Chapter 28. Alternative concepts of learning in children

1. According to cognitive constructivism, learning is a result of:
(a) Behavioral and collaborative responses
(b) Combination of structures and housing
(c) external and internal reinforcement
(d) Award of action and penalty
Ans: (b)

2. According to Jean Piaget, which of the following is necessary for learning?
(a) Active environmental investigation by the learner
(b) Observing behavior of adults
(c) Belief in divine justice
(d) Reinforcement by teachers and parents
Ans: (a)

3. New knowledge is attained
(a) Through knowledge transfer
(b) by rote
(c) By finding new meanings through experience
(d) None of the above
Ans: (c)

4. Which of the following statements cannot be said according to Piaget’s theory?
(a) Development takes place in qualitative stages.
(b) Children build and use knowledge about their world.
(c) Learning takes place through continuous practice.
(d) Children act on their environment.
Ans: (c)

5. According to Jean Piazza, children–
(a) Following the process of observational learning, learn by observing others.
(b) can be contracted to behave in a particular way by careful control of the stimulus – response relationship.
(c) can be taught to behave and learn in a specific way using the principles of rewards and punishments.
(d) actively structure knowledge, as they use behavioral skills and explore in the world.
Ans: (d)

6. According to Jean Piaget, which of the following is necessary for learning?
(a) Observation of behavior of adults
(b) Belief in divine justice
(c) Reinforcement by teachers and parents
(d) Active environmental investigation by the learner
Ans: (d)

7. With the idea of ………. Children are active knowledge-creators and little scientists, who create their theories about the world.
(a) Skinner (b) Pavlov
(c) yung (d) piaget
Ans: (d)

8. “Children create their understanding of the world.” The credit goes to —–.
(a) Pavlov (b) Kohlberg
(c) Skinner (d) Piaget
Ans: (d)

9. Children have a nature:
(a) harmful (b) artificial
(c) imaginative (d) creative
Ans: (d)

10. Which of the following is an example of basic support?
(a) Prompting and signaling and asking questions on critical situations
(b) giving speeches that inspire the learners
(c) giving clarification without encouraging questioning
(d) Giving both tangible and intangible gifts
Ans: (a)

11. According to Vygotsky, 4 children learn
(a) When reinforcement is provided
(b) By maturity
(c) by simulation
(d) Interaction with adults and adults
Ans: (d)

12. Changes in the amount and type of support for a child depends on –
(a) Teacher’s mood
(b) Proposed award for work
(c) Performance level of the child
(d) Natural abilities of the child
Ans: (c)

13. ‘Scaffolding’ refers to …… in terms of learning principles .
(a) Temporary support by adults in learning
(b) To find out the reasons for the mistakes made by the students
(c) customized learning
(d) Recurrence of prior learning
Ans: (a)

14. Older proficient students in collaborative learning, help younger and less proficient students. From –
(a) There is intense competition
(b) Higher moral development is
(c) Duality occurs in groups
(d) High achievement and self-esteem develops
Ans: (d)

15. The teacher noted that Pushpa cannot solve a single problem on her own. Yet she does so in the presence of the guidance of an adult or partner. This is called guidance.
(a) Asylum (b) Pre- emptive thinking
(c) Area of ​​proximal development (d) Support
Ans: (d)

16. According to Piaget and Vygotsky Learning in a creative classroom
(a) is created by the learners themselves, who play an active role
(b) Reinforcement by teacher
(c) It is written by the teacher and the learners are passive recipients
(d) is a combination of stimulant and response
Ans: (a)

17. …… Teachers and students continue to interact with each other’s experiences while working on complex projects related to real worldly problems in the classroom.
(A) conventional (b) creative (Constructive)
(c) Teacher-centered (d) Social-creative
Ans: (d)

18. How do structuralists such as Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky view learning?
(a) Contracting responses
(b) passive frequency process
(c) Process of meaning-making by active appropriation
(d) Acquisition of skills
Ans: (c)

19. Learning according to Lev Vygotsky-
(a) is a personal activity.
(b) is a passive activity.
(c) is a contracted activity.
(d) is a social activity.
Ans: (d)

20. Which of the following psychologists, considering children as active inquisitors of knowledge, valued the impact of social and cultural content on their thinking?
(a) Jean Piaget (b) Lawrence Kohlberg
(c) John B . Watson (d) Lev Vygotsky
Ans: (d)

