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Chapter 07. Indian GEOGRAPHY (UPSC IAS CSE Civil Services CSAT Prelims Paper-1 Topicwise Previous Year Papers)

Chapter 07. Indian GEOGRAPHY (UPSC IAS CSE Civil Services CSAT Prelims Paper-1 Topicwise Previous Year Papers)

1. The alpine vegetation in the Western Himalayas is found only up to a height of 3000 metres while in the Eastern Himalayas it is found up to a height of 4000 metres. The reason for this variation in the same mountain range is that:(1995)
(a) Eastern Himalayas are higher than Western Himalayas
(b) Eastern Himalayas as are nearer to the equator and sea coast than the Western Himalayas
(c) Eastern Himalayas get more monsoon rainfall than the Western Himalayas
(d) Eastern Himalayan rocks are more fertile than the Western Himalayan rocks
2. Consider the map given below :(1995)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1025.png
The division along India’s coastal region indicate:
(a) coastal pollution zones
(b) salinity density isopleths
(c) the areas upto which Indian sovereignty extends
(d) underwater relief contours
3. In the map given below, three out of the four places marked indicate places where a thermal power station is located :(1995)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1030.png
The place where there is no thermal power station is marked:
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4
4. “Monoculture of commercially viable trees is destroying the unique natural profile. Thoughtless exploitation of timber, deforesting vast tracts for palm cultivation, destruction of mangroves, illegal logging by tribals and poaching only compounds the problem. Fresh water pockets are fast drying up due to deforestation and destruction of mangroves”. The place referred to this quotation is : (1995)
(a) Sundarban
(b) Kerala coast
(c) Orissa coast
(d) Andaman and Nicobar Island
5. The palaeomagnetic results obtained from India indicate that in the past, the Indian land mass has moved :(1995)
(a) northward
(b) southward
(c) eastward
(d) westward
6. Of the four places marked 1, 2, 3 and 4 on the map, the one indicating a tidal port is :(1995)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1035.png
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4
7. The Indian subcontinent was originally a part of a huge mass called:(1995)
(a) Jurassic land mass
(b) Aryavarta
(c) Indiana
(d) Gondwana continent
8. Which one of the following mountain ranges is spread over only one state in India?(1995)
(a) Aravalli
(b) Satpura
(c) Ajanta
(d) Sahyadri
9. The National Highway from Amritsar to Calcutta via Delhi is numbered:(1995)
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 4
(d) 8
10. Examine the map of Jammu and Kashmir given below:
The mountains ranges marked 1, 2, 3 and 4 are respectively:(1995)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1040.png
(a) Ladakh, Zanskar, Karakoram and Pir Panjal
(b) Karakoram, Ladakh, Zanskar and Pir Panjal
(c) Karakoram, Zanskar, Pir Panjal and Ladakh
(d) Ladakh, Pir Panjal, Karakoram and Zanskar
11. High temperature and low pressure over the Indian subcontinent during the summer season draws air from the Indian Ocean leading to the in-blowing of the:(1996)
(a) South-east monsoon
(b) South-west monsoon
(c) Trade winds
(d) Westerlies
12. Match List-I (Ores) with List-II (States where they are mined) and select the correct answer:(1996)
List-IList-II
A. Manganese1. Madhya Pradesh
B. Nickel2. Orissa
C. Lead-zinc3. Rajasthan
D. Asbestos4. Andhra Pradesh
Codes:
(a) A – 1; B – 3; C – 3; D – 4
(b) A – 4; B – 3; C – 2; D – 1
(c) A – 1; B – 2; C – 3; D – 4
(d) A – 4; B – 2; C – 3; D – 1
13. As per the 1991 Census, which one of the following states has a lower population density than the other three?(1996)
(a) Sikkim
(b) Nagaland
(c) Meghalaya
(d) Manipur
14. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? (1996)
1. Idukki : Thermal power station
2. Sabarigiri : Hydro-electric project
3. Ghatprabha: Irrigation project
4. Ramganga: Multipurpose project
(a) 2, 3 and 4
(b) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1 and 2
15. In the Indian context the term ‘De-notified tribes’ refers to :(1996)
(a) tribes which are aboriginals
(b) nomadic tribes
(c) tribes practising shifting cultivation
(d) tribes which were earlier classified as criminal tribes
16. Which one of the following rivers thrice forks into two streams and reunites a few miles farther on, thus, forming the islands of Srirangapattanam, Sivasamudram and Srirangam?(1996)
(a) Cauvery
(b) Tungabhadra
(c) Krishna
(d) Godavari
17. “You might see a few curious Danes around, but that is because–used to be Danish outpost. This quaint town with its fort and a beautiful church, the New Jerusalem, empty streets and deserted beach front is a quaint gem. ” The place referred to in this quotation lies on the:(1996)
(a) Tamil Nadu coast
(b) Kerala coast
(c) Karnataka coast
(d) Goa coast
18. Consider the following rivers:(1996)
1. Kishenganga
2. Ganga
3. Wainganga
4. Penganga
The correct sequence of these rivers when arranged in the north-south direction is
(a) 1, 2, 3, 4
(b) 2, 1, 3, 4
(c) 2, 1, 4, 3
(d) 1, 2, 4, 3
19. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:
(1997)
List-I (Climatic conditions) List-II (Reasons)
A. Madras is warmer 1. North-east monsoon
than Calcutta
B. Snowfall in Himalayas2. Altitude
C. Rainfall decreases from3. Western depressions
West Bengal to Punjab
D. Sutlej-Ganga plain gets 4. Distance from the sea
some rain in winter
5. Latitude
Codes:
(a) A – 1; B – 2; C – 4; D – 5
(b) A – 4; B – 5; C – 1; D – 3
(c) A – 5; B – 2; C – 4; D – 3
(d) A – 5; B – 1; C – 3; D – 4
20. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:(1997)
List-IList-II
A. Deccan Traps1. Late cenozoic
B. Western Ghats2. Pre-cambrian
C. Aravalli3. Cretaceous Eocene
D. Narmada-Tapi 4. Cambrian
alluvial deposits
5. Pleistocene
Codes:
(a) A – 3; B – 5; C – 1; D – 4
(b) A – 3; B – 1; C – 2; D – 5
(c) A – 2; B – 1; C – 3; D – 4
(d) A – 1; B – 4; C – 2; D – 5
21. The January isotherm taken as a basis for dividing India into tropical and subtropical zones is :(1997)
(a) 21°C
(b) 180°C
(c) 12°C
(d) 15°C
22. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:
List-I List-II (1997)
(Minerals) (Typical areas of occurrence)
A. Coal1. Bhandara
B. Gold2. Karanpura
C. Mica3. Hutti
D. Manganese4. Nellore
Codes:
(a) A – 1; B – 3; C – 2; D – 4
(b) A – 2; B – 3; C – 4; D – 1
(c) A – 3; B – 4; C – 2; D – 1
(d) A – 2; B – 1; C – 4; D –3
23. The Alamatti is on the river:(1997)
(a) Godavari
(b) Kavery
(c) Krishna
(d) Mahanadi
24. Consider the map given below:(1997)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1045.png
The predominant languages spoken in the areas marked A, B, C and D are respectively:
(a) Brajbhasha, Bhojpuri, Maithili and Awadhi
(b) Awadhi, Maithili, Bhojpuri and Brajbhasha
(c) Brajbhasha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri and Maithili
(d) Maithili, Bhojpuri, Brajbhasha and Awadhi
25. The canal-carrying capacity of Farakka is :(1997)
(a) 75,000 Cusecs
(b) 70,000 Cusecs
(c) 40,000 Cusecs
(d) 35,000 Cusecs
26. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
(a) Teak: Jammu and Kashmir (1997)
(b) Deodar: Madhya Pradesh
(c) Sandalwood: Kerala
(d) Sundari : West Bengal
27. Consider the map given below:(1997)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1050.png
The place marked A, B, C and D in the map are respectively:
(a) Rift valley region, Chhattisgarh plain, Rain shadow region and Chhota Nagpur
(b) Chhattisgarh plain, Chhota Nagpur plateau, Rift valley region, and Rain shadow region
(c) Rift valley region, Chhattisgarh plain, Chhota Nagpur plateau and Rain shadow region
(d) Chhattisgarh plain, Rain shadow region, Chhota Nagpur plateau and Rift valley region
28. According to the latest census figures sex ratio in India is :(1997)
(a) declining
(b) stable
(c) increasing
(d) fluctuating
29. The tribal population in Andaman and Nicobar islands belongs to the:(1997)
(a) Australoid race
(b) Caucasoid race
(c) Mongoloid race
(d) Negroid race
30. In the map shown rivers labelled as 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively:(1997)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1055.png
(a) Kosi, Gomti, Ghaghara and Gandak
(b) Kosi, Ganga, Gomti and Ghaghara
(c) Gandak, Ganga, Gomti and Ghaghara
(d) Teesta, Gomti, Ghaghara and Kosi
31. Which one of the following east flowing rivers of India has rift valley due to down warping?(1998)
(a) Damodar
(b) Mahanadi
(c) Sone
(d) Yamuna
32. Forest areas have been labelled as 1, 2, 3 and 4 in the map:

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1060.png
Among these, those which were threatened in 1997 by a serious epidemic include:(1998)
(a) teak forests of 3 and 4
(b) oak forests of 1 and sal forests of 2
(c) sal forests of 3
(d) sandalwood forests of 4
33. Commercial production of mineral oil has started in which one of the areas of India, labelled 1, 2, 3 and 4 in the map given below:(1998)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1065.png
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4
34. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:(1998)
List-I (Minerals) List-II (Mining area)
A. Graphite1. Bellary
B. Lead 2. Didwana
C. Salt3. Rampa
D. Silver4. Zawar
Codes:
(a) A-3; B -4; C-1; D-2
(b) A-1; B -4; C-2; D-3
(c) A-3; B-1; C-4; D-2
(d) A-2; B-3; C-1; D-4
35. The discovery of Oak flora in 1966 added a new chapter to the history of Indian Sericulture. Which one of the following states is the leading producer of Oak tasar silk ?(1998)
(a) Assam
(b) Bihar
(c) Manipur
(d) Orissa
36. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:(1998)
List-I (Places) List-II (Industries)
A. Jamnagar1. Aluminium
B. Hospet2. Woollen textile
C. Korba3. Fertilizers
D. Haldia4. Cement
5. Iron and steel
Codes:
(a) A-4; B-3; C- 1; D-2
(b) A-2; B-5; C- 1; D-3
(c) A-4; B-5; C- 2; D-1
(d) A-2; B-1; C- 4; D-3
37. In the vicinity of Mumbai, a number of specialised towns have been developed. Match the lists of specialisation with towns and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:(1998)
List-I (Towns) List-II (Specialisation)
A. Alibag1. Fishing centre
B. Balapur2. Holiday resort
C. Nhava Sheva3. Petrochemical complex
D. Ratnagiri4. Port
Codes:
(a) A-1; B-3; C-2; D-4
(b) A-2; B-3; C-4; D-1
(c) A-3; B-4; C-2; D-1
(d) A-2; B-1; C-4; D-3
38. What is the correct sequence of the following Indian states in descending order of their length of surface roads per 100 km2 of their areas?(1998)
1. Haryana
2. Maharashtra
3. Punjab
4. Tamil Nadu
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
Codes:
(a) 4, 3, 2, 1
(b) 4, 3,1, 2
(c) 3, 4, 1, 2
(d) 3, 4, 2, 1
39. The four railway junctions shown by numerals 1, 2, 3, 4 on the rough outline map of Gujarat are respectively: (1998)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1070.png
(a) Palanpur, Mahesana, Ahmedabad and Vadodara
(b) Mahesana, Surendranagar, Rajkot and Junagarh
(c) Palanpur, Kanda, Bhuj and Okla
(d) Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Bhavnagar and Broach
40. Some people in Manipur live in house built on floating islands of weeds and decaying vegetation held together by suspended silt. These are called:(1998)
(a) Tipis
(b) Barkhans
(c) Phoomdis
(d) Izba
41. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the states (labelled 1, 2, 3 and 4) of India shown on the map in descending order in terms of available ground water resources for irrigation?(1998)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1075.png
(a) 3, 4, 1, 2
(b) 3, 4, 2, 1
(c) 4, 3, 1, 2
(d) 4, 3, 2, 1
42. Among the Indian States shown labelled 1, 2, 3 and 4 in the rough outline map given, the correct sequence in descending order of percent of scheduled tribe population to their total population is :(1998)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1080.png
(a) 1, 3, 2, 4
(b) 3, 1, 2, 4
(c) 3, 1, 4, 2
(d) 1, 3, 4, 2
43. Which one of the following sets of states benefits the most from the Konkan Railway?(1998)
(a) Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala
(b) Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala
(c) Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra
(d) Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Tamil Nadu
44. Which one of the following pairs of cities has recently been connected through a 6-lane express way?(1998)
(a) Ahmedabad:Vadodara
(b) Dhaka:Chittagong
(c) Islamabad:Lahore
(d) Mumbai:Pune
45. “India has the largest population of the Asian X. Today, there are just about 20,000 to 25,000 X in their natural habitat spreading across the evergreen forests, dry thorn forest, swamps and grasslands. Their prime habitats, are however the moist deciduous forests. The X population in India ranges from north-west India where they are found in the forest divisions of Dehradun. Bijnor and National districts, of UP to the Western Ghats in the states of Karnataka and Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
In Central India, their population distributed over Southern Bihar and Orissa. In the East, they are seen in North Bengal, Assam and a few other states. “(1999)
The animal “X” referred to in this quotation is :
