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Chapter 08. Agriculture (UPSC IAS CSE Civil Services CSAT Prelims Paper-1 Topicwise Previous Year Papers)

Chapter 08. Agriculture (UPSC IAS CSE Civil Services CSAT Prelims Paper-1 Topicwise Previous Year Papers)

1. In the map the given four areas are differently shaded, three of which indicate cereal crops production areas and one indicates non-cereal crop production area.
As per the index given, the non-cereal crop production area is :(1995)

img_ext_export_6vERqHKimY_644.png
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4
2. Coffee cultivation in Sri Lanka was abandoned because of the disease :(1995)
(a) leaf blight
(b) leaf spot
(c) leaf rust
(d) rut
3. Which one of the following sets of conditions is necessary for a good crop of wheat?(1996)
(a) Moderate temperature and moderate rainfall
(b) High temperature and heavy rainfall
(c) High temperature and moderate rainfall
(d) Low temperature and low rainfall
4. Which one of the following is an important crop of the Barak valley?(1996)
(a) Jute
(b) Tea
(c) Sugarcane
(d) Cotton
5. Which of the following pairs of states and their important crops are correctly matched?(1996)
1. Kerala–Tapioca
2. Maharashtra–Cotton
3. West Bengal–Jute
4. Gujarat–Groundnut
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1, 2 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 2, 3 and 4
6. Which one of the following areas of India produces largest amount of cotton?(1996)
(a) North-west India and Gangetic West Bengal
(b) North-west and western India
(c) Western and southern India
(d) Plains of northern India
7. Which one of the following is cultivated by transplanting seedlings?(1997)
(a) Maize
(b) Sorghum
(c) Onion
(d) Soyabean
8. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer: (1997)

List-IList-II
(Crops)(Geographical conditions)
A.Barley1.Hot and dry climate with
poor soil
B.Rice2.Cool climate with poorer soil
C.Millets3.Warm and moist climate with high attitude
D.Tea4.Hot and moist climate with rich soil

Codes:
(a) A – 2; B – 4; C – 1; D – 3
(b) A – 3; B – 4; C – 1; D – 2
(c) A – 2; B – 1; C – 4; D – 3
(d) A – 3; B – 2; C – 4; D –1
9. Consider the map given below:(1997)

img_ext_export_6vERqHKimY_649.png
The place marked A, B, C and D in the map are respectively known for the cultivation of :
(a) groundnut, ragi, tobacco and sugarcane
(b) groundnut, sugarcane, ragi and tobacco
(c) ragi, sugarcane, groundnut and tobacco
(d) ragi, groundnut, sugarcane and tobacco
10. The following are the major oilseeds produced in India:
1. Sesamum
2. Mustard
3. Groundnut
4. Soyabean
Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the descending order of the quantity of their production?(1997)
(a) 1, 2, 3, 4
(b) 3, 2, 4, 1
(c) 2, 4, 3, 1
(d) 3, 4, 2, 1
11. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: (1998)
List-I List-II
(Agricultural products) (Foremost producer)
A. Cotton1. Madhya Pradesh
B. Gram2. Gujarat
C. Black pepper3. West Bengal
D. Pineapple4. Kerala
Codes:
(a) A-2; B-1; C- 4; D-3
(b) A-2; B-1; C- 3; D-4
(c) A-1; B-2; C- 4; D-3
(d) A-1; B-2; C- 3; D-4
12. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: (1999)
List-IList-II
A. Cotton1. Rainfall 1000–1500 mm;
Temperature 40°–60°C
B. Flax2. Rainfall 1500–2000 mm;
Temperature 25°–35°C
C. Sugar beet3. Rainfall 600–800 mm;
Temperature 5°–18º C
D. Jute4. Rainfall 500–1000 mm;
Temperature 18°–22°C
5. Rainfall 500–600 mm;
Temperature 18°–22°C
Codes:
(a) A-1; B-3; C-4; D-2
(b) A-2; B-3; C-5; D-4
(c) A-4; B-5; C-2; D-1
(d) A-4; B-3; C-5; D-2
13. Which one of the following agricultural practices is eco-friendly?(1999)
(a) Organic farming
(b) Shifting cultivation
(c) Cultivation of high yielding varieties
(d) Growing plants in glass-houses
14. Assertion (A) : Insect resistant transgenic cotton has been produced by inserting Bt gene. (1999)
Reason (R) : The Bt gene is derived from a bacterium.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
