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Chapter 15. Agriculture In National Economy (UPSC IAS CSE Civil Services CSAT Prelims Paper-1 Topicwise Previous Year Papers)

Chapter 15. Agriculture In National Economy (UPSC IAS CSE Civil Services CSAT Prelims Paper-1 Topicwise Previous Year Papers)

1. Agricultural income tax is assigned to the State Government by:(1995)
(a) Finance Commission
(b) National Development Council
(c) Inter-State Council
(d) The Constitution of India
2. In which one of the following crops international trade is low in the context of total produce?(1995)
(a) Rice
(b) Coffee
(c) Rubber
(d) Wheat
3. In India, rural incomes are generally lower than the urban incomes. Which of the following reasons account for his?(1996)
1. A large number of farmers are illiterate and know little about scientific agriculture
2. Prices of primary products are lower than of manufactured products
3. Investment in agriculture has been low when compared to investment in industry
Select the correct answer by using the codes given below:
Codes:
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 2 and 3
4. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:
List-I (CommoditiesList-II (Countries of
exported from India) destination)
A. Iron ore1. Russia
B. Leather goods2. U. S. A
C. Tea3. Japan
D. Cotton fabrics4. U. K.
5. Canada
Codes: (1997)
(a) A -5; B- 1; C -2; D- 3
(b) A -3; B- 1; C -4; D -2
(c) A -1; B-5; C – 4; D- 3
(d) A -3; B – 4; C-1; D -2
5. Consider the following statements:(1999)
Regional disparities in India are high and have been rising in recent years because:
1. There is persistent investment over time only in select locates.
2. Some areas are agro-climatically less conducive to development.
3. Some areas continue to face little or no agrarian transformation and the consequent lack of social and economic opportunities.
4. Some areas have faced continuous political instability.
Which of the above statements are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1, 2 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 2, 3 and 4
6. Indian farmers are unhappy over the introduction of “Terminator Seed Technology” because the seeds produced by this technology are expected to:(1999)
(a) show poor germination
(b) from low-yielding plants despite the high quality
(c) give rise to sexually sterile plants
(d) give rise to plants incapable of forming viable seeds
7. The correct sequence in decreasing order of the four sugarcane producing States in India is :(2000)
(a) Maharashtra, U . P. , Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
(b) U. P. , Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
(c) Maharashtra, U. P. , Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu
(d) U. P. , Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu
8. Consider the following statements:(2000)
1. Maharashtra has the highest acreage under Jawar in India
2. Gujarat is the largest producer of groundnut in India.
3. Rajasthan has the largest area of cultivable wastelands in India
4. Andhra Pradesh has the highest per hectare yield of maize in India
Which of these statements are correct?
(a) 1 and 4
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 2 and 4
9. The annual agricultural production of a product for the period 1991–92 to 1998–99 is shown in the figure given below. Which one of the following is the product in question?(2001)

img_ext_export_n5gZmfzdbX_621.png
(a) Pulses
(b) Wheat
(c) Oilseeds
(d) Rice
10. In terms of value, which one of the following commodities accounted for the largest agricultural exports by India during the three year period from 1997–1998 to 1999–2000 ? (2002)
(a) Cereals
(b) Marine products
(c) Spices
(d) Tea
11. Consider the following statements:(2004)
1. Regarding the procurement of food-grains, Government of India follows a procurement target rather than an open–ended procurement policy.
2. Government of India announces minimum support prices only for cereals.
3. For distribution under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) , wheat and rice are issued by the Government of India at uniform central issue prices to the States/Union Territories.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 3 only
12. Consider the following statement:(2004)
India continues to be dependent on imports to meet the requirement of oilseeds in the country because:
1. farmers prefer to grow food grains with highly remunerative support prices.
2. most of the cultivation of oilseed crops continues to be dependent on rainfall.
3. oils from the seeds of free origin and rice bran have remained unexploited.
