Chapter 11. Language and thoughts

1 . Linguistic development of children requires that
(a) They should be given opportunities to express their views as much as possible.
(b) Activities should be organized for the development of linguistic skills.
(c) Writing, reading, speaking and listening should be practiced.
(d) All of the above.
Ans: (d)

2. The proponent of the suffix of developmental work was
(a) Hollingworth (b) Havighart
(c) Jean Piaget (d) Hall
Ans: (b)

3. A student says “his grandfather has come”. Being a teacher should be your response.
(a) Instead of ‘Dada Aaya Hai’, should say ‘Grandpa has come’
(b) Pay attention to your language.
(c) OK, Your grandfather has come.
(d) Children, You are not saying the correct sentence.
Ans: (c)

4. Reading skills can be best developed by this process-
(a) write an answer
(b) Playing / quizing word games
(c) Focusing on the use of words in the text
(d) vocabulary practice
Ans: (c)

Ans: The state of language development that occurs in the first fifteen months after birth, Pre-Speech Stage

6. Which is the most sensitive period for language acquisition and development?
(a) middle childhood (b) adolescence
(c) prenatal period (d) early childhood
Ans: (d)

7. Most children learn their mother tongue.
(a) at the age of one year (b) at the age of four
(c) at the age of six (d) at the age of two
Ans: (c)

8. In the process of simulation, the baby is the first to follow
(a) consonant letters (b) vowel letters
(c) Vowels and consonant letters (d) Words.
Ans: (d)

9. Under what circumstances do common sense children learn to speak?
(a) 11 months (b) 16 months
(c) 34 months (d) 51 months.
Ans: (c)

10. By the end of the second year, the baby’s word gets stored.
(a) 100 words (b) 60 words
(c) 50 words (d) 10 words
Ans: (a)

11 . Early childhood is ……… time for language development.
(A) less important (b) Amhttvpuarn
(c) susceptible (d) absolute
Ans: (c)

12 . Which of the following is the most sensitive time for language development?
(a) Middle childhood time (b) Adulthood
(c) Early childhood time (d) Prenatal time
Ans: (c)

13 . At what age do children recognize Hindi letters?
(a) at the age of 3 (b) at the age of 4
(c) at the age of 5 (d) at the age of 6
Ans: (c)

14 . Should the development of children’s language skills in class one be in order?
(a) Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing
(b) writing, reading, listening, speaking
(c) Listening, Writing, Speaking, Reading
(d) writing, speaking, reading, listening
Ans: (a)

15. Language Middle childhood …… instead …. More is-
(a) non- concentrated, socialized (b) socialized, non-concentrated
(c) Zoological, Socialized (d) Mature, Immature
Ans: (b)

16. Language  Which of the following types of subject matter?
(a) Hearing (b) Orthodox
(c) visual (d) symbolic
Ans: (d)

17. The study of meaning in language is known by this name.
(a) morphology (b) linguistics
(c) Syntax (d) Semantics
Ans: (d)

18. At what age does the child start to understand language?
(a) Since birth (b) Three months
(c) six months (d) nine months
Ans: (c)

19. Which of the following is not a type of prelinguistic speech?
(a) Killing (b) Rave
(c) Telegraphic speech (d) Crying
Ans: (c)

20. The term “jargon or jargon” during the origin of language occurs during:
(a) nine months to one year (b) three months from birth
(c) three to six months (d) six to nine months
Ans: (d)

21. ………….. Between the age of months, most children start mixing words and speak in short sentences.
(a) 12 to 18 (b) 18 to 24
(c) 24 to 30 (d) 30 to 36
Ans: (b)

22. What is meant by the specific means by which a person expresses his feelings?
(a) Self control (b) Inspection
(c) Self-respect (d) Self-reinforcement.
Ans: (d)

23. Language is not a principle of development
(a) principle of contract
(b) Theory of simulation
(c) Theory of excess power
(d) Principle of maturity
Ans: (c)

24. Which of the following pairs is least likely to be correct?
(a) Language and thought are two different activities in the beginning – Vygotsky
(b) Language is based on thought. – Piaget
(c) A – B. in language environment. F. Skinner is the adept.
(d) Children enter with definite – Chomsky knowledge about language.
Ans: (c)

25. In the context of language development, which of the following areas was reduced by Piagas?
(a) Heredity (b) Social interaction
(c) Ego-centric language (d) Operational composition by the student
Ans: (b)

