We are providing here the concise version of NCERT books to read online. Students can use these books as Summary Notes. These notes are helpful for quick revision before board exams. Further these summaries are highly useful for all Competitive Exams in the country as all MCQs are designed from these books. NCERT book summaries are condensed versions of the NCERT textbooks that cover the most important information and concepts in a succinct and organized manner. These notes are meant to provide an overview of the topic and help students to quickly revise and retain the information before exams. They can also be used as a supplement to the NCERT textbooks for a more comprehensive understanding of the subject.

NCERT Books Class 6

NCERT Book Class 6 History Our Past

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Chapter 1. What, Where, How And When?
Chapter 2. From Hunting-Gathering To Growing Food
Chapter 3. In Earliest Cities
Chapter 4. What Books and Burials Tell Us
Chapter 5. Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic
Chapter 6. New Questions and Ideas
Chapter 7. Ashoka, Emperor who Gave up War
Chapter 8. Vital Villages, Thriving Towns
Chapter 9. Traders, Kings & Pilgrims
Chapter 10. New Empires and Kingdoms
Chapter 11. Buildings, Paintings & Books

NCERT Book Class 6 Geography Earth Our Habitat

NCERT Book Class 6 Geography Earth Our Habitat Notes
NCERT Book Class 6 Geography Earth Our Habitat Notes

Chapter 1. Earth in Solar System
Chapter 2. Globe: Latitude and Longitude
Chapter 3. Motions of Earth
Chapter 4. Maps
Chapter 5. Major Domains of Earth
Chapter 6. Major Landforms of Earth
Chapter 7. Our Country-India
Chapter 8. India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife

NCERT Book Class 6 Social Science: Social & Political Life I

NCERT Book Class 6 Social Science Notes
NCERT Book Class 6 Social Science Notes

Chapter 1. Understanding Diversity
Chapter 2. Diversity and Discrimination
Chapter 3. What is Government?
Chapter 4. Key Elements of a Democratic Government
Chapter 5. Panchayati Raj
Chapter 6. Rural and Urban Administration
Chapter 7. Rural Livelihoods
Chapter 8. Urban Livelihoods

NCERT Book Class 6 Science

NCERT Class 6 Science Notes

Chapter 1. Food: Where Does It Come From?
Chapter 2. Components Of Food
Chapter 3. Fibre To Fabric
Chapter 4. Sorting Materials Into Groups
Chapter 5. Separation Of Substances
Chapter 6. Changes Around Us
Chapter 7. Getting To Know Plants
Chapter 8. Body Movements
Chapter 9. Living Organisms And Their Surroundings
Chapter 10. Motion And Measurement Of Distances
Chapter 11. Light, Shadows And Reflections
Chapter 12. Electricity And Circuits
Chapter 13. Fun With Magnets
Chapter 14. Water
Chapter 15. Air Around Us
Chapter 16. Garbage In, Garbage Out

NCERT Books Class 7

NCERT Book Class 7 History Our Past I

NCERT Class 7 History Notes

Chapter 1. Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years
Chapter 2. New Kings and Kingdoms
Chapter 3. Delhi Sultans
Chapter 4. Mughal Empire
Chapter 5. Rulers and Buildings
Chapter 6. Towns, Traders & Craftspersons
Chapter 7. Tribes, Nomads & Settled Communities
Chapter 8. Devotional Paths to Divine
Chapter 9. Making of Regional Cultures
Chapter 10. Eighteenth-Century Political Formations

NCERT Book Class 7 Geography Our Environment

NCERT Class 7 Geography Notes

Chapter 1. Environment
Chapter 2. Inside our Earth
Chapter 3. Our Changing Earth
Chapter 4. Air
Chapter 5. Water
Chapter 6. Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Chapter 7. Human Environment Settlement, Transport & Communication
Chapter 8. Human Environment Interactions-Tropical and Subtropical Region
Chapter 9. Life in Desert

NCERT Book Class 7 Social Science: Social & Political Life II

NCERT Class 7 Social Science Notes

Chapter 1. On Equality
Chapter 2. Role of Government in Health
Chapter 3. How State Government Works?
Chapter 4. Growing up as Boys and Girls
Chapter 5. Women change World
Chapter 6. Understanding Media
Chapter 7. Markets Around US
Chapter 8. A Shirt in Market
Chapter 9. Struggles For Equality

