Chapter 02. Concept of Development

1. The growth of the child is mainly related to—
(a) physical development (b) social development
(c) emotional development (d) moral development
Ans: (a)

2. Which of the following statements does not represent an attribute of growth?
(a) It is a quantitative aspect
(b) It is not measurable
(c) It is not life-long
(d) It shows only physical development
Ans: (b)

3. What is not right about growth?
(a) growth is physical
(b) accretion is quantitative
(c) accretion is measurable
(d) Addition is a life-long process
Ans: (d)

4. Which of the following statements is not true?
(a) Learning is a process of behavior change.
(b) Growth is a biological process.
(c) Development is a quantitative process.
(d) Education is a goal oriented process.
Ans: (c)

5. Human development is divided into regions which are-
(a) Physical, cognitive, emotional and social
(b) emotional, cognitive, spiritual and social mind
(c) Psychological, cognitive, emotional and social
(d) Physical, spiritual, cognitive and social
Ans: (a)

6. Mankind develops
(a) to the end of adolescence (b) to the end of childhood
(c) to the beginning of maturity (d) after life
Ans: (d)

7. Which of the following correctly identifies the broad dimensions of development?
(a) emotional, intellectual, spiritual and self
(b) Body, Personality, Spiritual and emotional
(c) Social, physical, personality, self
(d) Physical, cognitive, social and emotional
Ans: (d)

8 . Which of the following statements is not correct?
(a) Growth and development are synonymous with each other.
(b) Development is a continuous process.
(c) Growth is a part of development.
(d) Development efficiency reveals qualitative changes in efficiency and behavior.
Ans: (a)

9. There is an act of development that happiness varies in different periods of the development paradigm. According to this act
(a) The first year of life is the happiest period.
(b) Age: Treaty period and the first year of life is also the happiest period of life.
(c) Age: The evening is the most sad time of life.
(d) The first year of life is the happiest and the age of marriage is the most sad time.
Ans: (d)

10. Which of the following statements regarding development is not correct?
(a) Certain characteristics of growth patterns can be predicted
(b) The aim of development is to develop hereditary potential.
(c) There are no possible threats in different areas of development
(d) Early development is more important than later development.
Ans: (c)

11. Development means
(a) successive series of changes
(b) successive series of changes that occur as a result of motivation
(c) Successive series of changes that occur as a result of motivation and experience
(d) A series of changes that occur as a result of maturity and experience.
Ans: (d)

12. Which of the following statements is not true regarding development?
(a) Every stage of development has its own dangers
(b) Stimulating / promoting growth
(c) Development is influenced by cultural changes
(d) Each stage of development has its own characteristics.
Ans: (b)

13. Increase in growth means
(a) Increase in knowledge
(b) increase in momentum
(c) Weight gain
(d) Increase in size, thinking, understanding skills
Ans: (c)

14 . Human development is …………….
(a) quantitative (b) qualitative
(c) to some extent inaccessible
(d) (a) and (b)
Ans: (d)

15. Identify qualitative changes in child development from the following list-
(a) weight (b) vision
(c) hair (d) teeth
Ans: (b)

16. Which of the following statements regarding learning is not correct?
(a) It needs proper environment.
(b) Maturity has nothing to do with it.
(c) Auxiliary materials help in learning.
(d) Motivation important in learning process
Ans: (b)

17. An example of maturity is when the child learns
(a) drawing (b) reading
(c) cycling (d) walking
Ans: (d)

18. Which of the following statements regarding learning and maturity is correct?
(a) If human development was only by maturity, humans would be limited to only the lowest level.
(b) Due to the limitation of lineage potential, 4 children can develop beyond a certain range.
(c) When the child is not ready to learn from the point of view of development, even then he can learn with more effort.
(d) The inherent powers of the child should be encouraged to develop without thinking in time
Ans: (a)

19. Which of the following characteristics differentiates maturity from learning?
(a) It is a natural process
(b) It depends on practice
(c) It depends on the motivators
(d) It is a lifelong process.
Ans: (a)

