Chapter 18. Learning Difficulties

1. A student exhibits the following characteristics in the classroom: – Anxiety to read – Difficulty identifying words or letters – Low level vocabulary skills – Difficulty in understanding or remembering a previously read text.
(a) of a creative student
(b) Students with learning disabilities
(c) A student with ‘mental damage’
(d) of an ‘autistic’ student
Ans: (b)

2. Which of the following is not a sign of reading difficulty among young learners?
(a) difficulty in letter and word recognition
(b) Difficulty in reading speed and flow
(c) Difficulty in understanding words and thoughts
(d) Difficulty in spelling continuity
Ans: (c)

3. Which of the following deficiency is related to processing in children with learning disabilities?
(a) Less understanding of time and direction in remembering information related to numbers
(b) Often very active behavior
(c) less control over muscles
(d) Low mental activity.
Ans: (a)

4. Learning is a symptom of disability
(a) Having a tendency to run away.
(b) To be restless and energetic and destructive.
(c) Attention related obstruction / disorder.
(d) Lack of motivation.
Ans: (c)

5. Learning Disabilities
(a) It is also found in children with normal or high intelligence.
(b) It is not invariant, ignoring the nature of time and interference.
(c) is an objective fact and culture has no role in them
(d) are synonymous with reading disability
Ans: (a)

6. Learning Disability
(a) Not correctable with proper investment
(b) is a steady state
(c) is a variable state
(d) does not necessarily harm the method
Ans: (b)

7. Which of the following is a characteristic of a child with disability?
(a) Intelligence below 50
(b) Difficulty in reading fluently and turning back on words
(c) Threatening other children and engaging in aggressive actions
(d) Repeating the same type of dynamic action over and over
Ans: (b)

8. A child gets mistakes like writing contrast images mirror image etc. in writing. This type of child is exhibiting symptoms
(a) discomfort in learning
(b) learning disabilities
(c) Difficulty in learning
(d) Problems in learning
Ans: (b)

9. Spelling Difficulty in reading and counting, General intelligence and good adaptive ability.
(a) Slow learners
(b) General / Average learning
(c) Mentally backward children
(d) Learning disabled children.
Ans: (d)

10. A student with a learning disability is important in school related areas such as reading, writing, reasoning, listening or mathematics ………….
(a) before (b) information
(c) problems (d) difficulties
Ans: (d)

11. What are the primary symptoms of children with ‘reading readiness’?
(a) Inability to read fluently
(b) Repeating the same dynamic task over and over again.
(c) Low-grade disorder
(d) divergent thinking; Current flow in reading.
Ans: (a)

12. Inability to read and write is—
(a) Autism (b) Dyslexia
(c) dyspraxia (d) apraxia
Ans: (b)

13. Communicable disability is—
(a) dysphasia (b) dysgraphia
(c) dyslexia (d) discalculia
Ans: (a)

14. In dyslexia, it is difficult to do this-
(a) in reading / spelling (b) in expressing
(c) standing (d) speaking
Ans: (a)

15. Dysgraphia is mainly associated with which difficulty?
(a) of reading (b) of writing
(c) to do painting (d) to listen
Ans: (b)

16. If a child writes 16 to 61 and cannot distinguish between b and d, then this is
(a) visual impairment (b) learning impaired
(c) Mental defect (d) Mental decay
Ans: (b)

17. What is dyslexia?
(a) inability to read (b) inability to write
(c) learning disability (d) hearing disability
Ans: (a)

18. If the child in your class writes / reads ‘C’ to ‘D’ and ‘D’ to ‘C’, then which disease is he suffering from?
(a) Malaria (b) Dyslexia
(c) filariasis (d) typhoid
Ans: (b)

19. Which of the following is an example of specific learning disability?
(a) mental retardation
(b) dyslexia
(c) Attention Deficit Hyper Disorder
(d) Autism
Ans: (b)

20. Dyslexia is mainly related to the problem of ………………
(a) listening (b) reading
(c) speaking (d) speaking and listening
Ans: (b)

21. Dyslexia is concerned with—
(a) inability to read (b) inability to write
(c) numerically incompetent (d) logical incompetence
Ans: (a)

