Chapter 03. Principles of Development of Children

1. Teacher should have knowledge-
(a) of teaching subject
(b) Child Psychology
(c) Education Code
(d) Teaching subjects and child psychology
Ans: (d)

2. A teacher must have good knowledge to understand his students
(a) Child Psychology
(b) Children’s tendency to understand
(c) Students’ opinion of the subject matter
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

3. Which statement is best based on child psychology?
(a) All children are the same
(b) Every child is unique
(c) Some children are special
(d) Some children are the same
Ans: (b)

4. The definition of child development is the field of study which
(a) tests the change in human capabilities
(b) will find explanation of behavior during life time
(c) Will compare children with adult and senior citizens
(d) Will be responsible for the gradual development of cognitive, social and other abilities of a child
Ans: (d)

5. The term indicative development indicates—
(a) rate (b) limit
(c) direction (d) specific properties
Ans: (d)

6. Which of the following include changes over time from a development perspective?
(a) form (b) rate
(c) sequence (d) all these
Ans: (b)

7. In Child Development
(a) Process is stressed
(b) The role of environment and experience is emphasized
(c) Study from pregnancy to adolescence
(d) All of the above
Ans: (c)

8. Which statement is best based on child psychology?
(a) All children are the same
(b) Every child is unique
(c) Some children are special
(d) Some children are the same
Ans: (b)

9. Knowledge of child psychology is essential for primary teacher
(a) It helps in disciplining children
(b) Results in the exam progress
(c) It becomes a convenient way to motivate children
(d) It helps the teacher to understand the behavior of children
Ans: (d)

10. The focus of child psychology is-
(a) good teacher (b) child
(c) teaching process (d) school
Ans: (b)

11 . The field of child psychology is-
(a) Study of characteristics of infancy only.
(b) Study of characteristics of pregnancy only.
(c) Study of characteristics of childhood only.
(d) Study of characteristics of pregnancy to adolescence.
Ans: (d)

12. According to child psychology, the main place in education is
(a) child (b) teacher
(c) Parent’s (d) Administrator’s
Ans: (a)

13. Inspection is done in the method
(a) our study
(b) study its behavior
(c) study the behavior of others
(d) behavior analysis.
Ans: (c)

14 . What is not true regarding the case study method?
(a) It is a scientific method.
(b) This method is very complex.
(c) It is simple and inexpensive.
(d) It diagnoses problems by finding the cause.
Ans: (b)

15 . The psychological method of personal study of the child is-
(a) Ratings scale (b) Questionnaire
(c) Case study (d) Experimental method
Ans: (c)

16. A mischievous boy in the class harasses other students. Which method should a teacher use to find the cause of his problem?
(a) Survey method (b) Personal study method
(c) Experimental method (d) Supervision method
Ans: (b)

17. The best way to study the growth and development of a child is-
(a) comparative method (b) developmental method
(c) Statistical method (d) Psychoanalytic method
Ans: (b)

18 . When evolutionists study general changes that are specific to all humans, it is known as…
(a) Instructional Development
(b) Idiographic development
(c) Informal development
(d) formal development
Ans: (a)

19. Study of similar children for a specified period of time is known as _____ study.
(a) Longitudinal
(b) Representational (cross sectional)
(c) latitudinal
(d) Experimental
Ans: (a)

20. __________ is the method in which a person is studied by observing and measuring the same person for a variable period during his or her growth.
(a) mixed method (b) non- responsive growth
(c) Cross sectional (d) Extended method
Ans: (b)

21. Which is the best method to study the growth and development of a child?
(a) Psychoanalytic method (b) Comparative method
(c) developmental method (d) statistical method
Ans: (c)

22. The study area of ​​child development is-
(a) Study of various stages of child development
(b) Study of the effects of environment on child development
(c) Study of individual variations
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

23. ‘most popular live (Surviva L Of The Fittest) principle remains’
(a) Lamarck (b) Harrison
(c) Darwin’s (d) MacDougall’s
Ans: (c)

24. Which of the following methods is used to study a person’s behavior in its totality?
(a) observation method (b) experimental method
(c) Survey method (d) Case study method
Ans: (d)

25. Study is applied to implement the study, of which some individuals are measured on at least two consecutive occasions.
(a) Extended modular growth (b) Increased responsiveness
(c) Cross-sectional development (d) Mixed responsiveness
Ans: (d)

26. The method of study used by behaviorists was:
(a) Survey (b) Introspection
(c) Case study (d) Overview
Ans: (d)

27. Which of the following is not a theory of development?
(a) Theory of specific to general verbs
(b) principle of continuity
(c) Theory of diversity
(d) Principle of integration
Ans: (a)