20. To train before normal maturation usually
(a) It is very beneficial in terms of execution of general skills.
(b) Overall it is harmful.
(c) It is beneficial in long term.
(d) Whether beneficial or harmful, It depends on which method is used in training.
Ans: (d)

21. Maturity is concerned with
(a) development (b) intelligence
(c) Creativity (d) Interest
Ans: (a)

22. Development has the same relation with maturity as that of stimulation.
(a) change (b) reaction
(c) effort (d) result
Ans: (b)

23. Mature students
(a) believe that emotions have no place in their study
(b) With their intelligence, they quickly resolve all their conflicts.
(c) Sometimes in his studies he wants the help of emotions
(d) Do not deviate from studies even in difficult situations
Ans: (b)

24. …………… is called maturity.
(a) Family intervention
(b) a change due to cultural influences
(c) Natural organic growth
(d) Changes due to environmental pressures
Ans: (c)

25. A person learns to use, muscles and gains a skill due to:
(a) maturity (b) practice
(c) Learning (d) Parental emphasis
Ans: (a)

26. Which of the following best describes a learner’s maturity?
(a) It is a continuous process of personal development
(b) It is related to cognitive abilities
(c) specific environment is required
(d) occurs at certain ages.
Ans: (a)

27. Which one of the following is appropriate for development?
(a) Development begins and ends with birth.
(b) ‘Socio-cultural context’ plays an important role in development.
(c) Development is single dimensional.
(d) Development is different.
Ans: (b)

28. Apart from ………… .. Sports plays an important role in the development of young children due to the following reasons:
(a) They attain mastery over their body
(b) It stimulates their senses
(c) It is a pleasant way to spend time
(d) They acquire new skills and learn when to use them
Ans: (c)

29. Which of the following factors affects the development of a child?
(a) Endocrine glands (b) Nutritious food
(c) Disease and injury (d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

30. Nowadays in most schools the primary focus is for the group of participants.
(a) grade level (b) age level
(c) At the merit level (d) At the student’s affection
Ans: (b)

31. Which of the following contributes most to the learning and development of children?
(a) Family adult group and television
(b) Family, adult group and teacher
(c) Family, Games and Computer
(d) Family, Sports and Tourism.
Ans: (b)

32. Which of the following statements is not correct?
(a) The teacher who believes that development is caused by nature, does not value giving experience
(b) Early experiences are important and teacher intervention is also important
(c) No teacher can defend against the impact of negative events of early life
(d) In the context of behavioral change, development occurs as a result of environmental influences.
Ans: (c)

33. The boy’s first school is
(a) Family (b) Society
(c) Village (d) School.
Ans: (a)

34. Early development of a child depends mainly on
(a) parents (b) environment (environment)
(c) School environment (d) Society
Ans: (a)

35. Children from poor families who belong to small-sized families have opportunities to get a better environment for development as they are compared to poor children from large families….
(a) Fewer problems related to cleanliness are encountered
(b) Their parents are more happy
(c) They get a peaceful situation
(d) They get better conditions.
Ans: (d)

36 . Factors affecting growth are—
(a) Environment (b) Health
(c) Diet (d) All these
Ans: (d)

37. In addition to the following ………………… all environmental factors give rise to size.
(a) Quality of Nutrition (b) Culture
(c) Quality of education (d) Physical formation
Ans: (d)

38. Which of the following statements supports the role of environment in the development of a child?
(a) There has been a steady increase in the average performance of the students in the IQ examination in the last few decades.
(b) Identical twins who are raised in different households, Their intelligence is as high as 0.75 .
(c) Physically healthy children are often found to be morally good.
(d) Some learners process information quickly while other students in the same class are unable to do so.
Ans: (a)

39. Which of the following is the correct sequence of human development?
(a) Infancy, Adolescence, Childhood, Adulthood
(b) Infancy, Childhood, Adolescence, Adult Age
(c) childhood, adolescence, maturity, infancy
(d) childhood, infancy, adolescence, maturity
Ans: (b)

