8. Software

Q- What are two example of freeware?
(a) WinZip and Linux
(b) Shareware and file sharing
(c) Microsoft Word and the Google toolbar
(d) Instant messaging and the Google toolbar
Ans: (d)

Q- One megabyte is equal to approximately
(a) 1000 bits
(b) 1000 bytes
(c) 1 million bytes
(d) 1 million bits
Ans: (c)

Q- A …………. backup contains a copy of every program, data and system file on a computer.
(a) restoration (b) bootstrap
(c) differential (d) full
Ans: (d)

Q- Compatibility in regard to computers refers to
(a) The software doing the right job for the user
(b) It being versatile enough to handle the job
(c) The software being able to run on the computer
(d) Software running with other previously installed software
Ans: (d)

Q- Each component of computer is either
(a) hardware or software
(b) software or CPU/RAM
(c) application software
(d) input devices or output devices
Ans: (a)

Q- Restarting a computer that is already on is referred to as
(a) Shut down
(b) Cold booting
(c) Warm booting
(d) Logging off
Ans: (c)

Q- ……………… is when the computer is turned on and the operating system is loading.
(a) Booting (b) Flashing
(c) Tracking (d) Taping
Ans: (a)

Q- Every computer has a(n) …………..; many also have ……. .
(a) operating system; a client system
(b) operating system; instruction sets
(c) application programs; an operating system
(d) operating system; application programs
Ans: (d)

Q- ……………… is a program which make easy to use a computer.
(a) Operating system
(b) Application
(c) Utility
(d) Network
Ans: (c)

Q- A compiler is used to translate a program written in
(a) a low level language
(b) a high level language
(c) assembly language
(d) machine language
Ans: (b)

Q- Computer equipment itself is called
(a) hardware (b) byte
(c) mouse (d) software
Ans: (a)

Q- An error in a program which causes wrong result is called a
(a) bug
(b) byte
(c) attributes
(d) int problem
Ans: (a)

Q- Which of the following statements is true?
(a) Virtual memory is the space on the hard drive where to the O.S. begins to store data when it becomes memory bound
(b) Accessing data from RAM is slower than accessing data from virtual memory
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) If a computer is memory bound, adding more RAM will not solve the problem
Ans: (a)

Q- A …………. is the general term for hardware not necessary to the basic function of the computer, connected externally.
(a) icon (b) bit
(c) keyboard (d) peripheral
Ans: (d)

Q- Compiling creates a(n) ……………… .
(a) Program specification
(b) Algorithm
(c) Executable program
(d) Subroutine
Ans: (c)

Q- Which is the best definition of a software package?
(a) An add-on for your computer such as additional memory
(b) A set of computer programs used for a certain function such as word processing
(c) A protection you can buy for a computer
(d) The box, manual and license agreement that accompany commercial software
Ans: (b)

Q- Programs designed specifically to address general purpose applications and special-purpose applications are called
(a) operating system
(b) system software
(c) application software
(d) management information systems
Ans: (c)

Q- What disk is used to cold boot a PC?
(a) Setup disk
(b) System disk
(c) Diagnostic disk
(d) Program disk
Ans: (b)

Q- Hardware includes
(a) All devices used to input data into a computer
(b) Sets of instructions that a computer runs or executes
(c) The computer and all the devices connected to it that are used to input and output data
(d) All devices involved in processing information including the CPU, memory and storage
Ans: (c)

Q- Developing sets of instructions for the computer to follow and to do the task the same way as many times as needed is called
(a) listing
(b) sequencing
(c) programming
(d) directing
Ans: (c)

Q- What is backup?
(a) Connect the network to more components
(b) Copy to save a data from original source to other destination
(c) Filter an old data from new data
(d) Access data from tape
Ans: (b)

Q- What happens when you boot up a PC?
(a) Portions of the operating system are copied from disk into memory
(b) Portions of the operating system are copied from memory onto disk
(c) Portions of the operating system are complied
(d) Portions of the operating system are emulated
Ans: (a)

Q- The ability of an OS to run more than one application at a time is called
(a) multitasking
(b) object-oriented programming
(c) multi-user computing
(d) time-sharing
Ans: (a)

Q- The set of instructions which tells a computer what to do is called
(a) matter
(b) instructor
(c) compiler
(d) program
Ans: (d)

