English UGC NTA NET JRF Previous Year Paper JUNE–2009
1. In a 1817 review of Coleridge’s Biographia Literaria, Francis Jeffrey coined the term ‘Lake School of Poets’ grouping…
A. Wordsworth, Coleridge and Crabbe
B. Wordsworth, Coleridge and Byron
C. Wordsworth, Coleridge and Hazlitt
D. Wordsworth, Coleridge and Southey
2. “I am the enemy you killed, my friend/ I knew you in this dark…” The above lines are taken from
A. “The Soldier”
B. “Dulce et Decorum Est”
C. “To His Dead Body”
D. “Strange Meeting”
3. Below are two sets of texts one of which has inspired the other. Match the text with its inspiration :
I. Coral Island (a) The Great Indian Novel
II. The Odyssey (b) Wide Sargasso Sea
III. The Mahabharat(c) Omeroos
IV. Jane Eyre (d) Lord of the Flies
I II III IV
A. (a) (c) (d) (b)
B. (d) (b) (a) (c)
C. (c) (d) (a) (b)
D. (d) (c) (a) (b)
4. “His life was gentle and the elements/So mixed in him, that Nature might stand up/ And say to all the world, ‘This was a man ’” Who is the speaker, and about whom is this spoken?
A. Enobarbus on Antony
B. Brutus on Caesar
C. Cleopatra on Antony
D. Marc Antony on Caesar
5. “When my love swears that she is made of truth/I do believe her, though I know she lies”.
The author of these lines is …
A. Philip Sidney
B. Edmund Spenser
C. Christopher Marlowe
D. William Shakespeare
6. The poetry of Wordsworth and Coleridge was notably influenced by…
A. The Napoleonic Wars
B. The Glorious Revolution
C. The French Revolution
D. Poor Laws
7. “Great wits are sure to madness near allied And thin partitions do their bounds divide”.
The above lines appear in …
A. Mac Flecknoe
B. Absalom and Achitophel
C. Essay on man
D. Alexander’s Feast
8. Who among the following developed the term strategic essentialism?
A. Edward Said
B. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak
C. Homi Bhabha
D. Aijaz Ahmed
9. David Malouf’s An Imaginary Life is a retelling of the story of :
A. Aristotle B. Juvenal
C. Ovid D. Horace
10. ‘Jabberwocky’ is a character in ….
A. The Importance of Being Earnest
B. Fra Lippa Lippi
C. Through the Looking Glass
D. Goblin Market
11. Which of the following statements is the most accurate regarding Edward Said’s thesis in Orientalism?
1. The Europeans used the East dialectically to describe their self-image as irrational and primitive.
2. The Oriental people used the West dialectically to define their self-image as irrational and primitive.
3. The Europeans used the East oppositionally to define their self-image as rational and modern.
4. The Oriental people used the West oppositionally to define their self-image as rational and modern.
A. 1 B. 4
C. 1 and 4 D. 2 and 3
12. Assertion (A): Literary and historical periodization often has nothing to do with the lifetime of writers. Thus we see two writers born in the same year belonging to two separate periods.
Reasoning (R) Example: Thomas Carlyle and John Keats were born in 1795. In standard literary histories, Keats is a Romantic and Carlyle, a Victorian.
A. (A) and (R) are correct
B. (A) is correct; (R) is incorrect
C. (A) and (R) are incorrect
D. (R) does not follow from (A)
13. Everyman is …
A. a medieval play based on an episode from the Bible
B. a medieval morality play
C. a Tudor interlude
D. a miracle play
14. Which of the following sets would you call the poets of the Movement?
A. Elizabeth Jennings, Philip Larkin, John Wain
B. W.H. Auden, Cecil Day Lewis, Stephen Spender
C. T.S. Eliot, Richard Aldington, Ezra Pound
D. Alan Brownjohn, C.H., Sisson, Anthony Thwaite
15. Doris Lessing’s interest in __________ is widely recognized.
A. Hinduism B. Sufism
C. Zen D. Judaism
16. Periphrasis, which is a roundabout way of speech/writing, is also known as …
17. Arrange the following in chronological order…
1. The death of Shakespeare
2. Accession of James I to the English throne
3. Caxton and the printing press
4. The Norman Conquest of England
A. 4, 3, 2, 1 B. 3, 4, 2, 1
C. 3, 4, 1, 2 D. 4, 3, 1, 2
18. “The Muse of History” is a classic postcolonial essay by :
A. Ngugi wa Thiongo
B. Chinua Achebe
C. Wilson Harris
D. Derek Walcott
19. “Do I contradict myself?