21. Children structure intuitive theories about many events. What should a teacher do in this background?
(a) These ideas of children should be rejected.
(b) Children’s ideas and principles should be ignored.
(c) Children should be scolded for these ideas because these ideas interfere with their learning.
(d) These conceptions of children should be challenged through dialogue.
Ans: (d)

22. Which of the following is an important aspect of the process of meaningful structuring of knowledge?
(a) Continuous practice and repeated memory
(b) Awards and Penalties
(c) stimulus-response relationship
(d) Social interactions
Ans: (d)

23. Scaffolding refers to …………. in the context of learning principles .
(a) To find out the reasons for the mistakes made by the students
(b) customized learning
(c) Recurrence of prior learning
(d) Temporary cooperation by adults in learning
Ans: (d)

24. According to Piaget and Vygotsky, learning in a creative classroom
(a) It is written by the teacher and the students are passive recipients
(b) is a combination of stimulants and responses
(c) To be reinforced by the teacher
(d) Creates by the learners themselves, who play an active role
Ans: (d)

25. The implication of Vygotsky’s theory is-
(a) Not helping the child in solving difficult questions after initial interpretation
(b) Children can learn best in association with children whose IQ is less than their IQ
(c) Collaborative problem solving
(d) assigning individually assigned work to each student
Ans: (c)

26. A teacher wants to help her learners in such a way that they can appreciate a situation from many perspectives. It offers many opportunities to debate a position in different groups. According to Vygotsky’s perspective, his learners will ………… different perspectives and develop many perspectives of the situation in their own way.
(a) rational (b) assimilation
(c) construction (d) activation
Ans: (b)

27. Which of the following statements best summarizes the relationship between development and learning proposed by Vygotsky ?
(a) Development is independent of learning
(b) Learning and development are parallel processes
(c) Development process lags behind learning process
(d) Development is a synonym for learning
Ans: (c)

28. Which of the following statements about children would agree with Vygotsky?
(a) Children learn when attractive prizes are set for them
(b) Thinking of children can be understood when experiments are done on animals in the laboratory
(c) Children are devils from birth and they should be punished and controlled
(d) Children learn through social interactions with adults and adults
Ans: (d)

29. As a teacher who believes strongly in the social structure theory of Lev Vygotsky, which of the following methods would you prefer for the assessment of your children?
(a) collaborative project
(b) standardized test
(c) Facts-based recollection questions
(d) Objective Multiple Choice Type Questions
Ans: (a)

30 . According to Vygotsky, learning cannot be separated
(a) from its social context
(b) By the enlightening and attentional processes
(c) by reinforcement
(d) measurable change in behavior
Ans: (a)

31. Which of the following is based on Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory.
(a) active optimization
(b) mutual learning
(c) Non-culture cognitive development
(d) insightful learning
Ans: (b)

32. Vygotsky emphasizes the important role of which of the following factors in children’s learning?
(a) genetic (b) moral
(c) Physical (d) Social
Ans: (d)

33. The theory of constructionism was propounded by …….
(a) Ericsson (b) Bandura
(c) Vygotsky (d) Kohlberg
Ans: (c)

34 . According to Vygotsky’s theory, children will learn through
(a) seeing (b) reading and writing
(c) Society (d) Through the book
Ans: (c)

35. Children’s mistakes—
(a) Should improve immediately by asking to practice again and again
(b) are a part of learning and gives them an insight into ideas.
(c) are unimportant in the teaching-learning process.
(d) shows how careless the children are.
Ans: (b)

36. Mistakes and misconceptions of children ………
(a) There is hindrance and hindrance to the teaching-learning process.
(b) Should be ignored in teaching-learning process.
(c) indicates that children’s abilities are much lower than adults.
(d) is an important step in the teaching-learning process.
Ans: (d)

37. Mistakes and errors made by learners-
(a) There are good opportunities to mark children as ‘weak’ or ‘excellent’
(b) Indicators of failure of teachers and learners
(c) should be seen as an opportunity to understand their thinking
(d) Hardness must be dealt with
Ans: (c)

38. Often errors learners …………… refers to.
(a) how they learn
(b) Socio-economic level of learners
(c) Need for mechanical practice
(d) absence of learning
Ans: (a)

39. Which of the following statements is true regarding errors made by children?
(a) A teacher should not pay attention to every error otherwise the course will not be completed
(b) Each error will take too much time to rectify and will be tiring for a teacher.
(c) Errors can be corrected by the children themselves, so the teacher should not correct them immediately
(d) If a teacher is not able to correct the errors of all the children in the classroom, it indicates that the system of teacher education is unsuccessful.
Ans: (d)

