Chapter 27. Child as a problem solver and scientific investigator

1. Which of the following is a special sign of a problem-solution approach?
(a) There is usually an approach to get the right answer.
(b) The problem is based on only one theory / case.
(c) Hints are implicitly given in the problem statement.
(d) Problem is fundamental
Ans: (c)

2. Which of the following cannot describe the way a teacher solves problems for children in the class?
(a) To discuss their thought processes about solving a particular problem
(b) being honest about making mistakes while solving something
(c) Using terminology like thinking, idea, test and various answers
(d) Asking questions with convergent answers
Ans: (d)

3. According to Mann and Janis, Decision-making children analyze the problem, List the options and consider each aspect of its advantages and disadvantages. Presents his behavior
(a) vigilant (b) alert
(c) outgoing (d) autocratic
Ans: (b)

4. In what ways can a teacher encourage children to be able to solve the problem effectively?
(a) By giving them ample opportunity to practice answering the same type of questions from the textbook.
(b) By emphasizing the information given in the textbook.
(c) Encouraging children to make intuitive guesses about the problem and to look at multiple options.
(d) Writing systematic solutions to all the questions in the textbook.
Ans: (c)

5. How can an elementary school teacher encourage children to become effective problem solvers?
(a) By rejecting and punishing ‘wrong answers’.
(b) Encouraging children to make intuitive guesses and brainstorming on the same.
(c) By giving physical rewards for each small task.
(d) By emphasizing only procedural knowledge.
Ans: (b)

6. How can a teacher help children to become better problem solvers?
(a) To give children opportunities to solve a wide variety of problems and to help them while solving them
(b) Award in kind to solve problems
(c) Encouraging children to look for answers to problems in the textbook
(d) Providing correct solutions to all the problems presented to the students
Ans: (a)

7. If a teacher wants her students to acquire problem-solving skills, then students should be engaged in activities that include –
(a) Asking, Reasoning and Decision Making
(b) Stratified worksheet with multiple choice questions
(c) Recollection, cram and understand
(d) Drill and practice
Ans: (a)

8. The teacher can make problem-solving fun for students by doing all of the following except ___ .
(a) To provide unlimited opportunities for creative thinking
(b) When students are trying to do something on their own, then to expect perfection from them
(c) Providing free end materials
(d) Time for free play.
Ans: (b)

9. Develops in students by the rule of practice—
(a) habit of labor (b) intelligence
(c) insight (d) problem solving ability
Ans: (d)

10. Which of the following is a good example of ‘basic support’ (which means to teach problem solving until the learner can do it himself) ?
(a) Telling her that she can do it again and again
(b) Awarding for early resolution of the problem
(c) the half-solutions (solution) to provide providing
(d) Telling her that she cannot go home till she resolves the problem
Ans: (a)

11. What would a learner be like if he was intuitive?
(a) They see the big picture, and see the process of adding everything.
(b) They pay attention to tangible facts and details.
(c) They care about the reality of how things are.
(d) They try to see things in a specific, verbatim manner.
Ans: (a)

12. What is the best way to improve problem solving skills in primary school children?
(a) Solving mathematical problems.
(b) Finding solutions to the problems which they face in their daily life.
(c) To talk to classmates and teachers about their problems.
(d) Implementing stages in the thinking process level and engaging with the surroundings.
Ans: (d)

13. In the ‘natural research system’, children can take help of any possible rule or idea to reach a solution. What is this rule called?
(a) Rule of thumb
(b) Differentiated rules
(c) simulation rule
(d) cognitive rules
Ans: (a)

14. Which of the following is an example of an effective problem solving strategy?
(a) Functional inflexibility – to pay attention only to the conventional function of an object.
(b) To be limited in the same dimension of response-problem presentation.
(c) Measurable analysis – Dividing the problem into multiple achievements.
(d) Absolutely no attention to the evaluation of solutions.
Ans: (c)

15. Which of the following is not an obstacle in problem solving?
(a) sense (b) fate
(c) worry (d) negative mental instinct
Ans: (a)

16. In addition to ……………. the following are the steps in the problem solving process
(a) to expect results
(b) Problem identification
(c) Divide the problem into smaller parts
(d) Finding possible tips
Ans: (a)