(a) lion
(b) elephant
(c) tiger
(d) one-horned rhinoceros
46. Assertion (A ) : According to statistics, more female children are born each year than male children in India.
Reason (R) : In India, the death rate of a male child is higher than that of the female child. (1999)
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
47. The minimum land area recommended for forest cover to maintain proper ecological balance in India is :
(a) 25%
(b) 33% (1999)
(c) 43%
(d) 53%
48. In which one of the following areas in the given map was there a recent discovery of copper deposits by the Atomic Minerals Division of Department Atomic Energy ?(1999)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1085.png
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 4
(d) 3
49. In the given figure, the site of the Tehri dam has been labelled as:(1999)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1090.png
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
50. The figure shows a portion of Southern India. The proposed site (Koodankulam) for construction of two l000 MW nuclear power plants has been labelled in the map as :(1999)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1095.png
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
51. The first marine sanctuary in India, within its bounds coral reefs, mollusca, dolphins, tortoises and various kinds of sea birds, has been established in:(1999)
(a) Sundarbans
(b) Chilka Lake
(c) Gulf of Kutch
(d) Lakshadweep
52. Which one of the following pairs of states and tribes is not correctly matched?(1999)
(a) Assam:Miri
(b) Nagaland:Konyak
(c) Arunachal:Apatani
(d) Madhya Pradesh:Lambada
53. In the rough outline map of a part of Jammu and Kashmir shown in the figure, places marked A, B, C and D represent respectively:(1999)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1100.png
(a) Anantnag, Baramula, Srinagar and Kargil
(b) Baramula, Srinagar, Kargil and Anantnag
(c) Baramula, Srinagar, Anantnag and Kargil
(d) Srinagar, Baramula, Kargil and Anantnag
54. If it is 10. 00 am. I. S. T. , then what would be the local time at Shillong on 92° E longitude?(1999)
(a) 9. 38 a. m.
(b) 10. 38 a. m.
(c) 10. 22 a. m.
(d) 9. 22 a. m.
55. The Ravva offshore block, with great potential for oil, is located in :(1999)
(a) Krishna-Godavari basin
(b) Cauvery basin
(c) Mahanadi basin
(d) Palar-Pennar basin
56. Which one of the following statements is not true?(2000)
(a) Ghaggar’s water is utilised in the Indira Gandhi canal
(b) Narmada rises from Amarkantak region
(c) Nizam Sagar is situated on the Manjra river
(d) Penganga is a tributary of the Godavari
57. Match the locations of ports labelled as A, B, C and D in the given map with the names of those ports and select the correct answer using the codes given below the names of the ports:

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1105.png
Names of Ports
1. Kakinada
2. Karwar
3. Mangalore
4. Tuticorin
5. Veraval
Codes:
(a) A-4; B-2; C-3; D-5
(b) A-5; B-2; C-4; D-1
(c) A-1; B-3; C-4; D-2
(d) A-5; B-3; C-2; D-1
58. Which one of the following pairs of primitive tribes and places of their inhabitation is NOT correctly matched?
(a) Buksa:Pauri-Garhwal
(b) Kol:Jabalpur
(c) Munda:Chhota Nagpur
(d) Korba:Kodagu
59. Assertion (A) : The frequency of floods in north Indian plains has increased during the last couple of decades.
Reason (R) : There has been a reduction in the depth of river valleys due to deposition of silt. (2000)
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
60. Which one of the following statements is true according to 1991 Census data?(2000)
(a) U. P. has the highest density of population in India
(b) Himachal Pradesh has the highest female to male sex ratio in India
(c) West Bengal has the highest growth rate of population in India
(d) Bihar has the lowest literacy rate in India
61. Assertion (A) : Ganga plain is the most densely populated part of India.
Reason (R) : Ganga is the most harnessed river of India. (2000)
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
00163.jpeg
62. Match the different ports of Union Territory of Pondicherry labelled as A, B, C and D in the given map with their respective names and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists of ports:(2000)

img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1110.png
1. Karaikal
2. Mahe
3. Pondicherry
4. Yanam
Codes:
(a) A-2; B-1; C-3; D-4
(b) A-1; B-2; C-3; D-4
(c) A-2; B-1; C-4; D-3
(d) A-1; B-2; C-4; D-3
63.
img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1115.png
In the above map, the black marks show distribution of :(2001)
(a) asbestos
(b) gypsum
(c) limestone
(d) mica
64.
img_ext_export_bRdmePS5e3_1120.png
In the shaded area of the above map, the mean temperature for the month of July varies between:
(a) 22. 5ºC–25. 0°C
(b) 25. 0°C–27. 5°C (2001)
(c) 27. 5°C–30. 0°C
(d) 30. 0°C–32. 5°C
65. Mekong Ganga Co-operation Project is :(2001)
(a) an irrigation project involving India and Myanmar
(b) a joint tourism initiative of some Asian countries
(c) a hydroelectric power project involving India, Bangladesh and Myanmar
(d) a defence and security agreement of India with its eastern neighbours
66. Assertion (A) : Anticyclonic conditions are formed in winter season when atmospheric pressure is high and air temperatures are low.
Reason (R) : Winter rainfall in northern India causes development of anticyclonic conditions with low temperatures. (2001)
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
67. Consider the following statements regarding power sector in India:(2001)
1. The installed capacity of power generation is around 95000 MW
2. Nuclear plants contribute nearly 15% of total power generation
3. Hydroelectricity plants contribute nearly 40% of total power generation
4. Thermal plants at present account for nearly 80% of total power generation
Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1 and 4
68. The approximate age of the Aravallis range is :(2001)
(a) 370 million years
(b) 470 million years
(c) 570 million years
(d) 670 million years
69. The correct sequence of the eastward flowing rivers of the peninsular India from north to south is :(2002)
(a) Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Pennar, Cauvery and Vagai
(b) Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery and Vagai
(c) Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Pennar and Vagai
(d) Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery, Vagai and Pennar
70. India’s population growth during the 20th century can be classified into four distinct phases. Match List-I (Period) with List-II (Phase) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:(2002)
List-I (Period) List-II (Phase)
A. 1901-19211. Steady growth
B. 1921 -19512. Rapid high growth
C. 1951-19813. Stagnant growth
D. 1981 -20014. High growth with definite signs of slowdown
Codes :
(a) A-3; B-1; C-4; D-2
(b) A-1; B-3; C-2; D-4
(c) A-3; B-1; C-2; D-4
(d) A-1; B-3; C-4; D-2
71. With reference to Indian transport systems, consider the following statements:(2002)
1. Indian railway system is the largest in the world
2. National Highways cater to 45 percent of the total and transport demand
3. Among the states, Kerala has the highest density of surface road
4. National Highway No. 7 is the longest in the country
Which of these statements are correct ?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1 and 3
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 2 and 4
72. The average annual temperature of a meteorological station is 26°C, its average annual rainfall is 63 cm and the annual range temperature is 9°C. The station in question is :(2002)
(a) Allahabad
(b) Chennai
(c) Cherrapunji
(d) Kolkata
73. The sea coast of which one of the following states has become famous as a nesting place for the giant Olive Ridley turtles from South America?(2002)
(a) Goa
(b) Gujarat
(c) Orissa
(d) Tamil Nadu
74. With reference to India, which one of the following statements is not correct?(2002)
(a) About one-third of the area of the country records more than 750 millimetres of annual rainfall
(b) The dominant source of irrigation in the country is wells
(c) Alluvial soil is the predominant type of soil in northern plains of the country
(d) The mountain areas account for about thirty percent of the surface area of the country
75. Open stunted forests with bushes and small trees having long roots and sharp thorns or sharp thorns or spines are commonly found in :(2002)
(a) Eastern Orissa
(b) North-Eastern Tamil Nadu
(c) Shivalik and Terai region
(d) Western Andhra Pradesh
76. Match List-I (Mangrove) with List-II (State) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: (2002)
List-I (Mangrove) List-II (State)
A. Achra Ratnagiri 1. Karnataka
B. Coondapur2. Kerala
C. Pichavaram3. Andhra Pradesh
D. Vembanad4. Maharashtra
5. Tamil Nadu
Codes:
(a) A-2; B-1; C-5; D-4
(b) A-4; B-5; C-3; D-2
(c) A-2; B-5; C-3; D-4
(d) A-4; B-1; C-5; D-2
77. What is the correct sequence of the rivers–Godavari, Mahanadi, Narmada and Tapi in the descending order of their lengths?(2003)
