Chapter 4. Understanding Laws

Rule of Law
• There are several provisions in Constitution that establish Rule of Law.
• most important provision is that all persons in independent India are Equal before Law.
• law cannot discriminate between persons based on their religion, caste, or gender.
• Rule of Law means that all laws apply equally to all citizens of country, and no one can be above law. Neither a government official nor a wealthy person, not even President of country is above law.

Making of Laws
• Parliament has an important role in making laws.
• An important role of Parliament is to be sensitive to problems faced by people.
• role of citizens is crucial in helping Parliament to frame different concerns that people might have into laws.

Unpopular Laws
• Parliament passes some laws that turn out to be very unpopular.
• Sometimes a law can be Constitutionally valid and Legal, but it can continue to be unpopular and unacceptable to people because they feel that intention behind it is unfair and harmful.
• People might criticise this law, hold public meetings, write about it in newspapers, report to TV news channels.
• Citizens can express their unwillingness in a democracy to accept repressive laws framed by Parliament.
• When a large number of people begin to feel that a wrong law has been passed, then there is pressure on Parliament to change this.

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