Chapter 5. Women change World

Rashsundari Devi
• Rashsundari Devi (1800–1890) was born in West Bengal.
• She wrote her autobiography, Amar Jiban in Bangla, at age of 60.
• It is first known autobiography written by an Indian woman.
• Rashsundari Devi was a housewife from a rich landlord’s family.

Pandita Ramabai
• Ramabai (1858-1922) championed cause of women’s education.
• She was given title ‘Pandita’ because she could read and write Sanskrit (she never went to school).
• She encouraged widows and poor women not only to become literate but to be independent.

Sultana’s Dream
• Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain (1180-1932) wrote a remarkable story titled Sultana’s Dream in 1905.
• In her book she imagined a story about a girl named Sultana who reaches a place known as Ladyland (a place where women had freedom to study, work, & create inventions).
• She started a school for girls in Kolkata in 1910.
• Quality Education is one of Sustainable Development Goals of United Nation.

Pandita Ramabai
• Ramabai (1858-1922) championed cause of women’s education.
• She was given title ‘Pandita’ because she could read and write Sanskrit (she never went to school).
• She encouraged widows and poor women not only to become literate but to be independent.

Sultana’s Dream
• Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain (1180-1932) wrote a remarkable story titled Sultana’s Dream in 1905.
• In her book she imagined a story about a girl named Sultana who reaches a place known as Ladyland (a place where women had freedom to study, work, & create inventions).
• She started a school for girls in Kolkata in 1910.
• Quality Education is one of Sustainable Development Goals of United Nation.

Census
• India has a census every 10 years which counts whole population of country.
• It gathers detailed information about people living in India such as their age, schooling, their work, etc.
• The government uses this information to measure many things, like number of literate people, and ratio of men and women.
• In most recent census of 2011, 82 percent for boys and men, and 65 percent for girls and women are literate. This means that there has been an increase in schooling.

Women’s Movement
• Women individually and collectively have struggled to bring changes in spheres like legal reforms, violence, & health.
• This struggle is called Women’s Movement. Individual women and women’s organisations from different parts of country are part of movement.
• The different strategies adopted by women seeking justice were campaigning, protests, & raising awareness.
• International Women’s Day is celebrated on 8th March every year.

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