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Chapter 06. World Political Geography (UPSC IAS CSE Civil Services CSAT Prelims Paper-1 Topicwise Previous Year Papers)

Chapter 06. World Political Geography (UPSC IAS CSE Civil Services CSAT Prelims Paper-1 Topicwise Previous Year Papers)

1. Given below is a map of some countries which were parts of the erstwhile Soviet Union, with water bodies shown by shaded areas:(1995)

img_ext_export_Pqhans45dP_660.png
The countries marked 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are respectively:
(a) Tajikistan, Turkmenia, Uzbekistan, Kirgizia, Kazakhstan
(b) Turkmenia, Kirgizia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan
(c) Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kirgizia, Turkmenia
(d) Kazakhstan, Turkmenia, Uzbekistan, Kirgizia, Tajikistan
2. The standard time of the following countries is ahead of or behind Greenwich Mean Time depending on whether they are East or West of the longitude passing through Greenwich. (1995)
1. Cuba
2. Greece
3. Iraq
4. Costa Rica
5. Japan
Which one of the following sequential orders gives the correct arrangement of the countries according to their standard time from ahead to behind GMT ?
(a) 5, 3, 2, 1, 4
(b) 2, 4, 1, 3, 5
(c) 4, 1, 3, 2, 5
(d) 3, 5, 4, 1, 2
3. The original home of the gypsies was :(1995)
(a) Egypt
(b) Russia
(c) India
(d) Persia
4. Consider the map given below indicating four places frequently figuring in the news:(1995)

img_ext_export_Pqhans45dP_665.png
Which one of them is Chechenya? Choose the correct answer:
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4
5. Arakan Yoma is the extension of the Himalayas located in :(1995)
(a) Baluchistan
(b) Myanmar
(c) Nepal
(d) Kashmir
6. Consider the map given below :(1996)

img_ext_export_Pqhans45dP_670.png
The dotted (broken) line in the map is the :
(a) Durand line
(b) McMohan line
(c) Line of demarcation between India and Pakistan suggested by the Boundary Commission (1947)
(d) route followed by young husband’s expedition.
7. Which one of the following regions of India is now regarded as an ‘ecological hot spot’?(1996)
(a) Western Himalayas
(b) Eastern Himalayas
(c) Western Ghats
(d) Eastern Ghats
8. The rough outline map shows a portion of the Middle East. (1996)
The countries labelled A, B, C and D are respectively:

img_ext_export_Pqhans45dP_675.png
(a) Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Saudi Arabia
(b) Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Jordan
(c) Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Jordan
(d) Iraq, Syria, Jordan and Saudi Arabia
9. The Palk Bay lies between:(1996)
(a) Gulf of Kutch and Gulf of Khambhat
(b) Gulf of Mannar and Bay of Bengal
(c) Lakshadweep and Maldive Islands
(d) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
10. A rough outline map of northern Sri Lanka is shown below. Jaffna is located at the point marked: (1996)

img_ext_export_Pqhans45dP_680.png
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
11. About 50% of the world population is concentrated between the latitudes of :(1997)
(a) 5°N and 20° N
(b) 20°N and 40°N
(c) 40ºN and 60ºN
(d) 20ºS and 40ºS
12. “. . . . . They are people of yellow complexion, oblique eyes, high check bones, sparse hair and medium height. ” The reference here is to :(1997)
(a) Nordic Aryans
(b) Austrics
(c) Negroids
(d) Mongoloids
13. Consider the map given below: (1997)
The river shown on the map is :

img_ext_export_Pqhans45dP_685.png
(a) Irrawaddy
(b) Mekong
(c) Chao Phraya
(d) Salween
14. “From Aceh in the far north west to Torres Strait in the east is 5000 miles, almost as far as from London to Baghdad. The archipelago has 14,000 islands, some mere equatorial rocks, others some of the largest in the world. ” This description best fits:(1997)
(a) West Indies
(b) Japan
(c) Philippines
(d) Indonesia
15. Consider the geographical details given in the following figure:(1997)

