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Chapter 15. Important Institutions: Constitutional, Statutory & Non Statutory Bodies (Polity & Constitution of India Notes)

IMPORTANT TABLE

Important Institutions

Election CommissionUPSCFinance CommissionSC/ST CommissionCAGNHRCCICCVC
TypeConstitutionalConstitutionalConstitutionalConstitutionalConstitutionalStatutoryStatutoryStatutory
Article/ActArticle 324Articles 315 to 323Article 280Article 338, 338AArticle 148Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993Right to Information Act (2005).Parliament act 2003
Compositionchief EC and other ECs as determined by President
At present: 1 CEC + 2 ECs
chairman and other members as determined by Presidentchairman and four other memberschairperson, a vice – chairperson and 3 membersSingle bodychairman and 4 membersChief Information Commissioner (IC) and not more than 10 ICschairperson) and not more than 2 members
Appointed byBy presidentBy presidentBy presidentBy presidentBy presidentby president recommended by 6 – member committee – PM, Speaker, the Deputy Chairman of the RS, LOO in both the Houses, Home MinisterPresident on the recommendation of a committee consisting of the PM, the LOO in the LS and a Cabinet MinisterPresident on the recommendation of a 3 – member committee – PM, Home minister, LOO in the Lok Sabha.
Term of Office6 years or until age of 65 years6 years or until age of 65 years6 years or until age of 65 years6 years or until age of 65 years6 years or until age of 65 yearsfive years or until they attain the age of 70 years5 years or until age of 65 years4 years or until age of 65 years
RemovalOn the same grounds as a judge of the SCBy presidentPresidentPresidentOn the same grounds as a judge of the SCPresidentPresidentPresident
Reappointmentnot eligible for further employment in the Government of India or a stateReappointment possiblenot eligible for further officenot eligible for further officenot eligible for further employment

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