Chapter 25. Thinking and learning of children

1. Learning by practice which is scaled, is—
(a) motivation (b) behavior
(c) original tendency (d) internal
Ans: (b)

2. That relative permanent change in practical abilities that results from reinforced practice What is it called?
(a) learning (b) motivation
(c) aptitude (d) none of these
Ans: (a)

3. The most appropriate function of learning is-
(a) personal adjustment
(b) Social and political consciousness
(c) behavior change
(d) Preparing oneself for employment
Ans: (c)

4. What is the relative permanent change in practical abilities that results from popular practice?
(a) learning (b) motivation
(c) aptitude (d) aptitude
Ans: (a)

5. Change in behavior by experience is called
(a) memory (b) learning
(c) Motivation (d) Thinking
Ans: (b)

6. learn
(a) change in behavior
(b) Experience and practice results
(c) relatively permanent change in behavior
(d) All these
Ans: (d)

7. The most appropriate meaning of learning is
(a) skill acquisition (b) learning
(c) Scaling in practice (d) Personal adjustment
Ans: (c)

8. Permanent changes in behavior that occur due to practice, are called
(a) learning (b) thinking
(c) doing action (d) imagining
Ans: (a)

9. When learners are given the opportunity to discuss a problem in a group, then their learning curve
(a) is better (b) remains constant
(c) Degrades (d) remains the same
Ans: (a)

10. Which of the following statements cannot be considered as a symptom of ‘learning’?
(a) Learning to study behavior
(b) un-learning (unlearning) is also a part of learning
(c) Learning is a process that mediates behavior.
(d) Learning is something that happens as a result of some experiences
Ans: (a)

11. In an experiment of effect on learning of practice, learning will be-
(a) independent variable (b) platonic variable
(c) Other variables (d) Static variables
Ans: (b)

12. Learning is defined as the process of bringing about a permanent change in the _______ of an organism .
(a) behavior (b) thought
(c) personality (d) intelligence
Ans: (a)

13. Which of the following best describes ‘learning’?
(a) The process of acquiring knowledge and skills through listening to the teacher
(b) Procedure for obtaining facts and information through original memoir
(c) The process of gathering information for reading and writing
(d) The process of acquiring knowledge, skills and settlement through sharing your thoughts, experiences, study senses and
Ans: (d)

14. Which of the following statements is true?
(a) Growth is only a mental process
(b) Heredity does not affect, learning process
(c) Development, is only a quantitative process.
(d) Learning is a process of practical changes.
Ans: (d)

15. Generally learning, is a permanent change in behavior based on
(a) Challenges and Strengthening
(b) Challenges and experiences
(c) Practice and experience
(d) Practice and challenges
Ans: (c)

16. Any change due to …………. is considered learning.
(a) injury (b) fatigue
(c) maturity (d) practice
Ans: (d)

17. Learning contributes to education-
(a) behavior change
(b) To gain new experience
(c) in adjustment
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

18. Which of the following does not result in meaningful simplification of learning?
(a) Promoting repeat and recall.
(b) Using examples and non-examples.
(c) Encourage consideration of a problem in many ways.
(d) To add new knowledge to already existing knowledge.
Ans: (a)

19. Which of the following practices promotes meaningful learning?
(i) corporal punishment (ii) collaborative learning environment (iii) continuous and overall evaluation (iv) continuous comparative evaluation
(a) (i), (ii), (iii) (b) (ii), (iii), (iv)
(c) (i), (ii) (d) (ii), (iii)
Ans: (d)

20. Which of the following factors affect learning?
(1) student’s interest
(2) Student’s emotional health
(3) Shiksha Shiksha Strategies
(4) Social and cultural context of the student
(a) (ii), (iii) (b) (i), (ii), (iii)
(c) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) (d) (i), (ii)
Ans: (c)

21. Children’s learning will be most effective.
(a) The emphasis will be on reading and writing and mathematical skills only.
(b) Children’s cognitive, emotional and psychological aspects will develop
(c) The educational system will be monopolistic
(d) The teacher will keep the boys inactive in the learning process.
Ans: (b)

22. Which of the following options is not correct regarding learning?
(a) learning is adjustment (b) learning is just learning
(c) learning is development (d) learning is maturity
Ans: (b)

23. What is required for learning?
(a) self-experience (b) freedom
(c) self (d) all of the above
Ans: (d)

24. Which of the following is not an essential component of learning phenomena?
(a) learner (b) internal state
(c) Motivational (d) Teacher
Ans: (d)

25. Which of the following examples represents learning?
(a) Greeting the teacher with folded hands
(b) Saliva in the mouth after seeing tasty food
(c) Walking, running and running at the age of three to five years
(d) All of them.
Ans: (c)

26. Which of the following does not affect the lower economic level?
(a) self-esteem (b) learning ability
(c) Admission to a higher institution (d) Living
Ans: (b)

27. Which one of the following is the key to learning?
(a) contract (b) memorization by rote
(c) simulation (d) meaning-making
Ans: (d)