img_ext_export_Pqhans45dP_690.png
The point marked by A in the above figure indicates the countries in :
(a) North America
(b) South America
(c) Europe
(d) Asia
16. Which one of the following countries is the largest producer of fuel wood in the world? (1997)
(a) Indonesia
(b) Russia
(c) India
(d) China
17. Which one of the following countries has replaced Italy as the major importer of bauxite from India?
(a) Canada
(b) Greece (1998)
(c) Ukraine
(d) United Arab Emirates
18. Indonesian forest fire in 1997 was caused by : (1998)
(a) greenhouse effect
(b) depletion of ozone layer
(c) El Nino effect
(d) None of these
19. When there is noon at I. S. T. meridian people at another place of the earth are taking their 6 O’ clock morning tea. The longitude of the place is :(1998)
(a) 17°30′ E
(b) 7°30′ W.
(c) 172°30′ E
(d) 90° W
20. Which one of the following port cities in Venezuela has been developed as an oil port?(1999)
(a) Caracas
(b) Maracaibo
(c) Maracay
(d) Carupano
21. Assertion (A) : Chile continues to be an important producer of copper in the world.
Reason (R) : Chile is endowed with the world’s largest deposit of porphyry copper. (1999)
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation, of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
22. Match the cities labelled as A, B, C and D in the given map with the names of cities and select the correct answer using the codes given below the names of cities:(1999)

img_ext_export_Pqhans45dP_695.png
Name of cities
1. Darwin
2. Kualalumpur
3. Lagos
4. Nairobi
5. Singapore
Codes:
(a) A-1; B-2; C-4; D-3
(b) A-2; B-1; C-4; D-3
(c) A-1; B-4; C-5; D-2
(d) A-4; B-3; C-5; D-2
23. A person of mixed European and Indian blood in Latin America is called a :(1999)
(a) Mulatto
(b) Mestizo
(c) Meiji
(d) Mau Mau
24. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:(1999)
List-I List-II
(Volcanic Mountain) (Country)
A Mt. Rainier1. Italy
B. Etna2. Mexico
C. Paricutin3. Philippines
D. Taal4. U. S. A.
Codes:
(a) A-4; B-2; C-1; D-3
(b) A-4; B-1; C-2; D-3
(c) A-2; B-1; C-4; D-3
(d) A-4; B-3; C-2; D-1
25. Consider the following provinces of former Yugoslavia:(2000)
1. Bosnia
2. Croatia
3. Slovenia
4. Yugoslavia
The correct sequence of these provinces from the east to west is :
(a) 4, 1, 3, 2
(b) 4, 1, 2, 3
(c) 1, 4, 3, 2
(d) 1, 4, 2, 3
26. Which one of the following lakes forms an international boundary between Tanzania and Uganda?(2000)
(a) Chad(b) Malawi
(c) Victoria
(d) Zambezi
27. A class of animals known as Marsupials is a characteristic feature of :(2001)
(a) Africa
(b) Australia
(c) South America
(d) South-east Asia
28.
img_ext_export_Pqhans45dP_700.png
The above map is the Union Territory of : (2001)
(a) Chandigarh
(b) Daman and Diu
(c) Dadra and Nagar Haveli
(d) Pondicherry
29. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: (2001)
List-I (Local Wind) List-II (Region)
A. Fohn1. Argentina
B. Sarmun 2. Kurdistan
C. Santa Ana3. California
D. Zonda4. Alps
Codes:
(a) A-2; B-4; C-1; D-3
(b) A-4; B-2; C-3; D-1
(c) A-2; B-4; C-3; D-1
(d) A-4; B-2; C-1; D-3
30. The given map shows four towns of Central Asian region marked as 1, 2, 3 and 4. Identify these from the following lists and select the correct answer using the codes given below:(2001)