Q- The operating system is the most common type of …………… software.
(a) communication
(b) application
(c) system
(d) Word Processing
Ans: (c)

Q- The capability of the operating system to enable two or more than two programs to execute simultaneously in a single computer system by using a single processor is
(a) multiprocessing
(b) multitasking
(c) multiprogramming
(d) multi execution
Ans: (b)

Q- Documentation of computer programs is important so that
(a) users can learn how to use the program
(b) other programmers can know how to maintain the program
(c) the programmer can see why the code is written that way while hunting for sources of error
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

Q- A computer system includes
(a) hardware
(b) software
(c) peripheral devices
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

Q- A(n) ………….. converts and executes one statement at a time.
(a) compiler
(b) interpreter
(c) converter
(d) instructions
Ans: (b)

Q- A(n) …………. is a program that makes the computer easier to use.
(a) application
(b) utility
(c) network
(d) operating system
Ans: (b)

Q- The ………… of a system includes the programs or instructions.
(a) peripheral
(b) software
(c) information
(d) icon
Ans: (b)

Q- The term ………… designates equipment that might be added to a computer system to enhance its functionality.
(a) digital device
(b) system add-on
(c) disk pack
(d) peripheral device
Ans: (d)

Q- A compiler translates a program written in a high level language into
(a) machine language
(b) an algorithm
(c) a debugged program
(d) java
Ans: (a)

Q- A(n) ………… backup contains a copy of every program, data and system file on a computer.
(a) restoration
(b) bootstrap
(c) differential
(d) full
Ans: (d)

Q- Computer software can be defined as
(a) the computer and its associated equipment
(b) the instructions that tell the computer what to do
(c) computer components that act to accomplish a goal
(d) an interface between the computer and the network
Ans: (b)

Q- Which of the following is not a type of computer software which can be bought?
(a) Off-the-shelf
(b) Tailor-made
(c) Custom-developed
(d) All of the above
Ans: (d)

Q- Antivirus software is an example of
(a) business software
(b) an operating system
(c) a security utility
(d) an office suite
Ans: (c)

Q- Hardware includes
(a) all devices used to input data into a computer
(b) sets of instructions that a computer runs or executes
(c) the computer and all the devices connected to it that are used to input and output data
(d) all devices involved in processing information including the central processing unit, memory and storage
Ans: (c)

Q- Start or restart of the computer
(a) Exit (b) Kick
(c) Boot (d) Kick-start
Ans: (c)

Q- A program which helps create written documents and lets you go back and make corrections as necessary
(a) Spreadsheet
(b) Personal writer
(c) Word printer
(d) Word Processor
Ans: (d)

Q- The human-readable version of a program is called
(a) source code (b) program code
(c) human code (d) system code
Ans: (b)

Q- The general term “peripheral equipment” is used for
(a) any device that is attached to a computer system
(b) large-scale computer systems
(c) a program collection
(d) other office equipment not associated with a desktop computer
Ans: (a)

Q- A computer program that translates one program instructions at a time into machine language is called a/an
(a) Interpreter (b) CPU
(c) Compiler (d) Simulator
Ans: (a)

Q- Which of the following peripheral devices displays information to a user?
(a) Monitor
(b) Keyboard
(c) Secondary storage devices
(d) Secondary storage media
Ans: (a)

Q- The physical components of a computer system
(a) software (b) hardware
(c) ALU (d) control unit
Ans: (b)

Q- The process of preparing a floppy diskette for use is called
(a) assembling (b) translating
(c) parsing (d) formatting
Ans: (d)

Q- One who designs, writes tests and maintains computer programs is called a
(a) User (b) Programmer
(c) Designer (d) Operator
Ans: (b)

Q- The process of writing out computer instructions is knowns as
(a) assembling (b) compiling
(c) executing (d) coding
Ans: (d)

Q- The function of an assembler is
(a) To convert basic language into machine language
(b) To convert high level language into machine language
(c) To convert assemble language into machine language
(d) To convert assemble language into high level language
Ans: (c)

Q- The ……………….. manual tells you how to use a software program.
(a) documentation
(b) programming
(c) technical
(d) user
Ans: (d)

Q- A series of instructions that tells a computer what to do and how to do is called a
(a) program
(b) command
(c) user response
(d) processor
Ans: (a)

