Chapter 17. Disadvantaged and disadvantaged sections

1. Raj is not quite ready to share and likes solitary activity. This indicates that he is (DSSSB Assista nt Primary Teacher (PRT))
(a) a popular child (b) a disparaged child
(c) a jealous child (d) a happy child
Ans: (b)

2. Which of the following statements about the effects of malnutrition is not true?
(a) In the later years of life it affects brain cells.
(b) It affects the learning abilities of children.
(c) Children remain frustrated and apprehensive.
(d) It affects the height.
Ans: (a)

3. Which of the following is not a feature of socially disadvantaged students?
(a) Care experiences of children do not effectively prepare them for school
(b) Regular health care is not available
(c) Do not get chance to get wide and varied experiences
(d) Not motivated to do well in school.
Ans: (b)

4. In a culturally and linguistically diverse classroom, before deciding whether the learner falls in a specific education class, a teacher should –
(a) The learner’s mother tongue should be evaluated before establishing disability.
(b) Use of advanced psychologists.
(c) The child should be separated to make environmental factors ineffective.
(d) Parents should not be included in this because they have their own work.
Ans: (a)

5. ‘Child of weaker class’ means
(a) Children of parents whose annual income is less
(b) From the children of such parents who fall in the disadvantaged category
(c) Children of such parents who fall below the poverty line
(d) Children of such parents who fall in the category below the annual income limit of the minimum limit fixed by the government.
Ans: (d)

6. Children from disadvantaged groups are less likely to have good nutrition access to good health care and opportunities for ……..
(a) play (b) learning
(c) Study (d) Anand
Ans: (b)

7. Children from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds need a classroom environment, which—
(a) teaches them good behavior
(b) values ​​and uses their cultural and linguistic knowledge
(c) discourages their use of language so that they can learn the mainstream language
(d) Classifies children on the basis of their abilities
Ans: (b)

8. In the teaching-learning process, what should a teacher do if there is less participation by students belonging to disadvantaged group?
(a) You should lower your expectations from these students.
(b) consider their teaching method and find new ways to improve children’s participation.
(c) Children should be asked to leave school.
(d) This situation should be accepted as it is.
Ans: (b)

9. A teacher can effectively meet the needs of the children of the ‘disadvantaged section’ of the society
(a) Sitting them in a different place in the classroom so that they do not interact with other children
(b) By asking other children to be sympathetic towards children from disadvantaged backgrounds
(c) Adopting his teaching skills as per the needs of every child in the classroom
(d) Ignoring their background and asking them to work in school
Ans: (c)

10. Which of the following methods would be most appropriate to encourage underprivileged children to attend school regularly?
(a) Not allowing children to attend school should be made a criminal offense
(b) A person should be appointed by the school to collect children who bring children from homes every day.
(c) a day to attract children 5 Rs . give
(d) Opening of residential school
Ans: (d)

11. In relation to dealing with disadvantaged learners, the teacher / teacher should express confidence in which of the following values?
(a) No demand from the student
(b) Agatmkta for acceptance by students (shocked) to use and anger.
(c) Individual responsibility for the success of students
(d) high expectations of appropriate behavior
Ans: (c)

12. Students from disadvantaged groups should be taught simultaneously with normal students. It means
(a) inclusive education (b) special education
(c) Integrated education (d) Exclusion education
Ans: (a)

13. A child coming from an unorganized home will experience the most difficulty
(a) well-constructed texts (b) independent study
(c) Planned instruction (d) Practice books
Ans: (b)

14. In order to provide education to the children of ‘disadvantaged class’, the teacher should
(a) Give them a lot of written work
(b) Try to gather more information about them and involve them in the class discussion.
(c) set them apart in the classroom
(d) Ignore them because they cannot interact with other learners.
Ans: (b)

15. Through placing learners in the least restrictive school environment
(a) Equals educational opportunities for girls and disadvantaged sections.
(b) Normalizes the lives of underprivileged children, which is increasing the school’s relationship with these children’s communities and parents
(c) Participates children from disadvantaged class in activities like science fair and quiz
(d) Sensitizes other children not to suppress unvaccinated children, not to degrade them
Ans: (d)

16. A teacher can respond effectively to the needs of children from ‘disadvantaged sections’ of society by: –
(a) Asking ‘other children’ to cooperate with ‘children from disadvantaged groups’ and to help them learn the methods of school
(b) to think about the school system and its own practices that reflect prejudice and stereotypes
(c) To reduce their chances of being harassed, to ensure that children do not get a chance to interact with each other.
(d) To make children from disadvantaged sections sensitive to school rules and expectations so that they comply with them
Ans: (b)