img_ext_export_Pqhans45dP_705.png
Towns:
A. Bishkek
B. Ashikhabad
C. Tashkent
D. Dushanbe
Codes:
(a) A-3; B-1; C-2; D-4
(b) A-3; B-1; C-4; D-2
(c) A-1; B-3; C-2; D-4
(d) A-1; B-3; C-4; D-2
31. Consider the following statements regarding environment issues in India:(2001)
1. Gulf of Mannar is one of the biosphere reserves
2. The Ganga Action Plan, phase II has been merged with the National River Conservation Plan.
3. The National Museum of Natural History at New Delhi imparts non-formal education in environment and conservation
4. Environmental Information System (ENVIS) acts as a decentralized information network for environment information
Which of these statements are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 4
(b) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 3 and 4
32. Consider the following countries:(2002)
1. Brazil
2. Indonesia
3. Japan
4. Russia
What is the descending order of the size of the following countries population-wise ?
(a) 1, 2, 4, 3
(b) 2, 3, 1, 4
(c) 2, 1, 4, 3
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4
33. Consider the following countries of South Asia:
1. Bangladesh
2. India (2002)
3. Pakistan
4. Sri Lanka
The descending order of literacy status of these countries is:
(a) 4, 2, 1, 3
(b) 2, 4, 3, 1
(c) 4, 2, 3, 1
(d) 2, 4, 1, 3
34. Consider the following countries:(2002)
1. Albania
2. Bosnia Herzegovina
3. Croatia
4. Macedonia
Which of these countries has/have Adriatic Sea as a boundary?
(a) 1, 2 and 4
(b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
35. In the map given below, four islands of Indian Ocean region i. e. , (A) Seychelles (B) Chagos (C) Mauritius and (D) Socotra are marked as 1, 2, 3 and 4. Match them and select the correct answer from the codes given below:(2002)

