. Which of the following motivates maximum learning?
(a) Tendency to choose very simple or difficult goals
(b) Personal satisfaction in achieving the goals
(c) external factors
(d) Motivation to avoid failure
Ans: (b)

27. Achievement is motivation
(a) Tendency to act in haste without consideration
(b) tendency to persevere in challenging tasks
(c) tendency to avoid failure
(d) readiness to accept success and failure equally
Ans: (b)

28. Internally Motivated Students
(a) does not require formal education
(b) There is no need for a prize at all
(c) The external award is not sufficient to maintain its motivation
(d) has lower motivation level than externally motivated student
Ans: (c)

29. Which of the following is not a congenital motive?
(a) hunger (b) thirst
(c) habit (d) sleep
Ans: (c)

30. Who among the following is the innate motivator
(a) sleeping (b) playing
(c) Appreciation (d) Anger
Ans: (a)

31. Which of the following is the correct sequence with respect to the motive cycle?
(a) excitement, strong motivation, need, achievement, goal- oriented, behavior decrease in excitement
(b) strong motivation, need, excitement, goal-oriented, behavior, achievement reduction in excitement
(c) Necessity, Goal-oriented behavior, Strong motivation, Excitation, Achievement Reduction in excitement
(d) need, strong motivation, excitement, goal-oriented, behavior, achievement decrease excitement
Ans: (d)

32. Prizes and punishments are—
(a) positive motivator (b) natural motivator
(c) Artificial inductor (d) Earned inductor
Ans: (c)

33. When children read a particular number of books, they are given a certificate. This strategy may not work for long because, because:
(a) It may possibly lead children to read books only to get a certificate.
(b) A lot of books will need to be purchased in the library.
(c) A large amount of certificates will have to be given when more children start studying.
(d) Reading books will hinder children from completing their homework.
Ans: (a)

34. Which of the following terminology is often used interchangeably with “motivation”?
(a) momentum (b) necessity
(c) stimulation (d) Awards (motivational)
Ans: (b)

35. Rajesh is a voracious reader. In addition to reading his course books, he often goes to the library and reads books on different topics. Not only this, Rajesh does his project work in food and leisure . He never needs to be told by his teachers or parents to read for examinations and he seems to really enjoy learning. He can best be described as —-.
(a) Internally motivated learner
(b) fact-based learner
(c) Teacher-motivated learners
(d) Assessment-based learner
Ans: (a)

36. A student works hard to enroll in a medical college so that he can pass the entrance examination. This student is inspired by …… .
(a) personal (b) empirical
(c) internal (d) external
Ans: (d)

37. Which one of the following characteristics is not true for internally motivated children?
(a) They exhibit high level of energy while working
(b) They like challenging tasks
(c) They are always successful.
(d) They enjoy working.
Ans: (c)

38. Which of the following is not an example of extrinsic motivation?
(a) Salary (b) Appreciation
(c) passion (d) promotion
Ans: (c)

39. Which of the following is the correct sequence of motivation?
(a) thrust, need, goal directed behavior, goal achievement, thrust reduction
(b) necessity, thrust loss, goal directed behavior, goal achievement, thrust
(c) Necessity, thrust, thrust loss, goal directed behavior, goal achievement
(d) need, thrust, goal directed behavior, goal achievement, thrust reduction
Ans: (d)

40. Which of the following statements best describes ‘intrinsic motivation’ in classroom practice?
(a) The teacher encourages autonomy and gives the learners options to reach their goals.
(b) The teacher appreciates and praises the child’s work.
(c) The teacher gives a short break to drink breakfast and water.
(d) The teacher provides the terms and conditions for completing the work.
Ans: (a)

41. A person who lacks motivational achievement will display ……….
(a) Self-assurance (b) Pessimism
(c) Pragmatism (d) Positive attitude
Ans: (b)

42. Which of the following approaches to motivation does not depend on an internal hold?
(a) cognitive
(b) Humanist
(c) behaviorist
(d) Socio-cultural
Ans: (c)

43. According to Maslow, Which of the following requirements is known as deficiency requirement?
(a) familiarity, recognition, security, self-accomplishment
(b) Security, belongingness, recognition, self-accomplishment
(c) physical, belongingness, recognition, self-accomplishment
(d) Physical, security, belongingness, recognition
Ans: (d)

44. Which of the following is an example of the requirement of the lowest order in Maslow’s hierarchy of requirements?
(a) Respect requirements
(b) Self-realization requirements
(c) Security requirements
(d) Requirements of love and belonging
Ans: (c)