15. Assertion (A) : In Australia, cattle rearing is done more for meat than for milk.
Reason (R) : Australians are traditionally nonvegetarians(2000)
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
16. The high density of population in Nile valley and Islands of Java is primarily due to :(2001)
(a) intensive agriculture
(b) industrialization
(c) urbanization
(d) topographic limitations
17. With reference to Indian agriculture, which one of the following statements is correct?(2002)
(a) About 90 percent of the area under pulses in India is rainfed
(b) Share of pulses in the gross cropped are at the national level has doubled in the last two decades.
(c) India accounts for about 15 percent of the total area under rice in the world
(d) Rice occupies about 34 percent of the gross cropped are in India
18. Consider the following high yielding varieties of crops in India:(2002)
1. Arjun
2. Jaya
3. Padma
4. Sonalika
Which of these are of wheat?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 4
(d) 3 and 4
19. Assertion (A) : Eastern coast of India produces more rice than the western coast.
Reason (R) : Eastern coast receives more rainfall than the western coast. (2003)
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
20. Consider the following statements:(2003)
1. India is the original home of the cotton plant
2. India is the first country in the world to develop hybrid cotton variety leading to increased production
Which of these statements is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
21. The Genetic Engineering Approval Committee, whose permission is required for cultivation of any genetically modified crop such as Bt Cotton in India, is under the Union Ministry of :(2003)
(a) Agriculture
(b) Environment and Forests
(c) Commerce and Industry
(d) Rural-Development
22. Consider the following statements:(2003)
1. India ranks first in the world in fruit production
2. India ranks second in the world in export of tobacco
Which of these statements is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither I nor 2
23. Consider the following crops:(2004)
1. Cotton
2. Groundnut
3. Maize
4. Mustard
Which of the above are kharif crops?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2 , 3 and 4
24. Consider the following statements:(2005)
1. India is the only country in the world producing all the five known commercial varieties of silk.
2. India is the largest producer of sugar in the world.
Which of the statements given above less is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
25. Which one of the following statements is correct? (2005)
(a) The first meeting of the Parties (MOP) to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety was held in Phillippines in the year 2004.
(b) India is not a signatory to the Biosafety protocol/convention on Biological Diversity.
(c) The Biosafety protoco1 deals with genetically modified organisms.
(d) United State of America is member of the Biosafety protocol/convention on Biological diversity.
26. Assertion (A) : The percentage of net sown area in the total area of Andhra Pradesh is less as compared to that of West Bengal.
Reason (R) : The soil of most of Andhra Pradesh is laterite. (2006)
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
27. Which one of the following is the correct sequence in the decreasing order of production (in million tones) of the given foodgrains in India?(2007)
(a) Wheat – Rice – Pulses – Coarse Cereals
(b) Rice – Wheat – Pulses – Coarse Cereals
(c) Wheat – Rice – Coarse Cereals – Pulses
(d) Rice – Wheat – Coarse Cereals – Pulses
28. Assertion (A) : There are no tea plantations in any African country. (2007)
Reason (R) : Tea plants need fertile soil with high humus.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
29. Dalbergia species is associated with which one of the following?(2007)
(a) Cashewnut
(b) Coffee
(c) Tea
(d) Rosewood
30. Which one of the following places was associated with Acharya Vinoba Bhave’s Bhoodan Movement at the beginning of the movement?(2007)
(a) Udaygiri
(b) Rapur
(c) Pochampalli
(d) Venkatagiri
31. Which one amongst the following has the largest livestock population in the world?(2008)
(a) Brazil
(b) China
(c) India
(d) USA
32. Consider the following statements:(2008)
1. Chikmagalur is well-known for sugar production.
2. Mandya is well-known as a coffee producing region.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
33. Though coffee and tea both are cultivated on hill slopes, there is some difference between them regarding their cultivation. In this context, consider the following statements:(2010)
1. Coffee plant requires a hot and humid climate of tropical areas whereas tea can be cultivated in both tropical and subtropical areas.