img_ext_export_Pqhans45dP_710.png
Codes :
(a) A-1; B -3; C-4; D-2
(b) A-3; B-1; C-2; D-4
(c) A-1; B-3; C -2; D-4
(d) A-3; B- 1; C-4; D-2
36. The waterfall ‘Victoria’ is associated with the river:
(a) Amazon
(b) Missouri (2003)
(c) St. Lawrence
(d) Zambezi
37. Life expectancy is the highest in the world in :(2003)
(a) Canada
(b) Germany
(c) Japan
(d) Norway
38. Consider the following statements:(2003)
1. In Macedonia, ethnic Albanians are in a minority
2. In Kosovo, Serbians are in a majority
Which of these statements is/are correct?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
39. Israel has common borders with:(2003)
(a) Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt
(b) Lebanon, Syria, Turkey and Jordan
(c) Cyprus, Turkey, Jordan and Egypt
(d) Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Yemen
40. Which among the following countries has the largest population?(2003)
(a) Indonesia
(b) Japan
(c) Pakistan
(d) Sudan
41. Which one of the following countries is land locked?
(a) Bolivia
(b) Peru (2003)
(c) Surinam
(d) Uruguay
42. Which one of the following countries does not border the Caspian Sea?(2003)
(a) Armenia
(b) Azerbaijan
(c) Kazakhstan
(d) Turkmenistan
43. The great Asian river Mekong does not run through:
(a) China
(b) Malaysia (2004)
(c) Cambodia
(d) Laos
44. Latvia does not share its borders with which one of the following countries?(2004)
(a) Russia
(b) Estonia
(c) Lithuania
(d) Poland
45. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below:(2004)
List-I (Sea) List-II (Country)
A. Black Sea1. Bulgaria
B. Red Sea 2. China
C. Yellow Sea3. Eritrea
D. Caspian Sea4. Kazakhstan
Codes:
(a) A-1; B-4; C-2; D-3
(b) A-2; B-3; C-1; D-4
(c) A-1; B-3; C-2; D-4
(d) A-2; B-4; C-1; D-3
46. Which one of the following does not border Panama?
(a) Coast Rica
(b) Pacific Ocean (2004)
(c) Colombia
(d) Venezuela
47. Which one of the following countries does not border Lithuania?(2005)
(a) Poland
(b) Ukraine
(c) Belarus
(d) North Sea
48. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given towns of Pakistan while moving from the north towards the south?(2005)
(a) Islamabad–Gujranwala–Peshawar–Multan
(b) Peshawar–Gujranwala–Multan–Islamabad
(c) Peshawar–Islamabad–Gujranwala–Multan
(d) Islamabad–Multan–Peshawar–Gujranwala
49. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: (2005)
List-I (City) List-II (River)
A. Washington, D. C. 1. River Manzanares
B. Berlin2. River Seine
C. Paris3. River Spree
D. Madrid4. River Potomac
Codes :
(a) A-2; B-3; C-4; D-1
(b) A-4; B-1; C-2; D-3
(c) A-2; B-1; C-4; D-3
(d) A-4; B-3; C-2; D-1
50. Consider the following statements:(2005)
1. Great Britain comprises England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
2. England covers less than 60% of the total area of the United Kingdom. .
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
51. Itaipu Dam built on the river Parana is one of the largest dams in the world. Which of the following two countries have this as a joint project?(2005)
(a) Brazil and Peru
1
(b) Paraguay and Ecuador
(c) Brazil and Paraguay
(d) Colombia and Paraguay
52. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given continents in the decreasing order of their percentage of Earth’s land?(2005)
(a) North America–Africa–South America–Europe
(b) Africa–North America–South America–Europe
(c) North America–Africa–Europe–South America
(d) Africa–North America–Europe–South America
53. Bermuda Triangle extends up to which of the following places? . (2006)
1. Southern Florida
2. Puerto Rico
3. Hawaiian Islands
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1 and 3 only
54. Claims to the historical Macedonian territory have been a bone of contention between which of the following countries?(2006)
(a) Portugal and Spain
(b) Bulgaria and Greece
(c) Romania and Bulgaria
(d) Portugal and Greece
55. Huangpu River flows through which one of the following cities?(2006)
(a) Beijing
(b) Ho Chi Minh City
(c) Shanghai
(d) Manila
56. Which one of the following countries is the leading producer of uranium?(2006)
(a) United States of America
(b) Canada
(c) Germany
(d) Zambia
57. Consider the following statements:(2006)
1. Length of a terrestrial mile is lesser than that of a nautical mile.
2. Harmattan is a dusty land-wind of the East African Coast.
3. Greece and Albania form a part of the Iberian Peninsula.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1 only
58. Through which one of the following groups of countries does the Equator pass?(2006)
(a) Brazil, Zambia and Malaysia
(b) Colombia, Kenya and Indonesia
(c) Brazil, Sudan and Malaysia
(d) Venezuela, Ethiopia and Indonesia
59. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?(2006)
Well-known PlaceCountry
(a) BaikonourRussia
(b) KourouFrench Guiana
(c) BorobudurIndonesia
(d) CannesFrance
60. Other than India and China, which one of the following groups of countries border Myanmar?(2006)
(a) Bangladesh, Thailand and Vietnam
(b) Cambodia, Laos and Malaysia
(c) Thailand, Vietnam and Malaysia
(d) Thailand, Laos and Bangladesh
61. Where is Copacabana Beach located?(2007)
(a) Buenos Aires
(b) Hawaiian Islands
(c) Rio de Janeiro
(d) Valletta
62. Which one of the following cities does not have the same clock time as that of the other three cities at any given instant?(2007)
(a) London (UK)
(b) Lisbon (Portugal)
(c) Accra (Ghana)
(d) Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)
63. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:(2007)
List-I (City) List-II (River)
A. Bangkok1. Irrawaddy
B. Phnom-Penh 2. Mekong
C. Hanoi3. Menam (Chao Phraya)
D. Yangon4. Red River
Code:
(a) A-3; B-2; C-4; D-1
(b) A-4; B-1; C-3; D-2
(c) A-3; B-1; C-4; D-2
(d) A-4; B-2; C-3; D-1
64. Which one among the following rivers is the longest?
(a) Amazon
(b) Amur(2007)
(c) Congo
(d) Lena
65. Through which one of the following Straits, does a tunnel connect the United Kingdom and France?
(a) Davis Strait
(b) Denmark Strait (2007)
(c) Strait of Dover
(d) Strait of Gibraltar
66. The largest coral reef in the world is found near the coast of which one of the following countries?(2007)
(a) Australia
(b) Cuba
(c) Ghana
(d) Philippines
67. In which one of the following is Malta located?(2008)
(a) Baltic Sea
(b) Mediterranean Sea
(c) Black Sea
(d) North Sea
68. Which of the following cities is nearest to the equator?
(2008)
(a) Colombo
(b) Jakarta
(c) Manila
(d) Singapore
69. Which one of the following straits is nearest to the International Date Line?(2008)
(a) Malacca Strait
(b) Bering Strait
(c) Strait of Florida
(d) Strait of Gibraltar
70. Which of the following countries share borders with Moldova?(2008)
1. Ukraine
2. Romania
3. Belarus
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Code:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
71. Conisder the following statements:(2008)
1. Ajman is one of the seven emirates of the UAE.
2. Ras al-Khaimah was the last Sheikhdom to join the UAE.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
72. Which two countries follow China and India in the decreasing order of their population?(2008)
(a) Brazil and USA
(b) USA and Indonesia
(c) Canada and Malaysia
(d) Russia and Nigeria
73. Consider the following countries:(2009)
1. Australia
2. Namibia
3. Brazil
4. Chile
Through which of the above does the Tropic of Capricorn pass?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
74. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?(2009)
CityRiver
(a) Berlin:Rhine
(b) London:Thames
(c) New York:Hudson
(d) Vienna:Danube
75. Which one among the following South Asian countries has the highest population density? (2009)
(a) India
(b) Nepal
(c) Pakistan
(d) Sri Lanka
76. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:(2009)
List-I List-II
(Geographic feature) (Country)
A. Great Victoria Desert1. Australia
B. Grand Canyon2. Canada
C. Lake Winnipeg3. New Zealand
D. Southern Alps4. USA
Code:
(a) A-1; B-2; C-4; D-3
(b) A-1; B-4; C-2; D-3
(c) A-3; B-2; C-4; D-1
(d) A-3; B-4; C-2; D-1
77. Cape Canaveral, the site from which space shuttles are launched is located on the coast of : (2009)
(a) Florida
(b) Virginia
(c) North Carolina
(d) South Carolina
78. Which among the following has the world’s largest reserves of Uranium?(2009)
(a) Australia
(b) Canada
(c) Russian Federation
(d) USA
79. Which one of the following is the country’s administrative capital new federal administrative centre of Malaysia?(2009)
(a) Kota Bharu
(b) Kuala Terengganu
(c) Putrajaya
(d) Taiping
80. Which one of the following can come across if one travels through the Strait of Malacca?(2010)
(a) Bali
(b) Brunei
(c) Java
(d) Singapore
81. Turkey is located between(2014 – I)
(a) Black Sea and Caspian Sea
(b) Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea
(c) Gulf of Suez and Mediterranean Sea
(d) Gulf of Aqaba and Dead Sea
82. Consider the following pairs :(2014 – I)
Region often in newsCountry
1. Chechnya:Russian Federation
2. Darfur:Mali
3. Swat Valley:Iraq
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
83. What is the correct sequence of occurrence of the following cities in South-East Asia as one proceeds from south to north?(2014 – I)
1. Bangkok
2. Hanoi
3. Jakarta
4. Singapore
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 4-2-1-3
(b) 3-2-4-1
(c) 3-4-1-2
(d) 4-3-2-1
84. Which one of the following countries of South-West Asia does not open out to the Mediterranean Sea?
(a) Syria
(b) Jordan(2015-I)
(c) Lebanon
(d) lsrael
85. With reference to the ‘Trans-Pacific Partnership’, consider the following statements: (2016-I)
1. It is an agreement among all the Pacific Rim countries except China and Russia.
2. It is a strategic alliance for the purpose of maritime security only.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
86. Which of the following is geographically closest to Great Nicobar ?(2017-I)
(a) Sumatra
(b) Borneo
(c) Java
(d) Sri Lanka
87. Mediterranean Sea is a border of which of the following countries?(2017-I)
1. Jordan
2. Iraq
3. Lebanon
4. Syria
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 3 and 4 only
 

Solutions

1. (d) The marked countries in figure are :
‘1’ – Kazakhstan
‘2’ – Turkmenia
‘3’ – Uzbekistan
‘4’ – Kirgizia
‘5’ – Tajikistan
2. (a) Greenwich Mean Time is the standard time for time assessment in different countries.
The countries which lies east of the Greenwich line is ahead of Greenwich Mean Time while the countries which lies west of Greenwich has their standard time behind the Greenwich Mean Time. So, the correct sequence of the countries are Japan, Iraq, Greece, Cuba and Costa Rica.
3. (c) The ‘Gypsies’ are a group of people found in Central Asia. But, the original home of Gypsies was in India (Western Rajasthan and Punjab) area. ‘Gypsies’ are an ethnic group, which for unknown reasons took to a wandering life style during the late middle ages.
4. (c) Chechnya is situated in the Asian continent, Chechnya was in news due to its separatist movement from Russia.
5. (b) Arakan Yoma is located in western Myanmar. It is a part of eastern Himalayas. It includes the Naga hills, the Chin hills and the Patkai range which includes the Lushai hills.
6. (a) The dotted (broken) line in the map represents Durand line, the boundary between India and Afghanistan. This line was demarcated by a commission headed by Mortiner Durand in 1896.
7. (c) Western Ghat is known as an ecological hot spot in India notified under the Wild Life Act of 1972.
8. (c) In the given map the labelled countries are
‘A’ is Iraq
‘B’ is Syria
‘C’ is Saudi Arabia
‘D’ is Jordan
9. (b) The Palk Bay (strait) separates India and Srilanka. It lies between the Gulf of Mannar and the Bay of Bengal.
10. (d) Jaffna is situated at the ‘D’ point in the given figure. Jaffna is the location in Srilanka, where the L. T. T. E group was very active and had a stronghold.
11. (b) About 50% of the world population is concentrated between latitude of 20°N and 40°N, because most populous countries and areas like Asia, U. S. A, Europe and India lies with in this latitude.
12. (d) Mongloids are inhabitants of northern, eastern and south-east Asia.
Their eyes has a characteristic fold of skin on the upper lid, hair is lank and straight and the height is medium. The group also includes the Chinese, Japanese, Burmese, Thais, Vietnamese and Malays.
13. (d) The Salween river is located in the eastern part of Myanmar. This river is situated at Shan plateu of Myanmar. Its basin covers 320,000 sq km. This river forms the border between Burma and Thailand.
14. (d) Indonesia consists of 13,677 islands (nearly 14,000) and this country is 5000 miles from Torres strait. 4th largest country in Asia.
15. (c) The geographical details given in the figure indicates England, which is situated in Europe.
16. (c) According to FAO
India – 305485093 cubic metre
China – 191042128 cubic metre
Indonesia – 73719856 cubic metre
Russia – 47,000000 cubic metre
17. (a) Canada is the largest importer of bauxite from India.
18. (d) It’s a blame game, with everyone pointing the finger at someone else. Environmental group WWF Indonesia, which has been highlighting the problem of Indonesia’s recurrent fires for years, says that the fires are caused by the “collective negligence” of companies, smallholders and government (which isn’t investing sufficiently in preventative measures) .
Many blame big business. According to a recent analysis of World Resources Institute data in September, more than one third (37%) of the fires in Sumatra are occurring on pulpwood concessions. A good proportion of the rest are on or near land used by palm oil producers. “Many of these fires are a direct result of the industrial manipulation of the landscape for plantation development,” says Lindsey Allen, executive director of the conservation organisation Rainforest Action Network.
19. (d) 15 degree for 1 hour. So 90° for 6 hours.
20. (b) Puerto Miranda is an oil port situated on the east side of lake Maracaibo in Venezuela and it is the largest crude oil export port in South America.
21. (a) Assertion and reason both are correct and reason is correct explanation of assertion.
Chile is the largest copper producer in the world. 35% of total global production of copper is done by Chile and the major deposit is of poryphyry copper.
22. (a) ‘A’ marked city in map is Darwin in Australia.
‘B’ marked city in the given map is Kualalumpur in Malayasia.
‘C’ marked city in map is Nairobi in Kenya. The city marked ‘D’ in the map is Lagos in Nigeria.
23. (b) Mestizo originally meant a person of combined European and American Indian descent, regardless of where the person was born.
24. (b) Mt. Rainier is a volcanic mountain situated in U. S. A
Mt. Etna is situated in Europe, Paricutin volcanic mountain present in Mexico and Taal volcanic mountain is present in Philippines.
25. (b) The correct sequence from east to west is Yugoslavia, Bosnia, Croatia and Slovenia.
26. (c) Lake Victoria acts as the international boundary between Tanzania and Uganda. It is the largest lake in Africa and 2nd widest fresh water body in the world.
27. (b) Marsupials are a group of mammals commonly have pouches or pocket of skin, where the mother nurses their young. These marsupians are found in Australia. The common example of marsupians are Kangaroo and Koala.
28. (c) The given map is the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. In western India. The capital is at Silvasa and major language of this Union Territory is Gujarati.
29. (b) Fohn is the warm and dry wind of Alps region. Sarmun is the local wind of Kuristan region, Santa Ana is the local wind of California and Zonda is the local wind of Argentina.
30. (a) Ashikabad is marked as ‘1’
Tashkent is marked as ‘2’
Bishken is marked as ‘3’
Dushanbe is marked as ‘4’ in the given map.
31. (b) All the statements given in the options are correct.
32. (c)
img_ext_export_Pqhans45dP_715.png
33. (c) According to UNESCO; 2015, the literacy rate of given countries are –
Paskistan – 56. 4%
India – 72. 1%
Bangladesh – 72. 8%
Srilanka – 92. 6%
34. (b) Bosnia, Hercegovina, Alabania, Croatia have Adriatic sea as a boundary. Macedonia is far away from Adriatic sea.
35. (d) In the given figure, four islands of Indian ocean region are Chagos, Socotra, Seychelles and Mauritius which are marked as 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively.
36. (d) Victoria waterfalls is associated with the river Zambezi which is situated in Africa.
37. (c) Life expectancy in Canada is 79. 7 years, Germany – 77. 8 years, Japan – 80. 9, Norway – 78. 9 years. Japan has the highest life expectancy in the world.
38. (a) In Macedonia, ethinic Albanian population is 23%, which is a good number in Macedonia. But in Kosovo 92% are Albanians and Serbians are in a minority.
39. (a) Israel has common borders with Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt.
40. (a) Indonesia has the largest population in the given countries.
41. (a) Bolivia is a land locked country, in South America the surrounding countries are Peru, Chile, Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay.
42. (a) Armenia is a former Soviet republic. It is located in the Mountainous Caucasus region between Asia and Europe. It is a land locked country.
43. (b) Mekong is a major river in south eastern Asia. Mekong is known as the Lancang in China. It runs through Yunan province, China, forms the border between Myanmar and Laos and most of the border between Laos and Thailand and flows across Cambodia and Southern Vietnam before emptying to South China.
44. (d) Latvia does not share its border with Poland. Latvia only distinct border is the Battic Sea coast, which extends for 531 kilometers. Its neighbors include Lithuania on the south, Estonia on the north, Russia on the east and Belarus on the southeast.
45. (c)
46. (d) Panama is a country located in the central America region fo North America, bordering both the carribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and costa Rica. Panama is located on the narrow and low isthmus of Panama.
47. (b) Ukraine is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and north east; Belarus to the north west; Poland, Hungary and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the south west; and the Black Sea and Sea of Agov to the South.
48. (c) While moving from the North to South Pakistan, the correct sequence of the towns is Peshawar – Islamabad – Gujranwala – Multan.
49. (d) CityRiver
A. Washington, D. C. 4. River Potamac
B. Berlin3. River Spree
C. Paris2. River Seine
D. Madrid1. River Manzanares
50. (b) The total area of United Kingdom is 94, 226 sq miles (244, 044 sq km) , where England covers 50, 344 sq miles (130, 365 sq km) i. e. less than 60 % of total land area of United Kingdom. Great Britain donot comprise of Northern Ireland.
51. (c) Itaipu Dam is built on River Parana is the largest dam in the world. This is a joint project of Brazil – Paraguay.
52. (b) The decreasing order of arrangement of continent according to the percentage of Earth’s land is Africa (29800000 sq km) , North America (21510000 sq km) South America (17598000 sq km) and Europe (9699550 sq km) .
53. (b) Bermuda Triangle is a strange and mysterious location in southern Atlantic Ocean. It is roughly in the shape of a triangle which extends upto South Florida, Pruto Rico and Bermuda Island.
54. (b) Bulgaria & Greece are in dispute over the Macedonian territory.
55. (c) The Huangpu river is the largest river in Shanghai in China. It is 113. 07 km long 400 metres wide and 9 metres deep. Shanghai gets most of its drinking water from Huangpu.
56. (b) As per a 2016 report, Kazakhstan is the largest producer of uranium with a total output of 24,575 tonnes, accounting for 39 percent of global uranium supply in 2016.
But among the given alternatives in the question, canada is the largest producer of uranium in world.
Largest uranium producers : (2016)
1. Kazakhstan
2. Canada
3. Australia
4. Niger
5. Namibia
6. Russia
57. (d) One terrestrial mile (1609 metres) is lesseer than one nautical mile (1852 meters) .
The Haamattan is a season in the west African subcontinent, which occurs the end of November and the middle of March. It is characterized by the dry and dusty north easterly trade wind which blows from the Sahara Desert over west Africa into the Gulf of Guinea.
The Iberian peninsula includes Portugal, Spain, Andorra and Gibraltar.
58. (b) Colombia, Kenya and Indoneisa are countries through which the equator passes.
59. (a) Baikonur is world’s first and largest operational space launch facility. It is located in Kazakhstan and not in Russia.
60. (d) Thailand, Laos and Bangladesh are countries bordering Myanmar.
61. (c) Copacabana Beach is located in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.
62. (d) London, Lisbon and Accra in Ghana are close to Greenwich Meridian. But, Addis Ababa is Situated on the eastern part of Africa (i. e. , longitude 38. 74 E) . So, Addis Ababa has a different clock time than that of London, Lisbon and Accra.
63. (a)
64. (a) Amazon is the longest river in the world. It originates from Andes mountain in Peru.
65. (c) Strait of Dover connects United Kingdom and France. It is about 32 km in length.
66. (a) The largest coral reef is the Great Barrier Reef, located just off the north-eastern coast of Australia. The 1200 mile (1900 km) long reef is protected as a Marine Park.
67. (b) Malta is in the centre of Mediterranean sea. Italy is in south and Libya is located north of Malta. Its area is 246 sq km.
68. (d) Singapore is 200 km north of equator.
69. (b) Bering Strait is nearest to the International Date line. Located 1. 5 km away from international date line.
70. (a) Maldova is a land locked country in Eastern Europe. It shares boundaries with Romania in the west and Ukraine in the north, east and south.
71. (c) Ajman is one of the seven emirates constituting the United Arab Emirates with an area of 260 sq kilometer. Ras al-Khaimah was the 7th and last Sheikhdom to join UAE in 1972.
72. (b) The top ten countries with the highest population in decreasing order are:
1. China.
2. India
3. USA
4. Indonesia
5. Brazil
6. Pakistan
7. Nigeria
8. Bangladesh
9. Russia
10. Japan
73. (d) The Tropic of Capricorn runs through 10 countries:
Namibia, Botswana, South Africa, Mozambique,
Madagascar, Australia, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil.
74. (a) Located in north eastern Germany on the banks of the rivers spree and Havel, Berlin is the centre of the Berlin – Brandenburg Metropolitan Region.
75. (a) Overall population density of India is 324. Nepal is 102, Pakistan is 146, Sri Lanka is 280 person per square kilometers.
76. (b)
77. (a) Cape Canaveral is the part of Florida’s coast.
78. (a) Australia has the world’s largest uranium reserves. Approximately 24% of the planet’s uranium is present in Australia.
79. (c) Putrajaya is new federal administrative centre of Malaysia.
80. (d) Malacca strait is between the Indonesian island of Sumatra and the Malaya Peninsula. Singapore lies on the tip of the Malay Peninsular.
81. (b) Turkey’s smaller part is in Southeastern Europe and its larger part in Western Asia which is located between Black Sea and Mediterranean
82. (a) The Chechen Republic is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia. Darfur is a region in western Sudan. Swat is a valley and an administrative district in Pakistan.
83. (c) The correct sequence of occurrence of the following cities in South-East Asia as one proceeds from south to north is Jakarta-Singapore-Bangkok and Hanoi.
84. (b) Jordan does not open out to the Mediterranean Sea.
85. (d) All 12 Pacific Rim Countries have signed Trans – Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement.
These 12 countries are: Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Brunei, Darussalam, Japan, Canada, United States, Mexico, Peru, Chile, Australia and New Zealand.
Objectives of TPP:
(i) Lower track barriers such as tariffs.
(ii) Establish a common framework for intellectual property.
(iii) Enforce standards for labour low and environmental low.
(iv) Establish an investor – state dispute settlement mechanism.
86. (a) In the map, Sumatra is quite closer to Great Nicobar than Sri Lanka. See:
87. (c) In the map, you can see Mediterranean Sea doesn’t touch Jordan and Iraq so, by elimination, we are left with answer “C”.
 

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