NCERT Book Class 7 Science

NCERT Class 7 Science Notes

Chapter 1. Nutrition In Plants
Chapter 2. Nutrition In Animals
Chapter 3. Fibres To Fabric
Chapter 4. Heat
Chapter 5. Acids Bases And Salts
Chapter 6. Physical And Chemical Changes
Chapter 7. Weather, Climate And Adaptations Of Animals Of Climate
Chapter 8. Winds, Storms And Cyclones
Chapter 9. Soil
Chapter 10. Respiration In Organisms
Chapter 11. Transportation In Animals And Plants
Chapter 12. Reproduction In Plants
Chapter 13. Motion And Time
Chapter 14. Electric Current And Its Effects
Chapter 15. Light
Chapter 16. Water: A Precious Resource
Chapter 17. Forests – Our Lifeline
Chapter 18. Wastewater Story

NCERT Books Class 8

NCERT Book Class 8 History Our Past II and III

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Chapter 1. How, When & Where
Chapter 2. From Trade to Territory : Establishment of Company Power
Chapter 3. Ruling Countryside
Chapter 4. Tribals, Dikus & Vision of a Golden Age
Chapter 5. When People Rebel: 1857 and After
Chapter 6. Weavers, Iron Smelters and Factory Owners
Chapter 7. Civilising ‘Native’, Educating Nation
Chapter 8. Women, Caste & Reform
Chapter 9. Making of National Movement: 1870S-1947
Chapter 10. India After Independence

NCERT Book Class 8 Geography Resource and Development

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Chapter 1. Resources
Chapter 2. Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation And Wildlife Resources
Chapter 3. Mineral and Power Resources
Chapter 4. Agriculture
Chapter 5. Industries
Chapter 6. Human Resources

NCERT Book Class 8 Social Science: Social & Political Life III

NCERT Class 8 Social Science Notes

Chapter 1. Indian Constitution
Chapter 2. Understanding Secularism
Chapter 3. Why do we Need a Parliament?
Chapter 4. Understanding Laws
Chapter 5. Judiciary
Chapter 6. Understanding our Criminal Justice System
Chapter 7. Understanding Marginalisation
Chapter 8. Confronting Marginalisation
Chapter 9. Public Facilities
Chapter 10. Law and Social Justice

NCERT Book Class 8 Science

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Chapter 1. Crop Production And Management
Chapter 2. Microorganisms – Friend And Foe
Chapter 3. Synthetic Fibres And Plastics
Chapter 4. Materials: Metals And Non-Metals
Chapter 5. Coal And Petroleum
Chapter 6. Combustion And Flame
Chapter 7. Conservation Of Plants And Animals
Chapter 8. Cell – Structure And Functions
Chapter 9. Reproduction In Animals
Chapter 10. Reaching Age Of Adolescence
Chapter 11. Force And Pressure
Chapter 12. Friction
Chapter 13. Sound
Chapter 14. Chemical Effects Of Current
Chapter 15. Some Natural Phenomena
Chapter 16. Light
Chapter 17. Stars And Solar System
Chapter 18. Pollution Of Air And Water

NCERT Books Class 9

NCERT Book Class 9 History India and Contemporary World

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Chapter 1. French Revolution
Chapter 2. Socialism in Europe and Russian Revolution
Chapter 3. Nazism and Rise of Hitler
Chapter 4. Forest Society and Colonialism
Chapter 5. Pastoralists in Modern World

NCERT Book Class 9 Geography Contemporary India

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Chapter 1. India-Size and Location
Chapter 2. Physical Features of India
Chapter 3. Drainage
Chapter 4. Climate
Chapter 5. Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Chapter 6. Population

NCERT Book Class 9 Political Science: Democratic Politics Part – I

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Chapter 1. What is Democracy? Why Democracy?
Chapter 2. Constitutional Design
Chapter 3. Electoral Politics
Chapter 4. Working of Institutions
Chapter 5. Democratic Rights

NCERT Book Class 9 Economics

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Chapter 1. Story of Village Palampur
Chapter 2. People as Resource
Chapter 3. Poverty as a Challenge
Chapter 4. Food Security in India