28. Which of the following statements should not be considered a feature of learning process?
(a) Educational institution is the only place where learning takes place
(b) Learning is a comprehensive process
(c) Learning is goal oriented
(d) Un-learning is also a process of learning
Ans: (a)

29. Which one of the following does not support the infant’s learning?
(a) simulation (b) motivation
(c) school bag (d) award
Ans: (c)

30. Learning capacity is not affected by which of the following?
(a) Heredity (b) Environment
(c) Training / teaching (d) Nationality
Ans: (d)

31. Learning
(a) is not affected by the emotions of the learner
(b) weakly correlates with emotions
(c) is independent of the emotions of the learner
(d) is influenced by the emotions of the learner
Ans: (d)

32. The correct order of learning steps of Gagne is-
(a) Rule Learning, Common Learning, Problem Solving
(b) concept learning, problem solving, rule learning
(c) concept learning, rule learning, problem solving
(d) Rule learning, Problem resolution, Concept learning
Ans: (c)

34. Which of the following is not an area of ​​learning?
(a) cognitive (b) affective
(c) functional (d) spiritual
Ans: (d)

35. The following is learned under signal learning
(a) Psychology (b) Traditional adaptation
(c) environment (d) psychosomatic
Ans: (b)

36. Gagne is related to which of the following?
(a) hierarchy of learning (b) principles of learning
(c) Assessment of learning (d) Management of learning
Ans: (a)

37. The ‘do’ side of behavior comes in …… .
(a) Dynamic kinetic field of learning
(b) Psychological fields of learning
(c) Cognitive field of learning
(d) affective field of learning
Ans: (a)

38. Which of the following is a field of learning?
(a) commercial (b) empirical
(c) affective (d) spiritual
Ans: (c)

39. Which of the following types of learning has Gayne placed at the lowest position in his learning echelon?
(a) suffix learning (b) literal learning
(c) signal learning (d) chain learning
Ans: (c)

40. The first stage of learning skills is
(a) Reality (b) Imagination
(c) coordination (d) simulation
Ans: (d)

41. Advocacy is a specific stage of learning, which is the precursor to the ……………… phase of learning .
(a) acquisition (b) motivation
(c) self-sufficiency (d) normalization
Ans: (d)

42. Which of the following is not a major process by which meaningful learning occurs?
(a) Repetition and practice
(b) Instructions and Operations
(c) Exploration and Interaction
(d) memorization and memorization
Ans: (d)

43. Children learn in different ways
(a) by the teacher’s speech
(b) By experiment, by thinking, by asking 4 questions, by doing action and by thinking
(c) Teacher-led teaching-based textbook-based teaching
(d) None of the above
Ans: (b)

44. Learning skills is the first stage.
(a) Accuracy (b) Finesse
(c) sync (d) simulation
Ans: (d)

45. The technique of reading that can be used in the vocabulary and context in the table is called,
(a) key-reading (b) re-reading
(c) Scanning (d) Skimming
Ans: (c)

46. Imitation of external behavior of other person is –
(a) learning (b) simulation
(c) imagination (d) thinking
Ans: (b)

47. How does a child learn?
(a) by reading books (b) by discussion
(c) by asking questions (d) in many ways
Ans: (d)

48. How do children learn? Which of the statements given below is not correct about this question?
(a) Children only learn in class.
(b) Children learn when they are cognitively prepared.
(c) Children learn in many ways.
(d) Children learn because they are naturally motivated.
Ans: (a)

49 . You want to teach English to a child of illiterate parents—
(a) You will talk to the child in English
(b) You will force the child to speak in English
(c) You will prevent the child from speaking in mother tongue
(d) You will try to teach him English with the help of mother tongue.
Ans: (d)

50. Which psychologist used nonsense words as learning material?
(a) William James (b) Skinner
(c) Abinghaus (d) Bartlett
Ans: (c)

51. When a child becomes bored while working, this is an indication that—
(a) Probably the work is being done mechanically again and again.
(b) The child is not intelligent
(c) The child does not have the ability to learn
(d) Need to discipline the child.
Ans: (a)

52. Which of the following is not a learning curve?
(a) concave (b) mixed
(c) perpendicular (d) advanced (convex)
Ans: (c)

53. Which of the following is not a cause of learning plateau?
(a) Motivation limits (b) Non-cooperation of the school
(c) Physical limit (d) Limit of knowledge
Ans: (b)

54. A plateau is formed in the learning curve.
(a) due to maturity (b) due to motivation
(c) due to fatigue (d) due to interest
Ans: (c)

55. The curve in which the speed of learning is fast at the beginning and then gradually slows down is called,
(A) swelling curve (Convex Curve)
(b) concave curve (Concave Curve)
(c) composite curve (Combination Curve Line)
(d) there is no curved line
Ans: (a)

56. What should not be done to resolve the ‘learning plateau’?
(a) The learner should be motivated and encouraged
(b) Good method of learning should be used
(c) He should be punished
(d) The reasons for these should be studied
Ans: (c)

57. If a teacher feels that a student of his / her first was learning the subject well. He has got stability. Teacher it
(a) Should assume the natural state of the learning process
(b) The subject should be taught clearly
(c) The student should be motivated
(d) Remedial teaching
Ans: (a)