2. Coffee is propagated by seeds but tea is propagated by stem cuttings only.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
34. With reference to soil conservation, consider the following practices: (2010)
1. Crop rotation
2. Sand fences
3. Terracing
4. Wind breaks
Which of the above are considered appropriate methods for soil conservation in India?
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
35. An objective of the National Food Security Mission is to increase the production of certain crops through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified districts of the country. What are those crops?(2010)
(a) Rice and wheat only
(b) Rice, wheat and pulses only
(c) Rice, wheat, pulses and oil seeds only
(d) Rice, wheat, pulses, oil seeds and vegetables
36. Due to their extensive rice cultivation, some regions may be contributing to global warming. To what possible reason/reasons is this is attributable?(2010)
1. The anaerobic conditions associated with rice cultivation cause the emission of methane.
2. When nitrogen based fertilizers are used, nitrous oxide is emitted from the cultivated soil.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
37. Tamil Nadu is a leading producer of mill-made cotton yarn in the country. What could be the reason?(2010)
1. Black cotton soil is the predominant type of soil in the State.
2. Rich pool of skilled labour is available.
Which of the above is/are the correct reasons?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
38. Given below are the names of four energy crops. Which one of them can be cultivated for ethanol ?
(2010)
(a) Jatropha
(b) Maize
(c) Pongamia
(d) Sunflower
39. Salinization occurs when the irrigation water accumulated in the soil evaporates, leaving behind salts and minerals. What are the effects of salinization on the irrigated land ?(2011 – I)
(a) It greatly increases the crop production
(b) It makes some soils impermeable
(c) It raises the water table
(d) It fills the air spaces in the soil with water
40. Which of the following is the chief characteristic of ‘mixed farming’?(2012 – I)
(a) Cultivation of both cash crops and food crops
(b) Cultivation of two or more crops in the same field
(c) Rearing of animals and cultivation of crops together
(d) None of the above
41. Consider the following crops of India :(2012 – I)
1. Cowpea
2. Green gram
3. Pigeon pea
Which of the above is/are used as pulse, fodder and green manure?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
42. Consider the following crops of India :(2012 – I)
1. Groundnut
2. Sesamum
3. Pearl millet
Which of the above is/are predominantly rained crop/crops?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only(d) 1, 2 and 3
43. Contour bunding is a method of soil conservation used in(2013 – I)
(a) desert margins, liable to strong wind action
(b) low flat plains, close to stream courses, liable to flooding
(c) scrublands, liable to spread of weed growth
(d) None of the above
44. Consider the following crops:(2013 – I)
1. Cotton
2. Groundnut
3. Rice
4. Wheat
Which of these are Kharif crops?
(a) 1 and 4
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 2, 3 and 4
45. With reference to Neem tree, consider the following statements :(2014 – I)
1. Neem oil can be used as a pesticide to control the proliferation of some species of insects and mites.
2. Neem seeds are used in the manufacture of biofuels and hospital detergents.
3. Neem oil has applications in pharmaceutical industry.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
46. Consider the following pairs : (2014 – I)
RegionWell-known for the
production of
1. Kinnaur :Areca nut
2. Mewat :Mango
3. Coromandel :Soya bean
Which of the above pairs is/ are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None
47. Consider the following techniques phenomena :
1. Budding and grafting in fruit plants(2014 – I)
2. Cytoplasmic male sterility
3. Gene silencing
Which of the above is/are used to create transgenic crops?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) None
48. Consider the following statements :(2014 – I)
1. Maize can be used for the production of starch.
2. Oil extracted from maize can be a feedstock for biodiesel.
3. Alcoholic beverages can be produced by using maize.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
49. What are the significances of a practical approach to sugarcane production known as ‘Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative’?(2014 – I)