(a) Godavari–Mahanadi–Narmada–Tapi
(b) Godavari–Narmada–Mahanadi–Tapi
(c) Narmada–Godavari–Tapi-Mahanadi
(d) Narmada–Tapi–Godavari–Mahanadi
78. Which amongst the following States has the highest population density as per Census-2001 ?(2003)
(a) Kerala
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) West Bengal
79. Nanda Devi peak forms a part of :(2003)
(a) Assam Himalayas
(b) Kumaon Himalayas
(c) Nepal Himalayas
(d) Punjab Himalayas
80. Among the following cities, which one has the highest altitude above mean sea level?(2003)
(a) Bangalore
(b) Delhi
(c) Jodhpur
(d) Nagpur
81. Consider the following statements:(2003)
1. Longitude of Jabalpur’s location is between those of Indore and Bhopal.
2. Latitude of Aurangabad’s location is between those of Vadodara and Pune.
3. Bangalore is situated more southward than Chennai
Which of these statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3
(b) Only 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3
82. Which one among the following states is smallest in area?(2003)
(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Gujarat
(c) Karnataka
(d) Tamil Nadu
83. Among the following cities, which one is nearest to the Tropic of Cancer? (2003)
(a) Delhi
(b) Kolkata
(c) Jodhpur
(d) Nagpur
84. In which one of the following Union Territories, do people of the Onge tribe live?(2004)
(a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(b) Dadra and Nagar Haveli
(c) Daman and Diu
(d) Lakshadweep
85. Consider the following statements:(2004)
1. National Thermal Power Corporation has diversified into hydropower sector
2. Power Grid Corporation of India has diversified into telecom sector
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
86. Consider the following statements:(2004)
1. Damodar, Valley Corporation is the first multi–purpose river valley project of independent India
2. Damodar Valley Corporation includes thermal and gas power stations
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
87. Consider the following statements:(2004)
Among the Indian States :
1. Andhra Pradesh has the longest coastline
2. Gujarat has the highest number of airports
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
88. Match List-I (Minerals) with List-II (Location) and select the correct answer using the codes given below:
List-IList-II
A. Coal1. Giridih
B. Copper 2. Jayamkondam
C. Manganese3. Alwar
D. Lignite4. Dharwar
Codes:
(a) A-1; B-4; C-3; D-2
(b) A-2; B-3; C-4; D-1
(c) A-1; B-3; C-4; D-2
(d) A-2; B-4; C-3; D-1
89. Which among the following National Highway routes is the longest?(2004)
(a) Agra-Mumbai
(b) Chennai-Thane
(c) Kolkata-Hajira
(d) Pune-Machilipatnam
90. Consider the following:(2004)
1. Mahadeo Hills
2. Sahyadri Parvat
3. Satpura Range
What is the correct sequence of the above from the north to the south ?
(a) 1, 2, 3
(b) 2, 1, 3
(c) 1, 3, 2
(d) 2, 3, 1
91. Lake Sambhar is nearest to which one of the following cities of Rajasthan ?(2004)
(a) Bharatpur
(b) Jaipur
(c) Jodhpur
(d) Udaipur
92. Match List I (National Park/Sanctuary) with List II (State) and select the correct answer using the codes given below:(2004)
List-IList-II
A Kanger Ghati National 1. Chhattisgarh
Park
B. Nagerhole National2. Haryana
Park
C. Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary3. Himachal Pradesh
D. Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary4. Karnataka
Codes :
(a) A-3; B-2; C-1; D-4
(b) A-1; B-4; C-3; D-2
(c) A-3; B-4; C-1; D-2
(d) A-1; B-2; C-3; D-4
93. Which one of the following statements is not correct?(2004)
(a) Gulf with narrow fronts and wider rears experience high tides.
(b) Tidal currents take place when a gulf is connected with the open sea by a narrow channel.
(c) Tidal bore occurs when a tide enters the narrow and shallow estuary of a river.
(d) The tidal nature of the mouth of the river Hooghly is of crucial importance to Kolkata as port.
94. Assertion (A) : Bangalore receives much higher average annual rainfall than that of Mangalore.
Reason (R) : Bangalore has the benefit of receiving rainfall both from south-west and north-east monsoons. (2004)
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
95. Assertion (A) : West-flowing rivers of Peninsular India have no deltas.
Reason (R) : These rivers do not carry any alluvial sediments. (2004)
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
96. Consider the following statements :(2004)
1. Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research uses fast reactor technology
2. Atomic Minerals Directorate for Research and Exploration is engaged in heavy water production
3. Indian Rare Earths Limited is engaged in manufacture of Zircon for India’s Nuclear Programme beside other rare earth products
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 2 and 3
97. Match List I (Beaches in India) with List II (States) and select the correct answer using the codes given below:(2004)

List-IList-II
A.Gopinath Beach1.Andhra Pradesh
B.Lawsons Bay Beach2.Kerala
C.Devbagh Beach3.Gujarat
D.Sinquerim Beach4.Goa
5.Karnataka

Codes:
(a) A-5; B-4; C-2; D-1
(b) A-3; B-1; C-5; D-4
(c) A-5; B-1; C-2; D-4
(d) A-3; B-4; C-5; D-1
98. Match List-I (Biosphere Reserve) with List-II (States) and select the correct answer using the codes given below:(2004)
List-IList-II
A. Similipal1. Sikkim
B. Dehong Deband2. Uttaranchal
C. Nokrek3. Arunachal Pradesh
D. Kanchenjunga4. Orissa
5. Meghalaya
Codes:
(a) A-1; B-3; C-5; D-4
(b) A-4; B-5; C -2; D-1
(c) A-1; B-5; C-2; D-4
(d) A-4; B-3; C-5; D-1
99. Amongst the following Indian States which one has the minimum total forest cover?(2004)
(a) Sikkim(b) Goa
(c) Haryana
(d) Kerala
100. Consider the following statements:(2005)
1. The forest cover in India constitutes around 20% of its geographical area. Out of the total forest cover, dense forest constitutes around 40%.
2. The National Forestry Action Programme aims at bringing one third of the area of India under tree forest cover.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
101. Consider the following statements :(2005)
1. Area-wise, Chhattisgarh is larger than West Bengal.
2. According to the population Census 2001, population of West Bengal is larger than that of Chhattisgarh.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
102. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists. (2005)
List-I List-II
(Atomic Power Plants(State)
/Heavy Water Plants)
A. Thal1. Andhra Pradesh
B. Manuguru2. Gujarat
C. Kakrapar3. Maharashtra
D. Kaiga4. Rajasthan
5. Karnataka
Codes :
(a) A-2; B-1; C-4; D-5
(b) A-3; B-5; C-2; D-1
(c) A-2; B-5; C-4; D-1
(d) A-3; B-1; C-2; D-5
103. Which one of the following statements is not correct?
(2005)
(a) There is no definition of the Scheduled Tribe in the constitutions of India.
(b) North-East India accounts for a little over half of the country’s tribal population.
(c) The people known as Todas live in the Nilgiri area.
(d) Lotha is a language spoken in Nagaland.
104. Consider the following statements: (2005)
1. India is the second country in the world to adopt a National Family Planning Programme.
2. The National Population Policy of India 2000 seeks to achieve replacement level of fertility by 2010 with a population of 111 crores.
3. Kerala is the first state in India to achieve replacement level of fertility.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3
105. Which one of the following statements is true on the basis of Census – 200l? (2005)
(a) Bihar has the highest percentage of the scheduled castes of its population.
(b) The decadal growth of population of India (1991-2001) has been below 20%.
(c) Mizoram is the India state with the least population.
(d) Pondicherry has the highest sex ratio among the Union Territories.
106. According to the census 2001, which one of the following Indian States has the maximum population in India after Uttar Pradesh? (2005)
(a) West Bengal(b) Maharashtra
(c) Bihar(d) Tamil Nadu
107. Which one of the following statements is not correct?(2005)
(a) The Western Ghats are relatively lower in their northern region.
(b) The Anai Mudi is the highest peak in the Western Ghats.
(c) Tapi river lies to the south of Satpura
(d) The Narmada and Tapti river valleys are said to be old rift valleys.
108. Gandhi Sagar Dam is a part of which one of the following? (2005)
(a) Chambal Project
(b) Kosi Project
(c) Damodar Valley Project
(d) Bhakra Nangal Project
109. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of hills starting from the north and going towards the south?(2005)
(a) Nallamalai Hills–Nilgiri Hills–Javadi Hills–Anamalai Hills
(b) Anamalai Hills–Javadi Hills–Nilgiri Hills–Nallamalai Hills
(c) Nallamalai Hills–Javadi Hills–Nilgiri Hills –Anamalai Hills
(d) Anamalai Hills–Nilgiri Hills–Javadi Hills–Nallamalai Hills
110. Which one of the following is not a Biosphere reserve?(2005)
(a) Agasthyamali
(b) Nallamalai
(c) Nilgiri
(d) Panchmarhi
111. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of Indian cities in the decreasing order, of their normal annual rainfall?(2005)
(a) Kochi–Kolkata–Delhi–Patna
(b) Kolkata–Kochi–Patna–Delhi
(c) Kochi–Kolkata–Patna–Delhi
(d) Kolkata–Kochi–Delhi–Patna
112. Which of the following states border Uttar Pradesh?
1. Punjab
2. Rajasthan (2005)
3. Chhattisgarh
4. Jharkhand
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1 and 4(d) 1 and 3
113. Match items in the List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists. (2005)
List-I (Power Station) List-II (State)
A. Kothagudem1. Andhra Pradesh
B. Raichur2. Gujarat
C. Mettur3. Karnataka
D. Wanakbori4. Tamil Nadu
Codes :
(a) A-4; B-2; C-1; D-3
(b) A-1; B-3; C-4; D-2
(c) A-4; B-3; C-1; D-2
(d) A-1; B-2; C-4; D-3
114. Consider the following statements:(2005)
1. Silent Valley National Park in the Nallamalai range.
2. Pathrakkadavu Hydroelectric project is proposed to be built near the Silent Valley National Park.
3. The Kunthi river originates in Silent Valley’s rainforests.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3
115. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:(2005)
List-I (National ParkList-II (State)
/Wildlife Sanctuary)
A. Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary1. Orissa
B. Kangerghat National Park2. Assam
C. Orang Sanctuary3. Chhattisgarh
D. Ushkothi Wildlife 4. Goa
Sanctuary
5. Tripura
Codes :
(a) A-2; B-1; C-5; D-3
(b) A-4; B-3; C-2; D-1
(c) A-2; B-3; C-5; D-1
(d) A-4; B-1; C-2; D-3
116. Consider the following sites /monuments :(2005)
1. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park
2. Chhatrapati Shivaji Railway Station, Mumbai
3. Mahallapuram
4. Sun Temple (Konark Temple)
Which of the above are included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1, 3 and 4
(c) 2 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
117. Consider the following statements concerning the Indian Railways. (2006)
1. The Head Quarters of the North Western Railway are located at Jodhpur.
2. “Indrail Pass” –a travel as you please ticket has been created especially for freedom fighters and sportspersons who have represented India in any games/sport.
3. Fairy Queen is a train using the world’s oldest working engine and the Indian Railways conducts a journey of wildlife and heritage sites on it.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 2
(d) None
118. Consider the following statements:(2006)
1. Sikkim has the minimum area among the 28 Indian States (Delhi and Pondicherry not included) .
2. Chandigarh has the highest literacy rate among Pondicherry, National Capital Territory of Delhi and other Union Territories.
3. Maharashtra has the highest population after Uttar Pradesh among the 28 Indian States (Delhi and Pondicherry not included) .