40. Postpartum (after birth) is the second major stage of development.
(a) pregnancy (b) infancy
(c) adolescence (d) childhood.
Ans: (d)

41. Childhood is the main stage of human development
(a) first (b) second
(c) III (d) IV.
Ans: (a)

42. Childhood is-
(a) up to five years (b) up to twelve years
(c) up to 21 years (d) none of these
Ans: (a)

43. Childhood is a state
(a) up to five years (b) up to twelve years
(c) up to twenty one years (d) none
Ans: (b)

44. The period of infancy is
(a) From birth to 2 years (b) From birth to 3 years
(c) 2 to 3 years (d) From birth to 1 year
Ans: (a)

45 . Middle childhood is
(a) 2 years to 6 years (b) 6 years to 11 years
(c) After 10 years (d) 2 years from birth
Ans: (b)

46. Which of the following age groups falls under the latter childhood category?
(a) 11 to 18 years
(b) 18 to 24 years
(c) 6 years from birth
(d) 6 to 11 years
Ans: (d)

10 . Old age – 60 years to the end of life
47. Which of the following age groups falls under the latter childhood category?
(a) 11 to 18 years (b) 18 to 24 years
(c) 6 years from birth (d) 9 to 12 years
Ans: (d)

48 . Childhood is
(a) From birth to age 3
(b) From the third year to the age of 6
(c) From the sixth year to the age of 12 years
(d) From the second year to the age of 10 or 12
Ans: (c)

49. Which of the following age ranges is considered early childhood?
(a) 7 to 11 (b) 2 from birth
(c) 3 to 12 (d) 2 to 6
Ans: (d)

50. What is the period from conception to child birth?
(a) adolescence (b) childhood
(c) antenatal period (d) adulthood
Ans: (c)

51. Human development begins
(a) Pregnancy (b) Pre-childhood
(c) post -childhood (d) infancy
Ans: (a)

52. Development Begins
(a) pre-natal stage (b) infancy
(c) Pre-childhood (d) Post-childhood
Ans: (a)

53. Sensitivity begins to develop in the fetus
(a) head (b) foot
(c) hand (d) whole body.
Ans: (a)

54 . How many days does the baby take to develop in the womb?
(a) 150 (b) 280
(c) 390 (d) 640
Ans: (b)

55. Which of the following does not negatively affect prenatal development?
(a) caffeine (b) exercise
(c) alcohol (d) radiation
Ans: (b)

56. At what stage does physical growth accelerate?
(a) early childhood (b) infancy
(c) adolescence (d) education period
Ans: (b)

57. What is not the main feature of infancy?
(a) intensity in learning process
(b) curiosity
(c) learning tendency by simulation
(d) Thinking process
Ans: (d)

58. Children’s activities in childhood are ……….
(a) parenthetical (b) protected
(c) cognitive (d) emotional
Ans: (a)

59. Self-centered state of child
(a) From birth to 2 years
(b) 3 to 6 years
(c) 7 years to adolescence
(d) in adolescence
Ans: (b)

60. Babies develop shyness or shyness from strangers by the age of …………
(a) three months (b) one year
(c) nine months (d) six months
Ans: (d)

61. Infants are very ______ in the early stages .
(a) extrovert (b) selfless
(c) self-centered (d) philanthropist
Ans: (c)

62. Which of the following is a characteristic of ‘middle childhood’?
(a) Ability to think abstractly and use scientific reasoning develops.
(b) Children start thinking logically and tangibly.
(c) Learning occurs mainly by sensory and motor activities.
(d) Physical growth and development takes place at a very fast pace.
Ans: (b)

63. What is the concept of childhood?
(a) According to contemporary social-structuralist psychologists it is a social structure.
(b) It is that children are born in a wicked form and have to be civilized.
(c) that children start from zero and their qualities are determined entirely by the environment.
(d) It is universally similar in different cultural contexts.
Ans: (a)

64. The stage of human development which is called the ‘golden state’ is-
(a) infancy (b) childhood
(c) adolescence (d) maturity
Ans: (b)

