3. Vijayanagar & Other Kingdoms

Q- Who got the monumental Rayagopurams in front of the temples at Hampi, Tiruvannamalai, Chidambaram, Sri Rangam, Tirupati etc. constructed?
(a) Vidyaranya
(b) Krishnadeva Raya
(c) Harihara
(d) Rajaraja
Ans: (b)

Q- Consider the following statements:
1. The Cholas defeated Pandya and Chera rulers and established their domination over peninsular India in the early medieval times.
2. The Cholas sent an expedition against Sailendra empire of South-East Asia and conquered some of the areas. Which of these statements is/are correct ?
(a) Only 1 (b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Ans: (c)

Q- The city of Jaunpur was founded in the memory of
(a) Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq
(b) Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq
(c) Firoz Tughlaq
(d) Akbar
Ans: (b)

Q- Who were the ashta-diggaja in the court of Krishnadeva Raya?
(a) Eight ministers
(b) Eight Telugu poets
(c) Eight great generals
(d) Eight advisors
Ans: (b)

Q- Sufi Kalam, a type of devotional music, is the characteristic of
(a) Gujarat (b) Rajasthan
(c) Kashmir
(d) None of the above
Ans: (c)

Q- Who among the following Bahmani rulers built the famous Gol Gumbaj at Bijapur?
(a) Muhammad Adil Shah
(b) Mahmud Gawan
(c) Yusuf Adil Shah
(d) Ismail Adil Shah
Ans: (a)

Q- Which ruler of Vijayanagar had sent his embassy to the emperor of China?
(a) Harihar I
(b) Bukka I
(c) Krishnadeva Raya
(d) Saluva Narsimha
Ans: (b)

Q- Bijapur is known for its
(a) Heavy rainfall
(b) Rock Temple
(c) Gol Gumbaj
(d) State of Gomateshwara
Ans: (c)

Q- Taraf in the Bahmani Kingdom signfied
(a) Province (b) Lord grant
(c) Transit Tax (d) Gold Coin
Ans: (a)

Q- Who was given the title of Andhra- Kavita- Pitamaha?
(a) Sayan (b) Madhav
(c) Srinath (d) Peddana
Ans: (d)

Q- Which one of the following was the capital of Hoyasals?
(a) Malkhed (b) Dwarasamudra
(c) Somnathpur (d) Badami
Ans: (b)

Q- The Bahmani Kingdom was founded in the year
(a) 1336 (b) 1338
(c) 1347 (d) 1361
Ans: (c)

Q- What is the meaning of Athavana?
(a) Revenue department
(b) Revenue
(c) Import Tax
(d) Trade Tax
Ans: (a)

Q- Which one of the following regions was not the bone of contention between the Vijayanagar rulers and the Bahmani sultans?
(a) Krishna-Godavari delta
(b) Marathwada country
(c) Tungbhadra country
(d) Warangal
Ans: (d)

Q- Where is the famous Virupaksha Temple located?
(a) Bhadrachalam
(b) Chidambaram
(c) Hampi
(d) Srikalahasti
Ans: (c)

Q- Where is the famous Vijaya Vithala Temple, having its 56 carved pillars emitting musical notes located?
(a) Belur (b) Bhadrachalam
(c) Hampi (d) Srirangam
Ans: (c)

Q- The founder of the Bahmani Kingdom was
(a) Alauddin Mujahid Shah
(b) Ahmed Shah
(c) Alauddin Bahaman Shah
(d) Tajuddin Firoz Shah
Ans: (c)

Q- Who was called the Akbar of Kashmir ?
(a) Zainul Abidin
(b) Hussain Shah
(c) Balban
(d) Sujauddaulla
Ans: (a)

Q- When Babur invaded India who was the ruler of Vijayanagar empire in South India?
(a) Saluva Narasimha
(b) Devaraya II
(c) Krishnadeva Raya
(d) Sadashiva Raya
Ans: (c)

Q- Hoysala monuments are found in
(a) Hampi and Hospet
(b) Halebid and Belur
(c) Mysore and Bangalore
(d) Sringari and Dharwar
Ans: (b)

Q- Which one of the following Muslim rulers was haild as the Jagadguru by his muslim subjects because of his belief in secularism?
(a) Husain Shah
(b) Zainul Abidin
(c) Ibrahim Adil Shah II
(d) Mahmud II
Ans: (c)

Q- The Bahmanis of the Deccan rose to prominence in which of the following centuries?
(a) 13th century
(b) 14th century
(c) 15th century
(d) 16th century
Ans: (b)

