➤ The Fundamental Duties are contained in Article 51 A of Part IV A of the Constitution.
➤ The Fundamental Duties were inserted into the Constitution of India by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.
➤ These Duties were added on the recommendation of Swaran Singh committee.
➤ The Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution are inspired by the constitution of Russia (former USSR).
➤ The basis for Fundamental Duties is the Japanese Model.
➤ These duties are incorporated with the purpose of making the citizens patriotic and promoting harmony in the country.
➤ The constitution does not impose penalty for the violation of the duties. It is left to the Legislatures.
➤ Japan is the only democratic country in the world which provides for a set of Fundamental Duties in its constitution.
1. To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
3. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
5. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
6. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite cultures.
7. To protect and improve natural environment including forest, lake rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creature.
8. To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
9. To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
10. To strive for excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity.
11. To provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years.