Chapter 04. Inheritance and Environmental Inheritance

1. Heredity is considered a ………… social structure.
(a) primary (b) secondary
(c) dynamic (d) permanent
Ans: (d)

2. Symptoms transferred from parents to descendants are called
(a) environment (b) genes
(c) Heredity (d) Homeostasis
Ans: (c)

3. Inheritance in personality and intelligence-
(a) nominal role is (b) important role
(c) Uncommon role (d) Attractive role.
Ans: (b)

4. Heredity is the formation of ………… properties.
(a) environment (b) mental
(c) genetic (d) psychological
Ans: (c)

5. Which of the following statements is not correct?
(a) “Inheritance is the transmission of qualities from parents to children”.
(b) “Development is the result of interaction of the creature and its environment”.
(c) “Inheritance is the refinement of the innate characteristics of a person”.
(d) “To transmit the physical and mental characteristics of parents to children is hereditary”.
Ans: (c)

6. …………. is the sum of innate personal qualities.
(a) equality (b) continuity
(c) Inheritance (d) Yuyutsa
Ans: (c)

7. There is a lot of debate on whether a specific set of abilities in boys and girls is due to their genetic components. Which of the following do you most agree with in this context?
(a) Girls are socially prepared for service while boys are discouraged to display emotion like crying.
(b) Boys and girls cannot play together after puberty because their interests are completely opposite.
(c) All girls have inherent talent for arts disciplines while boys are genetically prepared to perform better in aggressive sports.
(d) Boys cannot be of service because they are of this type from birth.
Ans: (c)

8. Which one of the following is a correct sequence?
(a) Egg-sperm, Blastocyst, zygote
(b) Blastocyst egg-sperm, zygote
(c) Blastocyst, zygote, egg-sperm
(d) Egg-sperm, zygote, blastocyst
Ans (d)

9. Heredity is considered as … social structure.
(a) Dynamic (b) Static
(c) primary (d) secondary
Ans: (b)

10 . Which of the following is not a theory of intelligence?
(a) one-element theory (b) two-element theory
(c) return trip principle (d) Bhutttv theory
Ans: (c)

11. A genetic method can be used to study human development.
(a) horizontal (b) vertical
(c) Both horizontal and vertical (d) None of these
Ans: (c)

12. What kind of theory posits that evolution depends on things that are inherited through genes?
(a) a determinism theory (b) a social theory
(c) a naturalistic principle (d) a nurturing principle
Ans: (c)

13. Sometimes children are separated from both, parents. This is due to the law of ______ .
(a) separation (b) diversity
(c) dominance (d) regression
Ans: (b)

14. What wise parent (guardian) child (children) are fast always studies?
(a) yes
(b) no
(c) Psychology cannot give any answer in this regard
(d) It depends on God
Ans: (b)

15. Which of the following is primarily a heredity factor?
(a) Aptitude to group of equivalent persons
(b) contemplation pattern
(c) eye color
(d) Participation in social activities
Ans: (c)

16. Which of the following is an incorrect statement regarding inheritance?
(a) Inheritance determines the sex of the child
(b) It contributes significantly to physical organization
(c) It contributes to the birth of twins
(d) It contains interest, attitude liking, dislike and emotional feelings of the brain.
Ans: (d)

17. Determines lineage in cognitive development
(a) Basic nature of the anatomical structure like brain
(b) development of anatomy
(c) the existence of spontaneous reflex actions
(d) All of them.
Ans: (a)

18. Gender is determined
(a) mother (b) father
(c) by parents (d) none of these
Ans: (b)

19. Chromosomes responsible for the birth of a boy are
(a) XX (b) XP
(c) XY (d) CX
Ans: (c)

20. The extent of the influence of heredity on development is best described by which of the following?
(a) Heredity determines how much one will develop.
(b) Heredity determines how much one can develop.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Either (a) or (b)
Ans: (b)

21. If ……………… the chromosomes match then the boy is born—
(a) YY (b) XY
(c) XX (d) BY
Ans: (b)

22. Primacy is the developmental process determined by genetics.
(a) learning (b) maturity
(c) Socialization (d) None of these
Ans: (b)

23. The condition that occurs due to the inability of the 21st chromosome pair of the mother to separate, is called −.
(a) Downs syndrome (b) Cleanfelter syndrome
(c) Turner syndrome (d) Wilson syndrome
Ans: (a)

24. Normal joint cell contains pairs of chromosomes.
(a) 22 (b) 23
(c) 24 (d) None of the above
Ans: (b)

25. The normal male has XY chromosomes while the normal female has …… .
(a) XX chromosome (b) XYY chromosome
(c) XXX chromosome (d) X chromosome
Ans: (a)

26. Hereditary factors begin their influence from the time of the child’s ……….
(a) development (b) growth
(c) conception (d) early years
Ans: (c)

27. Which of the following disorders is caused by an additional 1xth chromosome?
(a) Phenylketonuria
(b) Down syndrome
(c) Turner’s syndrome
(d) sickle cell anemia (sickle cell anemia)
Ans: (b)

28. Heredity of someone is determined at the time of ______ .
(a) maturity (b) conception
(c) development (d) birth
Ans: (b)

29. Involves in the natural environment
(a) inheritance (b) bio-abiotic
(c) Family (d) Animals
Ans: (b)

30. Which of the following statements about the role of heredity and environment is true?
(a) Some aspects of development are more affected by heredity and some other environment.
(b) A child’s ability to learn and perform is determined solely by genes.
(c) Good care and nutritious diet can overcome any congenital disorder of the child.
(d) Environment only plays an important role in the child’s language development.
Ans: (a)