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 only
(d) 3 only
119. Match List-I (Centre of Handicrafts) with List-II (State) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:(2006)
List-IList-II
(Centre of Handicrafts) (State)
A. Mon1. Arunachal Pradesh
B. Nalbari 2. Assam
C. Naisghat 3. Meghalaya
D. Tura4. Nagaland
Codes
(a) A-4; B-2; C-1; D-3
(b) A-1; B-3; C-4; D-2
(c) A-4; B-3; C-1; D-2
(d) A-1; B-2; C-4; D-3
120. Consider the following statements:(2006)
1. Petronet LNG Ltd. is setting up another LNG terminal at Mangalore.
2. The Head Office of the Dredging Corporation of India is at Vishakhapatnam.
3. The Narwapahar Mine is operated by the Uranium Corporation of India Limited.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1 and 3 only
121. Consider the following statements:(2006)
1. Appellate Tribunal for electricity has been established by each state government in India.
2. One of the component of the Accelerated Power Development and Reforms Programme (APDRP) is up gradation of sub-transmission and distribution system for electricity in India.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both l and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
122. Match List-I (Valley) with List-II (State) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:(2006)
List-I (Valley) List-II (State)
A. Markha Valley1. Sikkim
B. Dzukou Valley2. Himachal Pradesh
C. Sangla Valley3. Jammu & Kashmir
D. Yumthang Valley4. Nagaland
Codes :
(a) A-2; B-4; C-3; D-1
(b) A-3; B-1; C-2; D-4
(c) A-2; B-1; C-3; D-4
(d) A-3; B-4; C-2; D-1
123. Which one of the following statements is not correct ?
(a) Mahanadi River rises in Chhattisgarh (2006)
(b) Godavari River rises in Maharashtra
(c) Cauvery River rises in Andhra Pradesh
(d) Tapti River rises in Madhya Pradesh
124. Match List-I (National Park/Wildlife Sanctuary) with List-I) (Nearby Town) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:(2006)
List-I List-II
(National Park/(Nearby Town)
Wildlife Sanctuary)
A. Chandra Prabha1. Jaipur
B. Karera2. Jhansi
C. Jaisamand3. Agra
D. Nahargarh4. Varanasi
5. Udaipur
Codes :
(a) A-4; B-4; C-1; D-1
(b) A-5; B-2; C-3; D-1
(c) A-4; B-2; C-5; D-1
(d) A-5; B-1; C-3; D-2
125. From North towards South, which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given rivers in India?
(a) Shyok-Spiti-Zaskar- Sutlej (2006)
(b) Shyok-Zaskar-Spiti-Sutlej
(c) Zaskar-Shyok-Sutlej- Spiti
(d) Zaskar-Sutlej-Shyok-Spiti
126. In which one of the following districts, have large reserves of diamond-bearing Kimberlite been discovered in the recent past?(2007)
(a) Hoshangabad
(b) Raipur
(c) Sambalpur
(d) Warangal
127. With reference to the steel industry in India in the recent times, consider the following statements:(2007)
1. Vizag Steel Plant (RINL) has been declared a Mini Ratna.
2. Merger of IISCO with SAIL has been completed.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
128. The Stilwell Road, built in 1940s, which was recently in news, connects which of the following?(2007)
(a) Agartala in India and Yangon in Myanmar via Bangladesh
(b) Ledo in India and Kunming in China via Myanmar
(c) Kalimpong in India and Lhasa in Tibet via Bhutan
(d) Imphal in India and Bangkok in Thailand via Myanmar
129. Which one of the following is also known as Top Slip?
(2007)
(a) Ismlipal National Park
(b) Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
(c) Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary
(d) Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park
130. Where are Shevaroy hills located?(2007)
(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Karnataka
(c) Kerala
(d) Tamil Nadu
131. Assertion (A) : River Kalinadi is an east-flowing river in the southern part of India.
Reason (R) : The Deccan Plateau is higher along its western edge and gently slopes towards the Bay of Bengal in the east. (2007)
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
132. Which one of the following National Highways passes through Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orissa? (2007)
(a) NH 4
(b) NH 5
(c) NH 6
(d) NH 7
133. Consider the following statements:(2007)
1. Balaghat is known for its diamond mines.
2. Majhgawan is known for its manganese deposits. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
134. Which one of the following rivers originates in Amarkantak?(2007)
(a) Damodar
(b) Mahanadi
(c) Narmada
(d) Tapi
135. Which one among the following major Indian cities is most eastward located? (2007)
(a) Hyderabad
(b) Bhopal
(c) Lucknow
(d) Bengaluru (Bangalore)
136. Out of the four southern States: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, which shares boundaries with the maximum number of Indian States?(2007)
(a) Andhra Pradesh only
(b) Karnataka only
(c) Each of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka
(d) Each of Tamil Nadu and Kerala
137. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:(2007)
List-I List-II
(Aluminium Company) (Location)
A. BALCO1. Hirakud
B. HINDALCO2. Korba
C. Indian Aluminium 3. Koraput
Company
D. NALCO4. Renukoot
Code :
(a) A-3; B-1; C-4; D-2
(b) A-2; B-4; C-1; D-3
(c) A-3; B-4; C-1; D-2
(d) A-2; B-1; C-4; D-3
138. Which one of the following is located in the Bastar region? (2007)
(a) Bandhavgarh National Park
(b) Dandeli Sanctuary
(c) Rajaji National Park
(d) Indravati National Park
139. In which State is the Guru Shikhar Peak located?
(2007)
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Gujarat
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Maharashtra
140. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:(2007)
List-I List-II
(Town) (River Nearer to it)
A. Betul1. Indravati
B. Jagdalpur2. Narmada
C. Jabalpur3. Shipra
D. Ujjain4. Tapti
Code :
(a) A-1; B-4; C-2; D-3
(b) A-4; B-1; C-2; D-3
(c) A-4; B-1; C-3; D-2 (d) A-1; B-4; C-3; D-2
141. Consider the following statements:(2007)
1. In India, Red Panda is naturally found in the Western Himalayas only.
2. In India, Slow Loris lives in the dense forests of the North East.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
142. Which one among the following States of India has the lowest density of population? (2007)
(a) Himachal Pradesh
(b) Meghalaya
(c) Arunachal Pradesh
(d) Sikkim
143. As per India’s National Population Policy, 2000, by which one of the following years is it our long-term objective to achieve population stabilization? (2008)
(a) 2025
(b) 2035
(c) 2045
(d) 2055
144. What is the approximate percentage of persons above 65 years of age in India’s current population?(2008)
(a) 14-15%
(b) 11-12%
(c) 8-9%
(d) 5-6%
145. Amongst the following States, which one has the highest percentage of rural population to its total population (on the basis of the Census, 2001) ? (2008)
(a) Himachal Pradesh
(b) Bihar
(c) Orissa
(d) Uttar Pradesh
146. Among the following, which one has the minimum population on the basis of data of Census of India, 2001? (2008)
(a) Chandigarh
(b) Mizoram
(c) Pondicherry
(d) Sikkim
147. Which one of the following is not essentially a species of the Himalayan vegetation?(2008)
(a) Juniper
(b) Mahogany
(c) Islver fir
(d) Spruce
148. Out of all the biosphere reserves in India, four have been recognized on the World Network by UNESCO. Which one of the following is not one of them?(2008)
(a) Gulf of Mannar
(b) Kanchenjunga
(c) Nanda Devi
(d) Sunderbans
149. With which one of the following rivers is the Omkareshwar Project associated?(2008)
(a) Chambal
(b) Narmada
(c) Tapi
(d) Bhima
150. In India, how many states share the coastline?(2008)
(a) 7
(b) 8
(c) 9
(d) 10
151. Which of the following hills are found where the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats meet?(2008)
(a) Anamalai Hills
(b) Cardamom Hills
(c) Nilgiri Hills
(d) Shevaroy Hills
152. Consider the following pairs:(2008)
Tributary River Main River
1. ChambalNarmada
2. Sone Yamuna
3. ManasBrahmaputra
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) l and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 3 only
153. Consider the following statements:(2008)
1. Salt-water crocodile is found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
2. Shrew and Tapir are found in the Western Ghats of the Malabar region.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
154. In which one of the following states are Namchik Namphuk coalfields located?(2008)
(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Meghalaya
(c) Manipur
(d) Mizoram
155. Which of the following minerals found in a natural way in the state of Chhattisgarh?(2008)
1. Bauxite
2. Dolomite
3. Iron ore
4. Tin
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Code:
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
156. On which one of the following rivers is the Tehri hydropower complex located?(2008)
(a) Alaknanda
(b) Bhagirathi
(c) Dhauliganga
(d) Mandakini
157. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?
WaterfallsRiver(2008)
1. Kapildhara Falls:Godavari
2. Jog Falls:Sharavathi
3. Shivasamudram Falls:Cauvery
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Code:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
158. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?
Irrigation ProjectState(2008)
1. Damanganga:Gujarat
2. Girna:Maharashtra
3. Pamba:Kerala
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Code:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
159. Where are Tapovan and Vishnugarh hydroelectric project located?(2008)
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Uttarakhand
(d) Rajasthan
160. Which of the following are among the million-plus cities in India on the basis of data of the Census, 2001?
1. Ludhiana
2. Kochi(2008)
3. Surat
4. Nagpur
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Code:
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
161. Which one among the following has the maximum number of National Parks?(2008)
(a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(b) Arunachal Pradesh
(c) Assam
(d) Meghalaya
162. Consider the following regions:(2009)
1. Eastern Himalayas
2. Eastern Mediterranean region
3. North-Western Australia
Which of the above is/are Biodiversity Hotspot(s) ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
163. In India, which one of the following states has the largest inland saline wetland?(2009)
(a) Gujarat
(b) Haryana
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Rajasthan
164. In India, the ports are categorized as major and non-major ports. Which one of the following is a non-major port?(2009)
(a) Kochi (Cochin)
(b) Dahej
(c) Paradip
(d) New Mangalore
165. In which one of the following places is the Shompen tribe found?(2009)
(a) Nilgiri Hills
(b) Nicobar Islands
(c) Spiti Valley
(d) Lakshadweep Islands
166. The Dul Hasti Power Station is based on which one of the following rivers?(2009)
(a) Beas
(b) Chenab
(c) Ravi
(d) Sutlej
167. Consider the following statements:(2009)
1. In the world, the tropical deserts occur along the western margins of continents within the trade wind belt.
2. In India, the east Himalayan region gets high rainfall from north-east winds.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
168. Consider the following statements: (2009)
1. Infant mortality rate takes into account the death of infants within a month after birth.
2. Infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths in a particular year per 100 live births during that year.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
169. Consider the following statements:(2009)
1. Between Census 1951 and Census 2001, the density of the population of India has increased more than three times.
2. Between Census 1951 and Census 2001, the annual growth rate (exponential) of the population of India has doubled.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
170. Which one of the following rivers does not originate in India?(2009)
(a) Beas
(b) Chenab
(c) Ravi
(d) Sutlej
171. At which one of the following places do two important rivers of India originate; while one of them flows towards north and merges with another important rivers flowing towards Bay of Bengal, the other one flows towards Arabian Sea?(2009)
(a) Amarkantak
(b) Badrinath
(c) Mahabaleshwar
(d) Nasik
172. Consider the following statements:(2009)
1. India does not have any deposits of Thorium.
2. Kerala’s monazite sands contains Uranium.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
173. Consider the following statements:(2009)
1. There are no east flowing rivers in Kerala.
2. There are no west flowing rivers in Madhya Pradesh.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
174. Consider the following statements:(2010)
1. The boundaries of a National Park are defined by legislation.
2. A Biosphere Reserve is declared to conserve a few specific species of flora and fauna.
3. In a Wildlife Sanctuary, limited biotic interference is permitted.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
175. Following are the characteristics of an area in India:
(2010)
1. Hot and humid climate
2. Annual rainfall 200 cm
3. Hill slopes up to an altitude of 1100 metres
4. Annual range of temperature 15°C to 30°C.
Which one among the following crops are you most likely to find in the area described above?