28. A child first learns to move the whole hand, then the fingers and then the hands and fingers together. This example shows which principle of growth and development
(a) principle of continuity
(b) Principle of integration
(c) Theory of general to special
(d) Principle of individual variation
Ans: (b)

29. Which of the following is not a theory of development?
(a) Development is affected by both heredity and environment.
(b) Development is universal and cultural references do not affect it.
(c) Development happens throughout life.
(d) Growth is permeable.
Ans: (b)

30. Which of the following is not a theory of development?
(a) Development is comparatively gradual.
(b) Growth occurs gradually over time.
(c) The exact speed and nature of development is determined at birth.
(d) Individuals develop at different speeds.
Ans: (c)

31. shows the development from the central part of the body towards the peripheries or organs.
(a) Principles of radiation development
(b) Principles of decentralized development
(c) Principles of Middle External Development
(d) Principles of hierarchical development
Ans: (c)

32., Development progresses during special period but pauses for adjustment during this period. According to which of the following rules of development?
(a) Principle of coordination
(b) Theory of continuity
(c) Theory of circular progress
(d) Same-model theory
Ans: (c)

33. Which one of the following theories of development is wrong?
(a) Individuality varies in development
(b) Development is the result of 6 combinations
(c) It is a continuous process
(d) It is predictable
Ans: (b)

34. Each learner is unique ie
(a) No two learners are equal in their abilities, interests and skills
(b) The learners do not have any common qualities nor do they share common goals.
(c) A common curriculum is not possible for all the learners.
(d) It is impossible to develop the capacity of all the learners in a heterogeneous classroom.
Ans: (a)

35. Mastakadhomukhi and closely related order is a part of which action?
(a) consciousness (b) development
(c) growth (d) modification.
Ans: (b)

36. The direction of physical and functional development of a child is:
(a) From head to foot and from outside the body towards the center
(b) From head to foot and out from the middle of the body
(c) From head to foot and from outside the body towards the center
(d) From head to foot and out of the middle of the body
Ans: (b)

37. According to the Siddhanta theory of child development, the following is the true statement
(a) Development takes place from head to foot
(b) Development takes place from foot to head
(c) Development takes place from the center to the periphery
(d) None of the above
Ans: (a)

38. Naresh and Mukesh are the same age. There is a great difference in their social and mental development. This is due to the following principle of development
(a) Theory of refinement
(b) Theory of definite and predictable model
(c) Theory of individualism
(d) Same-model theory
Ans: (c)

39. According to the principle of sephalocodal tendency, physical development takes place …….
(a) from head to foot
(b) from a nearby remote (remote) to organs
(c) from foot to head
(d) Distance from limb to proximal organs
Ans: (a)

40 . Which of the following is not a theory of development?
(a) Development not vertical, circular
(b) Development is in order
(c) development is continuous
(d) Development is a mechanical process
Ans: (d)

41 . “Development is a never ending process.” With whom is this idea related?
(a) Principle of inter-relation
(b) Principle of continuity
(c) Principle of integration
(d) Principle of Interaction
Ans: (b)

42 . With which of the following theories of development can the systematic presentation of concepts be related?
(a) Development leads from heterogeneity to autonomy
(b) Students develop at different rates
(c) development is relatively gradual
(d) Growth results in growth
Ans: (c)

43 . The pace of development varies from one person to another, but it follows a ………… sample.
(a) heel − to − peak (b) disordered
(c) unexpected (d) sorted and arranged
Ans: (d)

44. Which of the following is the principle of development?
(a) It is not a continuous process
(b) Not all processes of development are interrelated
(c) Not all growth is equal
(d) Development is always linear
Ans: (c)

45 . Which of the following is not a theory of development?
(a) Theory of optimized alternation
(b) Principle of continuous development
(c) Theory of correlation
(d) Principle of same pattern
Ans: (a)

46 . Which is not a theory of growth and development?
(a) Principle of common pattern
(b) Theory of general verbs of specific
(c) Principle of sustainable development
(d) Theory of individual differences
Ans: (b)

47 . Development is a process
(a) fragmented (b) continuous
(c) complete (d) incomplete
Ans: (b)

48 . A teacher / teacher found that a student is experiencing difficulty in forming a class. He speculated that he would also experience difficulty drawing the diamond. On the basis of which of the following principles did he infer this?
(a) Development is continuous.
(b) The process of development is also different for different people.
(c) Development is related to the tendency to be in a systematic order.
(d) The process of development is a mutational process.
Ans: (c)