Very well then, I contradict myself,
(I am large, I contain multitudes.)” The above lines are from …
A. Walt Whitman
B. Edgar Allan Poe
C. Ralph Waldo Emerson
D. John Greenleaf Whittier
20. “Verses on the Death of Dr Swift” was written by …
A. Jonathan Swift
B. Alexander Pope
C. Samuel Johnson
D. James Boswell
21. Match the following elegies with the persons for whom they were written:
I. ‘Lycidas’ (a) Arthur Hugh Clough
II. ‘Adonais’ (b) A.H. Hallam
III. In Memoriam (c) Edward King
IV. Thyrsis (d) Keats
I II III IV
A. (c) (b) (d) (a)
B. (b) (d) (c) (a)
C. (c) (d) (b) (a)
D. (d) (a) (c) (b)
22. Playing in the Dark by Toni Morrison is a series of reflections on :
A. Jazz music
B. Disability sports
C. Whiteness and the literary imagination
D. Black American folklore
23. “He’s not the brightest man in the world” is an example of :
A. Chiasmus B. Hyperbole
C. Litotes D. Simile
24. The term ‘horizon of expectations’ is associated with …
A. Wolfgang Iser
B. Stanley Fish
C. Harold Bloom
D. H.R. Jauss
25. The following writers have something in common:
Mary Seacole J.A. Froude Mary Kingsley Anthony Trollope What is it?
1. They are all Victorians
2. They are all writers of children’s fiction
3. They are all members of one literary guild
4. They are all travel writers
A. 1 and 2 B. 3 and 4
C. 2 and 4 D. 1 and 4
26. The immediate source of Christopher Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus is …
A. A French narrative
B. A Dutch narrative
C. A German narrative
D. None of the above
27. Who among the following were associated with the Irish Dramatic Movement?
A. Lady Gregory, W.B. Yeats, J.M. Synge
B. Jonathan Swift, RB. Sheridan, G.B. Shaw
C. W.B. Yeats, J.M. Synge, G.B. Shaw
D. W.B. Yeats, Patrick J. Kavanagh, Seamus Heaney
28. The term diaspora was originally applied to the following ethnic group:
A. Jews B. Muslims
C. Hindus D. French Canadians
29. Who among the following is NOT a ‘University Wit’?
A. Christopher Marlowe
B. George Peele
C. Robert Greene
D. Ben Jonson
30. When a person has a wooden leg, we are apt to say, ‘He has a wooden leg’. Now this wooden leg is …
4. neither literal nor metaphorical
A. 1 and 2 are correct
B. 1 is correct
C. 2 is correct
D. 3 and 4 are correct
31. Prosody studies:
A. Line endings
B. Meanings of words
C. Patterns of prose
32. Which of the following is a major Jacobean play?
C. Romeo and Juliet
D. The Duchess of Malfi
33. Understanding Poetry used to be a classic textbook that encapsulates the principles of …
A. New Historicism
B. New Aristotelianism
C. New Criticism
D. The New Left
34. What century is variously called The Age of Enlightenment, the Age of Sensibility. The Augustan Age and The Age of Prose and Reason?
A. sixteenth century
B. seventeenth century
C. eighteenth century
D. nineteenth century
35. What is common to the following poems?
Wordsworth’s “The Recluse” Shelley’s “The Triumph of Life” Byron’s “Don Juan” Keats’ “Hyperion”