1. Seed cost is very low in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.
2. Drip irrigation can be practiced very effectively in this.
3. There is no application of chemical/inorganic fertilizers at all in this.
4. The scope for intercropping is more in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
50. Consider the following pairs : (2014 – I)
Programme/ProjectMinistry
1 . Drought-Prone Area :Ministry of Agriculture
Programme
2. Desert Development :Ministry of Environment Programme and Forests
3. National Watershed :Ministry of Rural
Development Project Development
for Rainfed Areas
Which of the above pairs is/ are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3(d) None
51. What are the benefits of implementing the ‘Integrated Watershed Development Programme’?(2014 – I)
1. Prevention of soil runoff
2. Linking the country’s perennial rivers with seasonal rivers
3. Rainwater harvesting and recharge of groundwater table
4. Regeneration of natural vegetation
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
52. In India, cluster bean (Guar) is traditionally used as a vegetable or animal feed, but recently the cultivation of this has assumed significance. Which one of the following statements is correct in this context?(2014 – I)
(a) The oil extracted from seeds is used in the manufacture of biodegradable plastics
(b) The gum made from its seeds is used in the extraction of shale gas
(c) The leaf extract of this plant has the properties of antihistamines
(d) It is a source of high quality biodiesel
53. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding vegetative propagation of plants? (2014 – I)
1. Vegetative propagation produces clonal population.
2. Vegetative propagation helps in eliminating the virus.
3. Vegetative propagation can be practiced most of the year.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
54. The substitution of steel for wooden ploughs in agricultural production is an example of(2015-I)
(a) labour-augmenting technological progress
(b) capital-augmenting technological progress
(c) capital-reducing technological progress
(d) None of the above
55. Which one of the following best describes the main objective of ‘Seed Village Concept’?(2015-I)
(a) Encouraging the farmers to use their own farm seeds and discouraging them to buy the seeds from others
(b) Involving the farmers for training in quality seed production and thereby to make available quality seeds to others at appropriate time and affordable cost
(c) Earmarking some villages exclusively for the production of certified seeds
(d) Identifying the entrepreneurs in village and providing them technology and finance to set up seed companies
56. What can be the impact of excessive / inappropriate use of nitrogenous fertilizers in agriculture?(2015-I)
1. Proliferation of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms in soil can occur.
2. Increase in the acidity of soil can take place.
3. Leaching of nitrate to the ground-water can occur.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
57. In India, markets in agricultural products are regulated under the(2015-I)
(a) Essential Commodities Act, 1955
(b) Agricultural Produce Market Committee Act enacted by States
(c) Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act, 1937
(d) Food Products Order, 1956 and Meat and Food Products Order, 1973
58. The terms ‘Agreement on Agriculture’, ‘Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures’ and ‘Peace Clause’ appear in the news frequently in the context of the affairs of the(2015-I)
(a) Food and Agriculture Organization
(b) United Nations Framework Conference on Climate Change
(c) World Trade Organisation
(d) United Nations Environment Programme
59. The FAO accords the status of ‘Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS) ’ to traditional agricultural systems. What is the overall goal of this initiative?(2016-I)
1. To provide modern technology, training in modern farming methods and financial support to local communities of identified GIAHS so as to greatly enhance their agricultural productivity
2. To identify and safeguard eco-friendly traditional farm practices and their associated landscapers, agricultural biodiversity and knowledge systems of the local communities
3. To provide Geographical Indication status to all the varieties of agricultural produce in such identified GIAHS
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
60. With reference to ‘Initiative for Nutritional Security through Intensive Millets Promotion’, which of the following statements is/are correct?(2016-I)
1. This initiative aims to demonstrate the improved production and post-harvest technologies, and to demonstrate value addition techniques, in an integrated manner, with cluster approach.
2. Poor, small, marginal and tribal farmers have larger stake in this scheme.
3. An important objective of the scheme is to encourage farmers of commercial crops to shift to millet cultivation by offering them free kits of critical inputs of nutrients and micro irrigation equipment.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
61. Consider the following statements :(2017-I)
The nation-wide ‘Soil Health Card Scheme’ aims at
1. expanding the cultivable area under irrigation.
2. enabling the banks to assess the quantum of loans to be granted to farmers on the basis of soil quality.
3. checking the overuse of fertilizers in farmlands.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
62. What is/are the advantage/advantages of implementing the ‘National Agriculture Market’ (NAM) scheme?(2017-I)
1. It is a pan-India electronic trading portal for agricultural commodities.
2. It provides the farmers access to nationwide market, with prices commensurate with the quality of their produce.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
63. Which of the following practices can help in water conservation in agriculture?(2017-I)
1. Reduced or zero tillage of the land
2. Applying gypsum before irrigating the field
3. Allowing crop residue to remain in the field
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
64. With reference to agriculture in India, how can the technique of ‘genome sequencing’, often seen in the news, be used in the immediate future?(2017-I)
1. Genome sequencing can be used to identify genetic markers for disease resistance and drought tolerance in various crop plants.
