Chapter 7. Understanding Marginalisation

• It means when a group or community is excluded from society or seen as not part of society.
• Marginalisation can be because of language, customs, or religion.
• The people feel marginalised because they are poor, considered to be of low social status, and viewed as being less human than others.
• This sense of difference and exclusion leads to communities not having access to resources and opportunities and in their inability to assert their rights.
• Economic, social, cultural, & political factors work together to make certain groups in society feel marginalised.

Communities and Marginalisation
• 8% of India’s population is Adivasi and many of India’s most important mining and industrial centres are located in Adivasi areas : Jamshedpur, Rourkela, Bokaro, & Bhilai among others.
• Adivasis have their own languages, and they are considered marginalised because we have a specific image of them in our minds like wearing specific clothes, living in forests, etc.
• Adivasis are blamed for their lack of advancement as they are believed to be resistant to change or new ideas.
• According to 2011 census, Muslims are 14.2% of India’s population and are considered to be a marginalised community in India because in comparison to other communities they have been deprived of benefits of socio-economic development.

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