31. Which of the following statements about the role of heredity and environment in the context of human development is correct?
(a) Ambient effects completely determine a person’s development.
(b) Neither heredity nor environment affect human development.
(c) Both heredity and environment affect human development as a complex interaction.
(d) Heredity is the sole cause of individual differences.
Ans: (c)

32. Student’s development depends on-
(a) On inheritance
(b) Atmosphere
(c) On inheritance and environment
(d) None of the above
Ans: (c)

33. The determinants of individual variation in humans are related to
(a) Interaction with environment
(b) variation in inheritance
(c) Variation in both inheritance and environment
(d) Inheritance and environment interaction
Ans: (d)

34. Inheritance and relationship of environment have effect on growth of a person according to one of the following
(a) Inheritance affects a person
(b) environment affects the person
(c) Inheritance + environment affects the person
(d) Inheritance × environment affects the person
Ans: (d)

35. What are the individual determinants in mankind that explain the diversity of mankind?
(a) Difference of environment
(b) Difference in heredity
(c) Heredity and environment interaction
(d) None of the above
Ans: (c)

36. Child development is the result of:
(a) inheritance
(b) environment
(c) Inheritance and internal processes of environment
(d) Economic factors
Ans: (c)

37. Human development is the result of both contributions
(a) Parent and teacher
(b) Social and cultural factors
(c) Lineage and environment
(d) None of these
Ans: (c)

38. Human personality is the result—
(a) Heredity only
(b) Parenting and education
(c) Heredity and interaction of environment
(d) Only learn fast
Ans: (c)

39. A 6- year-old girl demonstrates exceptional abilities in sports. His parents are both players, training him regularly. It is very likely that his abilities will be the result of a mutual reaction between the two.
(a) growth and development
(b) Health and testing
(c) Discipline and nutritional
(d) Heredity and environment
Ans: (d)

40. Which of the following is true about the role of heredity and environment in the development of a child?
(a) Both heredity and environment contribute to the development of a child 50.50 %
(b) Relative contribution of genes and genes is not additive
(c) Heredity and environment do not operate together
(d) Conscious trend is related to environment whereas geneticity is necessary for real development.
Ans: (b)

41. With reference to the role of heredity and environment in human development, which of the following statements is appropriate?
(a) The relative effect of heredity and environment is variable in different areas of development.
(b) The Government of India’s policy on differential damage supplementation is based on the role of ‘nature’ in human development.
(c) The role of the environment remains almost constant while the effect of genetics may change.
(d) The theory of ‘behaviorism’ is often based on the role of ‘nature’ in human development.
Ans: (a)

42. What is meant by ‘nature’ in the ‘nature-nurture’ controversy?
(a) Biological characteristics or inheritance information
(b) Basic instinct of a person
(c) Complex powers of the physical and social world
(d) the environment around us
Ans: (a)

43. With reference to the ‘nature-raising’ debate, which of the following statements do you think is appropriate?
(a) The child is like a blank slate whose character can be molded into any shape by the surroundings.
(b) Children are genetically inclined towards which side it should be. No matter what kind of environment they are growing momentarily
(c) Ambient effects are of little importance in determining a child’s behavior. He is primarily genetically determined
(d) Inheritance and environment are inextricably interwoven and both affect development.
Ans: (d)

44. Arjava argues that language development is influenced by one’s natural instincts while Sonali feels that it is influenced by surroundings. What is this discussion between Arjava and Sonali?
(a) challenging and sensitive spirit
(b) Debate on stability and instability
(c) Continuous and Discrete Learning
(d) Debate on nature and upbringing
Ans: (d)

45. “The components of the environment have no role in shaping a person, because the growth of each person is determined by its genetic structure. “
(a) Well, because many researches prove that genetic material predicts the development of a person
(b) OK, Because the components of the environment contribute less to the growth and development of a person.
(c) Not good, Because many researches prove that environment can have a big impact in development.
(d) Okay, because a person’s genetic structure is very strong
Ans: (c)

46. Why do individuals differ from each other?
(a) due to the effect of environment
(b) due to innate characteristics
(c) Due to interaction between inheritance and environment
(d) Due to each person getting a different set of genes from their parents
Ans: (c)

47. The specific interaction of _____ and _____ can result in diverse pathways and conclusions of development.
(a) search; Nutrition (b) Challenges; The boundaries
(c) inheritance; Environmental (d) sustainability; Change
Ans: (c)

48. Human intelligence is transmitted in subsequent generations. The task of ……… is to create suitable conditions for the development of this innate ability.
(a) Area (b) Weather
(c) atmosphere (d) climate
Ans: (c)

49. Which of the following statements is true?
(a) Genetic design affects the quality of a person’s environment.
(b) the adopted children of the same mind Lbdhank (IQ) is Ha, jo have adopted is their fraternal siblings
(c) Experience does not affect brain development
(d) Schooling has no effect on intelligence
Ans: (a)

50. The nature-nutrition dispute is related to which of the following?
(a) behavior and environment
(b) Environment and Biology
(c) Environment and upbringing
(d) Genetics and environment
Ans: (d)

51. Children’s behavior is important for the understanding of students’ home environment and its impressive Shicshasha received information Cycle may be linked to. This fact is related to which principle of learning?
(a) constructivist (b) socialist
(c) behaviorist (d) ecological
Ans: (d)

52. Do children acquire language, because they are genetically predisposed to do so or do their parents teach them intensively from early stage? This question necessarily reflects:
(a) Is development a continuous process or a discrete process?
(b) Effect of cognition on language development.
(c) Debate on nature and nutrition
(d) Discussion on development as a multi-factor ability.
Ans: (c)

53. to whom the names ‘Sujnnsha Cycle is linked to the Father’?
(a) Crow and Crow (b) Galton
(c) Ross (d) Woodworth
Ans: (b)

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