2. This technique helps in reducing the time required to develop new varieties of crop plants.
3. It can be used to decipher the host-pathogen relationships in crops.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only(d) 1, 2 and 3
 

Solutions

1. (d) Cotton grows there
2. (c) Coffee cultivation in Sri Lanka was abandoned because the leaf rust disease which affects the fruit and leaf of coffee. The causative fungus is Hemileia Vastarix.
3. (a) Wheat is a temperate region crop thus require moderate temperature and rainfall both. Temperature should not exceed above 20°C and rainfall should be between 50-100 cm alongwith a first free growing season.
4. (a) The important crop of Barak valley is jute, because Barak valley is situated in Assam. The temperature of the valley varies from 25° to 30°C and rainfall varies from 100 to 200 cm, which is ideal for jute cultivation.
5. (d) Option 1 is not correct because, Tapioca is not an important crap of Kerala.
6. (c) Western and Southern India produces largest cotton : Maharashtra (26. 63%) , Gujarat (17. 67%) , Andhra Pradesh (13. 75%) and Madhya Pradesh are the leading producers in India.
7. (c) Onion is cultivated by transplanting seedlings.
8. (a) Barley requires cool climate with poor soil quality. Barley can be grown in high latitude even beyond the Arctic circle. Whereas rice needs hot and moist climate with rich soil.
Millets are grown in hot and dry climate with poor soil, whereas tea needs warm and moist climate with high altitude.
9. (b) The place marked in the given map of India.
‘A’ refers to Gujarat where groundnut is a major crop.
‘B’ refers to western part of Maharashtra which is known for sugarcane.
‘C’ refers to southern part of Orissa and northern part of Andhra Pradesh, where ‘Ragi’ is cultivated abundantly.
‘D’refers Andhra Pradesh and tobacco is cultivated in this area.
10. (d)
11. (a) Gujarat is the foremost producer of cotton. Gram is produced in Madhya Pradesh, Black pepper is produced in Kerala and Pineapple is produced highest in West Bengal.
12. (b) A. Cotton cultivation needs 1500–2000 mm and the suitable temperature for cotton growth is 25° – 35°C.
B. Flax cultivation needs 600–800 mm and temperature varies from 5° – 18° C.
C. The suitable climatic condition for sugar beet requires 500–600 mm and temperature 18°–22° C.
D. Jute cultivation needs 500–1000 mm rainfall and temperature between 18º–22ºC
13. (a) Organic farming is a production system of crops which avoids the use of synthetic and chemical inputs like fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators and livestock feed additives.
14. (a) Assertion and reason is true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
Bacillus thuringiensis is the bacterium which is used in Bt gene of cotton. Bt cotton is insect resistant.
15. (b) Assertion is correct, but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion but he statement is true.
In Australia farmers rear cattle for meat export, and most of the Australian people are non-vegetarian.
16. (a) Due to availability of fertile alluvial soil intensive agricultural practices was possible in the Nile river and islands of Java. So, in this regions high density of population is found.
17. (a) In Indian agriculture about 90% of the area under pulse is rainfed, but pulses need less water for cultivation so, the production of pulse hampers.
18. (c) Arjun and Sonalika are hybrid variety of wheat produced by Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
19. (c) Assertion is true, but reason is false. The western coast receives more rainfall than eastern coast, but the temperature between 20-27ºC, heavy clayed soil quality and rainfall is more suitable for rice cultivation.
20. (c) India is the original home of cotton plant, and India ranks number one in the world accounting for 20% of the total area planted under cotton. The cotton hybrid variety H–4 developed first and Raj–16, Dhanalaxmi, and Fateh are the variety which were developed in India.
21. (a) The genetic engineering approval committee comes under Ministry of Enviroment, Forest and Climate change.
22. (d) India ranked 2nd in the fruit production in the world and ranked 6th in production of tobacco.
23. (b) Cotton, Groundnut and Maize are kharif crop whereas Mustard is a rabi crop.