45. According to Humanism, what is the purpose of learning?
(a) To uniformize standardized tests
(b) to fulfill one’s potential
(c) To become employable
(d) To achieve financial security
Ans: (b)

46. How many types of requirements have been traditionally described in, Maslow’s theory?
(a) 2 (b) 6
(c) 5 (d) 3
Ans: (c)

47. Who was Abraham Maslow?
(A) Pryojnwadi (b) behavioral
(c) Humanist (d) Realist
Ans: (c)

48. The basic trend principle of motivation is the exponent of-
(A) Freud (b) Clark L . solution
(c) McDougal (d) Morgan
Ans: (c)

49. Match list – A and list- B . List – A List – B
A. Solution I. Necessity principle
B. McDougal II. Basic trend theory
C. Froid III. Psychoanalytic theory
D. Maslow IV. Thrust-differential theory ABCD
Ans: (b)

50. The proponents of the original propensity theory of motivation were—
(a) McDougal (b) Abraham Maslow
(c) Simpson (d) William James
Ans: (a)

51. Maslow’s principle of inspiration is called
(a) Theory of necessity (b) Physical theory
(c) strong-willed principle (d) Principles of Antnond
Ans: (a)

52. The basis of effective and successful leadership is
(a) Appreciation (b) Entire group interest
(c) Group service (d) Self interest
Ans: (b)

53. Which of the following qualities does a motivated child not display?
(a) Willingness to learn (b) Engagement in learning
(c) aspiration level (d) isolation from group
Ans: (d)

54. Who gave the hierarchy of human needs?
(a) Thorndike (b) Maslow
(c) Guilford (d) Koffka
Ans: (b)

55. Motivation assessment ………… is aimed at DSSSB Assista nt Primary Teacher (PRT)
(a) fundamental (b) primary
(c) optional (d) personal
Ans: (a)

56. Motivation starts as per the need in all of us. The student’s need which he should first fulfill
(a) Respect (b) Physical
(c) social (d) self-realization
Ans: (b)

57. Which of the following statements is not correct?
(a) Necessity is not a physical condition of deprivation
(b) Internment is the psychological consequence of need
(c) Necessity and internment are not equal.
(d) Originals are internal biological forces.
Ans: (a)

58. The correct method to motivate students is –
(a) punishment (b) reprimand
(c) Appreciation (d) Hitting and beating.
Ans: (c)

59. A woman sold her child to obtain food. This news ……………. can be well understood on the basis.
(a) Theory of Reinforced Accusations
(b) psychoanalytic theory
(c) Principle of hierarchical requirements
(d) Psychosocial theory
Ans: (c)

60. According to the principles of motivation, a teacher can promote learning by ……………… .
(a) Having real expectations from the students
(b) The nature of expectations at a low level
(c) Not having any kind of expectations from the students
(d) Having very high expectations from students
Ans: (a)

61. Mastery orientation can be encouraged by ………… .
(a) To focus on the individual efforts of the learners
(b) To compare success of learners with each other
(c) By giving a lot of practice material as homework
(d) Taking the unsolicited examination
Ans: (a)

62. There are three learners who study English. A finds this topic interesting and he thinks it will be helpful in his future. B teaches English because she wants to get first place in the class. C reads, because his priority is to get grades that pass the concern. The objectives of AB and C are ………… respectively .
(a) Dexterity, execution, execution − neglect
(b) execution, execution − neglect, perfection
(c) execution − neglect, dexterity, execution
(d) Dexterity, execution − neglect, execution
Ans: (a)

63. The Government of India has launched a mid-day meal scheme for primary schools. Which of the following motivational principles supports this scheme?
(a) behaviorist (b) socio-cultural
(c) cognitive (d) human
Ans: (d)

64. Although this was clearly in violation of their security requirements, Captain Vikram Batra was killed in the Kargil War while saving his country. Probably they had – – – – had / had.
(a) attainment of self-realization
(b) Ignoring our own needs
(c) Recognition of his family name
(d) Desire to get new experience
Ans: (a)

65. Which of the following is not associated with the socio-psychological needs of a child?
(a) The need for emotional security
(b) Regular discharge of waste materials in the body
(c) proximity (walking) need
(d) Need for social approval or appreciation
Ans: (b)

66. Which of the following theories of motivation does not in any way focus on biological aspects and needs?
(a) drive principle
(b) Hierarchy of requirements theory
(c) Directness requires principle.
(d) instinct theory
Ans: (c)