Q- MS Word is an example of
(a) Operating system
(b) Application software
(c) Processing device
(d) Input device
Ans: (b)

Q- When you turn on the computer, the boot routine will perform this test.
(a) RAM test
(b) Disk drive test
(c) Memory test
(d) Power-on-self-test
Ans: (d)

Q- Which is the part of a computer that one can touch and feel?
(a) Hardware
(b) Software
(c) Programs
(d) Output
Ans: (a)

Q- If a new device is attached to a computer, such as a printer or scanner, its ………… must be installed before the device can be used.
(a) buffer (b) driver
(c) pager (d) server
Ans: (b)

Q- What is the name for the process that is used to convert a series of instructions or programs, written in a high level language into instructions (or a program) that can be run on a computer?
(a) Assembling (b) Compiling
(c) Translating (d) Uploading
Ans: (b)

Q- A computer cannot “boot” if it does not have the ………… .
(a) compiler
(b) loader
(c) operating system
(d) assembler
Ans: (c)

Q- The role of a ……………… generally is to determine buyers, needs and mate it to the correct hardware and software.
(a) computer scientist
(b) computer sales representative
(c) computer consultant
(d) corporate trainer
Ans: (b)

Q- Repair for known software bug, which is generally available free of cost on Internet is called
(a) Version (b) Patch
(c) Tutorials (d) FAQ
Ans: (b)

Q- ………………. is a process of searching bugs in software.
(a) Compiling (b) Testing
(c) Running (d) Debugging
Ans: (d)

Q- Which process checks to ensure the components of the computer are operating and connected properly?
(a) Booting (b) Processing
(c) Saving (d) Editing
Ans: (a)

Q- The person who writes and tests computer program is called a
(a) Programmer
(b) Computer scientist
(c) Software engineer
(d) Project developer
Ans: (a)

Q- The combination of operating system and processor in a computer is referred to a computer
(a) firmware
(b) specifications
(c) minimum requirements
(d) platform
Ans: (d)

Q- Hardware devices that are not a part of the main computer system and are often added later to the system are
(a) clip art (b) highlight
(c) execute (d) peripherals
Ans: (d)

Q- This can be another word for program
(a) Software (b) Disk
(c) Floppy (d) Hardware
Ans: (a)

Q- Every component of your computer is either
(a) application software or system software
(b) software or CPU/RAM
(c) hardware or software
(d) input devices or output devices
Ans: (c)

Q- Another word for software is
(a) input (b) output
(c) program (d) system
Ans: (c)

Q- Peripheral devices such as printers and monitors are considered to be
(a) Hardware (b) Software
(c) Data (d) Information
Ans: (a)

Q- Which is not an item of hardware?
(a) An MP3 File (b) A keyboard
(c) A disk drive (d) A monitor
Ans: (a)

Q- The term used to define all input and output devices in a computer system is
(a) monitor
(b) software
(c) shared resources
(d) hardware
Ans: (d)

Q- A device that is connected to the motherboard is
(a) called an external device
(b) called an adjust device
(c) called a peripheral device
(d) must connect using ribbon cable
Ans: (d)

Q- Computer programs are also known as
(a) operating systems
(b) documents
(c) peripherals
(d) applications
Ans: (d)

Q- An assembler is used to translate a program written in
(a) A low level language
(b) Machine language
(c) A high level language
(d) Assembly language
Ans: (d)

Q- What is correcting errors in a program called?
(a) Compiling
(b) Debugging
(c) Grinding
(d) Interpreting
Ans: (b)

Q- What is software?
(a) A type of computer code
(b) A computer language
(c) A set of instructions for your computer
(d) A cover for the computer
Ans: (c)

Q- Copying computer program or software without permission of its author is called
(a) Highway robbery
(b) Larceny
(c) Software piracy
(d) Embezzlement
Ans: (c)

Q- Word processing, spreadsheet and photo-editing are examples of
(a) applicaton software
(b) system software
(c) operating system
(d) window software
Ans: (a)

Q- Which of the following is not an example of hardware?
(a) Mouse (b) Printer
(c) Monitor (d) Excel
Ans: (d)

Q- A …………. typically connects personal computers within a very limited geographical area, usually within a single building.
(a) LAN (b) BAN
(c) TAN (d) NAN
Ans: (a)

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