58. learning curve
(a) Indicates the progress of learning
(b) Indicates the originality of learning
(c) are indicative of dynamic pattern of learning
(d) are indicators of learning creativity
Ans: (a)

59. The period of learning when there is no progress in learning process is called,
(a) learning curve (b) learning plateau
(c) memory (d) attention
Ans: (b)

60. The plateau in the learning curve shows—
(a) erasure (b) reinforcement
(c) automatic recovery (d) zero or negligible correction
Ans: (c)

61. Learning experiences should be organized in a way that makes learning meaningful. Which of the following learning experiences does not facilitate meaningful learning for children?
(a) Recurrence based on memorization of content only
(b) Questioning the content
(c) Discussion and debate on the case
(d) Presentation on the case
Ans: (a)

62. Differences in learning style between learners may be due to—
(a) Socialization process of the learner
(b) The thinking policy adopted by the learner
(c) Economic status of the family
(d) Raising of a child
Ans: (b)

63. Suresh normally wants to study alone in a quiet room, while Madan wants to read in a group with his friends. This is due to their variation in …… .
(a) values (b) aptitude
(c) learning style (d) reflectivity-level
Ans: (c)

64. Suresh normally wants to study alone in a quiet room, while Madan wants to study in a group with his friends. This is due to variation in their ……….
(a) aptitude (b) learning style
(c) reflectivity − level (d) values
Ans: (b)

65. Which of the following is a characteristic of relational learning style?
(a) sequential thinking
(b) perception of information as part of a whole
(c) intuitive learning
(d) improvisation or instantaneous performance
Ans: (a)

66. Students who harass others in the classroom are likely to have ………… type of learning style.
(a) kinesthetic (b) tactile
(c) hearing (d) visualization
Ans: (a)

67. Which of the following is an example of learning style?
(a) collection (b) factual
(c) tactile (d) visual
Ans: (d)

68. Understanding the principles of development of a child helps the teacher –
(a) To justify why learners should teach
(b) Effectively address different learning styles of learners
(c) Recognizing the social level of the learner
(d) Recognizing the economic background of the learner
Ans: (b)

69. Personal attention is important in the teaching-learning process, because–
(a) Learners always learn better in groups.
(b) It is said in teacher training programs.
(c) This gives teachers better opportunities to discipline every learner.
(d) Children have different growth rates and they can learn in different ways.
Ans: (d)

70. A scooter helping his or her prior experiences while learning to drive a car, is an example of which type of learning transfer?
(a) horizontal transfer (b) positive transfer
(c) upward transfer (d) two-way transfer
Ans: (c)

71. A child uses mathematics learned in the classroom to solve a question about another subject.
(a) positive transfer of learning
(b) Zero shift of learning
(c) negative transfer of learning
(d) Motivational transfer
Ans: (a)

72. A student learns to solve multiplication questions. He uses his prior knowledge of ‘joints’. What is this type of learning transfer called?
(a) positive transfer (b) horizontal transfer
(c) upward transfer (d) bilateral transfer
Ans: (c)

73. To enhance eligibility for learning transfer, teacher should not
(a) Encouraging self-action
(b) Encouraging rote tendency
(c) Developing learning through thinking
(d) emphasizing normalization
Ans: (b)

74. The word IDENTICAL ELEMENTS (similar element) is closely related to
(a) Same exam questions (b) Envy of colleagues
(c) learning transfer (d) group guidance
Ans: (c)

75. A cricket player develops his bowling skills, but it does not affect his batting skills. It is called
(a) positive training transfer
(b) prohibitive training transfer
(c) zero training transfer
(d) None of these
Ans: (c)

76. Transfer of learning is-
(a) Handling the thing learned
(b) The same use of learned tricks
(c) Use of learned object in other circumstances
(d) None of the above
Ans: (c)

77. What is the mirror image test used to measure?
(a) speed of learning (b) transfer of learning
(c) Creativity (d) Interest
Ans: (b)

78. Which of the following is different from the rest?
(a) Theory of learning for learning
(b) Principle of similar elements
(c) Drive Reduction Principle
(d) Principle of normalization
Ans: (c)

79. If prior knowledge and experience helps in learning new types, then it is called-
(a) Negative training transfer
(b) positive training transfer
(c) training transfer
(d) learning
Ans: (b)

80. When the training given to one part of human body gets transferred to another part, it is called –
(a) upward transfer (b) horizontal transfer
(c) Bilateral transfer (d) Any of the above baths
Ans: (c)

81. Use of knowledge acquired in one situation is called use in another situation.
(a) learning methods (b) learning transfer
(c) Plateau in learning (d) Interest in learning
Ans: (b)

82. was the originator of the two-element theory of learning transfer.
(a) Thorndike (b) Spearman
(c) Judd (d) Guilford
Ans: (b)

83. Learned knowledge, is to use the skill or subject in other situations
(a) Motivation (b) Transfer of learning
(c) destiny (d) worry
Ans: (b)