22. A child who suffers from ………… cannot distinguish between ‘sa w’ and ‘was’ and nuclear and ‘unclear’ .
(a) the words ‘Jmbling’ disorder (b) Disleksimia
(c) dysmorphemia (d) dyslexia
Ans: (d)

23. Physically challenged children are usually ………… .
(a) dyscalculia (b) dyslexia
(c) dysgraphia (d) dysthymia
Ans: (c)

24. In addition to …………, learning inability can occur due to all of the following?
(a) cultural factor (b) cerebral dysfunction
(c) emotional interference (d) behavioral interference
Ans: (a)

25. If a child with average intelligence exhibits difficulty in reading and understanding the language,, indicates that the child is exhibiting symptoms of ……..
(A) agraphia (Disprfia)
(b) Mathematical − Inability (Discalculia)
(c) motility-dysfunction (dyspraxia)
(d) reading disability (dyslexia)
Ans: (d)

26. Dyslexia is related to—
(a) mental disorder (b) mathematical disorder
(c) reading disorder (d) behavioral disorder
Ans: (c)

27. to experience difficulty in reading the sequence of letters in words and often loss of visual memory ……. is related.
(a) dyscalculia (b) dysgraphia
(c) dyspraxia (d) dyslexia
Ans: (d)

28. Learning Disabilities Generally
(a) The average is found in children with superior intelligence.
(b) is found more in boys than girls
(c) Mostly found in children who belong to rural areas rather than urban areas
(d) are found especially in children whose parental parents suffer from such problems.
Ans: (d)

29. the following ……. due to excess all occur learning disability –
(a) Alcohol consumption by mother before birth
(b) retarded
(c) Mental fever during infancy
(d) Teaching style of teacher
Ans: (d)

30. Learning disabilities in dynamic skills are called —.
(a) dysphagia (b) dyspraxia
(c) dyscalculia (d) dyslexia
Ans: (b)

31. The lack of writing ability related to distorted handwriting is a symptom of
(a) dysgraphia (b) dyspraxia
(c) Discalculia (d) Dyslexia
Ans: (a)

32 . Learning inefficiency is caused by—
(a) Premature birth (b) Malaria
(c) Classroom environment (d) Development problems
Ans: (d)

33. What is the name of the disorder identified by the inability to perform fundamental mathematical operations?
(a) dyslexia (b) dysmorphia
(c) dysgraphia (d) discalculia
Ans: (d)

34. Disorders related to language comprehension are
(A) Clagat (apraxia)
(b) read-Vakaly (dyslexia)
(c) speech related disease (aspeechxia)
(d) Bhashagat (aphasia)
Ans: (d)

35. Which of the following is not a symptom of ‘reading difficulty’ in younger students?
(a) Difficulty in understanding words and thoughts
(b) Coherent spelling difficulty
(c) Difficulty in identifying letters and words
(d) difficulty in reading speed and fluency
Ans: (a)

36. Which one of the following pairs of matching pairs of recipients and their primary characteristics is correct?
(a) ‘Read-incompetence’ accessor – there is a deficiency in reading and writing current flow
(b) creative accessor- hyperactive; Are slow to complete the task.
(c) Periodic deficiency learning-high motivation, Can maintain retention for a long time.
(d) Audio compensation cannot understand visual information.
Ans: (a)

37. The main feature of children learning at low speed is
(a) He has some kind of disability which affects his learning and educational achievement.
(b) They have no difficulty in adjusting the classroom
(c) They only have difficulty in mathematics
(d) None of the above
Ans: (a)

38. Children with learning disabilities
(a) Can not learn anything
(b) Struggle with some aspects of learning
(c) are very active, but their intelligence gain is low
(d) are very intelligent and mature
Ans: (b)

39. those with learning disabilities
(a) There is confusion in the letters and letters of the children who look alike.
(b) Children easily recognize and understand visual words (site words)
(c) Children’s mental development is slow
(d) Children with low intelligence
Ans: (a)

