7. Moderate Phase (1885-1905)

Q- Accordings to Dadabhai Naoroji Swaraj meant
(a) Complete independence
(b) Self government
(c) Economic independence
(d) Political independence
Ans: (a)

Q- Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I (Leaders) List-II (Area under their operation)
A. Maulavi Ahmed Shah
1. Barrackpore
B. Mangal Pandey 2. Faizabad
C. Bakht Khan 3. Kanpur
D. Nana Sahib 4. Delhi Codes A B C D
(a) 2 4 1 3
(b) 3 4 1 2
(c) 2 1 4 3
(d) 3 1 4 2
Ans: (c)

Q- Assertion (A) : The basic weakness of the early nationalist movement lay in its narrow social base. Reason (R) : It fought for the narrow interests of the social groups with joined it. Codes
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and
(R) is the correct explanation of
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but
(R) is not a correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true
Ans: (a)

Q- Which book was written by Dadabhai Naoroji on Indian poverty and economy under British rule?
(a) Indian Economy under British Raj
(b) British Rule and Economic Drain of India
(c) Poverty and Un-British Rule in India
(d) Economic Drain and Poverty of India
Ans: (c)

Q- Which was the reason of Bengal partition of 1905?
(a) Administrative convenience
(b) Curzon’s whims
(c) To establish a muslim majority by province
(d) To harm Congress movement
Ans: (c)

Q- The partition of Bengal (1905) was annulled by the
(a) Indian Councils Act of 1909
(b) Chelmsford-Montague Report, 1919
(c) Proclamation of Delhi Durbar in 1911
(d) Government of India Act, 1935
Ans: (c)

Q- Which of the following papers was essentially the mouth-piece of the policies of liberals?
(a) New India
(b) Leader
(c) Young India
(d) Free Press Journal
Ans: (b)

Q- The first session of the Indian National Congress was shifted from Poona to Bombay almost at the eleventh hour because
(a) The leaders of the Bombay Presidency Association were against holding the first meeting of the Congress at Poona.
(b) The Bombay Governor agreed to A.O. Hume’s proposal to act as First President of the Congress.
(c) Bombay as the capital of the presidency would help the conference attract more attention if it was held there.
(d) An outbreak of cholera in Poona forced the organisers of the Congress to shift its venue from Poona to Bombay.
Ans: (d)

Q- When was founded the Indian Association?
(a) 1876
(b) 1884
(c) 1887
(d) 1890
Ans: (a)

Q- Who among the following, rejected the title of ‘Knight hood’ and refused to accept a position in the council of the Secretary of State for India?
(a) Motilal Nehru
(b) M.G. Ranade
(c) G.K. Gokhale
(d) B.G. Tilak
Ans: (c)

Q- With reference to Indian freedom struggle, who among the following was labelled as ‘Moderate’ leader in the Congress?
(a) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(b) Bipin Chandra Pal
(c) Lala Lajpat Rai
(d) Aurobindo Ghosh
Ans: (a)

Q- Who said, ‘The Congress is tottering to its fall and one of my greatest ambition while in India is to assist it to a peaceful demise’?
(a) George Hamilton
(b) Lord Curzon
(c) Lord Dufferin
(d) Lord Minto
Ans: (b)

Q- Who among the following was not a moderate?
(a) Bipin Chandra Pal
(b) Feroz Shah Mehta
(c) Surendranath Bannerjee
(d) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Ans: (a)

Q- The President of the Indian National Congress in 1885 was
(a) George Yule
(b) Dadabhai Naorojee
(c) W.C. Bannerjee
(d) W. Wedderburn
Ans: (c)

Q- Who among the following was thrice elected president of the Indian National Congress?
(a) Dadabhai Naoroji
(b) Surendranath Bannerjee
(c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(d) Shankaran Nair
Ans: (a)

Q- Who was called ‘Grand Old Man of India’?
(a) Dadabhai Naoroji
(b) Jamshedji Tata
(c) Surendranath Bannerjee
(d) C. Rajagopalachari
Ans: (a)

Q- Who of the following founded the East India Association?
(a) C.R. Das
(b) Dadabhai Naoroji
(c) Dedendranath Tegore
(d) V.D. Savarkar
Ans: (b)

Q- Indian National Congress was founded by
(a) Womesh Chandra Bannerjee
(b) Michal Hume
(c) Allon Octavian Hume
(d) Mahatma Gandhi
Ans: (c)

Q- Who wanted Indian National Congress to be a ‘Safety Valve’?
(a) A.O. Hume
(b) Lord Lytton
(c) W.C. Bannerjee
(d) Surendranath Bannerjee
Ans: (a)