49 . Which of the following is not a theory of development?
(a) Development is modifiable
(b) Development is governed and determined only by culture
(c) Development takes place over a lifetime
(d) Development is influenced by both inheritance and environment
Ans: (b)

50 . Which of the following is not related to the principles of growth and development?
(a) Theory of continuity (b) Theory of classification
(c) Principle of Coordination (d) Principle of Individualism
Ans: (b)

51. Which of the following is a principle of child development?
(a) Development occurs because of the interaction between maturation and experience.
(b) Experience is the sole determinant of development.
(c) Development is ensured through reinforcement and punishment.
(d) Development can correctly estimate the speed of each child.
Ans: (a)

52. Which of the following is not a theory of child development?
(a) All development follows a sequence
(b) All areas of development are important
(c) All development is the result of maturation and interaction of experience
(d) All development and learning proceed at an equal pace.
Ans: (d)

53. Development …….. of ……. side is growing
(a) general → specific (b) complex → difficult
(c) specific → normal (d) simple → easy
Ans: (a)

54. Which of the following is a statement about development?
(a) Developmental changes move in a straight line
(b) Development progresses from birth to adolescence and then backwards
(c) Development takes place at different speeds in different people
(d) Growth takes place from birth to adolescence at a very rapid pace and then stops.
Ans: (c)

56. Which of the following statements is wrong about the principles of development?
(a) Development is a quantitative process that can be precisely measured.
(b) Development is based on maturation and learning.
(c) Development occurs through heredity and continuous interaction between environments.
(d) Every child goes through stages of development, yet there are many individual differences among children.
Ans: (a)

57. The head of development: The theory of evolutionary direction explains that development proceeds in this way-
(a) from general to specific tasks
(b) Towards different integrated functions
(c) from head to foot
(d) From rural to urban areas
Ans: (c)

58. Individual learners differ from each other in …….
(a) sequence of development
(b) General development potential
(c) Principles of intelligence and development
(d) rate of growth
Ans: (d)

59. A child who comes for the first time in pre-school shouts freely. After two years, when the same child goes to primary school for the first time, then he does not express his stress by shouting, but what can be the theoretical basis of this practical change of his shoulder and neck muscles?
(a) Development takes place gradually
(b) development is continuous
(c) Different people also develop differently
(d) Differentiation and integration are the characteristics of development
Ans: (d)

60. Human development is based on certain principles. Which of the following is not a theory of human development?
(a) general to specific (b) reversible
(c) continuity (d) sequentiality
Ans: (b)

61. Every learner is unique in himself. This means that –
(a) Uniform curriculum is not possible for all learners
(b) It is impossible to develop the abilities of learners in a heterogeneous classroom
(c) No two learners are equal in their abilities and interests
(d) Learners have neither the same characteristics nor the same goals.
Ans: (c)

62 . Seema learns every lesson very quickly while Leena takes more time to learn it. This reflects the …………… theory of development.
(a) Individual variation (b) Inter-relation
(c) continuity (d) from general to specific
Ans: (a)

63. Development always matches the age of the child. It is caused by the principle of …………..
(a) continuity (b) uniform pattern
(c) integration (d) individual variation
Ans: (b)

64. The child is able to raise his head before the cursor is moved. This is due to the operation of
(a) Discrimination principle
(b) Integration Theory
(c) Cephalocodal theory
(d) Proxemodistal principle
Ans: (c)

65. During the process of child development,
(a) Specific tasks are done after, general tasks.
(b) Both general and specific functions occur simultaneously.
(c) General tasks are done after, specific tasks.
(d) General and specific functions are not dependent on each other.
Ans: (a)

66. The spinal cord develops before the heart. It is caused by the operation of the following tendencies:
(a) From general to specific
(b) Cephalocodal
(c) Proximodistal
(d) from part to whole (part to hole)
Ans: (c)

67. How does development proceed according to cephalocoidal tendencies?
(a) from head to foot (b) from nearby organs
(c) the head of the foot (d) in the neighborhood of organs from
Ans: (a)

68. Includes the rule of developmental direction—
(a) Mastakadhomukhi Rule
(b) the nearest rule
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Neither (a) nor (b)
Ans: (c)

69. “Development is a never ending process.” This statement is related to which theory of development?
(a) principle of interaction
(b) Principle of integration
(c) Principle of inter-relation
(d) Principle of continuity
Ans: (d)

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