24. (a) Five varieties of silkworms are reared in India for producing five varieties of silk. Mulberry silk, Muga silk, Tasar silk, Oak tasar silk and Eri silk. India is the 2nd largest producer of sugar in the world.
25. (c) Biosafety protocol is an agreement designed to regulate the international trade, handling and use of any genetically engineered organism that may have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, taking also into account risks to the human health.
The first meeting was held in 2004 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. India is a signatory member to it the Biosafety protocol deals with genetically modified organism but they donot name them so. USA has sign it put not yet ratify this treaty.
26. (c) Laterite soil is mostly found in areas of high rainfall and temperature with alternate dry and wet Periods it is suitable for growing rice, ragi and sugarcane.
27. (d) Production of rice is 96. 43 MT, wheat is 78. 4 MT, pulses is 15. 11 MT and coarse cereals are 40. 73 MT in India. So, the correct sequence in decreasing order is Rice – Wheat – Coarse cereals – Pulses.
28. (d) In the 20th century tea was being grown in 3 African countries like Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. So, the assertion is wrong. But the reason is correct because tea plants need highly organic or loamy soils.
29. (d) Rosewood is associated with Dalbergia species. Dalbergia species are used as food plants and fragnant wood in aromatic oils.
30. (c) Bhoodan Movement was a voluntary land reform movement in India started by Acharya Vinoba Bhave on April 18, 1951 started at Pochampalli village, in Telangana (Andhra Pardesh) .
31. (c) India has largest livestock population in the world, having 57% of world’s buffalo population and 14% of the cattle population. According to 17th India’s Livestock Census, 2003, the country has about 18. 5 crore cattle and 9. 8 crore buffalo with total livestock of 48-50 crore and total poultry of 48. 90 crore.
32. (d) Chikmagalur is famous for coffee. Mandya is famous for sugar and paper production.
33. (c)
34. (c) The different types of soil erosion in India are Normal or Geologic Erosion, Accelerated soil Erosion, Wind Erosion, Water Erosion, sheet Erosion, Gully Erosion, Land slides or slip Erosion and stream-bank Erosion.
35. (b) National Food Security Mission launched by government of India to increase the food production of rice, wheat and pulses and commercial gaps like sugarcance jute. The target is to increase the production of rice by 10 million tones, wheat by 8 million tones and pulses, by 2 million tones by the end of Eleventh Plan.
36. (c)
37. (b) The predominant soil in Tamil Nadu is red which supports cotton cultivation and a rich pool of skilled labour is available in Tamil Nadu.
38. (b)
39. (b)
40. (c) Mixed farming refer to rearing of animals and cultivation of crops together.
41. (d) All these crops are leguminous crop (Pulses crops) , and have the capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen through symbiotic nitrogen fixation.
42. (d) All of them are predominantly rain fed crops
43. (d) Contour Bunding is one of the simple method of soil and water conservation. This technique is used at places where the land is sloppy. Due to slope, soil and nutrients erode fast which makes agriculture on this land very uneconomical. To adopt this technique the agriculture fields contours are marked and then the bunds are taken along the contours.
44. (c) Rice is the main kharif crop and groundnut and cotton are also the kharif crops wheat is a raki.
45. (c)
46. (d) Kinnaur (Himachal) is famous for apples. Areca nut mostly confined to Karnataka, Kerala and Assam.
Mewat in haryana is not famous for mango. UP is famous for mango.
Similarly, coromandel coast is not famous for soya beans. Top two producers of soya are Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra which are outside coromandel coast.
Therefore, (d) is the correct option.
47. (b)
48. (d) All three statements are correct as Maize can be used for the production of starch. Oil extracted from maize can be a feedstock for biodiesel. Alcoholic beverages can be produced by using maize.
49. (b) NPK (fertilizers) can be applied at the rate of 112 kg, 25 kg and 48 kg per acre, respectively through inorganic or organic methods. Hence statement #3 is wrong, this eliminates (a) , (c) and (d) . therefore, answer (b) 1,2,4 only.
50. (d) The draught prone area programme is by ministry of Rural development to minimise the adverse effects of drought on production of crops and livestock and productivity of land, water and human resources. The desert development programme is also by ministry of Rural development to minimise the adverse effect of drought and control desertification. National Watershed Development Project for Rainfed Areas is by ministry of agriculture.