84. When the learning of the former does not affect the learning of new situations at all, it is called …..
(a) zero transfer of learning
(b) absolute transfer of learning
(c) positive transfer of learning
(d) negative transfer of learning
Ans: (a)

85. A child, who knows cycling, is learning to ride a motorbike. This would be an example
(a) Horizontal learning transfer
(b) Upward learning transfer
(c) Bilateral learning transfer
(d) No learning transfer
Ans: (b)

86. ‘Transfer of learning’ can occur in the process of learning
(a) positive (b) negative
(c) zero (d) all these
Ans: (d)

87. A child is unable to learn a new way to play Uno because he has already learned different rules. What could be the reason for this?
(a) spontaneous recovery (b) endocrine block
(c) Agronomic obstruction (d) Delayed effect
Ans: (c)

88. Which of the following will happen if the excitation of the first task is greater than the parity in the second task
(a) There will be no transfer.
(b) The extent of transfer will be minimum.
(c) The extent of transfer will be less.
(d) The extent of transfer will be greater.
Ans: (d)

89. Match column- A and column- B . Pillar –A Pillar –B
A. Animal Intelligence I. Gestault
B. Schedule of Reinforcement II. Piaget
C. Law of Summary III. Thorndike
D. Adaptation IV. Skinner ABCD
Ans: (d)

90. Following is the practical theory of learning-
(a) Theory of associated response
(b) Skinner’s theory of active learning
(c) reinforcement principle
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

91. S-O-R is proposed by whom?
(a) Watson (b) Kofka
(c) Kohler (d) Gestaltist psychologists
Ans: (*)

92. Learning Principles  How do parents characterize their role in their child’s development?
(a) as instructors (b) as teachers
(c) as partners (d) as supporters
Ans: (a)

93. Which of the following theorists of child development is not associated with, stimulus response learning theory:
(a) Pavlov (b) J.B. Wastan
(c) Gesell (d) Hall
Ans: (c)

94. Who propounded the stimulus-response principle?
(a) Pavlov (b) Thornadike
(c) Skinner (d) Kohler
Ans: (b)

95. Which of the following rules is not included in Thorndike’s secondary rules of learning?
(a) law of analogy
(b) Multiple reaction law
(c) Partial action law
(d) law of reaction
Ans: (d)

96. The learning process is the association between stimulation and …………… .
(a) prior experience (b) behavior
(c) Response (d) Animal
Ans: (c)

97. Which Thorndike rule explains the importance of rewards and punishments in learning?
(a) law of readiness (b) law of effect
(c) Rule of practice (d) All of the above
Ans: (b)

98. It is difficult for teachers to assess the readiness of students for learning. Because-
(a) Not all elements of readiness mature together
(b) Most elements of readiness are not externally visible
(c) Parents push their children for achievement
(d) Teachers are weak in deciding the external behavior of students
Ans: (a)

99. When the child is ready to learn, then he learns quickly and effectively this principle has been formulated-
(a) by Thorndike (b) by Skinner
(c) by Pavlov (d) by Kurt Lewin
Ans: (a)

100. When a teacher makes a student feel successful, he is using
(a) law of readiness (b) rule of practice
(c) Law of influence (d) Law of mental readiness
Ans: (c)

101. A college going girl has made a habit of throwing a coat on the floor. The girl’s mother told her to go out of the room and hang the coat on the peg. Next time the girl enters the house, put the coat on hand and go towards the cupboard and hang the coat on the peg. This is an example
(a) Series learning
(b) stimulus-response learning
(c) suffix learning
(d) All of them.
Ans: (b)

102. Which of the following is not included in the rule of learning?
(a) practice (b) readiness
(c) Game (d) Effect.
Ans: (c)

103. Who has given the ‘law of readiness’?
(A) Pavlov (b) Abinghas
(c) Thorndike (d) Skinner
Ans: (c)

104. What is most important in ‘attempt and error’?
(a) practice (b) motivation
(c) Goal (d) Debate
Ans: (c)

105. are the proponents of ‘effort and error theory’ of learning
(a) Kohler (b) Thorndike
(c) Pavlov (d) Skinner
Ans: (b)

106. The theory of Thornadike is listed under which of the following classes?
(a) Theory of practicality (b) Cognitive theory
(c) Psychoanalytic theory (d) None of these
Ans: (a)

107. is the exponent of ‘rules of learning’
(a) Freud (b) Skinner
(c) Thorndike (d) Adler
Ans: (c)

108. In learning ………… gave the rule of effect.
(a) Pavlov (b) Skinner
(c) Watson (d) Thorndike
Ans: (d)

109. Who gave the theory of effort and error in learning?
(a) Pavlov (b) Hegarty
(c) Thorndike (d) Plow
Ans: (c)

110. Learning rules are given
(a) Pavlov (b) Skinner
(c) Thorndike (d) Kohler
Ans: (c)

111. The rules of association are
(a) law of equality (b) law of contrast
(c) Proximity law (d) All these
Ans: (d)

112. The primary fundamental rule of learning is related to
(a) From practice work (b) Expectation of result
(c) praise (d) readiness
Ans: (d)