26. Who introduced the principle of universal grammar in language development?
(a) Piaget (b) Vygotsky
(c) Skinner (d) Chomsky
Ans: (d)

27. The ‘critical period hypothesis’ was proposed by ………….
(a) Helen Keller (b) Nom Chomsky
(c) Bloomfields (d) Eric Lenberg
Ans: (d)

28. Language development in children takes place under this principle:
(a) integration (b) uniform pattern
(c) continuity (d) individual variation
Ans: (b)

29. What will you do when a child misspells a word?
(a) say that do not say
(b) will tell pure pronunciation
(c) Will give it to the wrong pronunciation
(d) Ignore
Ans: (b)

30 . Who is considered the first class of language teaching?
(a) Pre-primary class (b) Playway school
(c) home (d) all of the above
Ans: (c)

31. Voice is not a defect
(a) Sound changes and unclear pronunciation
(b) speak slow or fast
(c) stutter and lisp
(d) Strongly vague speech
Ans: (b)

32. The component of language that discusses the rules related to the sequence operation and structure of sound, What is it called?
(a) Economics (b) Grammar
(c) Phonology (d) None of these
Ans: (c)

33. Accepted sound combinations of a language are made under its ……………… rules.
(A) sound-related (b) Grammatical
(c) syntactic (d) inflectional
Ans: (a)

34. The smallest unit of ‘spoken language’ is-
(a) Economics (b) Roopgram
(c) phonogram (d) syntax
Ans: (c)

35 . The smallest unit of meaning in a language is ……….
(a) phoneme (b) signal science
(c) sentence (d) morph
Ans: (d)

36 . There are four sounds
(a) phoneme (b) morph
(c) lekhim (d) shabdim
Ans: (a)

37. ‘Madam eats tea’ sentence –
(a) both in terms of economics and syntax is correct
(b) is wrong both in terms of economics and syntax
(c) syntactically correct but economically incorrect
(d) Economically correct but syntactically incorrect
Ans: (c)

38. The smallest unit to denote the, meaning in a language is called ………….
(a) phoneme (b) syntax
(c) Word (d) Morpheme
Ans: (d)

39. Which term is used to denote the rules involved in putting a sentence together?
(a) Telegraph (b) Rupim
(c) syntax (d) nested structure
Ans: (c)

40. In language development  Structural organization of a sentence is known as ……….
(a) Phonomes (b) Syntax
(c) Pregmatic (d) Morpheme
Ans: (b)

41. When the process of thinking is affected by a language, then such a situation is called-
(a) Culture influenced (b) Language determined
(c) Cognitive aspect (d) Socio-linguistic quoted
Ans: (b)

42 . Language
(a) controls our thought process completely
(b) affects our thought process
(c) Our thinking cannot determine
(d) Does not affect thought process
Ans: (b)

43. Strong believers in the ‘language relativist hypothesis’ argue that ………………
(a) Language determines perception
(b) Language determines thought
(c) Language affects memory
(d) Language affects thought
Ans: (b)

44. Who proposed that language and ideas are independent?
(a) Vygotsky (b) Piaget
(c) Kohler (d) Chomsky
Ans: (d)

45. Which one of the following statements is incorrect in the process of development of thinking power?
(a) Adequacy of knowledge and experiences
(b) Adequate motivation
(c) Adequate independence and flexibility
(d) low intelligence and knowledge
Ans: (d)

46. According to Kolsnik, what is the reorganization of the concept?
(a) behavior (b) words
(c) thinking (d) problems
Ans: (c)

47 . Contemplation is essentially a
(a) Cognitive activity (b) Psychological process
(c) psychological phenomena (d) affective behavior
Ans: (a)

48 . Who has discussed ‘reflective thinking’?
(a) Dewey (b) Ross
(c) Woodworth (d) Draver
Ans: (a)

49. By whom is the child’s thought not displayed?
(A) Atmcentrikta (b) Sjiwatawad
(c) Realism (d) Personalism
Ans: (d)

50. Thinking is essentially a –
(a) Cognitive activity (b) Psychological process
(c) psychological phenomena (d) affective behavior
Ans: (a)

51. Which of the following is not an example of deep thinking skills?
(a) instant preparation (b) classifying
(c) target correction (d) explanatory
Ans: (a)