4. it far cheaper to import oilseeds than to cultivate the oilseed crops.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
13. Consider the following statements:(2009)
1. The Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices recommends the Minimum Support Prices for 32 crops.
2. The Union Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution has launched the National Food Security Mission.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
14. Consider the following statements ;(2010)
1. The Union Government fixes the Statutory Minimum Price of sugarcane for each sugar season
2. Sugar and sugarcane are essential commodities under the Essential Commodities Act.
Which of the statements . given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
15. With reference to micro-irrigation, which of the following statements is/are correct ?(2011 – I)
1. Fertilizer/nutrient loss can be reduced.
2. It is the only means of irrigation in dry land farming.
3. In some areas of farming, receding of ground water table can be checked.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
16. Among the following states, which one has the most suitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of a large variety of orchids with minimum cost of production, and can develop an export oriented industry in this field ?(2011 – I)
(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Arunachal Pradesh
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Uttar Pradesh
17. Government of India encourages the cultivation of ‘sea buckthorn’. What is the importance of this plant? (2012- I)
1. It helps in controlling soil erosion and in preventing desertification.
2. It is a rich source of biodiesel.
3. It has nutritional value and is well-adapted to live in cold areas of high altitudes.
4. Its timber is of great commercial value.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
18. In the context of food and nutritional security of India, enhancing the ‘Seed Replacement Rates’ of various crops helps in achieving the food production targets of the future. But what is/are the constraint/ constraints in its wider/greater implementation?(2014 – I)
1. There is no National Seeds Policy in place.
2. There is no participation of private sector seed companies in the supply of quality seeds of vegetables and planting materials of horticultural crops.
3. There is a demand-supply gap regarding quality seeds in case of low value and high volume crops.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) None
19. Which of the following is/are the advantage /advantages of practising drip irrigation?(2016-I)
1. Reduction in weed
2. Reduction in soil salinity
3. Reduction in soil erosion
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) None of the above is an advantage of practising drip irrigation
20. Why does the Government of India promote the use of Neem-coated Urea’ in agriculture?(2016-I)
(a) Release of Neem oil in the soil increases nitrogen fixation by the soil microorganisms
(b) Neem coating slows down the rate of dissolution of urea in the soil
(c) Nitrous oxide, which is a greenhouse gas, is not at all released into atmosphere by crop fields
(d) It is a combination of a weedicide and a fertilizer for particular crops
21. With reference to ‘Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana’, consider the following statements:(2016-I)
1. Under this scheme, farmers will have to pay a uniform premium of two percent for any crop they cultivate in any season of the year.
2. This scheme covers post-harvest losses arising out of cyclones and unseasonal rains.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2(d) Neither 1 nor 2
22. Which of the following has/have occurred in India after its liberalization of economic policies in 1991?
(2017-I)
1. Share of agriculture in GDP increased enormously.
2. Share of India’s exports in world trade increased.
3. FDI inflows increased.
4. India’s foreign exchange reserves increased enormously.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1 and 4 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
23. Consider the following statements:(2017-I)
1. The Standard Mark of Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is mandatory for automotive tyres and tubes.
2. AGMARK is a quality Certification Mark issued by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) .
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
24. Consider the following statements:(2017-I)
1. In India, the Himalayas are spread over five States only.
2. Western Ghats are spread over five States only.
3. Pulicat Lake is spread over two States only.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1 and 3 only
25. With reference to river Teesta, consider the following statements:(2017-I)
1. The source of river Teesta is the same as that of Brahmaputra but it flows through Sikkim.
2. River Rangeet originates in Sikkim and it is a tributary of river Teesta.
3. River Teesta flows into Bay of Bengal on the border of India and Bangladesh.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
26. If you travel by road from Kohima to Kottayam, what is the minimum number of States within India through which you can travel, including the origin and the destination?(2017-I)
(a) 6
(b) 7
(c) 8
(d) 9
 

Solutions

1. (d) Art. 269 says taxes on income other than agricultural income shall be levied and collected by the Government of India and distributed between the Union and States. Entry 46 in the state list of Seventh Schedule. This gives power to the state governments to impose agricultural income tax.