113. When children learn a concept and use it practice helps reduce the errors they make . The idea ……… been by.
(A) gene Piahje (b) J . B . Watson
(c) Lev Waigotski (d) e . L . Thorndike
Ans: (d)

114. “A child responds to a new situation based on responses made in the same situation as in the past.” With what does this relate to?
(a) ‘Effect-rule’ of learning
(b) Aptitude-law of learning process
(c) ‘Readiness-rule’ of learning
(d) analogy of learning
Ans: (d)

115. Which of the following is not a rule of learning-
(a) law of readiness (b) law of stress
(c) law of effect (d) law of practice
Ans: (b)

116. Which of the following is not included in the main rules of learning?
(a) law of readiness (b) law of practice
(c) multi-response rule (d) law of effect
Ans: (c)

117. Who propounded the theory of effort and error in learning?
(a) Kohler (b) Pavelav
(c) Thorndike (d) Gestalt
Ans: (c)

119. _______ were psychologists who conducted experiments on error-learning.
(a) Thorndike (b) Kohler
(c) Skinner (d) Pavlov
Ans: (a)

121. According to Thornadike’s theory, the frequency of stimulus – response pairs, determines the formation of the following—
(a) reinforcement (b) habit
(c) penalty (d) contract
Ans: (b)

122. Thorndike theory of effort-error learning emphasizes the importance of _____ .
(a) Prerna (b) Award
(c) praise (d) punishment
Ans: (a)

123. The law of readiness, highlights the need for ………. before learning.
(a) experience (b) reinforcement
(c) practice (d) maturity
Ans: (d)

124. The principle of Connectivism (Theory of connectionism) had been proposed by
(a) Skinner (b) Tallman
(c) Pavlov (d) Thorndaik
Ans: (d)

125. Thornadike’s law of readiness is also known by this name:
(a) Rule of practice
(b) law of effect
(c) law of action
(d) law of sets or attitudes
Ans: (c)

126. Which animal was used by Thorndike in an experiment related to stimulus-response theory?
(a) Rat (b) Dog
(c) cat (d) pigeon
Ans: (c)

127. E.L. What type of learning did Thornadike propose?
(A) Kriyaprsut contract (operate Conditioning)
(b) representative contract (Waikeriys conditioning)
(c) Education Cycle financial contract (classical conditioning)
(d) Effect contract (effects conditioning)
Ans: (d)

128. Learners cannot learn until
(a) They should not be taught as per the requirements of social objectives of education
(b) They do not know that the facts they have been taught will be tested in the near future
(c) They should not be ready to learn
(d) On a daily basis their parents at home will not ask about their learning in school
Ans: (c)

129. Lesson introduction in classroom teaching is based on which rule of step learning?
(a) law of effect (b) law of analogy
(c) law of readiness (d) law of companionship
Ans: (c)

130. ‘Readiness to learn’ indicates ——-.
(a) Thornedike’s law of readiness
(b) General ability level of learners
(c) Current cognitive level of learners in continuum of learning
(d) To satisfy the nature of learning
Ans: (c)

131. Thorndike’s theory falls into which of the following categories?
(a) behavioral theory (b) cognitive theory
(c) Psychoanalytic theory (d) None of these
Ans: (a)

132. Who gave the principle of ancient covenant?
(a) Skinner (b) Spinovich
(c) Pavlov (d) Binay
Ans: (c)

133. Who was the exponent of the classical situation?
(a) Skinner (b) Pavlov
(c) Watson (d) Thorndike
Ans: (b)

134. Raju was afraid of rabbits. The rabbit was initially kept far away from Raju. In the coming days, the distance between the rabbit and Raju was reduced everyday. Finally, the rabbit was placed in Raju’s lap and Raju started playing with the rabbit. This is an example
(a) The theory of effort and error
(b) Education Cycle of financial Anubndhn theory
(c) Principle of verb contracting
(d) All of them.
Ans: (b)

135. Five-year-old Raju sees the storm outside his window. Lightning flashes and shrieks. Raju leaps on hearing the noise. This phenomenon happens again and again. Then after some time, lightning strikes. Raju leaps on hearing the roar of lightning. Raju’s jump is an example of which theory of learning?
(A) Education Cycle financial Anubndhn (b) Kriyaprsut Anubndhn
(c) Effort and mistake (d) None of these
Ans: (a)

136. The ‘classical conditioning’ theory of learning was formulated
(a) Skinner (b) Pavlov
(c) Thorndike (d) Kohlberg
Ans: (b)

137. Which of the following is the first step in the contracting process?
(a) excitation (b) frequency
(c) Normalization (d) None of these
Ans: (a)

138. Pavlov used the contract-response theory of learning to experiment on …… .
(a) Rabbit (b) Mice
(c) dog (d) cat
Ans: (c)

139. ……………… in the associated reaction theory Pavlov used –
(a) cat (b) dog
(c) monkey (d) rat
Ans: (b)

140. Which of the following is not considered a cognitive form of learning?
(a) Vicarious conditioning
(b) latent learning
(c) analytical learning
(d) Education Cycle financial contract (classical conditioning)
Ans: (d)