65. Which of the following development is not suitable for post childhood?
(a) Physical efficiency is the learning requirement for ordinary sports
(b) acquiring social role of a man or woman
(c) Achieving personal freedom
(d) We learn to live with ages
Ans: (b)

66. Following are the characteristics of children in the age group of 6-11 years
(a) Children are natural and active learners
(b) depend on teachers for learning
(c) Children receive knowledge from 4 teachers
(d) Children are not interested in learning
Ans: (d)

67. A child aged 6 or 7 is not able to accept the views of others
(a) Because it is very small
(b) Because it is ego centered
(c) Because he is not intelligent
(d) because it is imaginative
Ans: (b)

68. Being a member of a party or gang, socialization is better in the later childhood. Which of the following statements contradicts this idea?
(a) learns by not relying on adults
(b) learns to fulfill responsibilities
(c) learns to be loyal to his group
(d) Quarreling over trivial matters, Puts a fight with his gang members.
Ans: (d)

69. Age: Which of the following is not an external expression during the treaty period?
(a) Opposition to sovereignty / authority
(b) Unrest
(c) Adherent towards self-reliance
(d) More like playing by sitting in place of active sports.
Ans: (d)

70. Which of the following statements does not agree with the development of middle school level students?
(a) Social behavior is progressively influenced by the ideals of the same group.
(b) Most of the children do not achieve rapid growth in this stage.
(c) Self-efficacy has a significant effect on intellectual and social behavior
(d) Most students become particularly self-centered.
Ans: (d)

71. is called the ‘age of toys’
(a) Pre-childhood (b) Post-childhood
(c) Infancy (d) All of these.
Ans: (a)

72. Which of the following is not a characteristic of early childhood?
(a) Living in a group / group
(b) simulation stage
(c) questioning stage
(d) Play state.
Ans: (a)

73. At what stage does the feeling of shame and pride develop?
(a) infancy (b) childhood
(c) adolescence (d) old age
Ans: (b)

74. What is the major psychological feature of childhood?
(a) dependence on
(b) spirit of collectivity
(c) Righteousness
(d) lack of exemplary tendency
Ans: (b)

75. A normal 12- year-old child is most likely to have
(a) Difficulty in total coordination
(b) Feeling of anxiety about making adults happy
(c) Limiting his interests now and here
(d) Restlessness for approval of counterpart
Ans: (d)

76. With which stage is the term ’emotional revolution’ more associated?
(a) infancy (b) childhood
(c) adolescence (d) adulthood
Ans: (c)

77. The period that initiates the transition to adulthood  What is it called?
(a) Middle childhood (b) Pre-operative period
(c) End of childhood (d) Adolescence
Ans: (d)

78. When pressure from classmates makes the most impact.
(a) early childhood (b) middle childhood
(c) early adolescence (d) post- adolescent
Ans: (d)

79. Which of the following statements regarding adolescence is not correct?
(a) Many new internal and external changes are seen.
(b) This age is highly emotional.
(c) Wisdom tries to reach its peak.
(d) Self-consciousness decreases.
Ans: (d)

80. Sixteen-year-old Neeraj is trying to inculcate the sense of a self-contained person. He is developing—
(a) hatred of rules (b) autonomy
(c) adolescent arrogance (d) maturity
Ans: (b)

81. According to Stanley Hall there is a state of more tension and storm-
(a) maturity (b) childhood
(c) adolescence (d) infancy
Ans: (c)

82. Which of the following is not developed in adolescence?
(a) egocentricity (b) interests
(c) Reasoning power (d) Ability to observe
Ans: (a)

83. At what stage of child development is there maximum attraction towards the opposite sex?
(a) infancy (b) childhood
(c) adolescence (d) adult stage
Ans: (c)

84. Which one of the following periods in one’s developing stage is generally called the period of conflict?
(a) infancy (b) childhood
(c) adolescent stage (d) adult stage
Ans: (c)

85. Which stage of development is called ‘stress and storm’?
(a) infancy (b) childhood
(c) adolescence (d) maturity
Ans: (c)