40. Which of the following behaviors identifies a child’s learning disabilities.
(a) Change of mood quickly (mood swings)
(b) Abusive behavior
(c) Not being able to understand words correctly and not writing words correctly
(d) (a) and (b)
Ans: (c)

41. The learning disabilities of mathematics can be assessed most appropriately by which of the following tests?
(a) Diagnostic test (b) Screening test
(c) Achievement test (d) Aptitude test
Ans: (a)

42. Which of the following methods is most appropriate to monitor the progress of children with learning disabilities?
(a) Person (case) study
(b) Eventual record (actual record)
(c) behavior-rating scale
(d) structured behavioral observation
Ans: (d)

43. What problems do children with educational problems face?
(a) The ear and its associated veins do not work properly
(b) Abnormality in speaking of language
(c) Decreased mental activity
(d) Lack of practical and social intelligence
Ans: (b)

44. What will you do if a child in your class is learning disabled?
(a) will not pay any attention to it
(b) Knowing how his disability is, he will try to teach it
(c) take his extra class
(d) Arrange for his meeting with the intelligent children of the class
Ans: (b)

45. The best way to increase the chances of learning disabled learners to lead a full and productive life.
(a) To focus on the weaknesses of such learners
(b) Maintaining high expectations from such learners
(c) Teaching various skills and tricks that can be applied in all contexts
(d) Encouraging these children to set their goals
Ans: (c)

46. The problem of word finding in children is diagnosed by ………….
(a) dyslexia (b) discalculia
(c) dynomia (d) dystopia
Ans: (c)

47. Which of the following presents the correct match of the children of column-A with their primary characteristics in column-B? Column-column-column
I. Genius A. Fluent reading is lacking. II. Learning disabilities B. can think of basic solutions. III. Creative C. A habit of being easily distracted. IV. Attention deficit D. Ability to learn quickly and hyperactively independently (A DHD) I II III IV
(a) DABC
(b) DCAB
(c) ABDC
(d) DCBA
Ans: (a)

48. Which of the following statements is false?
(a) The child learns from the elders the opposite thoughts and feelings towards the disabled.
(b) Children with special needs are unable to work in other areas
(c) A child with physical disability does not have a mental disability
(d) both a and b
Ans: (b)

49. Children who are quite different from normal children are known as:
(a) Autistic children
(b) sky children
(c) intelligent children
(d) Inappropriate children
Ans: (d)

50. What type of instruction adaptations should a teacher make when working with ‘visually impaired’ students?
(a) Using many types of visual presentations.
(b) Orient themselves so that students can see it carefully.
(c) To focus on many types of written works, especially worksheets.
(d) Speak clearly and use more of the touching materials.
Ans: (d)

50. The father of ‘Braille script’ is-
(a) Charles Braille (b) Louis Braille
(c) Barbier Braille (d) None of these
Ans: (b)

51. After being taught about Braille system, 4 students were taken to blind school. This will help the students-
(a) having fun with friends
(b) In developing respect for all types of challenging students
(c) Linking classroom learning to real life situations
(d) To develop positive attitude towards students with blind challenges
Ans: (d)

53. When a teacher involves a visually challenged child in the activities of a group of other children, he is (DSSSB Assista nt Nursery Teacher)
(a) Acting according to the spirit of inclusive education
(b) Helping all learners to develop sympathy for the visually challenged learner
(c) Possibility of increasing stress on visually challenged learner
(d) Creating barriers to learning for the classroom
Ans: (a)

54. A person is legally vision-impaired, if his field of vision is 20 degrees, while his visual acuity –
(A) is highly suitable correction, right eye 6 / 6 is less than
(b) with the highly appropriate remedy, right eye 6 / 7 is less than
(c) with the highly appropriate remedy, right eye 6 / 30 is less than
(d) with the highly appropriate remedy, right eye 6 / 60 is less than
Ans: (d)

55. Which of the following signs does not indicate the problem of vision impairment in children?
(a) Problem in following the guidelines
(b) Sadness
(c) Fear of stumbling
(d) inability to measure distance
Ans: (a)

56. Braille script is used for which of the following?
(a) Physically challenged (b) Visually impaired
(c) speechless (d) none of these
Ans: (b)