141. Education Cycle way through the process of financial contracts (classical conditioning) is a learned response?
(a) uncomfortable response (b) reinforced response
(c) optimized response (d) neutral response
Ans: (c)

142. In Pavlov’s famous experiment with the dog, what was the word that was used to describe the food for which the dog was naturally dripping saliva?
(a) Natural response (b) Neutral stimulant
(c) natural stimulant (d) contracted stimulant
Ans: (c)

143 . Which experiment has shown that phobia can be produced by classical conditioning?
(a) dynamic system
(b) Egocentrism
(c) Little Albert
(d) Gyanamimamsa (Epistemology)
Ans: (c)

144 . Who discovered classical conditioning that is a learning process driven by the association between an environmental stimulus and another stimulus—
(a) Edward Thorndike (b) Ivan Powlav
(c) Wolfgang Kohler (d) Jean Piaget
Ans: (b)

145. Classical conditioning (classic Pranukuln or SHA- Cycle was developed by whom financial contract) the following is
(a) Bandura (b) Pavlov
(c) Kohler (d) Piaget
Ans: (b)

146. What are two collaborative learning principles?
(A) Education Cycle financial contract (classical conditioning) and action derivative contract (operate Conditioning)
(b) Education Cycle financial contract (classical conditioning) and tyrants contract (Opresiv conditioning)
(c) Education Cycle financial contract (classical conditioning) and executive contract (operate Conditioning)
(d) Education Cycle financial contract (classical conditioning) and Overview contract (Objvent conditioning)
Ans: (a)

147. Rajesh did not go to school for a month due to illness. When he went to school, he did not know how to ask long division questions. Failure was the result of many disappointing experiences. He gets worried after looking at the questions of the long section. Education Cycle financial Anubndhn The principle emotive natural stimulant
(a) Concern over failure
(b) Failure
(c) Long division questions
(d) Concern over the questions of the long section.
Ans: (b)

148. Thorndaik stirring-response theory (s . – r . Theory) What is important in the learning process?
(a) verb-driven behavior (b) internal
(c) motivator (d) stimulating
Ans: (a)

149. Which of the following is also called the principle of reinforcement?
(A) Education Cycle financial Anubndhn theory
(b) stimulating response theory
(c) theory of sense
(d) Principle of verb contracting
Ans: (d)

150. Which one of the following theories suggests that behavioral development can be achieved as a result of positive feedback and reinforcement adjacent to expected behavior?
(A) Education Cycle financial Anubndhn (b) instrument Anubndhn
(c) operant contracting (d) social contracting
Ans: (c)

151. Bad habits can be improved
(a) scolding (b) by accusation
(c) by contract (d) all these
Ans: (c)

152. The principle of active contracting of learning was given by …… .
(a) Pavlov (b) Thornadike
(c) Tolman (d) Skinner
Ans: (d)

153. Principle of Adaptive Optimization was given by
(a) Pavlov (b) Skinner
(c) Thorndike (d) Kohler
Ans: (b)

154. Skinner advocated that learning is more likely when
(a) Public events or observable behavior are explained.
(b) A behavior is observed by observation.
(c) Behavior becomes a counteraction response to stimulus.
(d) Behavior is reinforced with a reward or punishment.
Ans: (d)

(1) truncated theory
(2) active response theory
(3) Theory of the then inquiry or feedback
(4) Principle of Self-Motion
(5) Principle of student test
156. Who had given the suffix of employable learning –
(a) plow (b) Thornedike
(c) Skinner (d) Watson
Ans: (c)

157. Which behaviorist believes that language, like other behaviors, is also learned by verb-dominant agreement?
(a) Watson (b) Skinner
(c) Guthrie (d) Thorndike
Ans: (b)

158. Which one of the following pairs is not correct?
(a) learning-response-theory-thorndike
(b) Kriyaprsut Anubndhn principle of learning-B . F . Skinner
(c) Classical theory of learning
(d) Overall learning-solution
Ans: (d)

159. Which learning psychologist has not given importance to the award in child learning development?
(a) Thornadike (b) Pavlov
(c) Skinner (d) Guthrie
Ans: (d)

160. Which type of learning affects the personality of the child more?
(a) Effort and error learning (b) Simulation learning
(c) insightful learning (d) instructional learning
Ans: (b)

161. insight (understanding) Kohler theory of learning was used
(a) dog (b) forest animals
(c) cat (d) mice
Ans: (b)

162. Which of the following views explain learning through insight?
(a) Psychoanalysis (b) Behaviorism
(c) Relationalism (d) Gestaltism
Ans: (d)

163. Who promoted the ‘vision theory of learning’?
(a) Pavlov (b) Jean Piaget
(c) Vygotsky (d) ‘Gestalt’ theorist
Ans: (d)

164. The theory of learning was formulated by Sujha –
(a) Thorndike (b) Kohler
(c) Pavlov (d) Vudwth
Ans: (b)

165. Who has proposed the theory of sense or insight?
(a) Thorndike (b) Gestalist Psychologist
(c) Hegarty (d) Skinner
Ans: (b)