(a) Mustard
(b) Cotton
(c) Pepper
(d) Virginia tobacco
176. With reference to the mineral resources of India, consider the following pairs:(2010)
Mineral90% Natural sources in
1. Copper……Jharkhand
2. Nickel……Orissa
3. Tungsten……Kerala
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
177. Consider the following pairs:
Protected area Well-known for
1. Bhiterkanika, Odisha……Salt Water
Crocodile
2. Desert National Park,……Great Indian
RajasthanBustard
3. Eravikulam, Kerala……Hoolak Gibbon
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?(2010)
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
178. In India, which type of forest among the following occupies the largest area?(2010)
(a) Montane Wet Temperate Forest
(b) Sub-tropical Dry Evergreen Forest
(c) Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest
(d) Tropical Wet Evergreen Forest
179. With reference to, the river Luni, which one of the following statements is correct?(2010)
(a) It flows into Gulf of Khambhat
(b) It flows into Gulf of Kutch
(c) It flows into Pakistan and merges with a tributary of Indus
(d) It is lost in the marshy land of the Rann of Kutch
180. Rivers that pass through Himachal Pradesh are :(2010)
(a) Beas and Chenab only
(b) Beas and Ravi only
(c) Chenab, Ravi and Satlej only
(d) Beas, Chenab, Ravi, Satlej and Yamuna
181. When you travel in certain parts of India, you will notice red soil. What is the main reason for this colour?(2010)
(a) Abundance of magnesium
(b) Accumulated humus
(c) Presence of ferric oxides
(d) Abundance of phosphates
182. Which one of the following is the appropriate reason to considering the Gondwana rocks as most important of rock systems of India?(2010)
(a) More than 90% of limestone reserves of India are found in them
(b) More than 90% of India’s coal reserves are found in them
(c) More than 90% of fertile black cotton soils are spread over them
(d) None of the reasons given above is appropriate in this context
183. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?(2010)
Dam/LakeRiver
(a) Govind Sagar: Sutlej
(b) Kolleru Lake: Krishna
(c) Ukai Reservoir: Tapi
(d) Wular Lake:Jhelum
184. If there were no Himalayan ranges, what would have been the most likely geographical impact on India?(2010)
1. Much of the country would experience the cold waves from Siberia.
2. Indo-gangetic plain would be devoid of such extensive alluvial soils.
3. The pattern of monsoon would be different from what it is at present. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
185. The latitudes that pass through Sikkim also pass through :(2010)
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Punjab
(c) Himachal Pradesh
(d) Jammu and Kashmir
186. The approximate representation of land use classification in India is :(2010)
(a) Net area sown 25%, forests 33%, other areas 42%
(b) Net area sown 58%, forests 17%, other areas 25%
(c) Net area sown 43%; forests 29%, other areas 28%
(d) Net area sown 47%, forests 23%, other areas 30%
187. Between India and East Asia, the navigation-time and distance can be greatly reduced by which of the following ?(2011 – I)
1. Deepening the Malacca straits between Malaysia and Indonesia.
2. Opening a new canal across the Kra Isthmus between the Gulf of Siam and Andaman Sea.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2(d) Neither 1 nor 2
188. The lower Gangetic plain is characterised by humid climate with high temperature throughout the year. Which one among the following pairs of crops is most suitable for this region ?(2011 – I)
(a) Paddy and Cotton
(b) Wheat and Jute
(c) Paddy and Jute
(d) Wheat and Cotton
189. Which one of the following pairs of islands is separated from each other by the ‘Ten Degree Channel’?(2014 – I)
(a) Andaman and Nicobar
(b) Nicobar and Sumatra
(c) Maldives and Lakshadweep
(d) Sumatra and Java
190. The Brahmaputra, Irrawady and Mekong rivers originate in Tibet and flow though narrow and parallel mountain ranges in their upper reaches. Of these rivers, Brahmaputra makes a “U” turn in its course to flow into India. This “U” turn is due to
(2011 – I)
(a) Uplift of folded Himalayan series
(b) Syntaxial bending of geologically young Himalayas
(c) Geo-tectonic disturbance in the tertiary folded mountain chains
(d) Both (a) and (b) above
191. A state in India has the following characteristics :
1. Its northern part is arid and semi-arid.
2. Its central part produces cotton.
3. Cultivation of cash crops is predominant over food crops. (2011 – I)
Which one of the following states has all of the above characteristics ?
(a) Andhra Pradesh. (b) Gujarat.
(c) Karnataka. (d) Tamil Nadu.
192. A particular State in India has the following characteristics :(2012 – I)
1. It is located on the same latitude which passes through northern Rajasthan.
2. It has over 80% of its area under forest cover.
3. Over 12% of forest cover constitutes Protected Area Network in this State.
Which one among the following States has all the above characteristics?
(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Assam
(c) Himachal Pradesh
(d) Uttarakhand
193. With reference to the wetlands of India, consider the following statements :(2012 – I)
1. The country’s total geographical area under the category of wetlands is recorded more in Gujarat as compared to other States.
2. In India, the total geographical area of coastal wetlands is larger than that of inland wetlands.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2(d) Neither 1 nor 2
194. When you travel in Himalayas, you will see the following :(2012 – I)
1. Deep gorges
2. U-turn river courses
3. Parallel mountain ranges
4. Steep gradients causing land-sliding
Which of the above can be said to be the evidences for Himalayas being young fold mountains?
(a) 1 and 2 only(b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 3 and 4 only(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
195. Consider the following statements :(2012 – I)
1. The duration of the monsoon decreases from southern India to northern India.
2. The amount of annual rainfall in the northern plains of India decreases from east to west.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
196. Consider the following pairs:(2013 – I)
National ParkRiver flowing
through the Park
1. Corbett National Park:Ganga
2. Kaziranga National Park:Manas
3. Silent Valley: National Park:Kaveri
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3
(d) None of these
197. The Narmada river flows to the west, while most other large peninsular rivers flow to the east. Why?(2013 – I)
1. It occupies a linear rift valley.
2. It flows between the Vindhyas and the Satpuras.
3. The land slopes to the west from Central India.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) None
198. Which of the following is/are the characteristic/characteristics of Indian coal?(2013 – I)
1. High ash content
2. Low sulphur content
3. Low ash fusion temperature
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
199. Which of the following statements regarding laterite soils of India are correct?(2013 – I)
1. They are generally red in colour.
2. They are rich in nitrogen and potash.
3. They are well-developed in Rajasthan and UP.
4. Tapioca and cashew nuts grow well on these soils.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1 and 4
(d) 2 and 3 only
200. Consider the following statements:(2013 – I)
1. Natural gas occurs in the Gondwana beds.
2. Mica occurs in abundance in Kodarma.
3. Dharwars are famous for petroleum.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) None
201. Consider the following towns of India:(2014 – I)
1. Bhadrachalam
2. Chanderi
3. Kancheepuram
4. Karnal
. Which of the above are famous for the production of traditional sarees/ fabric?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1,3 and 4.
202. Consider the following pairs : (2014 – I)
National HighwayCities connected
1. NH 4 Chennai and Hyderabad
2. NH 6 Mumbai and Kolkata
3. NH 15 Ahmedabad and Jodhpur
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None
203. The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of(2014 – I)
(a) Equatorial climate
(b) Mediterranean climate
(c) Monsoon climate
(d) All of the above climates
204. Consider the following rivers :(2014 – I)
1. Barak
2. Lohit
3. Subansiri
Which of the above flows/flow through Arunachal Pradesh?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
205. Consider the following pairs :(2014 – I)
WetlandsConfluence of rivers
1. Harike Wetlands :Confluence of Beas and
Satluj/Sutlej
2. Keoladeo Ghana :Confluence of
National Park Banas and Chambal
3. Kolleru Lake:Confluence of Musi and
Krishna
Which of the above pairs is/ are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
206. Consider the following pairs :(2014 – I)
HillsRegion
1. Cardamom Hills:Coromandel Coast
2. Kaimur Hills:Konkan Coast
3. Mahadeo Hills:Central India
4. Mikir Hills:North-East India
Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 2 and 4
207. If you travel through the Himalayas, you are likely to see which of the following plants naturally growing there?(2014 – I)
1. Oak
2. Rhododendron
3. Sandalwood
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
208. With reference to ‘Changpa’ community of India, consider the following statements :(2014 – I)
1. They live mainly in the State of Uttarakhand.
2. They rear the Pashmina goats that yield a fine wool.
3. They are kept in the category of Scheduled Tribes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
209. In a particular region in India, the local people train the roots of living trees into robust bridges across the streams. As the time passes, these bridges become stronger. These unique ‘living root bridges’ are found in(2015-I)
(a) Meghalaya
(b) Himachal Pradesh
(c) Jharkhand
(d) Tamil Nadu
210. Consider the following States (2015-I)
1. Arunachal Pradesh
2. Himachal Pradesh
3. Mizoram
In which of the above States do ‘Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests’ occur?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
211. Which one of the following pairs of States of India indicates the eastern most and western most State?(2015-I)
(a) Assam and Rajasthan
(b) Arunachal Pradesh and Rajasthan
(c) Assam and Gujarat
(d) Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat
212. Consider the following rivers:(2015-I)
1. Vamsadhara
2. Indravati
3. Pranahita
4. Pennar
Which of the above are tributaries of Godavari?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and4
(d) 2 and 3 only
213. Which one of the following regions of India has a combination of mangrove forest, evergreen forest and deciduous forest?(2015-I)
(a) North Coastal Andhra Pradesh
(b) South-West Bengal
(c) Southern Saurashtra
(d) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
214. Which of the following has/have been accorded ‘Geographical Indication’ status?(2015-I)
1. Banaras Brocades and Sarees
2. Rajasthani Daal-Bati-Churma
3. Tirupathi Laddu
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 only 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
215. In which of the following regions of India are shale gas resources found?(2016-I)
1. Cambay Basin
2. Cauvery Basin
3. Krishna-Godavari Basin
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
216. At one of the places in India, if you stand on the seashore and watch the sea, you will find that the sea water recedes from the shore line a few kilometres and comes back to the shore, twice a day, and you can actually walk on the sea floor when the water recedes. This unique phenomenon is seen at(2017-I)
(a) Bhavnagar
(b) Bheemunipatnam
(c) Chandipur
(d) Nagapattinam
 

Solutions

1. (c) The alpine vegetation in eastern himalayas is found upto 4000 meters because in eastern himalayas the monsoon rainfall is higher than western Himalayas.
2. (d) The given map indicates the coastal region underwater relief contours of India. In this region some islands like Andaman, Nicobar and Lakshyadeep are present.
– Qman basin
– Arabian basin
– Chapo Ridge
3. (d) In the given map the marked places indicates :-
‘1’ indicates Ukai in Gujarat
‘2’ indicates of Dondapadu in A. P.