57. How is the classroom behavior of a child with partial vision impairment?
(a) He reads the book near the eyes
(b) He complains to the teacher that the letters are not clear
(c) Cannot remove the writing on the blackboard in the note book
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

58. A child who can see partially
(a) It should be put in ‘regular’ school without any special provision
(b) She should not be educated, because it will not be of any use to her.
(c) It needs to be put in a separate institute
(d) It should be kept in ‘regular’ school making special provisions.
Ans: (d)

59. Children with visual impairments should be given knowledge of shapes-
(a) by oral lecture
(b) by the touch of three-dimensional shapes
(c) By Field Trip
(d) None of these
Ans: (b)

60. ‘National Institute for the Visually Impaired ‘ (NIVH) is located-
(a) Shimla (b) Kolkata
(c) Dehradun (d) Delhi
Ans: (c)

61. Low-grade child of class V
(a) It is appropriate to forgive for low level work
(b) Help his parents and friends in his daily work
(c) Should behave normally in the classroom and provide support through audio CDs
(d) Special treatment in class
Ans: (c)

62. A teacher asks her class to cover the sharp edged edges of the furniture with cotton and use the notice boards that touch and feel. Which class of special learners is she trying to fulfill?
(a) Socially disadvantaged learners
(b) visually impaired learner
(c) Hearing Impaired Learners
(d) Learners who cannot learn
Ans: (b)

63. ‘Visually impaired’ students of class V
(a) Should be assisted by parents and friends in carrying out daily tasks
(b) should be treated normally in the classroom and audible c . D . Help should be provided through
(c) should be treated specially in the classroom
(d) should be allowed to do lower level work
Ans: (b)

64. When a teacher is involved in group activities with other students in the class visual learner, he –
(a) Creating barriers to learning for the class
(b) Working according to the spirit of inclusive education
(c) helping all learners to develop empathy towards the visually impaired learner
(d) Increasing stress on the visually impaired learner
Ans: (b)

65. The main frustration seen on the face of children with low hearing is (DSSSB Assista nt Nursery Teacher)
(a) Inability to take exams with other students
(b) inability to read the textbook of writing
(c) Inability to participate in sports
(d) Inability to share information with others
Ans: (d)

66. The use of Chihara language and hearing aids is useful for the education of which children?
(a) gifted (b) hearing impaired
(c) Backward Child (d) Problematic Child
Ans: (b)

67. What is used to teach hearing impaired children?
(a) Braille (b) sign language
(c) Yantra (d) All of the above
Ans: (b)

68. Which of the following units is used to test hearing ability?
(a) decimeter (b) decibel
(c) Decipine (d) Decipoint
Ans: (b)

69. Hearing impaired child—
(a) Will not be able to benefit from academic education only, He should be given vocational education in his place.
(b) Can do very well in a regular school if it is provided with the appropriate facilities and resources.
(c) Will not be able to perform all the same in regular school as his classmates.
(d) Children with hearing disabilities should be sent to school only. Not in regular school.
Ans: (b)

70. Signal language is used for the education of children of which type?
(a) children with visual impairments (b) deaf and dumb
(c) slow intelligence (d) none of these
Ans: (b)

71. Children with hearing impairment face which of the most important nairasya (frustrations) in the class ?
(a) Inability to communicate with others and share information
(b) Inability to take exams with other students
(c) Inability to read the proposed textbook
(d) inability to participate in sports
Ans: (a)

72. The teacher in the middle school class has a ‘deaf’ child. It is important for him
(a) He should place the child in the place from where it can clearly see the lips and facial expressions of the teacher.
(b) school counselor (counselor) talks to say that they are the child’s parents and ask them to remove your child’s school
(c) Indicate to him that the child is not able to do it again and again.
(d) Scold the child in a different place so that he can enter the deaf center
Ans: (a)

73. Speech impaired children can be developed.
(a) By encouraging them to demonstrate their ideas in class
(b) By helping to pronounce correct sound
(c) Helping them to hear the mistakes made by them
(d) By sending it to the expert for evaluation
Ans: (b)