NCERT Book Class 9 Science

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Chapter 1. Matter In Our Surroundings
Chapter 2. Is Matter Around Us Pure
Chapter 3. Atoms And Molecules
Chapter 4. Structure Of Atom
Chapter 6. Tissues
Chapter 7. Diversity In Living Organisms
Chapter 8. Motion
Chapter 9. Force And Laws Of Motion
Chapter 10. Gravitation
Chapter 11. Work And Energy
Chapter 12. Sound
Chapter 13. Why Do We Fall Ill?
Chapter 14. Natural Resources
Chapter 15. Improvements In Food Resources

NCERT Books Class 10

NCERT Book Class 10 History Themes In World History

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Chapter 1. Rise of Nationalism In Europe
Chapter 2. Nationalism in India
Chapter 3. Making of a Global World
Chapter 4. Age of Industrialisation
Chapter 5. Print Culture and Modern World

NCERT Book Class 10 Geography Contemporary India

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Chapter 1. Resources and Development
Chapter 2. Forest and Wildlife Resources
Chapter 3. Water Resources
Chapter 4. Agriculture
Chapter 5. Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter 6. Manufacturing Industries
Chapter 7. Life Lines of National Economy

NCERT Book Class 10 Political Science: Democratic Politics Part – II

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Chapter 1. Power-Sharing
Chapter 2. Federalism
Chapter 3. Democracy and Diversity
Chapter 4. Gender, Religion & Caste
Chapter 5. Popular Struggles And Movements
Chapter 6. Political Parties
Chapter 7. Outcomes of Democracy
Chapter 8. Challenges to Democracy

NCERT Book Class 10 Understanding Economic Development

Chapter 1. Development
Chapter 2. Sectors of Indian Economy
Chapter 3. Money and Credit
Chapter 4. Globalisation and Indian Economy
Chapter 5. Consumer Rights

NCERT Book Class 10 Science

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Chapter 1. Chemical Reactions And Equations
Chapter 2. Acids, Bases And Salts
Chapter 3. Metals And Non-Metals
Chapter 4. Carbon And Its Compounds
Chapter 5. Periodic Classification Of Elements
Chapter 6. Life Processes
Chapter 7. Control And Coordination
Chapter 8. How Do Organisms Reproduce?
Chapter 9. Heredity And Evolution
Chapter 10. Light-Reflection And Refraction
Chapter 11. Human Eye And Colourful World
Chapter 12. Electricity
Chapter 13. Magnetic Effects Of Electric Current
Chapter 14. Sources Of Energy
Chapter 15. Our Environment
Chapter 16. Sustainable Management Of Natural Resources

NCERT Books Class 11

NCERT Book Class 11 History

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Chapter 1. From Beginning of Time
Chapter 2. Writing and City Life
Chapter 3. An Empire Across Three Continents –Roman Empire
Chapter 4. Central Islamic Lands
Chapter 5. Nomadic Empires
Chapter 6. Changing Traditions: Three Orders
Chapter 7. Changing Cultural Traditions
Chapter 8. Confrontation of Cultures
Chapter 9. Industrial Revolution
Chapter 10. Displacing Indigenous People
Chapter 11. Paths to Modernisation

NCERT Book Class 11 Geography Fundamentals of Physical Geography

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Chapter 1. Geography as a Discipline
Chapter 2. Origin and Evolution of Earth
Chapter 3. Interior of Earth
Chapter 4. Distribution of Oceans and Continents
Chapter 5. Minerals and Rocks
Chapter 6. Geomorphic Processes
Chapter 7. Landforms and Their Evolution
Chapter 8. Composition and Structure of Atmosphere
Chapter 9. Solar Radiation, Heat Balance and Temperature
Chapter 10. Atmospheric Circulation and Weather Systems
Chapter 11. Water in Atmosphere
Chapter 12. World Climate and Climate Change
Chapter 13. Water [Oceans]
Chapter 14. Movements of Ocean Water
Chapter 15. Life on Earth
Chapter 16. Biodiversity and Conservation

NCERT Book Class 11 Geography India – Physical Environment

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Chapter 1. India-Location
Chapter 2. Structure and Physiography
Chapter 3. Drainage System
Chapter 4. Climate
Chapter 5. Natural Vegetation
Chapter 6. Soils
Chapter 7. Natural Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management