‘3’ indicates Korba of Chhattisgarh
4. (a) The quotation referred to Sundarban of West Bengal. Sundarban is famous for mangrove forest and tiger population. It is present at the delta region of Ganga. Sundarban is world’s largest delta.
5. (a) The palaeomagnetic results indicates that, the Indian land mass has moved to the north breaking from Africa.
6. (d) From the given figure
‘1’ indicates Calcutta port which is a tidal port, situated at river Hoogly.
‘2’ indicates Paradeep port of Orissa.
‘3’ indicates Kochi of Kerala
‘4’ indicates Kandla port of Gujarat is tidal port.
Paradeep, Kochi and Kandla are natural ports on the sea coast.
7. (d) Geologists believes that the Indian peninsula was a part of the Gondwanaland (continent) which drifted northwards and India, Africa and other parts separated from each other.
8. (c) Ajanta mountain range a short range, which spreads within Maharashtra.
–Aravali ranges covers Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi
–Satpura ranges are found in Gujrat and Madhya Pradesh.
–Sahyadris ranges starts from Gujrat, Maharastra border and crossing Goa, Karnataka it reaches Kerala tip upto Cape Comrin.
–Ajanta is found in the Aurangabad district of Maharastra.
9. (b) National Highway from Amritsar to Calcutta via Delhi is called National highway No. 2. It was called Grand Trunk road and was constructed by Sher Shah.
10. (b) According to the physiography map of India the mountains ranges found in Jammu and Kashmir is Karakoram which is marked as ‘1’ in figure. Ladakh range which is marked as ‘2’, Zanskar range which is marked as ‘3’, and Pir Panjal which is marked as ‘4’.
11. (b) Due to intensive low pressure belt developed in the north-western plains, the south-west monsoon enters the Indian subcontinent. It blows from Bay of Bengal and the Arabian sea.
12. (c) The state which produce maximum amount of metal ores are :
Ores State
A. Manganese1. Madhya Pradesh
B. Nickel2. Orissa
C. Lead-Zinc3. Rajasthan
D. Asbestos4. Andhra Pradesh
13. (a) Ranking of States and Union territories by density in 1991 :
Sikkim57
Nagaland73
Meghalaya79
Manipur82
14. (a) Idukki is a hydro-electric project of Kerala. So, the ‘1’ option is not correct.
15. (d) Denotified tribe in India refers to the tribes who where originally listed under the originally trible act of 1871. They are also known as Vimukta Jati.
16. (a) River Cauvery has formed three big islands on her journey from Talacauvery to join the Bay of Bengal Sea. The islands are Srirangapattnam, Shivasamudram in Karnataka and Srirangam in Tamil Nadu. All the three islands are pilgrimage centers with temples dedicated to Lord Ranganatha.
17. (a) The New Jerusalem Church was bult by Royal Danish missionary Bartholomaus Ziegenbalg in a coastal town of Tharangambadi, Tamil Nadu in 1718.
18. (a) Kishenganga river is called Neelam river in Jammu & Kashmir. Ganga river originates from Gangotri glacier in Uttarakhand.
Wainganga originates about 12 km from Mundara village of Seoni district in southern slopes of Satpura range of Madhya Pradesh.
Penganga is river found in Yavatmal District of Maharashtra.
19. (c) Madras is warmer than Calcutta. Madras lies 13°08’17” N latitude which is much near to equator than Calcutta, which is 22°56’67” N.
Show fall occurs in Himalayas due to its higher attitude.
Rainfall decreases from West Bengal to Punjab due to distrance from sea West Bengal is near to sea than Punjab. Sutluj-Ganga plain gets some rain in winter due to western distrubance.
20. (b) Major Geological Eras
Peninsularand Periods
A. Deccan Traps–Cretaceous era
B. Western Ghats–Late cenozoic era
C. Aravalli–Pre-cambrian era
D. Narmada-Tapti–Pleistocene period
alluvial deposits
21. (d) The January isotherm taken as a basis for dividing India into tropical and subtropical zones is 15°C.
22. (b) Coal is found in Karanpura of Jharkhand. Gold is found in mines of Hutti in Karnataka. Mica is found in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. Manganese is found in Bhandara of Maharashtra.
23. (c) The Alamatti dam is build on the river Krishna in Karnataka. It is a multi-purpose project. The water is used in canal irrigation and hydroelectric production.
24. (c) According to the given map the area marked ‘A’ is Mathura area of Uttar Pradesh, where Brajbhasha is spoken. ‘B’ is marked by Faizabad of U. P. , and the language spoken is ‘Awadhi’. ‘C’ area is ‘Arah’ area of Bihar where ‘Bhojpuri’ is spoken. ‘D’ refers to north Bihar where ‘Maithili’ is predominantly spoken.
25. (c) The canal carrying capacity of Farakka barrage is 40,000 cusec. Farakka barrage is a 2245 metre long barrage across the river Ganga.
26. (d) Sundari tree is found in Sundarban area of West Bengal. Sundarban is a largest wetland area in the world. Sundarban got its name itself due to abundance of ‘Sundari’ tree in this area.
27. (c) The place marked in the given map are:
MarkedRegionPlace where found
Option
‘A’Rift valley regionNarmada and Tapti
‘B’Chhattisgarh plainMahandi river
‘C’Chhota Nagpur Jharkhand
plateau
‘D’Rain shadow areaEastern part of
western ghat
28. (d) In the 1981 Census, the sex ratio in India was 934. By 1991 it had declined to 927 per 1000 men. In 2001 Census it rose to 933. This shows that it keeps on fluctuating depending upon various factors.
29. (d) The tribal population of Andaman and Nicobar belong to Negroid race. A small population of Shompen and Nicobars are Mongoloid descent.
30. (c) Gandak, Ganga, Gomati and Ghaghara.
31. (a) Damodar is a east flowing river with rift valley due to down warping. Down warp denotes a segment of the earth’s crust that is broadly bent downward.
32. (c) Sal forest of Madhya Pradesh indicates ‘3’ in the given India map. In 1997 Sal forest were badly affected by the insects which cause destruction of Sal forest by turning the trees dry.
33. (c)
34. (b) MineralsMining area
Graphite→Bellary
Lead→Zawar
Salt→Didwana
Siler→Rampa
35. (a) The Oak Tasar silk is produced in Assam, which is used in Sericulture. The Oak flora was discovered in 1966 in Assam.
36. (b) PlacesIndustriesState
A. JamnagarWoollen textilesGujarat
B. HospetIron and Steel
Industry
C. KorbaAluminium Chhattisgarh
Industry
D. HaldiaFertilizersAssam
37. (d) A libag –Holiday Resort
Balapur –Fishing Centre
Nhave Sheva –Port
Ratnagiri –Petrochemical complex
38. (a) Arrangement of descending order of the surface roads per 100 sq. km of their area.
Tamil Nadu has 158. 78 km, Punjab has 127. 78 km, Maharashtra has 117. 61 km, Haryana has 63. 70 km.
39. (b)
40. (c) Some people in Manipur live in house built on floating Islands of weeds and decaying vegetation held together by suspended silt. These islands are called “Phoomdis”.
41. (d) Uttar Pradesh is the state where 9,384,000 hectare are covered by ground water irrigation.
Maharashtra covers 1,912,000 hectare, West Bengal covers 1,397,000 hectares, Assam covers hectare for ground water irrigation.
42. (b) According to Census of India 2001, schedule tribe population in Mizoram is 94. 75%, Arunachal Pradesh has 63. 66% as schedule tribe, Manipur with 34. 4% and Orissa with 22. 21% of tribal population.
43. (a) Konkan Railway route connects Roha in Maharashtra with Mangalore in Karnataka. Konkan Railway established with partnership of three states Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka. The state of Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Kerala benefit most from Konkan railway.
44. (d)
45. (b)
46. (c) Assertion is correct, but the reason is wrong.
In India, the sex ratio of female is lower than male, because female foeticide is common across India.
47. (b) For proper ecological balance 33% of forest land is recommended, but in India we have only 20. 14% of forest coverage.
48. (d) In the given map, copper deposits discovered by Atomic Minerals Division of Department Atomic energy, is at Hasson in Karnataka and is marked as ‘4’.
49. (c) In the given map the site of Tehri Dam is “C” which lies in Uttaranchal. It is an earth and rock-fill dam on the Bhagirathi rivers in Tehri district.
50. (b) Koodankulam is the site for 1000 mw nuclear power plants under construction in Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu. In the given figure Koodankulam plant is labelled as ‘B’.
51. (c) Gulf of Kutch in 1980, 270 km from Obha to Sadiya.
52. (d) Lambada tribes are found in Rajasthan and not in Madhya Pradesh.
53. (c) In the given figure ‘A’ is Baramula, ‘B’ is Srinagar, ‘C’ is Anantnag and ‘D’ is Kargil.
54. (b)
55. (a) The Ravva offshore block is in Krishna–Godavari basin of Andhra Pradesh. It is the area of a great reserve of petroleum and natural gas.
56. (a) Indira Gandhi Canal originated from Harike barrage at Sultanpur on Sutlej but Ghaggar is a tributary of river Saraswati, which ends in the Thar desert.
57. (b) In the given map ‘A’ marked ports is Veraval of Gujarat, ‘B’ marked port is Karwar of Karnataka, ‘C’ marked port is Tuticorin of Tamil Nadu and ‘D’ marked port is Kakinada of Andhra Pradesh.
58. (d) Korba tribe in found in chhotanagpur of Chhattisgarh and Jarkhand, whereas Kodagu in a district in Karnataka.
59. (a) Siltation is the process of deposition of silt on the river bed through rain water, by which the depth of the river reduces. The flood water crosses the river embankment, by which flood occurs in most part of north India.
60. (d) According to 1991 census data, Bihar had the lowest rate of literacy at 47. 53%.
61. (b) The Ganga plain is most important plain of India. The gangetic plain covers more than a fourth of the country’s total surface. The alluvial fertile soil is very suitable for cultivation of different cereals, pulses and nuts. So bulk of the population resides in this plain area.
62. (a) A – Mahe
B – Karaikal
C – Podicherry
D – Yanam
63. (d) In the given figure of India, Mica is found in all the states of India like Jharkhand, Orissa, Bihar, Rajasthan, Bombay, Karnataka, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh.
64. (c) In the given map, the shaded area indicates the tropical wet and dry region, where the mean temperature for the month of July varies between 27. 5ºC – 30ºC.
65. (b) Mekong – Ganga Cooperation (MGC) was established on November 10, 2000 at Vientiane in the First MGC Ministerial Meeting. It comprises six Member countries namely, India, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. They emphasised four areas of cooperation, which are tourism, culture, education, and transportation linkage in order to be solid foundation for future trade and investment cooperation in the region.
66. (a) Both assertion and reasons are true and reason is correct explanation of assertion. In north India, a feeble high-pressure region develops, with light winds moving outwards from this area. Influenced by the relief, these winds blow through the Ganga valley from west and north west, which forms an anticyclonic condition in northern part of India.
67. (a) According to the data of 2000, the power generation is 95000 MW. Nuclear plants contribute 2% of total power generation. Hydroelectricity plants contribute 25% of total production and 73% is contributed by thermal power plants.