67. The hierarchy of needs is an important perspective of motivation, which was propounded by-
(a) Maslow (b) Piaget
(c) Pavlov (d) Freud
Ans: (a)

68. Inborn patterns of behavior which are determined according to biology, They are also called-
(a) identification (b) drive
(c) instincts (d) intelligence
Ans: (c)

69. inspiration is the same relationship achievement of learning ………. is.
(a) Reasoning (b) Thinking
(c) Perception (d) Prudence
Ans: (c)

70. Motivation in learning process
(a) makes learners’ memory faster
(b) Differentiates new learning from old learning
(c) presents learners to think in a direct way
(d) Generates interest in learning among new learners
Ans: (d)

71. In what ways is motivation considered useful in children’s learning?
(a) Respect for individuality of a child
(b) Awards and Penalties
(c) Appreciation and condemnation
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

72. Motivation in learning process
(a) Sharpen the memory of the learners
(b) separates previous learned from new learning
(c) enables the learners to think in one direction
(d) Develops interest in learners towards learning
Ans: (d)

73. Which one of the following statements about motivation and learning is correct?
(a) Learning is effective only when there is intrinsic motivation among the learners – there is an inherent desire to learn.
(b) Learning is effective only when learners are externally motivated – motivated by external causes
(c) Motivation has no role in learning
(d) Learning is effective only when the learner is motivated to use external rewards
Ans: (a)

74. Children in class can be considered motivated if
(a) They come to school wearing well uniforms
(b) They maintain discipline in the classroom
(c) They are all regular in attendance
(d) They ask questions to get clarification from the teacher
Ans: (d)

75. A teacher can redirect students
(a) By giving prize (b) By providing correct guidance
(c) giving examples (d) giving speech in class
Ans: (b)

76. Which device do you not apply to motivate students to learn in class?
(a) To establish healthy competition among the students
(b) Making them feel self-proud
(c) Highly praise them
(d) Application of activity based teaching-learning methods
Ans: (c)

77. The ability to study in children can be developed.
(a) By presenting an example of great persons.
(b) giving lectures on self-study.
(c) By presenting his own example
(d) By providing new literature
Ans: (d)

78. You inspire students as teachers in a class
(1) By setting instructions
(2) using blackboard
(3) by example / example
(4) Code by active participation of students
(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1 and 4
(c) 2 and 4 (d) All these
Ans: (d)

79. Which of the following examples is not a result of motivation?
(a) Krishna has increased the dance time from one hour to two hours.
(b) John Stuart Mill started studying philosophy at the age of 12
(c) Jagan has started showing interest in ‘breathing process’.
(d) Rama has made rapid progress in establishing correlation between modern and ancient historical trends.
Ans: (c)

80. Which factor is responsible for regularizing actions and generating interest in the child?
(a) motivation (b) understanding
(c) Knowledge (d) Self-study
Ans: (a)

81. The purpose of an effective teacher in an elementary classroom will be to motivate the students—
(a) To memorize by rote so that they become good at recollection.
(b) Using punitive measures so that they honor the teacher.
(c) To do such things that they can get good marks at the end of the exam.
(d) To learn so that they become curious and prefer to learn only to learn.
Ans: (d)

82. How can a teacher encourage her students to be internally motivated to study for study?
(a) Competitive Examiner
(b) By helping them to set and achieve personal goals
(c) giving clear visible prizes such as toffee
(d) By creating anxiety and fear in them
Ans: (b)

83. What would a teacher tell her students that could encourage them to work with inner motivation?
(a) “Why can’t you be like him?” Look, he fixed it perfectly. ”
(b) “Complete the work quickly then you will get a toffee”.
(c) ” Try to do it and you will learn.”
(d) “Let’s, finish it before doing it. “
Ans: (c)

84. Which of the following is the best statement? A good teacher
(a) uses lecture method for teaching
(b) always teaches through demonstration
(c) motivates students to learn forever
(d) always keeps students in discipline
Ans: (c)

85. ……………. is considered an indicator of motivated learning
(a) Maximum attendance in class
(b) remedial work given by the teacher
(c) Asking questions by students
(d) Absolute silence in the classroom
Ans: (c)

86. Teacher should be encouraged to motivate children to learn—
(a) competition
(b) By rewarding the child who comes first in class
(c) Creating appropriate conditions and environments for learning
(d) Praising talented children in the class
Ans: (c)

87. Teachers need to ……………… to encourage children to strive in their studies .
(a) To keep the child under control
(b) Comparing with other children
(c) To motivate the child
(d) Scolding the child
Ans: (c)