NCERT Book Class 11 Political Science: Indian Constitution at Work

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Chapter 1. Constitution : Why and how?
Chapter 2. Rights in Indian Constitution
Chapter 3. Election and Representation
Chapter 4. Executive
Chapter 5. Legislature
Chapter 6. Judiciary
Chapter 7. Federalism
Chapter 8. Local Governments
Chapter 9. Constitution as a Living Document
Chapter 10. Philosophy of our Constitution

NCERT Book Class 11 Indian Economic Development

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Chapter 1. Indian Economy on Eve of Independence
Chapter 2. Indian Economy 1950-1990
Chapter 3. Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation: An Appraisal
Chapter 4. Poverty
Chapter 5. Human Capital Formation in India
Chapter 6. Rural Development
Chapter 7. Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues
Chapter 8. Infrastructure
Chapter 9. Environment and Sustainable Development
Chapter 10. Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours

NCERT Books Class 12

NCERT Book Class 12 History Themes In Indian History

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Chapter 1. Bricks, Beads & Bones
Chapter 2. Kings, Farmers & Towns
Chapter 3. Kinship, Caste And Class
Chapter 4. Thinkers, Belief & Buildings
Chapter 5. Through Eyes of Travellers
Chapter 6. Bhakti-Sufi Traditions
Chapter 7. An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara
Chapter 8. Peasants, Zamindars & State
Chapter 9. Kings and Chronicles: Mughal Courts
Chapter 10. Colonalism and Countryside
Chapter 11. Rebels and Raj [Revolt of 1857 and its Presentations]
Chapter 12. Colonal Cities [Urabnisation, Planning, & Architecture]
Chapter 13. Mahatma Gandhi and Nationalist Movement
Chapter 14. Understanding Partition
Chapter 15. Framing Constitution

NCERT Book Class 12 Geography India – People and Economy

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Chapter 1. Population: Distribution, Density, Growth & Composition
Chapter 2. Migration: Types, Causes & Consequences
Chapter 3. Human Development
Chapter 4. Human Settlements
Chapter 5. Land Resources and Agriculture
Chapter 6. Water Resources
Chapter 7. Mineral and Energy Resources
Chapter 8. Manufacturing Industries
Chapter 9. Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context
Chapter 10. Transport and Communication
Chapter 11. International Trade
Chapter 12. Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems

NCERT Book Class 12 Geography Fundamentals of Human Geography

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Chapter 1. Human Geography Nature and Scope
Chapter 2. World Population Distribution, Density And Growth
Chapter 3. Population Composition
Chapter 4. Human Development
Chapter 5. Primary Activities
Chapter 6. Secondary Activities
Chapter 7. Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
Chapter 8. Transport and Communication
Chapter 9. International Trade
Chapter 10. Human Settlements

NCERT Book Class 12 Political Science II: Politics in India since Independence

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Chapter 1. Challenges of Nation Building
Chapter 2. Era of One-Party Dominance
Chapter 3. Politics of Planned Development
Chapter 4. India’s External Relation
Chapter 5. Challenges to and Restoration of Congress System
Chapter 6. Crisis of Democratic Order
Chapter 7. Rise of Popular Movements
Chapter 8. Regional Aspirations
Chapter 9. Recent Development in Indian Politics

NCERT Book Class 12 Introductory Microeconomics

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Chapter 1. Overview
Chapter 2. Theory of Consumer Behaviour
Chapter 3. Production and cost
Chapter 4. Theory of Firm Under Perfect Competition
Chapter 5. Market Equilibrium
Chapter 6. Non-competitive Markets

NCERT Book Class 12 Introductory Macroeconomics

NCERT Class 12 Macroeconomics Notes

Chapter 1. Introductory Macroeconomics
Chapter 2. National Income Accounting
Chapter 3. Money and Banking
Chapter 4. Determination of Income and Employment
Chapter 5. Government Budget and Economy
Chapter 6. Open Economy Macroeconomics

NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) books are widely used in schools across India and are known for their comprehensive and authoritative content. These books provide students with a clear and concise summary of important concepts, covering subjects like Mathematics, Science, Social Science, Hindi, and English. NCERT textbooks are written by subject experts and follow the CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) curriculum. They are widely considered to be the most comprehensive and authoritative sources of information for students preparing for exams and are used as reference materials by students and teachers alike. The books are designed to be accessible and engaging for students, with clear explanations and examples that help to reinforce important concepts.

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