Chapter 8. Urban Livelihoods

Working in Street
• A large number of people in city work on streets.
• In a survey of Ahmedabad city, it was found that 12% of all workers in city were those people who were working on street. They sometimes sell things or repair or provide a service. They work on their own. They are not employed by anyone, and therefore, they have to organise their own work.
• Their shops are generally temporary. They have no security.
• Vendors sell things that are often prepared at home by their families who purchase, clean, sort, & make them ready to sell.
• Street vending has been recognised as a right of people to earn their livelihood.

• There are many people who own shops in various markets of city.
• Business persons manage their own shops or businesses. They are not employed by anyone.
• These are permanent shops that are given a licence to do business by Municipal Corporation.
• Municipal Corporation decides on which day of week market has to remain closed.
• This market has small offices and shops that provide services, such as banks, courier services, and others.

Office Workers
• There are many workers in city who work in offices, factories, and government departments. They are employed as regular and permanent workers. They attend same office or factory regularly.
• Their work is identified, and they get a regular salary. They get better facilities than casual workers.

Casual Workers
• There are many workers employed in factory on a casual basis.
• causal workers are employed as per need in factories.
• jobs are not permanent.
• There is no job security or protection. They are expected to work for very long hours.

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