Chapter 2. Role of Government in Health

Healthcare in India
• Health means our ability to remain free of illness and injuries.
• India has a large number of doctors, clinics, & hospitals.
• The country has experience and knowledge in running a public healthcare system. The public healthcare system is a system of hospitals and health centres run by government.

Public Healthcare Services
• The Public Health Service is a chain of health centres and hospitals run by government.
• They are linked together so that they cover both rural and urban areas and can provide treatment to all kinds of problems from common illnesses to special services.
• Primary Health Centre (PHC) covers many villages in rural areas. These centres are present at village levels.
• The District Hospital supervises all health centres at district level.
• Large cities have government hospitals.
• The health service is known as ‘public service’ because it fulfils its commitment of providing health care to all citizens, and government has established these hospitals and health centres.
• The resources needed to run these services are obtained from money that public pay to government as taxes.
• The public health system is meant to provide quality health care services either free or at a low cost so that even poor can seek treatment.
• Our Constitution says that it is primary duty of government to ensure welfare of people and provide health care facilities to all.
• The government must safeguard Right to Life of every person.

Private Healthcare Services
• Private health facilities are not owned or controlled by government.
• There is a wide range of private health facilities that exist in our country.
• A large number of doctors run their own private clinics.
• Registered Medical Practitioners (RMPs) can be found in rural areas.
• There are hospitals and nursing homes that are privately owned.

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