2. (a) Rice production is highest in India among cereals but its quality of rice cannot compete with other rice producing countries. Most of rice produced in India is meant for internal consumption. India is a major producer and exporter of Basmati rice.
3. (d) Prevailing illiteracy in rural areas does not lower productivity. The farmer has adequate knowledge of farming techniques. Low prices of primary products compared to the manufactured products and investment in the agriculture sector compared to the industry are major factors which accounts for low incomes in rural economy than in Urban economy.
4. (b) Iron ore is exported to Japan. Leather goods are exported to Russia. Tea is exported to U. K. Cotton fabric is exported to U. S. A.
5. (a) The most appropriate answer is (a) . Investment, weather conditions and agricultural transformation are the best indicators of agricultural development. Political stability plays a very small role in agricultural development.
6. (c) The terminator gene is a specific genetic sequence inserted into a seed’s DNA. Once activated by a synthetic chemical catalyst of the manufacturer’s choosing, the sequence renders the seed and crop it produces sterile. This means that the farmer cannot retain seeds for future crops as is the practice in India. The farmer has to repurchase the seeds at a heavy cost.
7. (b) The decreasing order of the sugarcane producing States in India is:
Uttar Pradesh- 132427. 6842, Maharashtra-69648. 0768, Karnataka-35732, Tamil Nadu-33919. 17, Andhra Pradesh-15567 (2012-13 Data) .
8. (a) Maharashtra has the highest acreage under Jawar in India Now, Gujarat is the largest producer of groundnut in India with a share of more than 50%. Rajasthan has the largest area of cultivable wastelands in India of around 84,929 sq. km. Andhra Pradesh has the highest per hectare yield of maize in India followed by Tamil Nadu due to majority of the area being covered under Single Cross Hybrids (SCH. )
9. (d) In the given bar diagram the annual production of “Rice” for the period 1991–92 to 1998–99 is shown.
1
10. (b) Largest agricultural exports were of marine products followed by tea and spices.
11. (c) Regarding the procurement of food-grains, Government of India follows a procurement target rather than an open-ended procurement policy. In case, there is no procurement target. The government allows the procurement agencies like the FCI to buy whatever is offered by the farmers for sale at MSP. Minimum Support Price is announced for around 22 crops. Wheat and Rice are issued by the central Government at Uniform central issue Prices (CIPs) to states and Union Territories for distribution under TPDS. The difference between the economic cost and issue price of food grains is reimbursed to the FCI by the central Government in the form of subsidy.
12. (b) The reduction of rainfall and leak of seed preservation technology are the main cause.
13. (d) The National Development Council (NDC) in its 53rd meeting held on 29th May, 2007 adopted a resolution to launch a Food Security Mission consisting of rice, wheat and pulses and to increase the production of rice by 10 million tons, wheat by 8 million tons and pulses by 2 million tons by the end of the Eleventh Plan (2011–12) . The project is under Ministry of Agriculture. The project identifies districts and varieties which would be concentrated on.
14. (c) Statutory minimum price of sugar come for every season is a policy provision while sugar and sugar came falls within essential commodities act.
15. (c) The first statement is correct because with Micro irrigation, Fertigation can be used to check the loss of the nutrients. The second statement is incorrect. The third statement is correct, because Micro irrigation has evolved from the sub-irrigation where irrigation water is supplied to the plant by “raising the water table” up to the root zone.
16. (b) Around 800 species of orchids found in the Northeast region.
17. (d) All are correct. Seabuckthorn is a medicinal plant which has health-promoting properties. It can play a crucial role in preventing soil erosion and help nitrogen fix option in cold and desert areas.