88. To get effective and permanent education, a student should have-
(a) Opportunities for education only
(b) Desired level of competence and motivation
(c) Only appropriate intellectual level
(d) Ability to learn only
Ans: (b)

89. The primary school teacher should adopt which of the following strategies to motivate their learners?
(a) Encouraging competition for each student to score.
(b) Using incentives, rewards and punishments as a motivator for each activity.
(c) To help children in the enterprise to set and achieve their goals according to their interests.
(d) Setting standard targets for the whole class and setting rigorous criteria for assessing their achievement.
Ans: (c)

90. A teacher wants to ensure that her students are intrinsically motivated. In this context, she will
(a) Specifying uniform standards of achievement for all children
(b) Planning of learning activities that encourage convergent thinking
(c) Focusing on the learning processes of children individually rather than focusing on the end result
(d) Presentation of prize in kind
Ans: (c)

91. To motivate students for cleanliness, making them a member of the Sanitation Committee, reflects
(a) Socio-cultural concepts of motivation
(b) Pranna’s behaviorist approach
(c) Humanistic approach of Perna
(d) Cognitive approach of motivation
Ans: (a)

92. If they are allowed to search at the pre-primary level, then they are satisfied. They get upset when they are discouraged. They do this because of their motivation to …… .
(a) Use their powers.
(b) to reduce their neglect
(c) being associated with the class
(d) To spread chaos in the classroom
Ans: (b)

93. Which of these classroom practices can reduce students’ motivation in school?
(a) Failure of the teacher to identify the students to remedy their difficulties.
(b) Grades exceeding students’ qualifications by the teacher.
(c) Encouraging low-performing teachers by the teacher
(d) Judge the students who achieve high achievement as excellence in high academic standard by the teacher
Ans: (a)

94. Learners who demonstrate a keen desire for enhanced knowledge and academic competence.
(a) Performance-approach orientation
(b) execution-avoidance orientation
(c) work avoidance orientation
(d) Mastery orientation
Ans: (a)

95. Learners who are most desirous of educational qualifications are called:
(a) performance avoidance orientation
(b) performance approach orientation
(c) work avoidance orientation
(d) Mastery orientation
Ans: (d)

96. What is the effect of continuously awarding children for participation in learning activities and using punishments?
(a) It will encourage children to focus on mastery rather than performance based goals.
(b) Children’s natural aptitude and curiosity in learning is low.
(c) External motivation is less.
(d) Internal motivation increases.
Ans: (b)

97. Which of the following is not a type of reinforcement?
(a) positive textual reinforcement
(b) Physical punishment (negative reinforcement)
(c) negative textual reinforcement
(d) None of the above
Ans: (d)

98. Which of the following is an example of positive punishment?
(a) ridicule by friends
(b) wasting time with friends
(c) To stop ejecting
(d) All of them.
Ans: (a)

99. Deletion of response is more difficult after which of the following?
(a) continuous reinforcement (b) punishment
(c) oral suppression (d) partial reinforcement
Ans: (d)

101. Penalties and incentives are components of ___ .
(a) behaviorism theory
(b) Design-based research method
(c) Humanism theory
(d) valency principle
Ans: (a)

102. A girl gets one star for every correct answer. Which reinforcement schedule is being used?
(a) Variable ratio reinforcement schedule
(b) Intermittent reinforcement schedule
(c) Partial reinforcement schedule
(d) Fixed ratio reinforcement schedule
Ans: (d)

103. To motivate a child the following are to be done:
(a) continuous reinforcement (b) operant conditioning
(c) reinforcement (d) neutral stimulation
Ans: (c)

104. The following is an example of secondary reinforcement.
(a) ice cream (b) dress
(c) wealth (d) juice
Ans: (c)

105. Deletion of reaction is more difficult after which of the following?
(a) partial reinforcement (b) continuous reinforcement
(c) Punishment (d) Verbal punishment
Ans: (a)

106. Partial Reinforcement
(a) is less effective than continuous reinforcement
(b) Can not be unused in the real classroom
(c) does the most work in training animals
(d) is more effective than continuous reinforcement
Ans: (d)

107. Teachers should not give physical punishment to learners because (DSSSB Assista nt Nursery Teacher)
(a) It makes parents very angry
(b) It is risky
(c) It creates tension and fear in the learners
(d) It is only an emotional release for teachers
Ans: (c)

108. The result of punishing children either literally or non-literally is
(a) motivate them to work
(b) Protecting the child’s image
(c) improve their marks
(d) to destroy their self-concept
Ans: (d)

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