Q- Who was the founder of the Indian Association?
(a) Dababhai Naoroji
(b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(c) A.O. Hume
(d) Surendranath Bannerjee
Ans: (d)

Q- Where was the first session of Indian National Congress held?
(a) Calcutta
(b) Bombay
(c) Ahmedabad
(d) Allahabad
Ans: (b)

Q- The first Indian to contest an election of the British House of Commons was
(a) Dadabhai Naoroji
(b) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(c) Feroz Shah Mehta
(d) W.C. Bannerjee
Ans: (a)

Q- During whose tenure the Indian National Congress was established?
(a) Lord Dufferin
(b) Lord Curzon
(c) Lord Rippon
(d) Lord Lytton
Ans: (a)

Q- Who is the exponent of the theory of ‘economic drain’ of India during the British rule?
(a) Dadabhai Naoroji
(b) M.N. Roy
(c) Jai Prakash Narayan
(d) Ram Manohar Lohiya
Ans: (a)

Q- The second session of Indian National Congress was presided over by
(a) Ganesh Agarkar
(b) Surendranath Bannerjee
(c) Dadabhai Naoroji
(d) Feroz Shah Mehta
Ans: (c)

Q- At which congress session did Dadabhai Naoroji announce that Swaraj was the goal of India’s political efforts?
(a) 1886 Calcutta session
(b) 1893 Lahore session
(c) 1905 Banaras session
(d) 1906 Calcutta session
Ans: (d)

Q- The partition of Bengal came into effect on
(a) 15th August, 1905
(b) 15th September,1905
(c) 15th October,1905
(d) 15th November,1905
Ans: (c)

Q- Who was the first Indian to become member of the British Parliament?
(a) Badruddin Tayabji
(b) W.C. Bannerjee
(c) D.N. Wacha
(d) Dadabhai Naoroji
Ans: (d)

Q- In which year the Indian National Congress was established?
(a) 1888 (b) 1887
(c) 1886 (d) 1885
Ans: (d)

Q- Which one of the following the period of Lord Curzon is considered remarkable?
(a) Movement against partition of Bengal
(b) Establishments of new Universities
(c) The beginning of Indian Navy
(d) Appointment of one Indian commander in the army
Ans: (a)

Q- Who was the Viceroy of India at the time of the formation of the Indian National Congress?
(a) Curzon (b) Canning
(c) Lawrence (d) Dufferin
Ans: (d)

Q- Who of the following was the first Muslim President of Indian National Congress?
(a) Badaruddin Tayabji
(b) Abul Kalam Azad
(c) Rafi Ahmed Kidwai
(d) M.A. Ansari
Ans: (a)

Q- The most important organisation of the pre-congress nationalist organisations was the
(a) Bengal British India Society
(b) East India Association
(c) Young Bengal Association
(d) Indian Association of Calcutta
Ans: (d)

Q- The method of moderate leaders of the Congress was
(a) Non Co-operation
(b) Constitutional Legitations
(c) Passive Resistance
(d) Civil Disobedience
Ans: (b)

Q- Given below a list of persons who became Presidents of Indian National Congress. Arrange them in chronological order. Select your answer using the codes given below the lists :
1. Mahatma Gandhi
2. Jawaharlal Nehru
3. Vallabhbhai Patel
4. Smt. Sarojini Naidu Codes
(a) 1, 2, 3, 4 (b) 1, 3, 4, 2
(c) 1, 4, 2, 3 (d) 4, 3, 1, 2
Ans: (c)

Q- Who established the Indian League?
(a) Shishir Kumar Ghosh
(b) Anand Mohan Bose
(c) M.G. Ranade
(d) Devendranath Tagore
Ans: (a)

Q- Consider the following statements:
1. The Indian National Congress was founded during the viceroyalty of Lord Dufferin.
2. The first President of Indian National Congress was W.C. Bannerjee.
3. The first session of the Indian National Congress was held in Calcutta.
4. In the first session of the Indian national Congress some government officials were also present. Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) Only 1, 2 and 3
(b) Only 1, 2 and 4
(c) Only 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Ans: (b)

Q- Consider the following statemnets about Madam Bhikaji Cama:
1. Madam Cama unfurled the National Flag at the International Socialist Conference in Paris in the year of 1907.
2. Madam Cama served as private secretary to Dadabhai Naoroji.
3. Madam Cama was born to Parsi. Which of the statement (s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) Only 2 and 3
(c) Only 1 and 2
(d) Only 3
Ans: (d)

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