86. The spirit of heroic worship is awakened-
(a) in adolescence (b) in childhood
(c) In maturity (d) None of these
Ans: (a)

87. People with physical and mental maturity are called
(a) Teen (b) Adult
(c) Older (d) Child.
Ans: (a)

88. A 13- year-old boy quarrels with his elders and always tries to prove himself right. What stage of development is he?
(a) early childhood (b) adolescence
(c) puberty (d) childhood
Ans: (b)

89. The state of stress and anger is—
(a) infancy (b) adolescence
(c) childhood (d) old age
Ans: (b)

90. Humans / humans have the fastest speed of development?
(a) in infancy (b) in adolescence
(c) in infancy (d) in puberty
Ans: (b)

91 . At which of the following stages do children become active members of their peer group?
(a) adolescence (b) old age
(c) early childhood (d) childhood
Ans: (d)

92 . According to psychology, which stage of child development is the most complex and difficult?
(a) infancy (b) adolescence
(c) childhood (d) none of the above
Ans: (b)

93 . Teens may experience ………………
(a) Feelings of fear for crimes committed in childhood
(b) expressions of self-realization
(c) Fulfillment of life
(d) Anxiety and concern with self
Ans: (d)

94 . 14- year-old Devika is trying to inculcate the sense of self-contained individual from herself. She is developing
(a) Hate to rules
(b) Autonomy
(c) adolescent arrogance
(d) Maturity
Ans: (b)

95 . What kind of problem do children face in adolescence?
(a) To adjust with physical and mental changes
(b) adjusting to your peers
(c) Making adjustments with their parents
(d) Making education adjustments
Ans: (a)

96 . The tendency of ‘feeling of rebellion’ is related to which of the following stages?
(a) childhood (b) infancy
(c) Pre-adolescence (d) Middle adolescence
Ans: (c)

97. Hall’s theory explains which of the following-
(a) Nature of intelligence
(b) Role of motivation in learning
(c) Development of values
(d) adolescent development
Ans: (d)

98 . At what stage of development is the maximum development of intelligence?
(a) childhood (b) infancy
(c) adolescence (d) maturity
Ans: (c)

99. How does the intensity of emotions manifest in adolescence?
(a) Adverse family relationship
(b) Business problem
(c) Adjustment to new situation
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

100. Getting out of the shadows of parents is like liking the company of their fellow children
(A) of teens (b) pre-teens
(c) late childhood (d) infancy
Ans: (b)

101. To try to touch the height of mental maturity is related
(a) adolescence (b) adulthood
(c) Pre-childhood (d) Post-childhood
Ans: (a)

102. Pre-adolescent teenagers will be rude to their …….
(a) problem (b) lifestyle
(c) general (d) reality
Ans: (a)

103. Which period of development has been called ‘period of extreme pressure and tension’?
(a) adolescence (b) old age
(c) Middle age (d) Old age
Ans: (a)

104. Same-sex friendship is reinforced during ____ .
(a) early adolescence (b) early childhood
(c) Middle adolescence (d) Middle childhood
Ans: (a)

105. A person acquires virility or feminine social role during ………… .
(a) Childhood
(b) adolescence
(c) Late Childhood
(d) infancy
Ans: (b)

106. Proper sex education. ………….. should be provided on stage.
(a) childhood (b) adolescence
(c) adult (d) early childhood
Ans: (b)

107. Central nervous system
(a) All organs (b) Brain
(c) spinal cord (d) brain and spinal cord
Ans: (d)

108. The human gland that controls the pituitary gland and also controls the normal and consistent growth of the body:
(a) sexual gland (b) thyroid gland
(c) Urinary gland (d) None of these
Ans: (d)

109. In which of the following periods, physical growth and development occur at a rapid pace?
(a) Middle childhood and adolescence
(b) Adolescence and adulthood
(c) Infancy and early childhood
(d) Early childhood and middle childhood
Ans: (c)

110. Generally, the following characteristic of physical development is observed in boys and girls-
(a) Both grow equally at the same age.
(b) Boys are two years ahead in physical development.
(c) Girls are two to three years ahead in physical development.
(d) Girls are five years behind boys.
Ans: (c)