17. ………… helps those children whose talent may be affected by social issues .
(a) Self-study model (b) Differentiated instructions
(c) Extension of curriculum (d) Cognitive classification
Ans: (a)

18. Students from disadvantaged backgrounds are facing difficulty in learning. The most likely factor that is affecting them is −
(a) Personal requirements (b) Lack of sleep
(c) stress (d) cognitive ability
Ans: (a)

19. The child who shows an educational deficiency compared to the children of his chronological age, What is he called?
(a) talented child (b) backward child
(c) Extraordinary child (d) None of these
Ans: (b)

20. Slight learners whose educational attainment falls below the normal qualification are called
(a) backward (b) special
(c) juvenile delinquent (d) mentally weak
Ans: (a)

21. Which of the following is not a trait of backward children?
(a) Demonstrate a lower level of academic achievement than his / her nature conferred
(b) They are unable to keep pace with normal school work.
(c) They are far behind children of their age.
(d) Have low intelligence.
Ans: (d)

22. The child who is unable to work in the middle of school life from his age level class to one below class.
(a) Backward Child
(b) mentally retarded child
(c) problematic child
(d) A child who consumes alcohol
Ans: (a)

23. When a student is compared to other classmates belonging to the same age group, there is a clear educational deficiency (error) visible in him. Say such a child?
(a) talented child (b) backward child
(c) Abusive child (d) None of these
Ans: (b)

24. Backward boys are such children
(a) slow learning
(b) Intelligence level 80 – 90
(c) Mentally unhealthy and unadjusted behavior
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

25. According to Cyril Burt, backward children have intelligence.
(a) more than 120 (b) less than 85
(c) Less than 120 (d) None of the above
Ans: (b)

26. Which of the following is not a cause of educational backwardness?
(a) Poor socio-economic status of the family
(b) Poor educational environment of the school
(c) Family business
(d) Bad family emotional environment
Ans: (c)

27. Which of these factors will not result in educational backwardness?
(a) Poor socio-economic level of the family
(b) school (school) Socniy educational environment
(c) Family occupation
(d) Family’s emotional emotional environment
Ans: (c)

28. A child learning at a slow pace is needed
(a) Additional assistance (b) Special assistance
(c) no help (d) some help
Ans: (b)

29. Handicrafts should be taught
(a) normal child (b) backward child
(c) Dull Wisdom Child (d) Sharp Wisdom Child
Ans: (b)

30. Which of the following arrays will work for mentally backward children?
(a) To explain tasks tangibly
(b) Encouraging students to set goals
(c) Providing opportunities for self-study
(d) Obtaining resources from outside for help.
Ans: (a)

31. Who has given the concept of educational gain for backward children?
(a) Gordon (b) Shonel
(c) Burton Hall (d) Cyril Burt
Ans: (d)

32. Which approach can be said to be suitable for the education of ‘Manditamna’ children?
(a) personal instruction (b) acceleration approach
(c) Promotion approach (d) High level curriculum
Ans: (a)

33. Which of the following is not a characteristic of mental retardation?
(A) of the IQ 25 to 70 to be between
(b) Learning at a slow pace and not being able to perform the activities of daily life
(c) Difficulty in adapting to the environment
(d) Weakness of interpersonal relationships.
Ans: (d)

34. Which of the following disability is only congenital?
(a) vision defect (b) hearing defect
(c) Deaf and dumb (d) Mild intelligence
Ans: (d)

35. Asha at the age of 14 does all the work that most 6 – 7 year olds do. The reason for this state of hope is-
(a) mental disability (b) disability
(c) Heredity (d) Malnutrition
Ans: (a)

36. _____ is associated with retardation in various aspects of development.
(a) moderate intelligence (b) no intelligence
(c) high intelligence (d) low intelligence
Ans: (d)

37. You have been asked to place two children with intelligent intellect in your class. you
(a) Will refuse to accept him as his student
(b) The Principal will ask them to sit in some other class which is specially noted for the children with mental intelligence.
(c) Will learn techniques to teach such students
(d) None of the above
Ans: (c)

38. Normally maladjusted children are seen here:
(a) scattered family (b) rural areas
(c) None of these (d) In poor family
Ans: (a)

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