A. They are all elegies
B. They are all unfinished poems
C. They are all divided into cantos
D. They are women-centred poems
36. Who among the following called the novel ‘the bright book of life’?
A. D.H. Lawrence
B. James Joyce
C. Virginia Woolf
D. Aldous Huxley
37. “Ripeness is all” is a line from …
A. Hamlet B. King Lear
C. Othello D. Macbeth
38. U.R. Ananthamurthy’s Samskara was translated by …
B. Girish Karnad
C. H.S. Shivaprakash
D. A.K. Ramanujan
39. Abel Whittle is a character in:
A. The Return of the Native
B. The Mayor of Casterbridge
C. Far from the Madding Crowd
D. Tess of the D’Urbervilles
40. In which eclogue of The Shepheardes Calender does Spenser praise Queen Elizabeth I?
A. January B. April
C. August D. November
41. Which of the following is NOT the opening of the well-known Romantic poem?
A. My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pains/My sense
B. Hail to thee, blithe spirit
C. Margaret, are you grieving/Over Goldengrove unleaving?
D. The world is too much with us
42. “Politics and the English Language” is an essay by :
A. F.R. Leavis
B. Terry Eagleton
C. George Orwell
D. Raymond Williams
43. “The mind-forged manacles” is phrase from:
C. “A Poison Tree”
D. “I Asked a Thief”
44. “He is not fully recognized at home; he is not recognized at all abroad. Yet I firmly believe that the poetical performance of _________ is, after that of Shakespeare and Milton, undoubtedly most considerable in our language.” To whom does Matthew Arnold refer in the above statement?
A. Edmund Spenser
B. John Keats
C. William Wordsworth
D. S.T. Coleridge
45. The Globe Theatre opened in :
A. 1585 B. 1593
C. 1599 D. 1603 Direction (Qs. 46 to 50): Read the following passage carefully, and select the right answers from the alternatives given below in the questions.
We need to begin by casting doubt on the legitimacy of the notion of literature. The mere fact that the word exists, or that an academic institution has been built around it, does not mean that the thing itself is self-evident.
Reasons-perfectly empirical ones, to begin with —are not hard to find. The full history of the word literature and its equivalents in all languages and all eras has yet to be written, but even a perfunctory look at the question makes it clear that the term has not been around for ever. In the European languages, the word literature in its current sense is quite recent: it dates back—just barely–to the nineteenth century. Might we be dealing with a historical phenomenon rather than an ‘eternal’ one?
Moreover, many languages (many African languages, for example) have no generic term covering all literary productions. To these initial observations we may add the fragmentation characteristic of literature today. Who dares specify what is literature and what is not, given the irreducible variety of the writing that tends to be attached to it, from vastly different perspectives?
The argument is not conclusive : a notion may legitimately exist even if there is no specific term in the lexicon for it. But we have been led to cast the first shadow of doubt over the ‘naturalness’ of literature. A theoretical examination of the problem proves no more reassuring. Where do we come by the conviction that there is indeed such a thing as literature? From experience. We study ‘literary’ works in school, then in college; we find the ‘literary type of book in specialized stores; we are in the habit of referring to ‘literary’ authors in everyday conversation. An entity called ‘literature’ functions at the level of intersubjective and social relations; this much seems beyond question. Fine. But what have we proved? That in the broader system of a given society or culture, an identifiable element exists that is known by the label literature. Have we thereby demonstrated that all the particular products that take on the function of ‘literature’ possess common characteristics, which we can identify with legitimacy?
Not at all.
46. This passage casts doubt on :
A. the assumption called literature.
B. the idea of literature.
C. the institution of literature.
D. the notion of literature.
47. Literature is unsustainable because …
A. we are unclear as to what it means.
B. we are unsure as to its message.
C. we are not persuaded that the claims made for it are allowable and acceptable.
D. we cannot prove that its definitions are the right and the only possible ones.
48. How does the writer argue that the existence of literature is hardly self-evident?
1. by citing reasons for its non-existence.
2. by citing reasons for interrogating its legitimacy.
3. by citing reasons and proving by argument that its legitimacy can be interrogated.
4. by citing reasons to show that the label does not match the thing we know to be literature.
A. only 1
B. 1 and 2
C. only 3
D. 3 and 4
49. “Might we be dealing with a historical phenomenon rather than an ‘eternal’ one”?
What makes this a reasonable question to consider in this context?
A. A historical phenomenon lends itself to better empirical verification than an ‘eternal’ one.
B. A historical phenomenon has more legitimacy than an ‘eternal’ one.
C. A historical phenomenon can be debated and possibly settled while an ‘eternal’ one must be taken on trust or not at all.
D. A historical phenomenon is well above disputation while an ‘eternal’ one is not.
50. What does “the fragmentation characteristic of literature today” suggest to the writer?
A. the fragmentation of modern consciousness.
B. the divided perceptions of literature by its readers.
C. the lack of specificity of literature.
D. the blur that frustrates further investigation into this concept.
Ans: (B )