3. Economic Impact of British Rule

Q- In what commodity the English first conducted trade from India?
(a) Indigo
(b) Tea
(c) Salt (d) Cotton
Ans: (a)

Q- Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?
1. 1767-69- First Anglo-Maratha War
2. 1790-92- Third Anglo-Mysore War
3. 1824-26- First Anglo-Burmese War
4. 1845-46- Second Anglo-Sikh War Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 2 and 4 (b) 3 and 4
(c) 1 and 2 (d) 2 and 3
Ans: (d)

Q- Who is credited with the introduction of Permanent settlement in Bengal and Bihar?
(a) Lord Curzon
(b) Lord Cornwallis
(c) Lord Ripon
(d) Lord Wellesely
Ans: (b)

Q- Where was the first iron and steel industry of India established?
(a) Bhadravati (b) Bhilai
(c) Jamshedpur (d) Burnpur
Ans: (c)

Q- Who among the following Indian freedom fighters made an attempt to estimate the per capita income of India?
(a) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(b) Feroz Shah Mehta
(c) Surendranath Banerjee
(d) Dadabhai Naoroji
Ans: (d)

Q- Who is the exponent of the theory of economic drain of India during the British rule?
(a) Dadabhai Naoroji
(b) M.N. Roy
(c) Jai Prakash Narayan
(d) Ram Manohar Lohiya
Ans: (a)

Q- Who among the following used the phrase ‘Un-British’ to criticize the English colonial control of India?
(a) Anand Mohan Bose
(b) Badruddin Tyabji
(c) Dadabhai Naoroji
(d) Feroz Shah Mehta
Ans: (c)

Q- Under which of the following systems, the British Government collected revenue directly from the farmers?
(a) Zamindari (b) Ryotwari
(c) Annawari (d) Desaiwari
Ans: (b)

Q- The first railway line in India was opened in the year
(a) 1833 (b) 1853
(c) 1857 (d) 1861
Ans: (b)

Q- Who among the following has started the Public Works Department in India in 1848?
(a) Lord William Bentinck
(b) Lord Dalhousie
(c) Lord Wellesley
(d) Lord Cornwallis
Ans: (b)

Q- In which of the following years was the first Railway line between Bombay and Thane laid?
(a) 1853 (b) 1854
(c) 1856 (d) 1858
Ans: (a)

Q- The first cotton mill in India established in which city?
(a) Surat (b) Mumbai
(c) Ahmedabad (d) Coimbatore
Ans: (b)

Q- First railway line were laid down in India under which British Governor?
(a) Lord Dalhousie
(b) Lord Curzon
(c) Lord Wellesley
(d) Lord Lytton
Ans: (a)

Q- Who was associated with Ryotwari settlement of Madras ?
(a) Malcom (b) Metcalfe
(c) Munro (d) Elphinstone
Ans: (c)

Q- Permanent settlement was a feature of
(a) Zamindari System
(b) Ryotwari System
(c) Mahalwari System
(d) None of the above
Ans: (a)

Q- Gandhi’s intervention in the Ahmedabad Mill Strike in 1918 resulted in the enhancement of wages for the workers by
(a) 10% (b) 15%
(c) 25% (d) 35%
Ans: (d)

Q- Name of the journalist who wholeheartedly championed the cause of Indigo Movement was
(a) Sisir Kumar Ghosh
(b) Harish Chandra Mukherjee
(c) Barindra Ghosh
(d) Bipin Chandra Pal
Ans: (b)

Q- Indian Factory Act was promulgated in
(a) 1861 (b) 1881
(c) 1887 (d) 1898
Ans: (b)

Q- The cause of decline of textile industries in 18th century in Bengal was
(a) decline in quality of production
(b) non-availability of raw material
(c) high tariff rates on exports to Britain
(d) non-availability of craftsman
Ans: (c)

Q- During the colonial rule in India, the Permanent Settlement was introduced by
(a) Lord Bentinck
(b) Lord Cornwallis
(c) Lord Curzon
(d) Lord Wellesely
Ans: (b)

Q- Under the Permanent Settlement, 1793, the Zamindars were required to issue Pattas to farmers which were not issued by many of the Zamindars. The reason was
(a) The Zamindars were trusted by the farmers
(b) There was no official check upon the Zamindars
(c) It was the responsibility of the British Government
(d) The farmers were not interested in getting pattas
Ans: (b)

Q- The English introduced Ryotwari settlement in
(a) Bengal Presidency
(b) Madras Presidency
(c) Bombay Presidency
(d) Madras and Bombay Presidency
Ans: (d)

Q- The British introduced the railways in India in order to
(a) promote heavy industries in India
(b) facilitate British commerce and administrative control
(c) move foodstuff in case of famine
(d) enable Indians to move freely within the country
Ans: (b)

Q- The main grievance of the peasants in the Champaran Satyagraha (1917) was regarding the
(a) Abwabs on illegal taxes
(b) Oppression of the landlords
(c) Tinkathiya systems
(d) Land revenue demands
Ans: (c)

Q- Which was the charter Act to close the trade of East India?
(a) 1793
(b) 1813
(c) 1833
(d) 1853
Ans: (c)

Q- In India, the first bank of limited liability managed by Indians and founded in 1881 was
(a) Hindustan Commercial Bank
(b) Oudh (Awadh) Commercial Bank
(c) Punjab National Bank
(d) Punjab and Sind Bank
Ans: (b)

Q- Put the following Act in chronologial order:
1. Indian Trade union Act
2. Indian Factories Act
3. Trade Dispute Act
4. Indian mines Act
(a) 2, 4, 1, 3 (b) 3, 1, 4, 2
(c) 1, 3, 2, 4 (d) 4, 2, 3, 1
Ans: (a)

Q- Assertion (A) : Within half a century of the Battle of Plassey, the phenomenal prosparity of Bengal suffered a serious set-back. Reason (R) : The manufacture of cotton goods the most important item of export from India, enormously increased in other parts of India, while it declined in Bengal. Codes
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and
(R) is the correct explanation of
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but
(R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true
Ans: (c)

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