18. (b) We have a National Seed policy made in 2002. So 1 is not a constraint. The private sector produces high-priced seeds but in lower volume. It supplies nearly the entire hybrid seeds required for vegetables. So 2 is not a constraint. In the case of low value and high volume crops such as wheat and rice, farmers tend to use their own preserved seeds as there is demand and supply gap. So 3 is a constraint.
19. (c) (i) Advantages of Drip Irrigation:
(a) Maximum use of available water.
(b) No water being available to weeds.
(c) Maximum crop yield.
(d) High efficiency in the use of fertilizers.
(e) Less weed growth and restricts population of potential hosts.
(f) No soil erosion.
(ii) Drip irrigation wets less ground, hence less weed seeds germinate. And over-irrigation of crops by using techniques such as drip irrigation can increase the soil salinity. Thus by elimination method, we get answer (c) only 1 and 3.
Ref: Environment website Gov. of Australia ;http://www. environment. nsw. gov. au/salinity/solutions/irrigation. htm
20. (b) (i) Spraying urea with neem oil slows the release of nitrogen, by about 10 to 15 per cent, concomitantly reducing consumption of the fertiliser. Many research studies in India have conclusively established that neem oil acts as an effective nitrification inhibitor if coated onto urea
(ii) Spraying urea with neem oil slows the release of nitrogen, by about 10 to 15 per cent, concomitantly reducing consumption of the fertiliser. Hence B is the closet answer.
Ref: Busienss Standard Newspaper/ New Delhi February 16, 2016; http://www. business-standard. com/article/economy-policy/neem-coated-truth-urea-policy-isn-t-a-game-changer-116021601168_1 . html
21. (b) (i) Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana will also seek to address a long standing demand of farmers and provide farm level assessment for localised calamities including hailstorms, unseasonal rains, landslides and inundation.
(ii) Post-harvest loss is included so #2 is right. But Under the new scheme, farmers will have to pay a uniform premium of two per cent for all kharif crops and 1. 5 per cent for all rabi crops. For annual commercial and horticultural crops, farmers will have to pay a premium of 5 per cent. So, #1 is wrong. Therefore, answer (b) only 2.
Ref: Indianexpress/ January 14, 2016; http://indianexpress. com/article/business/business-others/pradhan-mantri-fasal-bima-yojana-crop-insurance-plan-to-entail-rs-8-8k-cr-outgo/
22. (b) From the statistical appendix given in the economic survey 2015-16 the answer is “B”. While it’s possible that in some years, FDI and world share in exports would have declined than previous years because of global financial crisis, but by and large compared to Pre-LPG and Post-LPG, there is definitely an increase.
23. (a) First is correct as per BIS website. And AGMARK is issued under Indian Act. Besides, it’s an ‘extreme statement’, FAO would not bother with small things.
24. (b) •If you apply commonsense that Himalaya ought to be passing through international border states only i. e. J&K, Himachal, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunanchal Pradesh = total 5 states. But we’ve to count the “eastern hills” also, because they’re part of Himalayan system as per NCERT Class 11 India- Physical Geography. So that’d cover Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram et al so definitely more than five states. Hence first statement is wrong.
•Western Ghats are spread over six States: Gujarat ( southern part) , Maharastra, Goa, Karnataka ,Kerala and Tamilnadu – so 2nd statement is wrong.
•By elimination we are left with Answer “B”.
25. (b) India Yearbook 2017, Chapter 1: Land and the People, subtopic River system. “Brahmaputra in Bangladesh is fed by Teesta etc. “Meaning Teesta merges into Brahmaputra itself rather than flowing into sea by its own. Hence third statement is wrong, therefore by elimination, we are left with answer “B”.
26. (b) Let’s count the shortest route in the map
1. Nagaland,Kohima
2. Assam
3. W. Bengal
4. Odisha
5. Andhra Pradesh
6. Karnataka (or Tamilnadu)
7. Kerala, Kottayam
Total seven states.
 

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