74. Using which of the following methods can the problem of stuttering be dealt with?
(A) The legendary speech (Dictated speech)
(b) enhanced speech (Prolonged speech)
(c) The resulting speech (Pragmatic speech)
(d) pending speech (Protracted speech)
Ans: (b)

75. Orthotic devices are designed primarily for _____ .
(a) None of these
(b) Supporting body parts
(c) To repair the body part
(d) To replace non-existent organs
Ans: (b)

76. In the case of _______, four parts of the body are affected.
(a) triflegia (b) biplegia
(c) quadriplegia (d) hemiplegia
Ans: (c)

77. The main objective of the ADIP scheme is to provide ………… to persons with locomotor disabilities.
(a) Disability Certificate (b) Employment
(c) Education (d) Accessories and equipment
Ans: (d)

78. Vocational training of persons with locomotor disability is more related to the ______ domain.
(a) cognitive (b) none of these
(c) effective (d) psychomotor
Ans: (d)

79. Decreasing the time allotted to complete a datum task to coincide with concentration-time and increase this concentration-time in a phased manner is best suited to deal with which of the following disorders?
(a) Disorderly behavioral disorder
(b) dysphasia
(c) sensory integration disorder
(d) Concentration-depressive disorder
Ans: (d)

80. Which of the following is not an example of developmental disorder?
(A) Autism (Autism)
(b) cerebral palsy (Cerebral palsy)
(c) Post -traumatic stress
(d) low attention active development (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)
Ans: (c)

81. Which genetic problem is associated with heart disorder?
(a) Turner syndrome (b) Down syndrome
(c) Autism (d) ADHD
Ans: (b)

82. Which of the following can be a reason for GDD?
(a) childhood infection
(b) childhood obesity
(c) strict upbringing
(d) Excess intake of sugar and additives
Ans: (a)

83. X-ray radiation is attributed as the main cause of ……… disorder.
(a) Mongolism (b) Dwarfism
(c) hydrocephalus (d) minor heading
Ans: (d)

84. Autism is a …………….
(a) Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
(b) Bipolar disorder
(c) Opposite Defiant Disorder
(d) Neurodevelopment disorder
Ans: (d)

85. You are helping a mother develop a behavioral program to deal with her son Raj, Raj has an Apositional Defensive Disorder. Which of the following is the most important component of this program?
(a) strict upbringing (b) detention
(c) positive reinforcement (d) punishment
Ans: (c)

86 . The intellectual disability resulting from phenylketonuria can be minimized—
(a) Social interaction (b) Classroom teaching
(c) Environmental factors (d) Progressive education
Ans: (c)

87. What are the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder in children?
(a) Avoiding places or people associated with the incident.
(b) Saying or thinking about something again and again
(c) Absolute interest in others
(d) being angry with others
Ans: (a)

88. The condition in which a person loses awareness and gives up one’s own identity is known as, ……..
(a) shock (b) suppression
(c) Trauma (d) Fug
Ans: (d)

89. A child cannot wait his turn to bat and often runs on the field while someone is already batting. What problem will the child be struggling with?
(a) dysgraphia
(b) attention and hyperactivity disorder
(c) attention deficit disorder
(d) Otism
Ans: (b)

90. What type of disorder is bipolar disorder?
(a) mood (b) learning
(c) Personality (d) Thought
Ans: (a)

91. Acute mood swing is a symptom of:
(a) learning disability (b) bipolar disorder
(c) behavioral disorder (d) antisocial personality
Ans: (b)

92 . Which one of the following is unsuitable for a motion sensitive accessor?
(a) To provide them an opportunity of learning through activities.
(b) Participation in field excursion, drama, dance etc.
(c) Using concept mapping method for learning.
(d) Use of problem solving method for teaching.
Ans: (c)

93. GDD is a developmental disability seen in ……….
(a) In children younger than 5 years
(b) At the age of 12 – 14
(c) Among children above 5 years of age
(d) Above 18 years of age
Ans: (a)

94 . Which of the following is not an example of developmental disorder?
(A) Autism (Autism)
(b) cerebral palsy (Cerebral palsy)
(c) on-traumatic stress (Post-traumatic stress)
(d) low attention active development (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)
Ans: (c)

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