52. Which part of the brain is responsible for thinking?
(a) medulla (medulla)
(b) Limbic system
(c) cerebellum
(d) cerebral cortex
Ans: (d)

53. Which of the following is least important in the process of thinking?
(a) Picture (b) Symbols and signs
(c) muscular activities (d) language.
Ans: (c)

54. A student underlines the main points in an episode makes a visual representation of it and presents the questions that arise in his mind at the end of the episode. That –
(a) is trying to direct its thinking through composition of thoughts.
(b) Maintenance is trying to use the rehearsal strategy.
(c) Observation is ensuring learning.
(d) is trying to use the focal point method.
Ans: (a)

55. Creative thinking always happens
(a) destructive (b) constructive
(c) convergence (d) monotony
Ans: (b)

56. A child says “clothes dry quickly in the sun”. She is showing an understanding of …… .
(a) symbolic thought (b) egocentric thinking
(c) cause of action (d) reverse thinking
Ans: (c)

57. A student is asked to find out various systems to evaluate the value of pi. This would mainly involve which of the following operations?
(a) evaluation (b) convergent thinking
(c) divergent thinking (d) learning
Ans: (c)

58. When children think on the basis of their experiences to interpret the information received, it is called ……………… .
(a) reactionary thinking (b) creative thinking
(c) abstract thinking (d) tangible thinking
Ans: (d)

59. By ‘which of the following questions’ can creative thinking be best anticipated?
(a) Who can tell it?
(b) State the correct answer.
(c) Can you answer this?
(d) In how many different ways can it be solved?
Ans: (d)

60. Which of the following is a thinking of a five-year-old boy?
(a) reflective thinking (b) guided thinking
(c) Tangible thinking (d) Logical thinking
Ans: (a)

61 . Fluidity, Explanation, Originality and Flexibility is the element concerned with ……….
(a) talent (b) quality
(c) divergent thinking (d) acceleration
Ans: (c)

62. Which of the following is related to creative?
(a) divergent thinking (b) convergent thinking
(c) emotional thinking (d) egoistic thinking
Ans: (a)

63. ‘Out of the box’ thinking is related to
(a) friendly thinking (b) memory-based thinking
(c) divergent thinking (d) convergent thinking
Ans: (c)

64. Language of words is not necessary for:
(a) conceptual thinking (b) conceptual thinking
(c) imaginative thinking (d) associative thinking
Ans: (c)

65. Which of the following is an example of creative thinking?
(a) reasoning (b) time management
(c) active listening (d) inquiry
Ans: (d)

66. What type of thinking is related to creativity?
(a) convergent thinking
(b) Different thinking
(c) Insightful thinking
(d) Transductive thinking
Ans: (b)

67 . ‘Out-of-the-box’ thinking is related to
(a) favorable thinking (b) memory-based questions
(c) divergent thinking (d) convergent thinking
Ans: (c)

68. Following are the steps in the information processing theory of thinking: (a) reaction implementation (b) response selection (c) gradation (d) pre-processing is the correct sequence of these steps.
(a) G D B K B (B) B G D
(c) Gkbk (d) Gkbk
Ans: (d)

69. Who encourages children to express their personal opinion by presenting reasons for them on various issues and discussions?
(a) Standardized Assessment of Children
(b) Analytical and critical thinking
(c) convergent thinking
(d) Recollection of information
Ans: (b)

70 . Suppose you are the chairman of the Board of School Education What will you plan to improve the overall quality of education of the schools under your jurisdiction. This type of question is an example of ………….
(a) low level divergence (b) high level convergence
(c) high level divergence (d) low level convergence
Ans: (c)

71. For the development of imagination
(a) The senses should be trained
(b) Story should be heard
(c) attention should be paid to the development of creative instincts
(d) All the above actions should be done
Ans: (d)

72. Which of the following is the process of reasoning from general to specific?
(a) inductive (b) deductive
(c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of these
Ans: (b)

73. The short form PSRN which is related to development., Explains
(a) Problem Solving – Reasoning and numerical ability
(b) Problem solving – Relationship and numerical ability
(c) Intellectual ability, Reasoning and numerical ability
(d) Intellectual ability, Reasoning and numerical knowledge
Ans: (a)

74. The deductive argument includes /
(a) Reasoning from specific to general
(b) Active creation and reconstruction of knowledge
(c) Exploratory learning and automatic investigative methods
(d) Reasoning from general to specific
Ans: (d)