40. Regarding the errors made by the student in the learning process  Which of the following statements is the best in your view?
(a) The student should never make errors
(b) Errors are part of the learning process
(c) Errors occur due to student negligence
(d) Sometimes student can make errors
Ans: (b)

41. If the learner consistently makes mistakes during the lesson, the teacher
(a) Instructions, work, timetable and seating arrangement should be changed
(b) The text should be left for some time and returned after some time
(c) Identify the students who made mistakes and talk to the principal about them
(d) Learners who make mistakes should stand outside the classroom
Ans: (a)

42. Which of the following statements about children’s errors is true?
(a) Children’s errors are part of their learning
(b) Children make errors when the teacher is mild and does not punish them for making errors.
(c) Children’s errors are unimportant for the teacher and he should cut them out and ignore them.
(d) Children make errors due to inadvertence
Ans: (a)

43. There are some children in your class who make mistakes. According to your analysis of this situation, which of the following statements is most appropriate?
(a) Children’s intelligence level is low
(b) The children have not yet attained conceptual clarity and you need to reflect on your teaching method.
(c) Children are not interested in studies and want to induce indiscipline.
(d) Children should not have been promoted in your class
Ans: (b)

44. Which of the following statements is most appropriate in relation to children’s errors?
(a) To avoid mistakes, children should follow the teacher.
(b) Children’s mistakes should be taken seriously and punished severely so that they do not repeat the mistakes.
(c) Children make mistakes because they lack the ability to think.
(d) Children’s mistakes are like a window, to know how they think.
Ans: (d)

45. Nowadays there is a tendency of children to call ‘misconceptions’ as ‘alternative perceptions’. It can be called
(a) Recognizing that children can think and their thinking is different from adults
(b) Making subtle differences in children’s understanding and being passive towards their learning
(c) Using attractive words to explain children’s mistakes
(d) Treating children as adults in their thinking
Ans: (a)

46. ​​As a mathematics teacher in upper primary school, you believe that –
(a) The mistakes of the students provide insights into their thinking.
(b) Not all children in upper primary school have the ability to read mathematics.
(c) Boys will learn mathematics without much effort because it is their ‘inborn’ feature and you need to pay more attention to girls.
(d) Students need to know procedural knowledge, even if they do not understand the conceptual basis.
Ans: (a)

47. Which teacher / teacher wants to improve the errors of their pupils / wants, what the proper way of following him?
(a) He should correct every error of his students for this even if he has to sit in school for a long time
(b) He should make more corrections of less frequent errors than frequent and common errors.
(c) He should rectify the errors which interfere with the general meaning and understandability.
(d) If the error-correction process annoys children, then they should not modify them
Ans: (c)

48. A student of class VII makes errors in mathematics. You – as a teacher
(a) Provide correct answer to the learner
(b) Will allow the learner to use the calculator
(c) Will ask the learner to use the alternative method or repeat it to find out the error itself
(d) Show the learner where the error was and ask the learner to repeat it
Ans: (c)

49. What is the characteristic of learners performing a task with performance as the goal?
(a) They engage in work to do better than others.
(b) They see mistakes as an opportunity to learn.
(c) They want to look smart and intelligent.
(d) They compare their performance with others and judge it.
Ans: (b)

50. How can teachers treat children who do not pay attention in class reading?
(a) Repeatedly in front of the whole class.
(b) By talking to them and trying to find out the reason for their anorexia.
(c) By giving them excessive worksheets as homework.
(d) By asking the children to leave the classroom
Ans: (b)

51. If while teaching in class, you feel that suddenly all the children are not interested in reading, what will you do?
(a) will pay no attention and continue teaching
(b) will stop teaching
(c) Ask children to pay attention
(d) Will try to find out the reason
Ans: (d)

52. Diagnostic test (Dia Gnostic Test) is the main reason
(a) Generally marking a weak area during demonstration in class
(b) The need for special nature of remedial program
(c) To find out the reasons for academic difficulties
(d) Knowing the special nature of student’s difficulties
Ans: (c)

53. The use of personal diagnostic method is, especially –
(a) Study of intelligent boys
(b) Study of abnormal and balanced children
(c) Study of weak children
(d) Study of general children
Ans: (c)

54. Progress in the learning process of children can happen when we—
(a) Check his progress regularly
(b) Take corrective steps along with checking the progress of children regularly
(c) Give children homework regularly
(d) Organize activities for children regularly
Ans: (b)

55. The vacancies that remain in the learning of students, should be …………. after their diagnosis .
(a) Intensive practice work
(b) Having appropriate remedial work
(c) Repeat all the lessons systematically
(d) To inform the learners and parents about the achievement
Ans: (b)