51. (c) Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) was launched during 2009-10. It aims at Prevention of soil runoff, Rainwater harvesting and recharge of groundwater table and Regeneration of natural vegetation.
52. (b) Guar gum is used in hydraulic fracturing technology during shale gas extraction.
53. (c) Vegetative reproduction is a form of asexual reproduction in plants. It is a process by which new organisms arise without production of seeds . It helps in development of clones. Vegetative propagation involves only mitosis, this ensures that the genetic information in DNA of vegetative progeny (child) is same as in the mother plant and can be practiced throughout the year.
However it does not helps in elimination of viruses. Plant once systematically infected with a virus, usually remains infected for its lifetime. Thus any vegetative parts taken for propagation remains infected.
54. (b) Capital-augmenting technological progress results in the more productive use of existing capital goods; for example, the substitution of steel from wooden ploughs in agricultural production.
55. (b) Seed village concept is to promote the quality seed production of foundation and certified seed classes. The area which is suitable for raising a particular crop will be selected, and raised with single variety of a kind. Suitable area for seed production will be identified by the Scientists. The foundation/ certified seeds or University labelled seeds will be supplied by the University through Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) and Research Stations at 50% subsidy cost to the identified farmers in the area. The farmers will use these quality seeds and take up their own seed production in a small area (1 acre) for their own use. The crops are Rice, Pulses and Oilseeds.
56. (c) Excessive/ inappropriate use of nitrogenous fertilizers increase the acidity of soil and Leaching of nitrate to the ground water.
57. (b) Agricultural Produce Market Committee Acts of respective states are responsible for markets in agricultural products.
58. (c) ‘Agreement on Agriculture’, ‘Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures’ and ‘Peace Clause’ are related to World Trade Organisation.
59. (b) (i) In order to safeguard and support the world’s agri-cultural heritage systems, in 2002 FAO started an initiative for the dynamic conservation of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) . The GIAHS Initiative promotes public under-standing, awareness, national and international recognition of Agricultural Heritage systems. It aims to identify and ensure global recognition of the importance of unique traditional agricultural systems for food security and sustainable development. The GIAHS initiative explicitly recognises that change in “traditional” political, social and economic processes is inevitable; they cannot be frozen or re-created.
(ii) There is no provision to give Geographical indication to “ALL” varieties. Hence statement 3 is wrong. By elimination method, we are left with answer B- only 2.
60. (c) (i) This initiative aims to demonstrate the improved production and post-harvest technologies in an integrated manner to catalyze increased production of millets in the country. The scheme, through processing and value addition techniques, is expected to generate consumer demand for millet based food products. Poor, small, marginal and tribal farmers have larger stake in this scheme.
(ii) 1st and 2nd statements are right. Policy aims to give free kits but “wanting to shift commercial crop farmers to millet” doesn’t fit logic. There is no such mention in the scheme, nor any talk about giving micro-irrigation equipment. Hence 3rd statement wrong.
Ref: http://agricoop. nic. in/Admin_Agricoop/Uploaded_ File/INSIMP. pdf
61. (b) A soil health card provides information about 12 soil parameters, so farmer can use appropriate fertilizers. hence only 3 is the correct statement. Statement 1 and 2 are irrelevant.
62. (c) Both statements are correct as per Government notification.
63. (d) The FAO manual confirms
•Crop residues or other organic matter left in or added to the field improve water penetration and moisture retention. So #3 is correct
•Gypsum application can solve the water percolation process. #2 is correct
•Hence we are left with answer “D”.
64. (d) Since UPSC has combined the preliminary exam of civil services and forest services, so few such odd questions are expected. There is no need to lose sleep, if you can’t solve it. But let’s do it:
NCERT Class 12 Biology Chapter 6: “Molecular Basis of Inheritance”.
It explains the benefits of human genome sequencing that- “It is the sequence of bases in DNA that determines the genetic information of a given organism. So, learning about the DNA sequences can lead to an understanding of their natural capabilities that can be applied toward solving challenges in health care, agriculture, energy production, environmental remediation. “
So on that logic, statement 1 and 3 should be possible, and if 1 and 3 are possible then statement 2 ought to be possible as well So answer D- all three statements are correct. Searching academic papers on Google Scholar engineer confirms that D is the answer.
 

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