17. Which of the following is the first stage of the scientific method of problem-solving?
(a) Testing the hypothesis
(b) Awareness of the problem
(c) Collecting relevant information
(d) Building the concept
Ans: (b)

18. Which of the following does not inhibit problem-solving?
(A) Insight (Insight)
(b) mental Prarupta (Mental sets)
(c) forces (Entrenchment)
(d) determining (Flxation)
Ans: (a)

19. Which is the second step in the problem solving method?
(a) Formulation of hypotheses
(b) hypothesis testing
(c) Identification and definition of the problem
(d) Conclusion
Ans: (a)

20. Which of the following is not a phase of scientific system?
(a) experiment (b) interview
(c) forecast (d) observation
Ans: (b)

21. A child often asks questions in class, in proper sense it means that
(a) she is naughty (b) she is more curious
(c) he is unusual (d) he is talented
Ans: (b)

22. Which of the following questions invites children to think critically?
(a) Do you know the answer?
(b) What is the correct answer?
(c) Can you think of a similar situation?
(d) How can we solve it in various ways?
Ans: (d)

23. A problem-correction child evaluates the truth or probability of statements based on ……………. idea.
(a) Creative (b) Aesthetic
(c) abstraction (d) logical
Ans: (d)

24. Which of the following statements about children is correct?
(a) Children are passive recipients of information.
(b) Children are problem solvers.
(c) Children are scientific researchers.
(d) Children are active investigators of the environment.
(a) B, C and D (b) A, B, C and D
(c) A, B, and C (d) A, B and D
Ans: (a)

25. Irfan breaks the toy and sets it apart to see its ingredients. What would you do?
(a) Never let Irfan play with toys
(b) will always keep a close watch
(c) Promote his inquisitive nature and give direction to his energy
(d) tell him that toys should not be broken
Ans: (c)

26. In a progressive classroom system, the teacher facilitates learning by providing an environment which is—
(a) is a regulator.
(b) discourages inclusion.
(c) boosts frequency.
(d) Encourages discovery.
Ans: (d)

27. Referencing psychography is
(a) A technique to increase the economy
(b) Karma scheme for risky work
(c) Drawing mind
(d) Exploration of function of mind
Ans: (d)

28. ‘Mapping of mind’ is related to
(a) Action plan of adventure
(b) By drawing the mind
(c) Research on the functioning of the mind
(d) awareness (understanding) technology to increase
Ans: (c)

29. Explanation, inference, and / or control hypothesis are the goals of …… .
(a) Traditional reasoning (b) Inductive reasoning
(c) deductive reasoning (d) scientific method
Ans: (d)

30. In the structural framework, how is the child viewed?
(a) ‘Corey slab’ or ‘blank slate’ whose life is fully shaped by experience.
(b) An ‘inactive creature’ which can be shaped and molded in any form by contraction.
(c) as a problem solver and ‘scientific investigator’.
(d) As ‘small adult’ which is less than adult in all aspects like size cognition and emotion.
Ans: (c)

31. Which of the following theories can be used to make students curious about the topic?
(a) already know (b) desire to know
(c) Not wanting to know (d) Not knowing
Ans: (d)

32. A self-directed learning process, individual, is the most powerful model for facilitating collective and organizational learning and development. This means that the recipient ………….
(a) takes responsibility for learning and becomes goal oriented.
(b) competes with others.
(c) achieves good results.
(d) is enjoying learning
Ans: (a)

33. John uses a clinical interview to find out the problems of the students in his class. This reflects his role as ……….
(a) Co-learner (b) Talker
(c) Class investigator (d) Instructor
Ans: (c)

34. Children
(a) Thinking is like adults and as they get older there is a qualitative increase in their thinking.
(b) are like empty pots, in which the knowledge given by the elders is filled
(c) are dormant organisms that present the information provided as a copy.
(d) are curious beings who use their own arguments and abilities to find the world around them
Ans: (d)

35. Ifan breaks the toys and sets them apart to see its parts. What would you do?
(a) Encourage his inquisitive nature and channelize his energy in the right direction
(b) Explain to him that toys should never be broken
(c) Never allow Ifan to play with toys
(d) Always keep an eye on him
Ans: (a)

36. The child’s curiosity should be relaxed
(a) When the teacher is in leisure
(b) When the student is in leisure
(c) After some time
(d) Immediately when the student has inquired
Ans: (d)

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