166. “A thing can be learned from its study as a whole.” This teaching is based on which teaching principle-
(a) Instrumental conditioning
(b) Insight chronic acclimatization (Insight classical conditioning)
(c) try-and-find method
(d) Classical conditioning
Ans: (b)

167. Who laid the foundation of Gestalt psychology –
(a) Franz Brentano (b) Max Wertheimer
(c) Edgar Rubin (d) Kurt Lewin
Ans: (b)

168. The regionalist theory of psychology
(a) Kurt Lewin (b) c . T . Morgan
(c) Leon Festinger (d) Henry Goddard
Ans: (a)

169. The psychologist who addresses ‘life space’ in his learning theory is-
(a) Thorndike (b) Kohler
(c) Kurt Lewin (d) Skinner
Ans: (c)

170. According to Kurt Lewin, the changes that take place in the, group are ……… .
(a) Mutuality is called (b) Creativity is called
(c) mobility is called (d) consistency
Ans: (c)

171. Field theory is the principle of which of the following classes?
(a) behaviorists (b) structuralists
(c) Psychoanalysts (d) Gestaltists
Ans: (d)

172. Which of the following is not a pragmatist?
(a) Watson (b) Skinner
(c) Pavlov (d) Levin
Ans: (d)

173. principle that learning is only dependent on the observed behavior, learning ……….. connected theory.
(a) cognitive (b) developmental
(c) behavioral (d) creative
Ans: (a)

174. Which of the following is not an example of learning based on the observation of Bandura?
(a) Learning of dissection of earthworm by students
(b) excitement of cricket
(c) Dislike towards social studies
(d) Close your bags when the school bell rings.
Ans: (d)

175. The process in which a person learns by observing the behavior of others, rather than direct experience is called,
(a) social learning (b) contracting
(c) experimental learning (d) casual learning
Ans: (a)

176. Social learning begins:
(a) isolation (b) crowd
(c) contact (d) audio-visual material
Ans: (c)

177. A student learns punctuality from his teacher. This is an example-
(a) speech learning (b) observation learning
(c) skill maximization (d) learning transfer
Ans: (b)

178. Observational learning theory was given by …… .
(a) Tolman (b) Bandura
(c) Thorndike (d) Kohler
Ans: (b)

179. Bandura states that children learn by modeling responses, which is also called ………… .
(a) learning by practice (b) learning by insight
(c) supervisory learning (d) learning by award
Ans: (c)

180. According to Albert Bandyura’s social learning theory, which of the following is true?
(A) modeling for children’s learning (modeling) is a major way.
(b) Unresolved crisis can harm the child.
(c) Cognitive development is independent of social development.
(d) Sports are compulsory and should be given priority in school.
Ans: (a)

181. The principle of social learning emphasizes which of the following components?
(a) Nature (b) Modeling
(c) adaptation (d) text modification
Ans: (b)

182. ‘Children can learn the violent behavior shown in films.’ This conclusion can be based on the work done by which of the following psychologists?
(A) J . B . Watson (b) Albert Bandura
(c) Jean Piaget (d) Edward L. . Thorndike
Ans: (b)

183. principle that learning is complete and is based solely on observable behavior, learning …. is attached to principle.
(a) behaviorist (b) constructivist
(c) cognizant (d) evolutionary
Ans: (c)

184. Which of the following processes take place in Bandyura’s theory based on social observation?
(a) self-determination (b) retention
(c) repetition (d) repeating the essence
Ans: (b)

185. Learners try to emulate models by watching fashion shows. This type of simulation can be called …………… .
(a) primary simulation (b) secondary simulation
(c) Social learning (d) Normalization
Ans: (c)

186. Albert Bandura is related to which of the following principles-
(a) Social learning theory
(b) behavioral theory
(c) Cognitive theory of development
(d) Psycho-social theory of development
Ans: (a)

187. Albert Bandura is related to which of the following?
(a) Social learning theory
(b) behavioral theory
(c) Theory of cognitive development
(d) Psychological development
Ans: (a)

188. In the Fearless Peer experiment conducted by Bandura, Who played the role of model?
(a) user (b) fearless child
(c) friendly dog (d) frightened child
Ans: (b)

189. When environmental influences are responsible for learning together with, cognitive factors, , such learning is known as the following—
(a) operant conditioning (b) effort and error learning
(c) social learning (d) classical conditioning
Ans: (c)

190. Which of the following did not present the development theory associated with the stages of development?
(a) Freud (b) Bandura
(c) Piaget (d) Ericsson
Ans: (b)

191. Who among the following did not propose a trait theory of personality?
(a) Hans Eisenk (b) Raymond Cattell
(c) Albert Bandura (d) Gordon Allport
Ans: (c)

192. Social learning theory was proposed by
(a) Freud (b) Bandura
(c) Skinner (d) Pavlov
Ans: (b)

193. Bandura believed in mutual determinism. This means:
(a) The environment and one’s behavior are caused by each other.
(b) one’s environment is formed by one’s behavior.
(c) One’s environment remains unaffected by one’s behavior.
(d) Somebody’s behavior is independent of one’s environment.
Ans: (a)

