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Chapter 01. India Location Aspects (Geography Notes)

INDIA LOCATION ASPECTS

Location
India is the seventh largest and the second most populous country in the world.
➤ It lies between latitudes 8°4N and 37°6N and longitudes 68°7E and 97°25E.
➤ Country is divided into almost equal parts by the Tropic of Cancer.
➤ Tropic of Cancer Passes through 8 states — (From West to East) Gujarat — Rajasthan — Madhya Pradesh — Chattisgarh — Jharkhand — West Bengal — Tripura — Mizoram.
➤ Southernmost point of Indian Territory — Indira Point (6°45) Andman and Nicobar
➤ Coastline of mainland India — 6100 km.
➤ Total coastline including Lakshadweep and Andman and Nicobar — 7516.6 km.
➤ India stretches from North to South — 3214 km.
➤ India stretches from East to West — 2933 km.
➤ Total length of mainland — 15,200 km.
➤ Total length of coastline — 7516.6 km
➤ Total boundary — 22716.6 km
➤ No. of Island in Bay of Bengal — 204
➤ No. of Island in Arabian Sea — 43
LAST POINT OF INDIAN BOUNDRY
1. Eastern Point — Kibithu (Arunanchal Pradesh)
2. Western Point — Gour Meta (Gujrat)
3. Northern Point — Indira Col (Jammu and Kashmir)
4. Southern Point — Indira Point
5. Southern most point of mainland — Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin, Tamil Nadu)
THE INDIAN STATES ON INTERNATIONAL BOUNDRIES
1. Bangladesh 4096.7 km. West Bengal > Tripura > Meghalaya > Mizoram > Assam
2. China 3488 km. Jammu and Kashmir > Arunachal Pradesh> Himachal Pradesh > Uttarakhand > Sikkim
3. Pakistan 3323 km. Jammu and Kashmir > Rajasthan > Gujarat > Punjab
4. Nepal 1751 km. Uttar Pradesh > Bihar > Uttarakhand > West Bengal > Sikkim
5. Myanmar 1643 km. Arunachal > Mizoram > Nagaland > Manipur
6. Bhutan 699 km. Assam > West Bengal > Arunachal > Sikkim
7. Afghanistan 106 km. Jammu and Kashmir (POK)
➤ There are seventeen states on International boundries.
North-East States = 07 + Sikkim = 01 + West Bengal = 01 + Uttar Pradesh + Uttarakhand + Himachal Pradesh + Jammu & Kashmir + Bihar = 05 + Punjab + Rajasthan + Gujarat = 03
Total = 17
STATES OF COASTLINE (DESCENDING ORDER)
1. Andman and Nicobar Island 2. Gujarat 3. Andhra Pradesh 4. Tamil Nadu 5. Maharashtra 6. Kerala 7. Odisha 8. Karnataka 9. West Bengal 10. Goa
➤ There are 5 countries in Indian subcontinent —
1. India 2. Pakistan 3. Bangladesh 4. Nepal 5. Bhutan
➤ Puducherry is streches in three states of India —
1. Mahe (Kerala) 2. Karikal (Tamilnadu) 3. Puducherry (Tamilnadu) 4. Yanam (Andhra Pradesh)
➤ Four North-East States don’t share their boundaries with Bangladesh—
1. Nagaland 2. Manipur 3. Arunachal Pradesh 4. Sikkim
➤ Mac Mohan line divides India and China in Arunachal Pradesh.
➤ Indian state sharing its boundary with Nepal, Bhutan and China in Sikkim.
➤ Andaman and Nicobar is known as Emerald Island.
➤ There are seventeen states share its boundaries with neighbouring countries.
➤ Uttar Pradesh borders maximum number of states (8) Uttarakhand, Himanchal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Bihar.
➤ 82°30′ E longitude is considered as the standard Meridian which passes through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh.
➤ The Indian standard Time (IST) is 5 hours 30 minutes ahead of the Greenwhich Time (GMT).
➤ Indian Standard Meridian passes through UP, MP, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.
MAIN CHANNELS
1. Great Channel Indira Point and Indonesia
2. 8° Channel Maldiv and Minicoy
3. 9° Channel Minicoy and Lakshadweep
4. 10° Channel Little Andman and Car Nicobar
5. Palk Strait Gulf of Mannar and Bay of Bengal.

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