68. (a) The Aravallis range are the oldest mountain in India. The approximate age of the Aravallis is 670 million years.
69. (a) The correct sequence of eastward flowing river of the peninsular India from north to south is Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Pennar, Cauvery and Vagai.
70. (c)
71. (d) Indian railway is the fourth largest railway in the world after USA, Russia and China. National Highways is nearly 2% (1. 96%) of total roads, but it carries nearly 40 – 45% of road traffic of India.
Maharashtra has the highest density of the surface roads, not Kerala, National Highway No. 7 is the longest in the country which joins Varanasi to Kanyakumari.
72. (b) The climatic condition of Chennai is tropical savanna type where the average annual temperature of meterological station is 26ºC and average rainfall is 63 cm and annual range temperature is 9ºC.
73. (c) The sea coast of Orissa is famous as a nesting place for giant olive Ridley turtles from South America.
74. (b) As per data of 2010–11. The source of irrigation in India is
Tube wells – 45%
Canals – 26%
Wells – 19%
Others – 7%
75. (d) Open stunted forests with bushes and small trees having long roots and sharp thorns or spines are commonly found in the area where the rainfall is less than 80 cm. Such areas are found in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana and western Andhra Pradesh.
76. (d) Achra Ratnagiri Mangrove is in Maharashtra, Coondapur Mangrove is in Karnataka, Pichavaram Mangrove is in Tamil Nadu and Vembanad Mangrove is in Kerala.
77. (b) The correct sequence of the river in descending order of their lengths are Godavari (1465 km) , Narmada (1312 km) , Mahanadi (858 km) and Tapti (724 km) .
78. (d) As per the census 2001, West Bengal has the highest population density of 904, Kerala has 819, Madhya Pradesh has 196 and Uttar Pradesh has 689.
79. (b) Nanda Devi peak are a part of Kumaon Himalayas located in Chamoli district of Uttaranchal.
80. (a) Bangalore is the city which is 937 metres above sea level, Delhi is 218 metres sea level, Jodhpur is 230 metres and Nagpur is 247. 5 metres above the sea level.
81. (c) The longitude of Jabalpur’s location is to the east of Bhopal, Bangalore is north of Channai.
82. (d) The area of Andhra Pradesh is 160,205 sq km, area of Gujarat is 196,024 sq km, the area of Karnataka is 191, 791 sq km and Tamil Nadu is 130, 058 sq km.
83. (b) The Tropic of Cancer located at 23. 5° north. Location of Kolkata is 22°33′ N. So, Kolkata is nearer to Tropic of Cancer. Delhi is 28. 38°N.
84. (a) Onge is the major tribes of the union territory of Andaman and Nicobar. They were fully dependent on hunting and gathering. They belong to the Negrito race.
85. (a) Statement ‘1’ is correct, because National Thermal Power Corporation has diversified into the hydro projects. Presently it has undertaken Koldem project in Himachal Pradesh.
86. (a) Damodar Valley Corporation’s (DVC) is first multi-purpose river valley project of independent India was in the year 1954. The joint venture projects are Maithon Power Limited, Panchat and Tilayiya are hydroelectric power station. The DVC has under its operation four coal based thermal power stations, three hydel power stations and one gas turbine station so both the statement are correct.
87. (b) Gujarat has longest coast line (1214. 7 km) followed by Andhra Pradesh (973. 7 km) ; Gujrat, with 10 airports, tops the list of states with the most number of operational airports.
88. (c) MineralsLocation
A. Coal1. Giridih
B. Copper3. Alwar
C. Manganese4. Dharwar
D. Lignite2. Jayamkondam
89. (c) Length of Agra-Mumbai NH – 1161 km
Length of Chennai-Thane NH – 1235 km
Length of Kolkata-Hajira NH – 1946 km
Length of Pune-Machilipatnam NH – 841 km.
90. (c)
91. (b) Sambhar is India’s largest salt lake which is located 96 km south west of city of Jaipur.
92. (b) National Park/ Sanctuary
A. Kanger Ghati National Park-Chhattisgarh
B. Nagerhole National Park-Karnataka
C. Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary-Himachal Pradesh
D. Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary-Haryana
93. (a)
94. (d) Bangalore receives lesser rainfall than Mangalore. Mangalore is located in windward slope and receives 2000 mm of rainfall, whereas Bangalore present in rain shadow area receives less than 500 mm of water.
95. (a) West flowing rivers Narmada and Tapti do not form delta, because topography of western peninsular India is rocky without loose sediments and no alluvial sediments carried by the rivers.
96. (a) All the statements are correct according to Atomic developments in India.
97. (b) Beach in IndiaStates
A. Gopinath Beach:Gujarat
B. Lawsons Bay Beach: Andhra Pradesh
C. Devbagh Beach:Karnataka
D. Sinquerim Beach: Goa
98. (d) Similipal biosphere reserve is in Orissa. Dehong Deband biosphere reserve is in Arunachal Pradesh, Nokrek biosphere reserve is in Meghalaya and Kanchenjunga biosphere reserve is situated in Sikkim.
99. (c) Haryana has 6. 83% of area is forest cover area of the total land coverage, whereas Sikkim has 36%, 38. 5% in Goa and 28. 9% of Kerala has forest area of their total land mass.
100. (b) Out of the total forest cover, dense forest constitute around 2. 54%; very dense forest and 8. 77% are moderately dense forest. National Forestry Action Programme aims a long term plan to achieve the target of 33% forest cover.
101. (c) Area of Chhattisgarh is 1,36,03489 km and Area of West Bengal is 88,572 sq km but the population density in Chhattigarh is 154, whereas the population density in West Bengal is 904.
102. (d) Atomic Power Plant State
A. ThalMaharashtra
B. ManuguruAndhra Pradesh
C. KakraparGujarat
D. KaigaKarnataka
103. (b) Bulk of the tribal population is found in 5 states, i. e. , Madhaya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Gujarat and Bihar.
104. (c) Family Planning programme was started in 1952 by Government of India. Kerala is the first state in India to achieve replacement level of fertility.
105. (d) Pondicherry, a Union Territory, has the sex ratio of 1001. Chandigarh has 777, Delhi has 861, Daman and Diu has 710, Dadra and Nagar Haveli has 812.
106. (b) According to 2001 census, Maharashtra had the maximum population in India after Uttar Pradesh. The total population in Maharashtra is 193,977,000.
107. (a) Western Ghats are are relationship higher in the Southern region.
108. (a) Gandhi Sagar Dam is situated on the river Chambal in 1960, near Bhanpura of Madhya Pradesh.
109. (c) The correct sequence of the given hills starting from north and going towards to south is Nallamalai Hills, Javadi Hills, Nilgiri Hills, Anamalai Hills
110. (b) Nallamalai is not a biosphere reserve. It is hill of Eastern ghats which stretches over Kurnool, Mahabubnagar, Guntur and Kadapa districts of the state of Andhra Pradesh.
111. (c) The correct sequence of the given Indian cities in the decreasing order of their normal annual rainfall is Kochi (3228. 3 mm) – Kolkata (1,582 mm) – Patna (1000 –1237 mm) – Delhi (707 mm) .
112. (b) Uttar Pradesh is bounded by Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan in west; Madhya Pradesh in the south and Bihar in the east. The northern boundary is with Nepal.
113. (b) Power StationState
A. Kothagudem:Andhra Pradesh
B. Raichur:Karnataka
C. Mettur:Tamil Nadu
D. Wanakbori:Gujarat
114. (c) Silent Valley National Park is situated in Nilgiri Hills of Western Ghats. The park is bound by Attappadi reserved forest to the east and vested forest of Palaghat division and Nilamber division to the south-west respectively.
115. (b) National Park/ Wildlife Sanctuary
Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary- Goa
Kangerghat National Park- Chhattisgarh
Orang Sanctuary- Assam
Ushkothi Wildlife Sanctuary- Orissa.
116. (d) All the monuments / sites are included in World Heritage list of UNESCO. Sun Temple of Orissa, group of monuments at Mahabalipuram were included in 1985. Champaner – Pavagadh Archeological Park of Gujrat and Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus of Maharastra are included in year 2004 in UNESCO list.
117. (b)
118. (d) Maharashtra is ranked 2nd after Uttar Pradesh among 28 Indian states. So, option ‘3’ is correct. But option ‘1’ and ‘2’ are incorrect, because Goa is the smallest state based on area (i. e. , 3702 sq km) , not the Sikkim. Highest literacy rate is of Union territory is Lakshadweep i. e. 86. 7%.
119. (a)
120. (c)
121. (b) By virtue of section 110 of the Electricity Act 2003, an Appellate Tribunal for Electricity having jurisdiction throughout India has been set up to hear appeals or original petitions against the order of the Adjudicating officer. But in states like Delhi and Orissa electricity has been privatized. So, the statement ‘1’ is wrong. It is not present in Jammu and Kashmir.
122. (d)
123. (c) Cauvery is a river of southern India, rises on Brahmagiri Hill in Western Ghats in Coorg district of Karnataka.
124. (c)
125. (b) The correct sequence of the rivers in India from north towards south is Shyok – Zaskar – Spiti – Satluj.
Shyok flows through northern Ladakh in India.
Zaskar river flows in north-eastern part of Ladakh.
Spiti river is situated at Kaza in Himachal Pradesh at an elevation of 12500 feet.
Satluj river rise from slopes of Kailash and flows in south-westerly direction to Himachal Pradesh & Punjab.
126. (b) Payali and Behradein in Raipur, Chhattisgarh has large reserves of diamond bearing kimberlite. It has 28% of the total diamond reserve of India.
127. (c) Vizag Steel Plant was declared as a Mini Ratna company on 11th Feb 2006. Merger of IISCO with SAIL has been completed on 29th September 2004.
128. (b) The Stilwell Road built in 1940s by Americans to connect Ledo in India and Kunming in China via Myanmar during Second World War.
129. (d) Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is known as top slip. It is a part of Western Ghats is located above 300 metres from the sea level on the Anamalai mountain ranges.
130. (d) Shevaroy hill is situated near Salem of Tamil Nadu. This hill range covers an area of fifty square kilometers.
131. (d) River Kalinadi is a west flowing river in the southern part of India. So, the assertion is wrong.
Deccan Plateau has elevation ranging from 1,500 to 2,500 ft and gently slopes towards the Bay of Bengal in the east. So, the reason is correct.
132. (c) National Highways passes through Gujarat, Maharashtra, Chhatisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand and West Bengal. This road is 1,949 km long.
133. (d) Balaghat of Madhya Pradesh is known for its manganese mines. Majhgawan is famous for diamond.
134. (c) The Narmada river originates from a tank 1057 m high west of Amarkantak plateau in Madhya Pradesh. River Damodar originates from Chhota Nagpur plateau, Mahanadi originates from Bastar plateau and Tapti originates from Satpura hills.
135. (c) Lucknow is the city most east in the list.
136. (c) Both Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka shares boundaries with maximum number of Indian states.
137. (b)
138. (d) Indravati National Park is located in the Bastar region. The park is situated at the distance of 97. 4 km Bastar.
139. (a) Guru Shikhar Peak is the highest point in Rajasthan. The altitude of peak 5676 feet (1722 mt) .
140. (b)
141. (b) Red Panda is found in mountains of Nepal, north-eastern India, China, Bhutan and Slow Loris lives in dense forest of north-east, dense forest of Assam.