Q- Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
(a) Hoysals – Dwarasamudra
(b) Pallavan – Vatapi
(c) Pandyas – Madurai
(d) Yadavas – Devagiri
Ans: (b)

Q- Name the Bengali poet who was conferred with the title Gunarj Khan in the Sultanate period?
(a) Jnanadas
(b) Gobindadasa
(c) Maladhar Basu
(d) Chandi Das
Ans: (c)

Q- The Kingdom of Vijayanagar was founded by
(a) Vijaya Raja
(b) Harihar II
(c) Harihar and Bukka
(d) Bukka II
Ans: (c)

Q- Which region of India was ruled by Sultan Zainul Abidin?
(a) Assam (b) Delhi
(c) Kashmir (d) Orissa
Ans: (c)

Q- The first dynasty of the Vijayanagar kingdom was
(a) Sangama (b) Tuluva
(c) Saluva (d) Hoyasala
Ans: (a)

Q- ‘A Forgotten Empire’, written by the renowned historian Robert Sewell is about which one of the following Empires?
(a) Mauryan Empire
(b) Kushan Empire
(c) Vijayanagar Empire
(d) Mughal Empire
Ans: (c)

Q- The most important cause of the downfall of the Vijayanagar empire was
(a) Rivalries within the empire
(b) Unity among the Muslim rulers of Bijapur, Golconda and Ahmednagar
(c) Rebellion of the Hindu feudatories
(d) Weak successors of Krishnadeva Raya
Ans: (b)

Q- When Raja Wodeyar founded the kingdom of Mysore, who was the ruler of the Vijayanagar Empire?
(a) Sadasiva (b) Tirumala
(c) Ranga II (d) Venkata II
Ans: (d)

Q- The rulers of Vijayanagar promoted
(a) Hindi, Marathi and Sanskrit
(b) Malayalam, Tamil and Sanskrit
(c) Tamil, Telugu and Sanskrit
(d) Telugu, Urdu and Sanskrit
Ans: (c)

Q- How did the dynasty of Nizam Shahis of Ahmednagar come to an end?
(a) Ahmednagar was annexed into Mughal empire and Husain Shah was consigned to life imprisonment.
(b) Mughal troops destroyed Daulatabad fort and killed Nizam-ul-Mulk of Ahmednagar.
(c) Fateh Khan usurped the throne from Nizam-ul-Mulk.
(d) Malik Ambar was defeated in a battle with Mughals in 1631 and the entire royal family was killed by the Mughal troops.
Ans: (a)

Q- When Harihar and Bukka set up a principality in the South India, which later became Vijayanagar Empire, who was the Delhi Sultan?
(a) Jalaluddin Khalji
(b) Alauddin Khalji
(c) Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq
(d) Firoz Shah Tughlaq
Ans: (c)

Q- The Nayakas in the Vijayanagar empire were
(a) Central Ministers
(b) Military Chiefs controlling particular territories
(c) Cavalry soldiers
(d) Priests of large and powerful temples
Ans: (b)

Q- Consider the following statements:
1. Narasimha Saluva ended the Sangama dynasty and seized the throne for himself and started Saluva dynasty.
2. Vira Narasimha deposed the last Saluva ruler and seized the throne for himself.
3. Vira Narasimha was succeeded by his younger brother, Krishnadeva Raya.
4. Krishnadeva Raya was succeeded by his half brother, Achyuta Raya. Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1 and 4 (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Ans: (d)

Q- Assertion (A) : Saluva Narasimha put an end to the old dynasty and assumed the royal title. Reason (R) : He wanted to save the kingdom from further degeneration and disintegration. Codes
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and
(R) is the correct explanation of
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but
(R) is not a correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true
Ans: (a)

Q- Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below the lists: List-I (Kingdom) List-II (Rulers associated)
A. Ahmednagar 1. Sangram Singh Soni
B. Vijayanagar 2. Malik Saravar
C. Malwa 3. Narasimha
D. Jaunpur 4. Shahji Codes A B C D
(a) 4 3 1 2
(b) 4 2 3 1
(c) 1 2 4 3
(d) 2 3 4 1
Ans: (a)

Q- Consider the following statements
1. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq was the Delhi Sultan when Vijayanagar Empire was founded.
2. Krishnadeva Raya was the ruler of Vijayanagar when Babur took over from Ibrahim Lodi.
3. Rama Raya was defeated at Talikota when Jahangir was the Emperor at Delhi. Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: (a)

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