75 . Which levels of inductive reasoning are not included?
(a) observation (b) experiment
(c) Generalization (d) Imagination
Ans: (d)

76. The ability to apply a given general principle to a particular situation is called ………….
(a) advent logic (b) exceptional logic
(c) incorporation logic (d) logical reasoning
Ans: (c)

77. How can teachers simplify children’s understanding of complex concepts?
(a) By repeated mechanical practice
(b) By providing opportunities for exploration and discussion.
(c) By giving a lecture.
(d) By arranging competitive opportunities.
Ans: (b)

78. Which one of the following methods is most incorrect to encourage positive development in students?
(a) Turning the wrong ideas of students into right ideas if asked to
(b) Give students lots of examples and encourage them to use reasoning
(c) to use punishment until the desired positive change occurs in the students
(d) New suffixes should be explained automatically without any reference to old suffixes.
Ans: (c)

79. What are the consequences of giving clear examples and non-examples to the students?
(a) It causes lack of understanding of concepts.
(b) It focuses on procedural / procedural knowledge rather than conceptual understanding.
(c) It is an effective way to encourage perceptual changes.
(d) It causes misconceptions in the minds of students.
Ans: (c)

80. Teachers for building suffixes in students
(a) The teaching method should be from simple to complex
(b) should provide the student with the opportunity of extensive experience
(c) should allow the student to transfer the created suffixes
(d) should perform all the above actions
Ans: (d)

81. To enable the learners to bring perceptual changes in their thinking, the teacher
(a) Prizes should be given to children who have changed their thinking.
(b) Children should be discouraged to think on their own that they listen to the teacher and follow it.
(c) Interpretation should be presented in the form of lectures.
(d) Give clear and convincing explanations and discuss with the learners.
Ans: (d)

82. How will you help children in your class change their own concepts?
(a) By writing information to children and asking them to remember it.
(b) By punishing children if their concepts are wrong.
(c) giving factual information
(d) By giving children an opportunity to express their understanding of concepts.
Ans: (d)

83 . A child sees a crow flying in front of the window and says “A bird”. What does this reveal about the idea of ​​a child?
(a) The child’s memories are stored in advance.
(b) The suffix of ‘bird’ has developed in the child.
(c) The child has developed some language tools to describe his experiences.
(a) B and C (b) A, B and C
(c) Only B (d) A and B
Ans: (a)

84. Continuation of suffixes is a ………… process.
(a) odd (b) irregular
(c) topical (d) cumulative
Ans: (d)

85. Which of the following is not an example of the concept of embodiment?
(a) Qualification (b) Chair
(c) force (d) speed
Ans: (a)

86 . The first step of concept construction is-
(a) Normalization (b) Differentiation
(c) disclosure (d) separation
Ans: (c)

87. Principles increase the understanding of new concepts through diagrams.
(a) Focusing concentration on specific details
(b) To prioritize academic content for study
(c) To enhance the ability to organize information rationally
(d) Transfer of knowledge between subject areas
Ans: (c)

88. The development of concepts is mainly a part of ……
(a) Physical development (b) Social development
(c) emotional development (d) intellectual development
Ans: (d)

89. Which one of the following methods is most effective for promoting positive development in students?
(a) New suffixes should be automatically understood without any reference to old suffixes
(b) Turning wrong ideas of students into right ideas by asking them to remember
(c) Give lots of examples to the students and encourage them to use reasoning
(d) To use punishment until the desired positive change occurs in the students.
Ans: (c)

90 . To enable the learner to make perceptual changes in his thinking, the teacher
(a) Prizes should be given to the children who have changed their thinking
(b) Children should be discouraged to think for themselves and ask them to listen to the teacher and follow it
(c) Interpretation should be presented as lecture
(d) Give clear and convincing explanations and discuss with the learners.
Ans: (d)

91. Presenting a large unconnected piece of knowledge:
(a) will help the learners in organizing the information in their own way.
(b) Will make teacher’s work difficult and learners’ work easy.
(c) will make it difficult for the learners to gain conceptual understanding.
(d) will make memorization easier for the learners.
Ans: (c)

92. What should a teacher do in the context of ‘intuitive principles’ created by children about many events?
(a) One should ‘change’ from a correct principle by repeated memorization.
(b) These principles of children should be challenged by presenting adverse evidence and examples.
(c) These principles of children should be ignored.
(d) Children should be punished.
Ans: (b)

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