Red Panda is found in Eastern Himalayas, China, Bhuan and slow loris in the dense forest of north-east Assam.
142. (c) Population density of Arunachal Pradesh is 13, Himachal Pradesh is 109, Meghalaya is 103, and Sikkim is 76.
143. (c) As per India’s National Population Policy – 2000, by 2045 India will achieve population stability which means that the size of population will not go up.
144. (c) The correct answer is (c)
145. (a) On the basis of 2001 census, 9. 8% of population Himachal Pradesh, 10. 5% of population of Bihar, 15% of population of Orissa & 20. 8 % of population of Uttar Pradesh live in rural areas.
146. (d) Population of Sikkim is 54,0851. Population of Chandigarh is 901,000, Population of Pondicherry is 974000 and population of Mizoram is 889,000.
147. (b) Mahogany is a species of tree found throughout the Caribbean, central and south America but not in Himalayas.
148. (b)
149. (b) Omkareshwar Project is associated with Narmada river.
150. (c) 9 states of India have a coastline. Gujrat, Maharastra, Karnataka, Kerla, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal.
151. (c) Nilgiri hills are at the junction of the eastern and western ghats of the Sahayadri hills. The heights of the hills range varies between 2,280 and 2,290 metres.
152. (d) Tributaries of Brahmaputra in India the Manas, Pagladiya, Puthimari, Dhanisri, Jia Bhariti and Subansiri.
Manas is a tributary of Brahmaputra Chambal is the chief tributary of Yammuna and sone is a tributary of Ganga.
153. (c) Salt water crocodile was common and found throughout the Andaman and Nicobar Islands living in the mangrove habitats. Shrew and Tapir are found in western ghats of the Malabar region.
154. (a) Namchik-Namphuk coalfields are located in Arunachal Pradesh.
155. (d) The minerals deposits in Chhatisgarh is Bauxite (96 million ton) , Dolomite (606 million ton) and iron ore (2336 million ton) . Tin is not found in Chhatisgarh.
156. (b) The Tehri Hydropower complex is located on the Bhagirathi river of Uttar Pradesh.
157. (b) Shivasamudram falls is located on river Cauvery. Jog waterfall is the highest waterfall in India of 253 metres on Sharavathi river.
158. (d) Damanganga water project is in Gujarat. Girna irrigation project is in Jalgaon area of Maharashtra. Pamba river is located in Kerala.
159. (c) Tapovan and Vishnugarh hydroelectric project are located in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.
160. (d) According to the Census of 2001 of India, the population of Ludhiana is 1,398,467, Surat is 2,433,835 and Nagpur is 2,052,066.
161. (a) Andaman and Nicobar has 9 national parks; Assam has 6, Arunachal Pradesh and Maghalaya both have 2 each.
162. (b) Eastern Himalayas and Eastern Mediterranean region are Biodiversity hotspots.
South west part of Australia has hotspots.
163. (d) Rajasthan has the largest inland saline wetland, area of Sambhan Salt lake.
164. (b) Dahej is a not a major port of India.
165. (b) The Shompen tribe is one of two Mongloid tribes found in Nicobar Island.
166. (b) The Dul Hasti Power Station is on the Chenab river in Jammu and Kashmir.
167. (a) In India, the south-west monsoon causes high rainfall in east Himalayan region.
168. (d) Infant mortality rate indicates the number of infant death under one years of age per 1000 live birth under one year of age.
169. (d) The rate of population density increase in India is as follows: Density 1951 – 117 per sq km, 2001 – 324 per sq km; Annual growth rate in population density : 1951 – 1. 25%, 2001 – 1. 93%
170. (d) Sutlej originates from the central Sulaiman range in Pakistan.
171. (a) Amarkantak is the origin of River Narmada and Sone.
172. (d) India has 12% of thorium deposits of the world.
173. (d) Three east flowing rivers found in Kerala is Kavari, Tapti, Narmada and Mahi rivers flows westward, and also flows through Madhya Pradesh.
East flowing rivers of Kerala are Kabani, Bhavani and Pambar. The west flowing rivers in M. P. are Narmada, Tapti, Mahi.
174. (c) The fix boundary of a National Park is described in the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. The legislation states the actual area of the National Park which is notified by the state government. A biosphere reserve conserves an ecosystem and not just few specific species of plants and animals.
175. (c)
176. (b)
177. (b) Hoolak found in North eastern reigon of India. It covers 38% of the forest area. Hoolak Gibbon is found in North Eastern region of India.
178. (c) In India tropical moist deciduous forest occupies the largest area. It includes Deccan plateau, the north eastern region of Deccan plateau and the lower slopes of Himalayas and covers the part of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka and Kerala.
In India, tropical moist deciduous forest covers 38% of the total forest area. It covers the region of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand, Karnataka and Kerala.
179. (d) Luni river originates from Aravalli range and flows in south west direction through the hills and finally ends up in the marshy land of Rann of Kutch.
180. (d) Rivers like Beas, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Yamuna passes through Himachal Pradesh.
181. (c) Red soil in India is largely found in Deccan plateau. Red soil is less clayey and sandier in nature and has a rich content of iron and small amount of humus. Red soil is also known as yellow soil. The redness is the soil is due to Jerric oxide, is 2nd largest soil found in India from south of Bundelkhand to North of Raj mahal hill.
182. (b) More than 90% of India’s coal reserves are found in Gondwana rock system.
183. (b) Kolleru lake is one of the largest shallow fresh water lakes in Asia, is located between Krishna delta and the Godavari in Andhra Pradesh.
184. (d) All the statements given in the question are correct.
185. (a) The latitude that passes through Sikkim also pass through Rajasthan.
186. (d) The approximate representation of land use is classified as net area sown 46%, forests 23%, other areas 30%.
187. (b) Opening a new canal in Kra Isthums can reduce the navigation time and distance. The first statement in this question requires an explanation. Its worth note that the Malacca strait is the main shipping channel between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean and links the India, China, Japan and South Korea. The issue of deepening of the Malacca strait is “linked” to its economic importance rather than “time of navigation and distance”. The issue is that most of the ships can not pass through it and the size of the biggest ships which can enter through it is called Malaccamax. Now the deepening of the strait would certainly help in “Increasing the volume of the business” because ships of larger sizes can pass through it, there is no significance of distance and navigation.
188. (c) The low and deltaic plains of the Ganges is characterised by swamps and Sundarbans. So, the people out there grow Paddy and Jute.
189. (a) The Ten Degree Channel is a channel that separates the Andaman Islands from the Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal.
190. (b) Brahamputra originates near Mt. Kailash and is known to take a U turn near Mount Namcha Barwa. This U turn is also known as Great Bend. The U Turn is because of the 180° bend of the Himalayan structural trends.
191. (b)
192. (a) Arunanchal Pradesh
193. (a) The countries total geographical area under the category of wetlands is more in Gujarat as compared to other states. India has 60% of in land wetland out of total wetland.
194. (d) All are correct.
195. (c) Both statements are correct.
196. (d) Through Corbett National Park Ramganga flows(not Ganga) which is a tributary of Ganges. Through Silent Valley National Park river Bhavani flows which is a tributary of Kaveri.
Kaziranga and Manas are both national parks.
197. (a)
198. (a) Indian coal has high ash content and low calorific value. It has low sulphur and low phosphorous content but high ash fusion temperature.
199. (c) Laterite soil is rusty red in colour due to iron oxide present in it. In the lateritic soil cashews and tapiocas can be grown.
200. (b) Dharwar rocks are non fossilliferous rather they are metalliferous. They bear out gold, iron ore, manganese mica, cobalt, chromium, copper, tungsten, lead, nickel, precious stones and budding stones. Kodarma is a store house of mica and Gondwana beds has coal and not natural gass.
201. (b) Chanderi in Madhyapradesh and Kancheepuram in Tamil Nadu are famous for Silk sarees.
202. (d) NH 4 is a major National Highway in Western and Southern India. It connects Mumbai with Chennai. NH 6, runs through Gujarat, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand and West Bengal state in India. It connects Surat with Kolkata. NH 15 is a major National Highway in Western and Northwestern India. NH 15 connects Samakhiali in Gujarat with Pathankot in Punjab.
203. (c) Monsoon is the only climate which is having reversal of wind between seasons.
204. (b) Rivers Lohit and Subansiri flow through Arunachal Pradesh. River Barak flows in south Assam and Manipur.
River lohit and subanseri flows through Arunachal Pradesh. Barak river flows in sourth Assam and Manipur.
205. (a) Harike Wetlands is at Confluence of Beas and Satluj/Sutlej. The Keoladeo National Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur is at the confluence of two rivers, the Gambhir and Banganga. Kolleru Lake is one of the largest freshwater lakes in India located in state of Andhra Pradesh. Kolleru is located between Krishna and Godavari delta.
206. (c) The Cardamom Hills are southern hills of India and part of the southern Western Ghats located in southeast Kerala and southwest Tamil Nadu. They are not in coromandel coast. Kaimur Range is the eastern portion of the Vindhya Range extending from Madhya Pradesh to Bihar. They are not in konkan coast. The Mahadeo Hills are in Madhya Pradesh, state of central India. Mikir hills are in assam i. e. in North East India.
207. (a) Oak and Rhododendron is found in Himalayan region while sandalwood is found in South India.
208. (b) The Changpa are a semi-nomadic Tibetan ethnic group found mainly in Zanskar region of Jammu and Kashmir. They rear the Pashmina goats that yield a fine wool. They are kept inthe category of Scheduled Tribes.
209. (a) In the present-day Meghalaya state of northeast India is a form of tree shaping, which creates these suspension bridges, they are handmade from the aerial roots of living banyan fig trees.
210. (c) Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests are found in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, West Bengal and Andaman and Nicobar Island and on the eastern and western slopes of the Western Ghats in such states as Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Maharashtra.
211. (d) Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat are the easternmost and westernmost States.
212. (d) Major tributaries of the river include the Purna (South) , Pravara, Indravati, Manjira River, Bindusara River, Sabari River, Wainganga, and Wardha River. Pranahita is the name given to the combined flow of the rivers Wardha and Wainganga.
213. (d) Andaman and Nicobar Islands is rich in biodiversity. Different types of forests as Tropical Evergreen forests, Moist Deciduous forests, Mangrove forests, Littoral forests are found here.
214. (c) Banaras Brocades and Sarees (Logo) has been accorded ‘Geographical Indication’ status. Rajasthani Daal-Bati-Churma is not in the list of Geographical Indications in Indus – Therefore option ‘C’ is correct.
215. (d) Research is under process for presence of shale gas in Cambay basin at Mehsana, Ahmedabad and Bharuch districts of Gujarat, Cauvery basin at Nagapattinam in Tamil Nadu and in KG Basin at East and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh.
Ref: As per Economic Survey 2013, page 196
216. (c) Odisha state Government’s tourism webpage says verbatim that
Chandipur beach has a unique distinction on its own. Unlike other beaches, the sea water here recedes away from the shore line about five km twice a day, an unusual phenomenon, rarely found anywhere.
Therefore answer is “C”. Yes, some candidates have been circulating youtube clips of Bhavnagar beach with similar phenomenon, but when it comes to UPSC Answerkey, Government site wins over YouTube or Personal travel diary blogs.
 

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