194. Which form of learning is displayed when children mimic the violence they see in their favorite video game?
(a) active learning (b) observational learning
(c) contracted learning (d) latent learning
Ans: (b)

195. Which one of the following is related to social-learning theory?
(a) Bandura (b) Freud
(c) Wunt (d) Pavlov
Ans: (a)

196. According to Albert Bandura, The process that is involved in the acquisition of information, organization and use, is called ………… process.
(a) cognitive (b) effective
(c) Self regulation (d) Motivation
Ans: (c)

197. Learning occurs when the child watches someone carefully. This learning is known as ………….
(a) Dynamic optimization (b) Effortful learning
(c) Social learning (d) Insight learning
Ans: (c)

198. When children learn to be aggressive due to exposure to violence in the media, What kind of learning is displayed?
(a) Classical learning (b) Media learning
(c) exploratory learning (d) observational learning
Ans: (d)

199. To improve the work already learned, the teacher has been teaching children by demonstrating. He is using the …………………. method of teaching .
(a) simulation (b) observation
(c) modification (d) modeling
Ans: (d)

200. A student learns punctuality from his teacher; This is an example
(a) speech learning (b) observation learning
(c) skill learning (d) learning transfer
Ans: (b)

201. Which one of the following is a humanist theorist?
(a) Sigmund Freud (b) Ivan Pavlov
(c) Aaron Beck (d) Carl Rogers
Ans: (d)

202. If a learner fails to achieve the definite goal in the class, then it shows
(a) failure of learner (b) failure of class
(c) failure of school (d) failure of parents
Ans: (c)

203. Which of the following is not a reason for migration of students?
(a) distasteful school program
(b) Teacher’s partisan behavior
(c) too much homework
(d) too many holidays
Ans: (d)

204. The change in the amount and type of support a child has depends on
(a) Teacher’s mood
(b) Natural abilities of the child
(c) Proposed award for work
(d) Performance level of the child
Ans: (d)

205. Which of these statements do you agree with?
(a) A child fails because the government is not providing adequate technological resources in schools.
(b) The failure of a child is mainly due to lack of education and financial status of the parents.
(c) The inheritance factors can be directly attributed to the failure of a child.
(d) A child’s failure is a reflection of the system and its inability to react to the child.
Ans: (d)

206. How will you behave towards the students who leave the classroom?
(a) suppressive (b) appreciative
(c) sympathetically (d) diagnostic
Ans: (d)

207. Students have reason to run away from school
(a) Lack of interest in classroom teaching
(b) Lack of interest in students’ study
(c) Not punishing students
(d) Ruthless attitude of teachers towards the problem
Ans: (d)

208. Which of the following statements about the failure of students in schools is correct?
A. Students belonging to particular castes and communities fail because they do not have merit.
B. Students fail in schools because they are not given appropriate awards for learning.
C. Students fail because teaching is not done in a way that is meaningful to them.
D. Students are unsuccessful because the school system does not take care of the needs and interests of every student.
(a) B and D (b) C and D
(c) A and B (d) B and C
Ans: (b)

209. When a student fails, it is understood that
(a) the method is unsuccessful
(b) Teacher is unsuccessful
(c) Textbooks are unsuccessful
(d) This is a personal failure
Ans: (d)

210. A child’s failure to perform well in class tests leads us to the belief that –
(a) Assessment is objective and can be used to clearly identify failures.
(b) Curriculum, There is a need to consider teaching method and assessment procedures.
(c) Some children have to fail – no matter how much the system tries on them.
(d) Children are born with certain abilities and shortcomings.
Ans: (b)

211. A teacher can replace the word ‘failure’ with his response—
(a) lack of intelligence (b) disqualification
(c) learning inability (d) emergence in learning
Ans: (d)

212., Success is most important in school performance because it helps the child to:
(a) Demonstrate their knowledge to other students
(b) Pass the exam
(c) winning the award
(d) Feeling more confident about learning
Ans: (d)

213. A teacher can detect a child’s consistent failure in school performance as follows:
(a) There is a need to raise concern for higher management.
(b) Disciplinary problem
(c) Requires learning disability or special education
(d) There is a need to change the school.
Ans: (c)

214. Which of the following are characteristics of a child for success?
(a) Continuous focus on learning
(b) focus on oneself
(c) Organizing worksheets and notes
(d) believe in fate
Ans: (a)

215. Which of the following determines the effect of failure in school performance?
(a) The time allotted is more than the work required to actually complete the work
(b) Pattern and arrangement of work
(c) The challenge children are asked to do – is not attractive or relevant.
(d) Ease of functioning
Ans: (c)

216. Display failure, is an essential part of the child’s learning process, because:
(a) It helps in developing self awareness
(b) It prepares children for bad experiences
(c) It helps the student in re-examination.
(d) It empowers children to understand that taking risks big or small is important in their path of learning.
Ans: (d)

217. Which of the following causes children to fail the examinations mainly:
(a) Classroom environment
(b) physical strength
(c) Fear of examination
(d) Lack of patience during the exam
Ans: (c)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *