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Chapter 17. Evolution Of The Constitution Of India (Polity & Constitution of India Notes)

CONSTITUTION OF INDIA : AT A GLANCE

IMPORTANT PROVISIONS

PART–I : THE UNIONS AND ITS TERRITORY
Articles
1. Name and territory of the Union.
2. Admission or establishment of new States.
2A. (Repealed)
3. Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States.
4. Laws made under Articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplement, incidental and consequential matters.
PART–II : CITIZENSHIP
5. Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution.
6. Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan.
7. Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan.
8. Rights of citizenship of certain persons of Indian origin
9. Persons voluntarily acquiring citizenship of a foreign state not to be citizens.
10. Continuance of the rights of citizenship.
11. Parliament to regulate the right of citizenshi7p by law.
PART–III : FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS (GENERAL)
12. Definition
13. Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.
Right to Equality
14. Equality before law.
15. Prohibition of discrimination only on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
16. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
17. Abolition of Untouchability
18. Abolition to titles
Right to Freedom
19. Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.
20. Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
21. Protection of life and personal liberty.
21A. Right to elementary education.
22. Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.
Right Against Exploitation
23. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
24. Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc.
Rights to Freedom of Religion
25. Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.
26. Freedom to manage religious affairs.
27. Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
28. Freedoms to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions.
Cultural And Educational Rights
29. Protection of interests of minorities.
30. Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
31. Compulsory acquisition of property (Repealed).
Saving of Certain Laws
31A. Saving of laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc.
31B. Validation of certain Acts and Regulations.
31C. Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles.
31D. Saving of laws in respect of anti-national activities (Repealed).
Right to Constitutional Remedies
32. Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part.
32A. Constitutional validity of States Laws not to be considered in proceedings under
33. Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this part in their application etc.
34. Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while martial law is in force in any area.
35. Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this Part.
PART-IV : DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES
OF STATE POLICY
36. Definition
37. Application of the principles contained in this Part.
38. State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.
39. Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State.
39A. Equal justice and free legal aid.
40. Organisation of village Panchayats.
41. Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
42. Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.
43. Living wage, etc. for workers.
43A. Participation of workers in management of industries.
43B. Promotion of co-operative societies.
44. Uniform civil code for the citizens.
45. Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years.
46. Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections.
47. Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
48. Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry
48A. Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life.
49. Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance.
50. Separation of judiciary from executive.
51. Promotion of international peace and security.
PART–IV A : FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES
51A. Fundamental duties.
PART–V :
Chapter I–The Executives
The President and Vice-President
52. The President of India.
53. Executive power of the Union.
54. Election of President.
55. Manner of election of President.
56. Term of office of President.
57. Eligibility for re-election.
58. Qualifications for election as President.
59. Conditions of President’s office.
60. Oath or affirmation by the President.
61. Procedure for impeachment of the President.
62. Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy.
63. The Vice-President of India.
64. The Vice-President to be exofficio Chairman of the Council of States.
65. The Vice-President to act as President or to discharge his functions during casual vacancies in the office, or during the absence of President.
66. Election of Vice-President.
67. Term of office of Vice-President.
68. Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of Vice- President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy.
69. Oath or affirmation by the Vice-President.
70. Discharge of President’s functions in other contingencies.
71. Matters relating to, or connected with, the election of a President or Vice-President.
72. Power of President to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases.
73. Extent of executive power of the Union.
Council of Ministers
74. Council of Ministers to aid and advice President.
75. Other provisions as to Ministers.
The Attorney-General for India
76. Attorney-General for India.
Conduct of Government Business
77. Conduct of business of the Government of India.
78. Duties of Prime Minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President, etc.
Chapter-II-Parliament (General)
79. Constitution of Parliament.
80. Composition of the Council of States.
81. Composition of the House of the People.
82. Readjustment after each census.
83. Duration of Houses of Parliament.
84. Qualification for membership of Parliament.
85. Sessions of Parliament, prorogation and dissolution.
86. Rights of President to address and send messages to Houses.
87. Special address by the President.
88. Rights of Ministers and Attorney- General as respects Houses.
Officers of Parliament
89. The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Council of States.
90. Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the office of Deputy Chairman.
91. Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Chairman.
92. The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.
93. The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People.
94. Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker.
95. Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Speaker.
96. The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.
97. Salaries and allowances of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman and the Speaker and Deputy Speaker.
98. Secretariat of Parliament.
Conduct of Business
99. Oath or affirmation by members.
100. Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum.
Disqualification of Members
101. Vacation of seats.
102. Disqualifications of membership.
103. Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members.
104. Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under Article 99 or when not qualified or when disqualified.
Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its members
105. Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Parliament and of the members and committees thereof.
106. Salaries and allowances of members.
Legislative Procedure
107. Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills.
108. Joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases.
109. Special procedure in respect of Money Bills.
110. Definition of “Money Bill”.
111. Assent to Bills.
Procedure in Financial Matters
112. Annual financial statement (Budget).
113. Procedure in Parliament with respect to estimates.
114. Appropriation Bills.
115. Supplementary, additional or excess grants.
116. Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants.
117. Special provisions as to Financial Bills.
Procedure Generally
118. Rules of procedure.
119. Regulation by law of procedure in Parliament in relation to financial business.
120. Languages to be used in Parliament.
121. Restriction on discussion in Parliament.
122. Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament.
Chapter III–Legislative Powers of
the President
123. Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during
Chapter IV–The Union Judiciary
124. Establishment and constitution of Supreme Court.
125. Salaries, etc., of Judges of Supreme Court.
126. Appointment of acting Chief Justice of Supreme Court.
127. Appoint of ad hoc Judges.
128. Attendance of retired Judges at sitting of the Supreme Court.
129. Supreme Court to be a court of record.
130. Seat of Supreme Court.
131. Original jurisdication of the Supreme court.
131A. (Repealed)
132. Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in certain cases.
133. Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in regard to civil matters.
134. Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in regard to criminal matters.
134A. Certificate for appeal to the Supreme Court.
135. Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be exercisable by the Supreme Court.
136. Special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court.
137. Review of judgements or orders by the Supreme Court.
138. Enlargement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
139. Conferment on the Supreme Court of powers to issue certain writs 139A. Transfer to certain cases.
140. Ancillary powers of Supreme Court.
141. Law declared by Supreme Court to be binding on all courts.
142. Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and
143. Power of President to consult Supreme Court.
143. Civil and judicial authorities to act in aid of the Supreme Court 144A. (Repealed)
145. Rules of Court, etc.
146. Officers and servants and the expenses of the Supreme Court.
147. Interpretation
CHAPTER V-COMPTROLLER AND
AUDITOR-GENERAL OF INDIA
148. Comptroller and Auditor- General of India.
149. Duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor- General.
150. Form of accounts of the Union and of the States.
151. Audit reports
PART–VI : THE STATES
Chapter I-General
152. Definition
Chapter II-The Executive
The Governor
153. Governors of States.
154. Executive power of State.
155. Appointment of Governor.
156. Term of office of Governor.
157. Qualifications for appointment as Governor.
158. Conditions of Governor’s office.
159. Oath or affirmation by the Governor.
160. Discharge of the functions of the Governor in certain contingencies.
161. Power of Governor to grant pardons, etc. and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases.
162. Extent of executive power of State.
Council of Ministers
163. Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor
164. Other provisions as to Ministers
The Advocate General for the State
165. Advocate-General for the State
Conduct of Government Business
166. Conduct of business of the Government of a State
167. Duties of Chief Minister as respects the furnishing of information to Governor, etc.
CHAPTER III-THE STATE LEGISLATURE (GENERAL)
168. Constitution of Legislature in States
169. Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in States
170. Composition of the Legislative Assemblies
171. Composition of the Legislative Councils
172. Duration of State Legislatures
173. Qualification for membership of the State Legislatures
174. Sessions for the State Legislature, prorogation and dissolution
175. Right of Governor to address and send messages to the House or Houses
176. Special address by the Governor
177. Rights of Ministers and Advocate- General as respects the Houses
Offices of the State Legislature
178. The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly
179. Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker
180. Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as,
181. The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.
182. The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council
183. Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Chairman and Deputy Chairman
184. Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office, or act as, Chairman
185. The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration.
186. Salaries and allowances of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker and the Chairman and Deputy Chairman
187. Secretariat of State Legislature
Conduct of Business
188. Oath or affirmation by members.
189. Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum.
Disqualification of Members
190. Vacation of seats.
191. Disqualifications of membership.
192. Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members.
193. Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under Article 188 or when not qualified or
Powers, Privileges and Immunities of State Legislatures and Their Members
194. Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Legislatures and of the members and committees thereof.
195. Salaries and allowances of members.
Legislative Procedure
196. Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills.
197. Restriction on powers of Legislative Council as to bills other than Money Bills.
198. Special procedure in respect of Money Bills.
199. Definition of “Money Bills”.
200. Assent to Bills.
201. Bill reserved for consideration.
Procedure in Financial Matters
202. Annual financial statement.
203. Procedure in Legislature with respect to estimates.
204. Appropriation Bills.
205. Supplementary, additional or excess grants.
206. Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants.
207. Special provisions as to financial Bills.
Procedure Generally
208. Rules of procedure.
209. Regulation by law of procedure in Legislature of the State in relation to financial business.
210. Language to be used in the Legislature.
211. Restriction on discussion in the Legislature.
212. Courts not to inquire into proceedings of the Legislature.
CHAPTER IV-LEGISLATIVE POWERS OF THE GOVERNOR
213. Power of Governor to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature.
CHAPTER V-THE HIGH COURTS IN THE STATES
214. High Courts of States.
215. High Courts to be courts of
216. Constitution of High Courts.
217. Appointment and conditions of the office of a Judge of a High Court.
218. Application and conditions of the office of a Judge of a High Court.
219. Oath or affirmation by judges of High Courts.
220. Restriction on practice after being a permanent judge.
221. Salaries, etc., of Judges.
222. Transfer of a Judge from one High Court to another.
223. Appointment of acting Chief Justice.
224. Appointment of additional and acting judges.
224A. Appointment of retired judges at sitting of high courts.
225. Jurisdiction of existing High Courts.
226. Power of High Court to issues certain writs.
226A. (Repealed)
227. Power of superintendence over all courts by the High Court.
228. Transfer of certain cases to High Court.
228A. (Omitted)
229. Officers and servants and the expenses of High Courts.
230. Extension of jurisdiction of High Courts to Union territories.
231. Establishment of a common High Court for two or more States.
Chapter VI-Subordinate Courts
233. Appointment of district judges.
233A. Validation of appointments of and judgments etc, delivered by, certain district judges.
234. Recruitment of persons other than district judges to the judicial service.
235. Control over subordinate courts.
236. Interpretation
237. Application of the provisions of the Chapter to certain class or classes of magistrates.
PART VII : THE STATES IN PART B OF THE FIRST SCHEDULE
238. (Repealed)
PART VIII : THE UNION TERRITORIES
239. Administration of Union Territories.
239A. Creation of local Legislatures or Council of Ministers or both for certain Union territories.
239B. Power of administrator to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature.
239AA. Special provision with respect to Delhi.
239AB. Provision in case of failure of constitutional machinery.
240. Power of President to make regulations for certain Union Territories.
241. High Courts for Union Territories.
242. (Repealed)
PART IX : THE PANCHAYATS
Art 243-243 0.
PART IX A : THE MUNICIPALITIES
Article 243 P – 243 ZG
PART IX B : CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES
Article 243ZH -243ZT.
PART X : THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS
244. Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas 244A. Formation of an autonomous State comprising certain tribal areas in Assam and creation of local Legislature or Council of Ministers or both therefor.
PART–XI : RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION AND THE STATES
Chapter I-Legislative Relations
Distribution of Legislative Powers
245. Extent of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States.
246. Subject-matter of laws made by Parliament and by the
247. Power of Parliament to provide for the establishment of certain additional courts.
248. Residuary powers of legislation.
249. Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List in the national interest.
250. Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to any matter in the State List if a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation.
251. Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament under Articles 249 and 250 and laws made by the Legislatures of States.
252. Power of Parliament to legislate for two or more states by consent and adoption of such legislation by any other State.
253. Legislation for giving effect to international agreements.
254. Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the Legislatures of States.
255. Requirements as to recommendations and previous sanctions to be regarded as matters of procedure only.
Chapter II-Administrative Relations (General)
256. Obligation of States and the Union.
257. Control of the Union over States in certain cases.
257A. Assistance to States by deployment of armed forces or other forces of the Union
(Repealed).
258. Power of the Union to confer powers, etc., on States in certain cases.
258A. Power of the States to entrust functions to the Union.
259. (Repealed)
260. Jurisdiction of the Union in relation to territories outside India.
261. Public acts, records and judicial proceedings.
Disputes Relating to Waters
262. Adjudication of disputes relating to water of inter-State rivers or river valleys.
Co-Ordination Between States
263. Provisions with respect to an inter-State Council.
PART XII : FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS
Chapter I-Finance (General)
264. Interpretation
265. Taxes not to be imposed save without authority of law.
266. Consolidated Funds and public accounts of India and of the States.
267. Contingency Fund.
Distribution of Revenues Between The Union and The States
268. Duties levied by the Union but collected and appropriated by the States.
268 A. Service tax levied by Union but collected and appropriated by the Union and the states.
269. Taxes levied and collected by the Union but assigned to the States
270. Taxes levied and collected by the Union and distributed between the Union and the States.
271. Surcharge on certain duties and taxes for purposes of the Union.
272. Taxes which are levied and collected by the Union and may be distributed between the Union and the States.
273. Grants in lieu of exports duty on jute and jute products.
274. Prior recommendation of President required to Bills affecting taxation in which States are interested.
275. Grants from the Union to
276. Taxes on professions, trades, callings and employments.
277. Savings
278. (Repealed)
279. Calculation of “net proceeds”, etc.
280. Finance Commission.
281. Recommendations of the Finance Commission.
Miscellaneous Financial Provisions
282. Expenditure defrayable by the Union or a State out of its revenues.
283. Custody, etc., of Consolidated Funds, Contingency Funds and money credited to the public accounts.
284. Custody of suitors deposits and other moneys received by public servants and courts.
285. Exemption of property of the Union from State taxation.
286. Restrictions as to imposition of tax on the sale or purchase of goods.
287. Exemption from taxes on electricity.
288. Exemption from taxation by States in respect of water or electricity in certain cases.
289. Exemption of property and income of a State from Union taxation.
290. Adjustment in respect of certain expenses and pensions.
290A. Annual payment to certain Devaswom Funds.
291. (Repealed)
Chapter II-Borrowing
292. Borrowing by the Government of India.
293. Borrowing by States.
Chapter III-Property, Contracts, Rights, Liabilities Obligation and Suits
294. Succession to property, assets, rights, liabilities and obligations in certain cases.
295. Succession to property, assets, rights, liabilities and obligations in other cases.
296. Property accruing by escheat or lapse or as bona vacantia.
297. Things of value within territorial waters of continental shelf and resources of the exclusive economic zone to vest in the Union.
298. Power to carry on trade, etc.
299. Contracts
300. Suits and Proceedings.
Chapter IV-Right to Property
300A. Person not to be deprived of Property save by authority of law.
PART XIII : TRADE, COMMERCE, AND INTERCOURSE WITHIN THE TERRITORY OF INDIA
301. Freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse.
302. Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse.
303. Restrictions on legislative powers of the Union and of the States with regard to trade and commerce.
304. Restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse among States.
305. Saving of existing laws and providing for States monopolies.
306. (Repealed)
307. Appointment of authority for carrying out the purposes of articles 301 to 304.
PART XIV : SERVICES UNDER THE UNION AND THE STATES
Chapter I-Services
308. Interpretation
309. Recruitment and conditions of service of persons serving the Union or a State.
310. Tenure of office of persons serving the Union or a State.
311. Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities
312. All-India Services.
312A. Power of Parliament to vary or revoke conditions of service of officers of certain services.
313. Transitional provisions.
314. (Repealed)
Chapter II-Public Service Commission
315. Public Service Commission for the Union and for the States.
316. Appointment and term of office of members.
317. Removal and suspensions of a member of a Public Service Commission
318. Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission.
319. Prohibition as to the holding of offices by members of Commission on ceasing to be such members.
320. Functions of Public Service Commissions.
321. Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions.
322. Expenses of Public Service Commissions.
323. Reports of Public Service Commissions.
PART–XIV A : TRIBUNALS
323A. Administrative tribunals 323B. Tribunals for other matters
PART–XV : ELECTIONS
324. Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission.
325. No person to be ineligible for inclusion in, or to claim to be included in a special electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste or sex.
326. Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies for States to be on the basis of adult suffrage
327. Power of Parliament to make provision with respect to elections to Legislatures.
328. Power of Legislature of a State to make provision with respect to elections to such Legislatures.
329. Bar to interference by courts in electoral matter.
329A. Special provisions as to elections to Parliament in the case of Prime Minister and Speaker (Repealed).
PART–XVI : SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN CLASSES
330. Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People.
331. Representation of the Anglo- Indian community in the House of the People.
332. Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assemblies of the States.
333. Representation of the Anglo- Indian community in the Legislative Assemblies of the States.
334. Reservation of seats and special representation to cease after fifty years.
335. Claims of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to services and posts.
336. Special provision for Anglo- Indian community in certain services.
337. Special provision with respect to educational grants for the benefit of Anglo-Indian community.
338. Special officer for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, etc.
338A. National Commission for scheduled tribes.
339. Control of the Union over the administration of Scheduled Areas and the welfare of
340. Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes.
341. Scheduled Castes.
342. Scheduled Tribes.
PART–XVII : OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
Chapter I-Language of the Union
343. Official language of the Union.
344. Commission and Committee of Parliament of Official language.
Chapter II-Regional Languages
345. Official languages or languages of a State.
346. Official language for communication between one State and another or between a State and the Union.
347. Special provision relating to language spoken by a section of the population of a State.
Chapter III-Language of the
Supreme Court, High Courts, Etc.
348. Language to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts and for Acts, Bills, etc.
349. Special procedure for enactment of certain laws relating to language.
Chapter IV-Special Directives
350. Language to be used in representations for redress of grievances.
350A. Facilities for instructions in mother-tongue at primary stage.
350B. Special officer for linguistic minorties.
351. Directive for development of the Hindi language.
PART XVIII : EMERGENCY PROVISIONS
352. Proclamation of Emergency.
353. Effect of proclamation of Emergency.
354. Application of provisions relating to distributions of revenue while a Proclamation of
355. Duty of the Union to protect States against external aggression and internal disturbance.
356. Provisions on case of failure of constitutional machinery in States.
357. Exercise of legislative powers under Proclamation issued under article 356.
358. Suspension of provisions of article 19 during emergencies.
359. Suspension of the enforcement of the rights conferred by Part III during emergencies.
359A. Application of this Part to the State of Punjab (Repealed).
360. Provisions as to financial emergency.
PART–XIX : MISCELLANEOUS
361. Protection of President and Governors and Rajpramukhs.
361A. Protection of publication of proceedings of Parliament and State Legislatures.
361B. Disqualification for appointment on remunerative political post.
362. (Repealed)
363. Bar to interference by courts in disputes arising out of certain treaties, agreements, etc.
363A. Recognition granted to Rulers of Indian States to create and privy purses to be abolished.