111. Weightlifters (wrestlers) usually have to build muscle and body, what kind of diet should they take
(a) Protein (b) Carbohydrates
(c) fat (d) vitamin
Ans: (a)

112. Sexual maturity has an important hand
(a) pituitary gland (b) sub-renal gland
(c) glandular gland (d) sub- glandular gland .
Ans: (a)

113. Known as Master Gland
(a) gland (b) esophagus
(c) the adrenal gland (d) the pituitary gland.
Ans: (d)

114. The weight of a newborn is
(a) 6 pounds (b) 7 pounds
(c) 8 pounds (d) 9 pounds
Ans: (b)

115. The field of physical development is-
(a) nervous system (b) memory
(c) motivation (d) adjustment
Ans: (a)

116. Body size increases because—
(a) Physical and dynamic development
(b) emotional development
(c) cognitive development
(d) moral development
Ans: (a)

117 . Which of the following is a major law of physical development?
(a) Law of differentiation from mental development
(b) Law of irregular development
(c) Law of rapid development
(d) Rule of relation with imagination and emotional development
Ans: (b)

118 . What is the factor affecting physical development?
(a) inheritance (b) environment
(c) Sports and exercise (d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

119 . Which one of the following is not an endocrine gland?
(a) Adrenal gland (b) Piyush gland
(c) salivary gland (d) thyroid gland
Ans: (c)

120. Physical growth and development is called
(a) readiness (b) growth
(c) Dynamic (d) Heredity
Ans: (b)

121. ‘Healthy physical development is an important requirement for the child to ensure proper development. This statement –
(a) True, Because physical development comes first in the sequence of development.
(b) True, Because physical development is interrelated with other aspects of development
(c) False, because physical development, does not affect the other aspects of development in any way
(d) can be wrong, Because development is absolutely a personal matter
Ans: (b)

122. Which of the following is called Chief (Officer) Granthi?
(a) thyroid gland (b) adrenal gland
(c) Endocrine gland (d) Piyush gland
Ans: (d)

123. Physical development in children slows down in the following age ranges:
(a) 6 – 9 years (b) 3 – 4 years
(c) 5 – 6 years (d) 4 – 5 years
Ans: (c)

124. The smallest bone in the human body i.e. the stapes is _____ of the ear .
(a) inside (b) in the middle
(c) None of these (d) Out
Ans: (b)

125 drivers are individual variations in the rate of growth, even though the order of driver development ……… of ……… to Forms
(a) Downward 4 Head
(b) raw (gross) driver development; Sophisticated (micro) driver development
(c) sophisticated (micro) driver development; Raw (gross) driver development
(d) vertex; Downward
Ans: (b)

126 . Which one of the following is not a child’s subjective activity?
(a) play (b) throw the ball
(c) writing (d) thinking
Ans: (d)

127 . Which of the following is an example of subtle dynamic skill?
(a) climb (b) bump
(c) running (d) writing
Ans: (d)

128. Mrs. Kumar’s first child started moving in 10 months. Their second child is now 12 months old and is still not moving. He is not sad or worried because
(a) Her husband has said that he did not start walking until he was 14 months old.
(b) She knows that the longer she waits, the more her legs will be strong to walk.
(c) A neighbor’s boy is also 18 months old and he is also not moving.
(d) She knows that she is still within normal time frame for the development of walking.
Ans: (d)

129. Which of the following is an example of excellent motor skills?
(a) climbing (b) slinging
(c) running (d) writing
Ans: (d)

130. Which one of the following is not an individual factor affecting the social development of a child?
(a) Friends circle (b) Health
(c) momentum (d) intelligence
Ans: (a)

131. Factors affecting social development of children are
(a) Economic element (b) Social environmental element
(c) Physical elements (d) Hereditary elements
Ans: (b)

132. Which of the following is correctly matched?
(a) Physical development-environment
(b) Cognitive development-maturity
(c) Social development environment
(d) Emotional growth-maturity
Ans: (c)