56. Vygotsky’s theory has implications
(a) Assigning individual work to each student.
(b) Not helping the child in solving difficult questions after the initial explanation.
(c) Children can learn best in the association of children who have less than intellectual intelligence.
(d) Collaborative Problem Solving.
Ans: (d)

57. Teachers should study the errors of their students as they often point towards …… .
(a) Guidelines for grouping according to abilities
(b) Different types of curriculum required
(c) their range of knowledge
(d) Essential remedial tips
Ans: (d)

59. If a student is exhibiting anti-social behavior, what should the teacher do?
(a) The student should be punished physically
(b) Should know the reason for his behavior
(c) He should preach
(d) He should be kicked out of the class
Ans: (b)

60. If a child always arrives late at school, what will you do?
(a) Scold him so that he does not repeat this mistake again
(b) Tell the Principal
(c) Will contact his parents
(d) Talk to the child and try to find out the reason
Ans: (d)

61. If a child in your class is often silent, what will you do?
(a) will not pay any attention to it
(b) Take him to a psychologist
(c) Will try to find out the reason for his silence
(d) Will talk to his parents
Ans: (c)

62. Madhu is weak in mathematics. In the eyes of a good teacher What could be the reason for his weakness in mathematics?
(a) Often girls are weak in mathematics
(b) His parents are illiterate
(c) He is not interested in studies
(d) Method of teaching mathematics is flawed
Ans: (d)

63. The most effective method of altering unwanted behavior in the student is the most effective method.
(a) Punishing the student
(b) to bring it to the notice of the parents
(c) Finding the causes of unwanted behavior and managing treatment
(d) To ignore it
Ans: (c)

64. A time-bound testing program for students should be implemented in schools (DSSSB Assista nt Nursery Teacher)
(a) Students’ progress should be reported to their parents
(b) A regular practice can be done
(c) Students can be trained for final examinations
(d) The therapeutic program can be adopted on the basis of feedback about the results
Ans: (d)

65. The best treatment for the problems of a student related to learning is
(a) Suggestion of hard work
(b) Inspection study in the library
(c) Suggest private teaching
(d) Diagnostic teaching
Ans: (d)

66. Null learn (Disa Bled) offers instant connectivity for kids contexts, the emphasis on cooperation and non-Adigmnatmk technology, such as instant informative, Buddhipurwk exploration and content management, the leverage (leveraging) associated with which of the following formats is?
(a) montage learning (Embedded learning)
(b) Intervention
(c) remedial response
(d) universal format of learning
Ans: (a)

67. The vacancies left in the learning of students should be ….. after diagnosis.
(a) Repeat all the lessons systematically
(b) To inform the learners and parents about the achievement
(c) Proper remedial work
(d) intensive practice work
Ans: (c)

68 . Attention (meditation) is the process of consciously focusing on
(a) behavior (b) stimulation
(c) gesture (d) reaction
Ans: (b)

69. Using our phone while driving is an example of what kind of attention?
(a) signal resolution (b) extended resolution
(c) Selective attention (d) Divided attention
Ans: (d)

70. When a child focuses all his attention on his work and ignores other information, what kind of attention is displayed?
(a) selective attention (b) synchronous attention
(c) Divided attention (d) General care
Ans: (a)

71. The internal state of focusing attention is—
(a) duration (b) novelty
(c) interest (d) size
Ans: (c)

72. Which of the following conditions / conditions is / are not an internal condition to attract attention?
(a) Origin status (b) Necessity
(c) (a) or (b) (d) (a) and (b)
Ans: (a)

73. Interest is related to—
(a) Qualification (b) Attention
(c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of these
Ans: (b)

74. What are the external factors that prevent a child from taking interest in class?
(a) Emotion and emotion (b) Culture and training
(c) Child’s perspective (d) Goal and purpose
Ans: (b)

75. Which of the following statements is not true about interest?
(a) Interests are both innate and acquired
(b) Interests vary with time
(c) Interests are not related to qualifications and abilities
(d) Interests are not a reflection of attraction and distraction in practice.
Ans: (d)

76. Children start taking interest at the age of 6 to 10 years
(a) Religion (b) Human body
(c) sexual relations (d) in school
Ans: (d)

77. ‘Laura  can design a spreadsheet.’ This statement is indicative of which feature of the aptitude test?
(a) workplace thinking
(b) reasoning power
(c) organizational thinking
(d) number thinking
Ans: (b)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *