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An Encounter Now And Then Is Not A Solution To An Endemic Problem

It is a cruel and poignant irony that the four men, accused of raping and murdering a Hyderabad veterinary doctor, were killed by the police allegedly in an encounter on the sixth of December.

Twenty-seven years ago, in 1992, police personnel turned a blind eye initially, and later applauded, when a majoritarian mob, thousands-strong, tore down a decrepit medieval mosque — which had acquired far greater symbolic value for communities at loggerhead.

In 2019, roles were reversed. This time innumerable jubilatory processions were taken out across countless cities lauding the handful of police personnel who possibly decided to take law in their own hand and bowed to public pressure for speedy retribution.

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Both events and many in between have repeatedly questioned India’s swagger of being a Republic. It is paradoxical for a large section of the political class, intelligentsia and the hoi polloi, to find hope and justice in wilful violation of law by the police, in a nation where the Prime Minister swears by the Constitution and calls it the only Holy Book of the country.

In such a situation, one begins to wonder about honesty in the assertion and whether it makes sense to assume public offices after swearing to uphold the Constitution and rule of law. Indeed, the shoot-out during the wee hours of 6 December was preceded by India’s lawmakers, almost in unison, but for a sprinkling of voices of sanity, giving a call to junk laws made by their predecessors.

It was the call by parliamentarians and celebrities, both of who have granted themselves the right to comment on everything but their own conduct, for immediate execution (“they should be lynched” was not just Jaya Bachchan’s scream), which gave strength to whoever decided to press the trigger.

In 1992, then Vice President and later President of India, KR Narayanan, termed the destruction of the Babri Masjid as India’s greatest political tragedy after the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi. Not the encounter in Hyderabad, but the public elation in its aftermath, is one of the gravest tragedies in India in recent years because it shows how far back in time the country has slipped.

The problem is two-fold. First, it had not even been established that the four killed were actual perpetrators or if they were made mere scapegoats, accused to ward off rising criticism of police. Second, despite the bravado of the police commissioner, who reportedly has a past of ‘dubious encounters’, the police would not have still acted without political clearance.

Also Read: Telangana Rape-Murder Case: What Supreme Court Guidelines Say About Encounter Killings

If the state government indeed gave the nod for killing the four accused in cold-blood, it raises a chilling prospect. Another two thoughts arise out of this. First, the Telangana government is hardly the first where state power has been used to take the short-cut to punishment. Second, while the clamour for instantaneous ‘justice’ has avenged the rape and murder of one girl, what about less ‘celebrated’ cases?

On the first, dacoits in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh were often eliminated in questionable exchanges from 1950s onwards. In fact, in UP, VP Singh was forced to quit in July 1982 as chief minister within two years of assuming office. This was after reports of false encounters of smaller dacoit gangs and petty criminals in Mainpuri, Etawah, Etah and Farrukhabad districts surfaced.

Naxalites in West Bengal in the 1970s and again in Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in recent decades, petty criminals in Bhagapur, Bihar in late 1970s, the underworld in Mumbai in the 1980s, militants in Punjab in the 1980s and 1990s and in Jammu and Kashmir from the time militancy became norm and unproven allegations of extra-judicial killings in Gujarat, are instances of police taking law into their own hands and not completing the due processes of law to deliver justice.

Worse, each of these actions were publicly feted.

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