133. Which of the following provide information about roles and behaviors that are acceptable in a group during the early childhood period?
(a) siblings and teachers (b) teachers and companions
(c) partner and parents (d) parents and siblings
Ans: (d)

134. Child’s social development really begins
(a) in pre-school stage (b) in infancy
(c) Pre-childhood (d) Post-childhood
Ans: (d)

135. On whom does the social development of the infant depend?
(a) On the occasion of talking to others
(b) The love and affection shown to the child
(c) the extent to which the child is able to attract the attention of others
(d) All these
Ans: (a)

136. Child’s social development is affected
(a) socio-economic level (b) school
(c) Family (d) All of them.
Ans: (d)

137. Children begin to experience peer group influence from around this age:
(a) five years (b) four years
(c) three years (d) six years
Ans: (c)

138. can affect the social development of a child.
(a) Asthma (b) Chronic disease
(c) Allergy (d) Food habit
Ans: (b)

139. Socially immature students are known as ______ students.
(a) dependent (b) isolated
(c) virtual (d) social
Ans: (a)

140. Which of the following plays an important role in mental growth and development?
(a) learning
(b) maturation
(c) Both learning and maturation
(d) Social norms
Ans: (c)

141. Which of the following is not a mental developmental feature?
(a) Curiosity is abundant
(b) tendency to memorize by rote
(c) abundant amount of creative tendency
(d) Collaborative attitude
Ans: (d)

142. Which of the following best describes the principle of mindset?
(a) Fixed mindset stops cannot be changed.
(b) Fixed mindset only fails.
(c) Adult mentality, defines intelligence.
(d) Adult mentality sees failure as a minor hindrance, gives an opportunity to improve and develop.
Ans: (d)

143 . A child’s cognitive powers like imagination, intelligence, decision making ability etc. are concerned with the child’s
(a) physical development (b) social development
(c) all round development (d) mental development
Ans: (d)

144. Factors affecting mental development are-
(a) inheritance
(b) Family environment
(c) Social status of the family
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

145. Which of the following factors is least likely to affect the emotional development of a child?
(a) Family (b) Economic condition
(c) Health (d) Sports
Ans: (d)

146. Which of the following is most important for the emotional development of a child in early childhood?
(a) of teachers (b) of peers
(c) neighbors (d) parents
Ans: (d)

147. Which of the following is not associated with emotional development?
(a) The origin of emotions begins with physical changes
(b) Emotion begins to occur with birth
(c) During the beginning period, there is a strong form of emotions.
(d) Emotions are unrelated to physical development
Ans: (b)

148. “Anyone can be angry – it’s easy, but it is not easy to get angry over a right person, in the right amount, for the right purpose at the right time and in the right way. “
(a) emotional development (b) social development
(c) cognitive development (d) physical development
Ans: (a)

149. Which of the following is most suitable for emotional development of children?
(a) The democratic environment of the classroom
(b) No involvement of teachers as it is the work of parents
(c) controlled environment of the classroom
(d) The authoritative environment of the classroom
Ans: (a)

150. If the child learns to control his emotions through sports, which of the following is this development?
(a) Social development (b) Physical development
(c) Emotional development (d) None of these
Ans: (c)

151. In which of the following situations, will the emotional and social development of the child be good?
(a) When the child is considered important, His feelings should be respected.
(b) The child should be asked to read as much as possible.
(c) The child scored well in his class.
(d) When teachers teach children according to their intellectual level.
Ans: (a)

152. Extensive loyalty Increase in compassion and fluctuations in mental state is related to—
(a) Physical development characteristics
(b) characteristics of emotional development
(c) Characteristics of social development
(d) Characteristics of cultural development
Ans: (b)

153. Best place for cognitive development of a child
(a) Playground
(b) Auditorium
(c) home
(d) School and classroom environment
Ans: (d)

154. Factors influencing emotional development
(a) Physical health (b) Mental ability
(c) fatigue (d) all these
Ans: (d)

155. Which of these characteristics is not associated with emotional development?
(a) Emotion is associated with physical changes
(b) Emotion comes immediately after birth
(c) Intense form of emotions is seen in childhood
(d) Emotion is not linked to physical development
Ans: (d)