364. Special provisions as to major ports and aerodromes.
365. Effect of failure to comply with, or to give effect to, directions given by the Union.
366. Definitions
367. Interpretation
PART–XX : AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION
368. Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure therefore
PART–XXI : TEMPORARY, TRANSITIONAL AND SPECIAL PROVISIONS
369. Temporary power to Parliament to make laws with respect to certain matters in the State List as if they were matters in the Concurrent List
370. Temporary provisions with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
371. Special provisions with respect to the State of Maharashtra and Gujarat 371A. Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland 371B. Special provision with respect to the State of Assam 371C. Special provision with respect to the State of Manipur 371D. Special provision with respect to the State of Andhra Pradesh 371E. Establishment of Central University in Andhra Pradesh 371F. Special provisions with respect to the State of Sikkim 371G. Special provisions with respect to the State of Mizoram 371H. Special provision with respect to the State of Arunachal Pradesh 371I. Special provision with respect to the State of Goa 371J. Special provision with respect to the state of Karnataka.
372. Continuance in force of existing laws and their adaptation 372A. Power of the President to adapt laws
373. Powers of President to make order in respect of persons under preventive detention in certain cases
374. Provisions as to judges of the Federal Court and proceedings pending in the Federal Court or before His Majesty
375. Court, authorities and officers to continue to function subject to the provisions of the Constitution
376. Provisions to Judges of High Courts
377. Provisions as to Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
378. Provisions as to Public Service Commissions 378A. Special provisions as to duration of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly 379-391. (Repealed)
392. Power of the President to remove difficulties
PART–XXII : SHORT TITLE, COMMENCEMENT, AUTHORITATIVE TEXT IN HINDI AND REPEALS
393. Short title
394. Commencement
394A. Authoritative Text in the Hindi language
395. Repeals

SCHEDULES OF THE CONSTITUTION

First Schedule
I. The States
II. The Union territories
Second Schedule
Part A. Provision as to the President and the Governors of States Part B. (Repealed) Part C. Provisions as to the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the House of the People and the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Council of States and the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly and the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council of a State.
Part D. Provisions as to the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Courts.
Part E. Provisions as to the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
Third Schedule
Forms of Oaths or Affirmations
Fourth Schedule
Allocation of seats in the Council of States
Fifth Schedule
Provisions as to the Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes Part A. General Part B. Administration and control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes Part C. Scheduled Areas Part D. Amendment of the Schedule
Sixth Schedule
Provisions as to the Administration of Tribal Areas in the State of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
Seventh Schedule
Division of powers between the Union and the states in terms of lists.
List I. Union List List II. State List List III. Concurrent List
Eighth Schedule
Languages recognized by the Constitution. Originally, it had 14 languages but presently there are 22 languages.
Ninth Schedule
Validation of certain Acts and Regulations.
Tenth Schedule
Provisions as to disqualification on ground of defection
Eleventh Schedule
Powers, authority, responsibilities of Panchayats.
Twelfth Schedule
Powers, authority, responsibilities of Municipalities.
Subjects of Union, State and Concurrent Lists

IMPORTANT SUBJECTS IN VARIOUS LISTS

Union List (List I)
6. Atomic energy and mineral resources.
18. Extradition.
45. Banking.
47. Insurance.
49. Patents, inventions and designs; copyright; trade-marks and merchandise marks.
69. Census.
85. Corporation tax.
97. Any other matter not enumerated in List II or List III including any tax not mentioned in either of those lists.
State List (List II)
1. Public order.
5. Local government.
6. Public health and sanitation.
12. Libraries, museums and other similar institutions.
14. Agriculture.
21. Fisheries.
28. Markets and fairs.
Concurrent List (List III)
1. Criminal law.
2. Criminal procedure.
3. Preventive detention.
5. Marriage and divorce.
6. Transfer of property other than agricultural land.
13. Civil procedure.
14. Contempt of court, but not including contempt of the Supreme Court.
20. Economic and social planning.
26. Legal, medical and other professions.
38. Electricity.
40. Archaeological sites.

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