156. A child performs jealousy
(a) at the age of 6 months (b) at the age of 12 months
(c) at the age of 18 months (d) at the age of 24 months
Ans: (c)

157. Which of the following is most suitable for emotional development of children?
(a) Democratic atmosphere of the classroom
(b) No involvement of teachers as it is the work of parents
(c) Controlled environment of the classroom
(d) Authoritative environment of the classroom
Ans: (a)

158. The best way to establish morality in children is
(a) Teaching them religious books
(b) Treating the teacher as an ideal
(c) To evaluate their value on education
(d) Preaching them in the morning assembly
Ans: (b)

159. How can the qualities of good citizens be incorporated in students?
(a) By giving them speech on good citizenship
(b) By introducing them to national heroes
(c) Allotting them certain community service work
(d) By introducing them to the Indian Constitution
Ans: (b)

160 . To build good child character-
(a) There should be character building lessons in the text books.
(b) Lectures should be given for character formation.
(c) Classroom activity should be done in such a way that children can help in character building.
(d) Biographies of great men should be taught to children.
Ans: (c)

161. Character development
(a) by will
(b) by behavior and behavior
(c) Ethically
(d) By all of the above
Ans: (d)

162. Understanding of right and wrong is part of development.
(a) cultural (b) social
(c) ethical (d) professional
Ans: (c)

163. The game method of teaching in lower classes on which, is based is-
(a) Physical Education Program
(b) Principles of methods of teaching
(c) Psychological principles of growth and development
(d) Sociocultural principles of teaching
Ans: (c)

164. The method of teaching in the following classes is based on
(a) On the principle of physical education programs
(b) On the principle of methods of teaching
(c) On the psychological theory of growth and development
(d) On the social principles of teaching
Ans: (c)

165. The play method of teaching in lower classes is basically based on
(a) On the principles of teaching method
(b) On the psychological principles of growth and development
(c) sociologist teaching Cycle on financial principles
(d) On the principle of physical education programs
Ans: (b)

166. A child is learning his mother tongue and another child is learning the same language as a second language. Which of the following can make the same type of error.
(a) Maximum generalization
(b) simplification
(c) developmental
(d) excessive impurity
Ans: (c)

167. Which one of the following statements correctly informs the relationship between development and learning?
(a) Learning takes place irrespective of development.
(c) Development and learning are interrelated and interdependent.
(b) The rate of learning is much higher than the rate of development.
(d) Development and learning are not related.
Ans: (c)

168. Students in the age group of 6-11 years are required
(a) Democratic atmosphere in the classroom
(b) autonomy in learning
(c) action based interactive learning
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

169. If the student does most of the work with his own hands, then the student
(a) Physical strength increases
(b) increases mental strength
(c) The spirit of hard work is awakened
(d) Self-sufficiency arises
Ans: (d)

170 . Knowledge of …………… is most important for a teacher dealing with a class of mixed-aged learners.
(a) Socio-economic background
(b) cultural background
(c) developmental stages
(d) Business of their parents
Ans: (c)

171 . Which theme is best to start in nursery class?
(a) My family (b) My dear friend
(c) my neighborhood (d) my school
Ans: (a)

172. The common belief of childhood is the belief-
(a) In many ways, children become equal to adults
(b) Children are considered best as young adults
(c) Childhood is basically the ‘waiting period’
(d) Childhood is a unique period of growth and change
Ans: (d)

173. Which of the following statements best connects the relationship between development and learning?
(a) Development is independent of learning.
(b) Learning lags behind development
(c) Learning and development are synonyms.
(d) Learning and development are inter-related in a complex way.
Ans: (d)

174. The developmental perspective of teaching demands that teachers –
(A) Be maintaining strict discipline, because children often use (check) the
(b) Adapt instruction tips according to knowledge of developmental factors
(c) treat children with different developmental stages equally
(d) Provide this type of learning which results only in the development of cognitive field
Ans: (b)

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